People - Ancient Rome: Camillus
Born Marcus Furius Camillus, he was a Roman soldier and statesman.
Camillus in in Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities
A celebrated Roman, called the second Romulus, from his services to his country. After filling various
important stations, and, among other achievements, taking the city of Veii, which had for the space of ten
years resisted the Roman arms, he encountered at last the displeasure of his countrymen, and was accused of
having embezzled some of the plunder of this place. Being well aware how the matter would terminate,
Camillus went into voluntary exile, although his friends offered to pay the sum demanded of him. During
this period of separation from his country, Rome, with the exception of the Capitol, was taken by the Gauls
under Brennus (q.v.). Camillus, though an exile, was invited by the fugitive Romans at Veii to take command
of them, but refused to act until the wishes of the Romans besieged in the Capitol were known. These
unanimously revoked the sentence of banishment, and elected him dictator. The noble-minded Roman forgot
their previous ingratitude, and marched to the relief of his country; which he delivered, after it had been
for some time in the possession of the enemy. The Roman account says that Camillus, at the head of an army
of forty thousand men, hastened to Rome, where he found the garrison of the Capitol on the point of
purchasing peace from the invaders. “With iron, and not with gold,” exclaimed Camillus, “Rome buys her
freedom.” An attack was instantly made upon the Gauls, a victory obtained, and the foe left their camp by
night. On the morrow Camillus overtook them, and they met with a total overthrow. His triumphal entry into
Rome was made amid the acclamations of thousands, who greeted him with the name of Romulus, Father of his
Country, and Second Founder of the City. After performing another equally important service, in prevailing
upon his countrymen to rebuild their city and not return to Veii, and after gaining victories over the
Aequi, Volsci, Etrurians, and Latins, he died in the eighty-ninth year of his age, having been five times
dictator, once censor, three times interrex, twice military tribune, and having obtained four triumphs
(Camill.; Liv.v. 46 foll.; Flor.i. 13; Verg. Aen. vi. 825). We have touched on merely a few of the events
connected with the history of Camillus, in consequence of the strong suspicion which attaches itself to the
greater part of the narrative. In no instance, perhaps, have the family memorials of the Roman aristocracy
more completely usurped the place of true history than in the case of Camillus. The part relative to the
overthrow of the Gauls appears to be pure fiction. See Mommsen, Hist. of Rome, bk. ii. ch. 4.
Camillus in Roman Biography
Camillus, [Fr. Camille, kfrnei' or kS'me'ye,] (Marcus
Furius,) acelebrated Roman dictator, whose history has been embellished with many fabulous exploits. After
serving as military tribune, he was five times chosen dictator,
and gained victories over the Falisci, Capenates,
Volscians, and Fidenates. In his first dictatorship, which
began in 396, he took Veii, after a long siege. About
390 n.c. he was condemned for peculation, and was exiled
to Ardea. The Gauls under Brennus having pillaged
Rome, Camillus was recalled, and, according to the
popular account, gained two decisive victories over the
invaders. He was chosen dictator, for the fifth time, in
367. He is said to have dissuaded the citizens from
removing en masse from Rome to Veii after the former
city had been ruined by the Gauls. Died in 364 B.C.
Plutarch has written a life of Camillus.
History of Rome ;" Niebuhr,
History of Rome,'' vol.
i. ; Obkecht,
Dissertatio, M. F. Camillum repnesentans," 1693.
http://books.google.com/books? id=GPXRKSUyj14C&printsec=frontcover&dq=pronouncing+dictionary+of+biograph y+and+mythology&hl=en&ei=ueCoTLOH
Camillus in Wikipedia
Marcus Furius Camillus (ca. 446 – 365 BC) was a Roman soldier and statesman of patrician descent. According to Livy and
Plutarch, Camillus triumphed four times, was five times dictator, and was honoured with the title of Second Founder of Rome.
Camillus belonged to the lineage of the Furii, whose origin had been in the Latin city of Tusculum. Although this city had
been a bitter enemy of the Romans in the 490s BC, after both Volsci and Aequi began to wage war against Rome, Tusculum joined
Rome, unlike most Latin cities. Soon, the Furii integrated into the Roman society, accumulating a long series of magistrate
offices. Thus the Furii had become an important Roman family by the 450s.
The father of Camillus was Lucius Furius Medullinus, a patrician tribune of consular powers. Camillus had more than three
brothers: the eldest one was Lucius junior, who was both Roman Consul and tribune of consular powers. A younger brother was
Spurius. The cognomen of Camillus was the denomination of the Roman acolytes of religious rituals. Coincidently, during
Camillus' infancy, his relative Quintus Furius Paculus was the Roman Pontifex Maximus...
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