Ark of the Covenant - Bible History Online

Bible History Online

Sub Categories
Aeschines
Andronicus Rhodius
Apollodorus of Athens
Aspasius
Acacius of Caesarea
Acacius of Caesarea
Acestorides
Achaeus
Achaeus of Eretria
Achaeus of Eretria
Acron
Acrotatus I
Acrotatus II
Acusilaus
Adeimantus
Adrianus
Aedesius
Aeimnestus
Aelianus Tacticus
Aelius Aristides
Aelius Herodianus
Aelius Theon
Aeneas Tacticus
Aenesidemus
Aenesidemus
Aeropus II of Macedon
Aeschines Socraticus
Aeschylus
Aesop
Aetion
Aetius
Agarista
Agariste
Agariste of Sicyon
Agasias
Agasicles
Agathias
Agathinus
Agathocles
Agathocles of Bactria
Agathon
Ageladas
Agesander
Agesilaus I
Agesilaus II
Agesipolis I
Agesipolis II
Agesipolis III
Agis I
Agis II
Agis III
Agis IV
Agoracritus
Agrippa
Agyrrhius
Albinus
Alcaeus
Alcamenes
Alcamenes
Alcetas I of Macedon
Alcibiades
Alcidamas
Alciphron
Alcmaeon of Croton
Alcman
Alcmenes
Alexander Aetolus
Alexander Balas
Alexander Cornelius
Alexander I of Epirus
Alexander II of Epirus
Alexander of Abonuteichos
Alexander of Aphrodisias
Alexander of Greece
Alexander of Pherae
Alexander Polyhistor
Alexander The Great
Alexis
Alypius
Ameinocles
Ameipsias
Amelesagoras
Amelius
Ammonius Grammaticus
Ammonius Hermiae
Ammonius Saccas
Amphis
Amynander
Anacharsis
Anacreon
Anaxagoras
Anaxander
Anaxandrides
Anaxarchus
Anaxidamus
Anaxilas
Anaxilas of Rhegium
Anaxilaus
Anaximander
Anaximenes of Lampsacus
Anaximenes of Miletus
Andocides
Andriscus
Andron
Andron
Andronicus of Cyrrhus
Andronicus of Cyrrhus
Andronicus Rhodius
Androsthenes
Androtion
Anniceris
Anonymus
Anser
Antalcidas
Anthemius of Tralles
Antigenes
Antigonus II Gonatas
Antigonus III Doson
Antigonus III of Macedon
Antigonus of Carystus
Antimachus
Antimachus I
Antinous
Antiochus I Soter
Antiochus II Theos
Antiochus III the Great
Antiochus IV Epiphanes
Antiochus IX Cyzicenus
Antiochus of Ascalon
Antiochus V Eupator
Antiochus VI Dionysus
Antiochus VII Sidetes
Antiochus VIII Grypus
Antiochus X Eusebes
Antiochus XI Ephiphanes
Antiochus XI Ephiphanes
Antiochus XIII Asiaticus
Antipater
Antipater II of Macedon
Antipater of Sidon
Antipater of Tarsus
Antipater of Thessalonica
Antipater of Tyre
Antiphanes
Antiphilus
Antiphon
Antisthenes
Antoninus Liberalis
Antonius Diogenes
Antyllus
Anyte of Tegea
Anytos
Apelles
Apellicon
Apellicon
Apion
Apollocrates
Apollodorus
Apollodorus of Carystus
Apollodorus of Damascus
Apollodorus of Pergamon
Apollodorus of Seleuceia on the Tigris
Apollodotus I
Apollonius
Apollonius Molon
Apollonius of Citium
Apollonius of Perga
Apollonius of Rhodes
Apollonius of Tyana
Apollophanes
Apollos
Appian
Apsines
Araros
Aratus
Arcesilaus
Archedemus of Tarsus
Archelaus
Archelaus I
Archelaus II
Archermus
Archestratus
Archias
Archidamus I
Archidamus II
Archidamus III
Archidamus IV
Archidamus V
Archigenes
Archilochus
Archimedes
Archytas
Arctinus
Aretaeus
Areus I
Areus II
Argas
Arion
Aristaeus
Aristagoras
Aristander of Telmessus
Aristarchus of Samos
Aristarchus of Samothrace
Aristarchus of Tegea
Aristeas
Aristides
Aristides Quintilianus
Aristippus
Aristobulus
Aristocles
Aristodemus
Aristogiton
Aristomenes
Ariston (king of Sparta)
Ariston of Alexandria
Ariston of Ceos
Ariston of Chios
Aristonicus
Aristonymus
Aristophanes
Aristophanes of Byzantium
Aristophon
Aristotle
Aristoxenus
Arius
Arius Didymus
Arrian
Arsinoe I of Egypt
Arsinoe II of Egypt
Arsinoe III of Egypt
Artemidorus
Artemisia
Artemon
Asclepiades
Asclepiodotus
Asius
Aspasia - hetaera
Athenaeus
Athenaeus
Athenagoras of Athens
Athenodorus
Attalus I
Attalus II
Attalus III
Autocrates
Autolycus of Pitane
Avaris
Babrius
Bacchylides
Basil of Caesarea
Basilides
Bathycles of Magnesia
Battus
Berenice I of Egypt
Berenice II of Egypt
Berenice IV of Egypt
Bias of Priene
Bion
Biton
Boethus
Boethus of Sidon
Bolus
Brasidas
Bryson
Bupalus
Cadmus of Miletus
Caecilius of Calacte
Caesarion
Calamis
Calliades
Callias
Callicrates
Callimachus
Callimachus
Callimachus (polemarch)
Callimachus (sculptor)
Callinus
Calliphon
Callippus
Callisthenes
Callistratus
Carcinus (writer)
Carneades
Cassander
Castor of Rhodes
Cebes
Celsus
Cephisodotus
Cercidas
Cercops of Miletus
Chabrias
Chaeremon
Chaeremon of Alexandria
Chaeris
Chamaeleon
Chares of Athens
Chares of Lindos
Chares of Mytilene
Charidemus
Chariton
Charmadas
Charon of Lampsacus
Charondas
Chilon
Chionides
Choerilus
Choerilus of Iasus
Choerilus of Samos
Chremonides
Christodorus
Chrysanthius
Chrysippus
Cimon
Cimon of Cleonae
Cineas
Cinesias
Cleandridas
Cleanthes
Clearchus of Rhegium
Clearchus of Soli
Clearchus of Sparta
Cleidemus
Cleinias
Cleisthenes
Cleisthenes of Sicyon
Cleitarchus
Cleitus
Clement of Alexandria
Cleombrotus I
Cleomedes
Cleomenes I
Cleomenes II
Cleomenes III
Cleomenes of Naucratis
Cleon
Cleonides
Cleonymus
Cleopatra I of Egypt
Cleopatra II of Egypt
Cleopatra III of Egypt
Cleopatra IV of Egypt
Cleopatra Thea
Cleopatra V of Egypt
Cleopatra V of Egypt
Cleopatra VI of Egypt
Cleopatra VII of Egypt
Cleophon
Clitomachus (philosopher)
Colaeus
Colluthus
Colotes
Conon
Conon (mythographer)
Conon of Samos
Corinna
Cosmas Indicopleustes
Crantor
Craterus of Macedon
Crates of Mallus
Crates of Thebes
Cratippus
Cresilas
Critias
Critius
Crito
Critolaus
Croesus
Ctesias
Ctesibius
Cylon
Cynaethus
Cynegeirus
Cynisca
Cypselus
Damascius
Damasias
Damastes
Damocles
Damon of Athens
Damophon
Dares of Phrygia
Deinocrates
Demades
Demaratus
Demetrius I of Bactria
Demetrius I of Syria
Demetrius I Poliorcetes
Demetrius II
Demetrius II of Macedon
Demetrius II of Syria
Demetrius III Eucaerus
Demetrius III Eucaerus
Demetrius of Alopece
Demetrius of Magnesia
Demetrius of Pharos
Demetrius of Scepsis
Demetrius Phalereus
Demetrius the Cynic
Demetrius the Fair
Democedes
Democritus
Demonax
Demonax (lawmaker)
Demosthenes
Demosthenes (general)
Dercyllidas
Dexippus
Diagoras
Diagoras of Rhodes
Dicaearchus
Dictys Cretensis
Didymus Chalcenterus
Didymus the Blind
Didymus the Musician
Dienekes
Dinarchus
Dinocrates
Dinon
Dio Chrysostom
Diocles
Diocles of Carystus
Diocles of Magnesia
Diodorus Cronus
Diodorus Siculus
Diodotus II
Diodotus of Bactria
Diodotus the Stoic
Diodotus Tryphon
Diogenes Apolloniates
Diogenes Laertius
Diogenes of Babylon
Diogenes of Oenoanda
Diogenes of Sinope
Diogenes of Tarsus
Diogenianus
Diomedes
Dion
Dionysius Chalcus
Dionysius of Byzantium
Dionysius of Halicarnassus
Dionysius of Heraclea
Dionysius of Phocaea
Dionysius of Syracuse
Dionysius Periegetes
Dionysius the Areopagite
Diophantus
Dios
Dioscorides
Diotimus
Diphilus
Dorotheus
Dorotheus of Sidon
Dositheus
Draco
Dracon
Duris
Echecrates
Ecphantus
Empedocles
Epaminondas
Ephialtes
Ephialtes of Trachis
Ephippus
Ephorus
Epicharmus of Kos
Epicrates
Epictetus
Epicurus
Epigenes
Epilycus
Epimenides
Epiphanius of Salamis
Epitadeus
Erasistratus
Eratosthenes
Erinna
Eubulides of Miletus
Eubulus (statesman)
Eucleidas
Eucleides
Euclid
Eucratides
Euctemon
Eudamidas I
Eudemus
Eudemus of Rhodes
Eudorus of Alexandria
Eudoxus of Cnidus
Eudoxus of Cyzicus
Euenus
Eugammon
Euhemerus
Eumenes I
Eumenes II
Eumenes of Cardia
Eumenius
Eumolpidae
Eunapius
Eunomus
Euphantus
Euphemus
Euphorion
Euphranor
Euphronius
Eupolis
Euripides
Eurybatus
Eurybiades
Eurycrates
Eurycratides
Eurylochus
Eurymedon
Eurypon
Eurysthenes
Eusebius of Caesarea
Euthydemus
Euthydemus I
Euthydemus II
Euthymides
Eutychides
Evagoras
Execias
Galen
Gelo
Glaphyra - hetaera
Glaucus of Chios
Gorgias
Gorgidas
Gregory Nazianzus
Gregory of Nyssa
Gylippus
Hagnon
Hagnothemis
Harmodius and Aristogeiton
Harpalus
Hecataeus of Abdera
Hecataeus of Miletus
Hecato of Rhodes
Hecatomnus
Hedylus
Hegemon of Thasos
Hegesander
Hegesias of Cyrene
Hegesias of Magnesia
Hegesippus
Hegesistratus
Heliocles
Heliodorus
Hellanicus
Hellanicus of Lesbos
Hephaestion
Hephaistio of Thebes
Heracleides
Heraclides Ponticus
Heraclitus
Hermaeus
Hermagoras
Hermias (philosopher)
Hermias of Atarneus
Hermippus
Hermocrates
Hero of Alexandria
Herodotus
Herophilus
Herostratus
Hesiod
Hesychius of Alexandria
Hicetas
Hiero I of Syracuse
Hiero II of Syracuse
Hierocles of Alexandria
Hippalus
Hipparchus
Hipparchus (son of Pisistratus)
Hippias
Hippias (son of Pisistratus)
Hippocleides
Hippocrates
Hippodamus
Hipponax
Hipponicus
Histiaeus
Homer
Hypatia of Alexandria
Hyperbolus
Hypereides
Hypsicles
Iamblichus (philosopher)
Iambulus
Iasus
Ibycus
Ictinus
Ion of Chios
Iophon
Iphicrates
Irenaeus
Isaeus
Isagoras
Isidore of Alexandria
Isidorus of Miletus
Isocrates
Isyllus
Jason of Pherae
John Chrysostom
Karanus of Macedon
Karkinos
Kerykes
King Nicias
Koinos of Macedon
Lacedaimonius
Laches
Lacydes
Lais of Corinth
Lais of Hyccara
Lamachus
Lamprocles
Lasus of Hermione
Leochares
Leon
Leonidas I
Leonidas II
Leonnatus
Leosthenes
Leotychides
Lesbonax
Lesches
Leucippus
Libanius
Livius Andronicus
Lobon
Longinus
Longus
Lucian
Lycophron
Lycortas
Lycurgus
Lycurgus of Arcadia
Lycurgus of Athens
Lycurgus of Nemea
Lycurgus of Sparta
Lycurgus of Thrace
Lycus
Lydiadas
Lysander
Lysanias
Lysias
Lysimachus
Lysippus
Lysis
Lysistratus
Machaon
Machon
Marcellinus
Marcellus of Side
Marinus
Marsyas of Pella
Maximus of Smyrna
Megacles
Megasthenes
Meidias
Melanippides
Melanthius
Melas
Meleager of Gadara
Melesagoras of Chalcedon
Meletus
Melissus of Samos
Memnon of Rhodes
Menaechmus
Menander
Menander of Ephesus
Menander of Laodicea
Menander the Just
Menecrates of Ephesus
Menedemus (Cynic)
Menedemus of Eretria
Menelaus of Alexandria
Menexenus
Menippus
Meno
Menodotus of Nicomedia
Mentor of Rhodes
Metagenes
Meton
Metrodorus
Metrodorus of Chios
Metrodorus of Lampsacus (the elder)
Metrodorus of Lampsacus (the younger)
Metrodorus of Scepsis
Metrodorus of Stratonicea
Micon
Milo of Croton
Miltiades
Mimnermus
Mindarus
Mnaseas
Mnesicles
Moeris
Moschion (physician)
Moschion (tragic poet)
Moschus
Musaeus
Myia
Myron
Myronides
Myrtilus
Myrtis
Nabis
Nearchus
Nicander
Nicarchus
Nicias
Nicocreon
Nicomachus
Nicomachus of Thebes
Nicomedes I of Bithynia
Nicomedes II of Bithynia
Nicomedes III of Bithynia
Nicomedes IV of Bithynia
Olympias
Olympiodorus of Thebes
Onomacritus
Orestes of Macedon
Origen
Paeonius
Pagondas
Palladas
Pamphilus
Panaetius of Rhodes
Pantaleon
Parmenides
Parmenion
Parrhasius
Paulus Aegineta
Paulus Alexandrinus
Pausanias
Pausanias of Macedon
Pausanias of Sparta
Pedanius Dioscorides
Peisander
Pelopidas
Perdiccas I of Macedon
Perdiccas II of Macedon
Perdiccas III of Macedon
Periander
Pericles
Perseus
Perseus of Macedon
Phaedo of Elis
Phalaris
Pherecydes of Leros
Pherecydes of Syros
Phidias
Phidippides
Philetaerus
Philip I Philadelphus
Philip II of Macedon
Philip II Philoromaeus
Philip III of Macedon
Philip IV of Macedon
Philip V of Macedon
Philistus
Philitas of Cos
Philo
Philochorus
Philolaus
Philoxenos of Eretria
Philoxenus
Phocion
Phocylides
Phormio
Phryne
Phrynichus
Pigres of Halicarnassus
Pindar
Pisistratus
Pittacus of Mytilene
Plato
Pleistarchus
Pleistoanax
Plotinus
Plutarch
Polemo
Polybius
Polycarp
Polycrates
Polydectes
Polydorus
Polygnotus
Polykleitos
Polykleitos
Polyperchon
Porphyry
Posidippus
Posidonius
Pratinas
Praxilla
Praxiteles
Procles
Proclus
Prodicus
Protagoras
Proteas
Prusias I of Bithynia
Prusias II of Bithynia
Prytanis
Ptolemy
Ptolemy I of Egypt
Ptolemy I of Macedon
Ptolemy II of Egypt
Ptolemy III of Egypt
Ptolemy IV of Egypt
Ptolemy IX of Egypt
Ptolemy Philadelphus
Ptolemy V of Egypt
Ptolemy VI of Egypt
Ptolemy VII of Egypt
Ptolemy VIII of Egypt
Ptolemy X of Egypt
Ptolemy XI of Egypt
Ptolemy XII of Egypt
Ptolemy XIII of Egypt
Ptolemy XIV of Egypt
Pyrrho
Pyrrhus of Epirus
Pythagoras
Pytheas
Rhianus
Sappho
Satyros
Satyrus
Scopas
Scopas of Aetolia
Scylax of Caryanda
Seleucus I Nicator
Seleucus II Callinicus
Seleucus III Ceraunus
Seleucus IV Philopator
Seleucus V Philometor
Seleucus VI Epiphanes
Seleucus VII Kybiosaktes
Sextus Empiricus
Simmias
Simonides of Amorgos
Simonides of Ceos
Socrates
Socrates Scholasticus
Solon
Soos
Sophocles
Sophytes
Sosicles (statesman)
Sosigenes
Sosthenes of Macedon
Sostratus
Spartacus
Speusippus
Sporus of Nicaea
Stesichorus
Stesimbrotus
Stilpo
Stobaeus
Strabo
Strato of Lampsacus
Straton of Sardis
Teleclus
Terence
Terpander
Thais
Thales
Thallus
Theagenes of Megara
Theagenes of Rhegium
Theages
Theano
Themistocles
Theocritus
Theodectes
Theodorus of Cyrene
Theodorus of Gadara
Theodorus of Samos
Theodotus of Byzantium
Theognis of Megara
Theon of Alexandria
Theon of Smyrna
Theophilus
Theophrastus
Theopompus
Theopompus
Theramenes
Theron
Thespus
Thessalus
Thibron
Thrasybulus
Thrasyllus
Thrasymachus
Thucydides
Thucydides
Timaeus of Locres
Timaeus of Tauromenium
Timagenes
Timanthes
Timocharis
Timoclea
Timocrates
Timocreon
Timoleon
Timon of Phlius
Timotheus (sculptor)
Timotheus of Athens
Timotheus of Miletus
Triphiodorus or Tryphiodorus
Tyrimmas of Macedon
Tyrtaeus
Ulysses
Xanthippe
Xanthippus
Xenarchus
Xenocles
Xenocrates
Xenocrates of Aphrodisias
Xenophanes
Xenophilus
Xenophon
Xenophon of Ephesus
Zaleucus
Zeno of Citium
Zeno of Elea
Zeno of Sidon
Zenobius
Zenodorus
Zenodotus
Zeuxidamas
Zeuxis and Parrhasius
Zoilus
Zosimas

Back to Categories

March 28    Scripture

People - Ancient Greece: Aristobulus
Ancient Greek king of the Hebrew Hasmonean Dynasty, who ruled from 104 to 103 BC.

Aristobūlus in Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities (Ἀριστόβουλος). A Greek historian, who in his youth accompanied Alexander the Great on his campaigns. In his eighty-fifth year, when living at Cassandrea in Thrace, he wrote a work upon Alexander, in which he recorded his careful observations on geography, ethnography, and natural science. The book is highly praised for its trustworthiness, but only fragments of it have reached us. He and Ptolemy were the chief authorities for Arrian's Anabasis.
http://tiny.cc/5wdqa


Aristobulus in Wikipedia Aristobulus I Judah (Yehudah, Heb. יהודה) Aristobulus I (reigned 104-103 BC) was a king of the Hebrew Hasmonean Dynasty, and the eldest of the five sons of King John Hyrcanus. He was the first of the Hasmonean rulers to call himself "king." According to the Hebrew Scriptures, only descendants of Judah, or, more specifically, the House of David, were qualified to be kings of Israel. All of Aristobulus' predecessors used the title of "nasi"/"president". Aristobulus I from "Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum" According to the directions of John Hyrcanus, the government of the country after his death was to be placed in the hands of his wife, and Aristobulus was originally to receive only the high-priesthood. He was not however satisfied with this, so he cast his mother into prison and allowed her to starve there. By this means he came into the possession of the throne, which, however, he did not long enjoy, as after a year's reign he died of a painful illness (103 BC). He was hostile to the Pharisees and pursued them with ruthlessness. Aristobulus' successor was his eldest brother, Alexander Jannĉus, who, together with his two brothers, was freed from prison by Queen Shelomit [Salome] Alexandra, the widow of Aristobulus. Aristobulus II was the Jewish High Priest and King of Judea, 66 BC to 63 BC, from the Hasmonean Dynasty. Family Aristobulus was the younger son of Alexander Jannaeus, King and High Priest, and Alexandra Salome. After the death of Alexander in 76 BC, his widow succeeded to the rule of Judea and installed her elder son Hyrcanus II as High Priest. When Salome died in 67 BC, Hyrcanus succeeded to the kingship as well. Aristobulus felt he should rule because he was a better leader and fighter than Hyrcanus Rebellion Hyrcanus shared his mother's religious views, sympathetic to the Pharisees. In contrast to this, Alexander Jannaeus had supported the Saducees. Aristobulus agreed with his father's Sadducean stance and rebelled against his elder brother. Hyrcanus advanced against him at the head of his mercenaries and his followers. The brothers met in battle near Jericho and many of Hyrcanus' soldiers went over to Aristobulus, and thereby gave the latter the victory. Hyrcanus took refuge in the citadel of Jerusalem; but the capture of the Temple by Aristobulus compelled Hyrcanus to surrender. A peace was then concluded, according to the terms of which Hyrcanus was to renounce the throne and the office of high priest, but was to enjoy the revenues of the latter office.[1] This agreement however did not last, as Hyrcanus feared that Aristobulus was planning his death and took refuge with Aretas III, King of the Nabataeans. The Nabataeans advanced toward Jerusalem with an army of 50,000 and besieged the city for several months. Roman intervention During this civil war, the Roman general Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus defeated the Kingdoms of Pontus and the Seleucids. He sent his deputy Marcus Aemilius Scaurus to take possession of Seleucid Syria. As the Hasmoneans were allies of the Romans, both brothers appealed to Scaurus, each endeavoring by gifts and promises to win him over to his side. Scaurus, moved by a gift of 400 talents, decided in favor of Aristobulus and ordered Aretas to withdraw his army. During his retreat, the Nabateans suffered a crushing defeat at the hands of Aristobulus. When Pompey arrived in Syria in 63 BCE, both brothers and a third party that desired the removal of the entire dynasty, sent their delegates to Pompey, who however delayed the decision. He favoured Hyrcanus II over Aristobulus II, deeming the elder, weaker brother a more reliable ally of the Roman Empire. Aristobulos, suspicious of Pompey, entrenched himself in the fortress of Alexandrium, but when the Romans summoned their army, he surrendered and undertook to deliver Jerusalem over to them. However, since many of his followers however were unwilling to open the gates, the Romans besieged and captured the city by force, badly damaging city and temple. Hyrcanus was restored as High Priest, but deprived of political authority. Aristobulus was on his way to Judaea with his son Alexander, in 49 BC when he was assassinated by poison. His son Antigonus led a rebellion against Rome 40 BC but was defeated and killed in 37 BC. Aristobulus III of Israel Aristobulus III of Israel (b. 53 BC - d. 36 BC) was the last scion of the Hasmonean royal house, brother of Herod the Great's wife Mariamne, and paternal grandson of Aristobulus II. He was a favorite of the people on account of his noble descent and handsome presence, and thus became an object of fear to Herod, who at first sought to ignore him entirely by debarring him from the high priesthood. But his mother Alexandra Maccabeus (63BC-28BC), through intercession with Cleopatra and Mark Antony, compelled Herod to remove Hananel from the office of High Priest and appoint Aristobulus instead. To secure himself against danger from Aristobulus, Herod instituted a system of espionage against him and his mother. This surveillance proved so onerous that they sought to gain their freedom by taking refuge with Cleopatra. Their plans were betrayed, however, and the disclosure had the effect of greatly increasing Herod's suspicions against his brother-in-law. As he dared not resort to open violence, he caused him to be drowned while he was bathing in Jericho. This article was taken from the Jewish Encyclopedia (1903). Aristobulus IV Aristobulus IV (31 BC-7 BC) was a prince of Judea from the Herodian dynasty, and was married to his cousin, Berenice, daughter of Costobar and Salome. He was the son of Herod the Great and his second wife, Mariamne I, the last of the Hasmoneans, and was thus a descendant of the Hasmonean Dynasty. Aristobulus lived most of his life outside of Judaea, having been sent at age 12 along with his brother Alexandros to be educated at the Imperial court of Rome in 20 BC, in the household of Augustus himself. Aristobulus was only 3 when his paternal aunt Salome contrived to have his mother executed for adultery. When the attractive young brothers returned to Jerusalem in 12 BC, the populace received them enthusiastically. That, along with their perceived imperious manner, picked up after having lived much of their lives at the very heart of Roman imperial power, often offended Herod. They also attracted the jealousy of their older half-brother, Antipater III, who deftly incited the aging king's anger with rumors of his favored sons' disloyalty. After many failed attempts at reconciliation between the king and his designated heirs, the ailing Herod had Aristobulus and Alexandros strangled on charges of treason in 7 BC, and raised Antipater to the rank of his co-regent and heir apparent. Herod, however, retained his affection for Aristobulus' children, three of whom, Agrippa I, Herod and Herodias, lived to play important roles in the next generation of Jewish rulers. Aristobulus Minor Aristobulus Minor or Aristobulus the Younger (flourished 1st century BC & 1st century, died after 44) was a prince from the Herodian Dynasty. He was of Jewish, Nabataean and Edomite ancestry. He was the youngest son born to prince Aristobulus IV and princess Berenice of Judea. His parents were first cousins and thus Aristobulus was a grandson to Herod the Great. When growing up, he was educated along with his eldest brothers, Agrippa I and Herod of Chalcis in Rome, along with future Roman Emperor Claudius. Claudius and Aristobulus became friends and he became in high favor with the future emperor. Claudius and Aristobulus had sent letters to each other. Aristobulus lived at enmity with Agrippa I. Aristobulus denounced Agrippa I and forced him to leave from the protection of Flaccus, the Proconsul of Syria. Agrippa I was charged with bribing the Damascenes to support their cause with the Proconsul against the Sidonians. Aristobulus married Iotapa, a Syrian Princess from the Royal Family of Emesa and daughter of King Sampiceramus II and Queen Iotapa who ruled Emesa from 11 BC-42. This marriage for Aristobulus was a promising marriage in dynastic terms. Iotapa and Aristobulus chose to live as private citizens in the Middle East. Iotapa and Aristobulus had a daughter called Iotapa, who was deaf and mute. Apart from their daughter, they had no further descendants. In the reign of Emperor Caligula 37-41, Aristobulus had opposed the emperor in setting up statues of himself in the Temple in Jerusalem. He survived his brother Agrippa I, who died in 44. Aristobulus of Paneas Aristobulus of Paneas (ca. 160 BC) was a Hellenistic Jewish philosopher of the Peripatetic school, though he also used Platonic and Pythagorean concepts. Like his successor, Philo, he attempted to fuse ideas in the Hebrew Scriptures with those in Greek thought. He lived in the third or second century B.C. The period of his life is doubtful, Anatolius of Laodicea (270) placing him in the time of Ptolemy Philadelphus (third century BC), Alfred Gercke in the time of Philometor II Lathyrus (latter part of second century BC); while more reliable testimony indicates that he was a contemporary of Ptolemy Philometor (middle of second century BC). He is the author of a book the exact title of which is not certain, although there is sufficient evidence to prove that it was an exposition of the Law. He was among the earliest of the Jewish Alexandrian philosophers whose aim was to reconcile and identify Greek philosophical conceptions with the Jewish religion. Only a few fragments of his work, apparently entitled Commentaries on the Writings of Moses, are quoted by Clement, Eusebius and other theological writers, but they suffice to show its object. Eusebius[1] has preserved two fair-sized fragments of it, in which are found all the quotations from Aristobulus made by Clement. In addition, there is extant a small passage concerning the time of the Passover festival, quoted by Anatolius.[2] He endeavoured to prove that early Greek philosophers had from Linus, Orpheus, Musaeus and others, passages which strongly resemble the Mosaic writings. It is suggested that the name Aristoilus was taken from 2 Macc. i. 10. The hypothesis[3] that it was from Aristobulus that the philosophy of Ecclesiasticus was derived is not generally accepted. Aristobulus was among many philosophers of his day who argued that the essentials of Greek philosophy and metaphysics were derived from Jewish sources. Philosopher Numenius of Apamea echoes this position in his well known statement "What is Plato but Moses speaking Attic Greek?" (1.150.4) Aristobulus maintained, 150 years earlier than Philo, that not only the oldest Grecian poets, Homer, Hesod, Orpheus, etc., but also the most celebrated Greek thinkers, especially Plato, had acquired most of their wisdom from Jewish sages and ancient Hebrew texts (Gfrorer i. p. 308, also ii. 111-118) (Eusebius citing Aritobulus and Numenius Ev ix. 6, xi. 10). Aristobulus of Cassandreia Aristobulus of Cassandreia (ca. 375 - 301 BC), Greek historian, son of Aristobulus, probably a Phocian settled in Cassandreia[1][2][3], accompanied Alexander the Great on his campaigns. He served throughout as an architect and military engineer[4] as well as a close friend of Alexander, enjoying royal confidence, and was entrusted with the repair of the tomb of Cyrus in Pasargadae. He wrote an account, mainly geographical and ethnological. His work was largely used by Arrian. Plutarch also uses him as a reference. He used the word pothos to interpret the actions, spirit and personality of Alexander. Aristobulus of Britannia Aristobulus of Britannia (Full title, in Greek: Aghios Apostolos Aristovoulos, Martyras, kai Protos Episkopos Vretannias; Welsh: Arwystli Hen Episcob Cyntaf Prydain; Latin: Sanctus Aristobulus Senex, Apostolus, Martyr, Episcopus Primus Britanniae; English: Saint Aristibule the Old, Apostle, Martyr, and First Bishop of Britain. Also, Aristobulus, Apostle to Britain) is a Jewish Cypriot saint, numbered among the Seventy Disciples. Along with the Apostles Urban of Macedonia, Stachys, Ampliatus, Apelles of Heraklion and Narcissus of Athens he assisted Saint Andrew. St. Aristobulus was also the brother of the Apostle Barnabas. He preached the Gospel in Britain as its first bishop and there he reposed peacefully in the Lord. Previous to this, he preached the Gospel to the Celts of Northern Spain, i.e. Celtiberians, whilst on his way to Britain. His feast days are celebrated on March 16, on October 31 (with Amplias, Apelles, Stachys, Urban, and Narcissus), and on January 4 with the Seventy. Such was the Apostle Aristobulus' acclaim amongst the Brythonic Celts that a region was named after him, i.e. Arwystli, which later became a small medieval British kingdom, and continues to this day as a district, or more precisely, a cantref within the county of Powys, Wales.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aristobulus


If you notice a broken link or any error PLEASE report it by clicking HERE
© 1995-2016 Bible History Online





More Bible History