People - Ancient Rome: Drusus
Born Drusus Claudius Nero I (b. ca. 105 BC), he was
a member of the Claudian Family of ancient Rome.
Drusus in Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities
Claudius Nero, son of Tiberius Claudius Nero and of Livia, was born B.C. 38. He served early in the army, and was sent, in B.C. 17, with
his brother Tiberius, against the Rhaeti and the Vindelici, who had made an irruption into Italy. He defeated the invaders, pursued them
across the Alps, and reduced their country. Horace has celebrated this victory in one of his finest odes (iv. 4). Drusus married Antonia
Minor, daughter of Antony and Octavia, by whom he had Germanicus and Claudius, afterwards emperor, and Livia or Livilla. In B.C. 14,
being sent to quell an insurrection in Gaul, he succeeded by his conciliatory address. In the following year he attacked the Germans,
and, carrying the war beyond the Rhine, he obtained a series of victories over the Sicambri, Cherusci, Catti, and Tencteri, and advanced
as far as the Visurgis (Weser), for which the Senate bestowed on him and his posterity the surname of Germanicus. In B.C. 9, Drusus was
made consul. He was soon after sent by Augustus against the Germans, crossed the Visurgis, and advanced as far as the Albis (Elbe). He
imposed a moderate tribute on the Frisians, which, being afterwards aggravated by his successors, caused a revolt in the reign of
Tiberius (Tac. Ann. iv. 72). He caused a canal to be cut, for the purpose of uniting the Rhine to the Yssel, which was known long after
by the name of Fossa Drusi. Drusus did not cross the Albis, but retired towards the Rhine. Before he reached that river, he died, at the
age of thirty, in consequence, as it was reported, of his horse falling upon him and fracturing his leg (Livy, Epit. 142). Tiberius, who
was sent for in haste, and found his brother expiring, accompanied his body to Rome, where his funeral was performed with the greatest
solemnity. Both Augustus and Tiberius delivered orations in his praise. Drusus was much regretted by both the army and the Romans in
general, who had formed great expectations from his manly and generous character.
Drusus in Roman Biography
Drusus, (Claudius Nero,) a Roman general, born
38 B.C., was the son of Tiberius Claudius Nero and
Livia, whose second husband was the emperor Augustus.
He married Antonia, the daughter of Mark Antony. In
the year 13 B.C. he commanded an army on the Rhine,
and defeated several German tribes. Horace composed
an admired ode in honour of this victory, (lib. iv. 4.) In
the ensuing campaigns he extended his conquests as far
as the Elbe, after which the senate gave him the surname
Germanicus. He died at the age of thirty, leaving a
fair reputation for talents and virtue. The emperor Tiberius
was his brother. It is said that Augustus intended
to give a portion of the empire to Drusus, who was born
a few months after the marriage of the former with
Livia.. Drusus left two sons, Germanicus, and Claudius
who became emperor.
See Dion Cassius, books xlviii. and liv. ; Tacitus, "Annals;"
Ersch und Gruber, "Allgemeine Encyklopaedie."
Drusus in Wikipedia
Drusus Claudius Nero I (b. ca. 105 BC) was a member of the
Claudian Family of ancient Rome. He was a descendant of the
original Tiberius Claudius Nero a consul, son of Appius
Claudius Caecus the censor. Drusus Claudius Nero I served
under Pompey in 67 BC, battling the pirate menace, and was
famous for recommending that the members of the Catiline
Conspiracy be confined. His wife was a descendant of the
Claudian Family. His family were republicans. He was the
father of Tiberius Claudius Nero (c. 85 - 33 BC).
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