People - Ancient Rome: Philip the Arab
Born Marcus Julius Philippus, he was Roman Emperor from 244 to 249.
Philip the Arab in Roman Biography
Philippus, (M. Julius,) a Roman emperor, was a
native of Trachonitis. He obtained the imperial power
by the murder of Gordlan, in 244 A.D. The senate
confirmed the choice of the army. He made peace with
Persia in 244. In 248 or 247 A.D. he celebrated the
thousandth anniversary of the origin of Rome. He was
killed at Verona in 249 A.D., in a battle against Decius,
who had usurped the title of emperor. According to
Eusebius and other writers, Philippus was a Christian.
His son, M. Julius Philippus, who had been associated
with him in the empire, (247 A.D.,) was killed by
the partisans of Decius, in 249 a.d.
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Philip the Arab in Wikipedia
Marcus Julius Philippus (c. 204–249), commonly known as Philip the Arab or Philippus I Arabs, was Roman Emperor
from 244 to 249. He came from Syria, and rose to become a major figure in the empire. He achieved power after the
death of Gordian III, quickly negotiating peace with the Persian empire. During his reign Rome celebrated its
Among early Christian writers Philip had the reputation of being sympathetic to the Christian faith. It was even
claimed that he converted to Christianity, becoming the first Christian emperor, but this is disputed.
Philip was overthrown and killed following a rebellion led by his successor Decius...
Philippus in Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities
M. Iulius Philippus I., Roman emperor A.D. 244-249, was an Arabian by birth, and entered the Roman army, in which he rose to
high rank. He accompanied Gordianus III. in his expedition against the Persians; and upon the death of the excellent
Misitheus (see Misitheus), he was promoted to the vacant office of praetorian praefect. He availed himself of the influence
of his high office to excite discontent among the soldiers, who at length assassinated Gordian, and proclaimed Philippus
emperor, 244. Philippus proclaimed his son Caesar, concluded a disgraceful peace with Sapor, founded the city of
Philippopolis, and then returned to Rome. In 245 he was engaged in prosecuting a successful war against the Carpi on the
Danube. In 248, rebellions, headed by Iotapinus and Marinus, broke out simultaneously in the East and in Moesia. Both
pretenders speedily perished, but Decius, having been dispatched to recall the legions on the Danube to their duty, was
himself forcibly invested with the purple by the troops, and compelled by them to march upon Italy. Philippus, having gone
forth to encounter his rival, was slain near Verona either in battle or by his own soldiers. The great domestic event of the
reign of Philippus was the exhibition of the Secular Games, which were celebrated with even more than the ordinary degree of
splendour, since Rome had now, according to the received tradition, attained the thousandth year of her existence (A.D.
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