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February 25    Scripture

People - Ancient Rome: Boethius
Born Anicius Manlius Severinus BoŽthius, he was a Christian philosopher of the early 6th century.

Boethius in Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities (better BoŽtius), Anicius Manlius Torquātus Severīnus. A Roman statesman and scholar, born in Rome about A.D. 475, and one of the distinguished family of the Anicii, who had for some time been Christians. Having been left an orphan in his childhood, he was taken in his tenth year to Athens, where he remained eighteen years, and acquired a stock of knowledge far beyond the average. After his return to Rome, he was held in high esteem among his contemporaries for his learning and eloquence. He attracted the attention of Theodoric, who in A.D. 510 made him consul, and, in spite of his patriotic and independent attitude, gave him a prominent share in the government. The trial of the consul Albinus, however, brought with it the ruin of BoŽthius. Albinus was accused of maintaining a secret understanding with the Byzantine court, and BoŽthius stood up boldly in his defence, declaring that if Albinus was guilty, so was he, and the whole Senate with him. Thus involved in the same charge, he was sentenced to death by the cowardly assembly whose cause he had represented. He was thrown into prison at Pavia, and executed in the year 525. While in prison he wrote his famous work, De Consolatione Philosophiae, in five books, a splendid testimony to his noble mind and to his scholarly attainments. The editio princeps was published at Nuremberg in 1473 by Coburger. An Anglo-Saxon version made by Alfred the Great exists, of which an edition by Fox appeared in London in 1864. A good edition of the Latin text is that of Peiper (Leipzig, 1871). Besides writing the treatise De Consolatione, BoŽthius also translated many works on philosophy, rhetoric, and mathematics from the Greek, most of which are extant. His translations from Aristotle gave him much influence in the development of scholasticism; and his manuals of geometry, arithmetic, and music were long used in the mediśval schools. He was the last Roman writer of any note to show a good knowledge of the Greek language and literature.
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:1999.04.0062:alphabetic+letter%3DB:entry+group%3D5:entry%3Dboethius-harpers


Boethius in Roman Biography Bo-e'thl-us, [It. Boecio, bo-a'cho, or Boezio, bo-at'- se-o; in French, Boece, bo'4ss',] (Anicius Manlius INI s,) a celebrated Roman philosopher and statesman, born about 475 A.D. He was liberally educated, and well instructed in Greek philosophy. When about thirty-three, he was elected consul. His administration was beneficent and favourable to the oppressed. He translated the works of Plato and other Greek writers into Latin, wrote commentaries on Aristotle, and acquired a great reputation as an author. He held several high omces under Theodoric the Goth, but, having been accused by some envious courtiers of conspiring against the government, he was unjustly condemned by that king and executed about 525 A.D. His principal work is "On the Consolation of Philosophy," ("De Consolatione Philosophise,") which was written in prison, where he was confined just before his death. It is com- Eosed of alternate portions of verse and prose. "Few ooks," says Hallam, "are more striking from the circumstances of their production. Last of the classic writers, in style not impure, ... in elevation of sentiment equal to any of the philosophers, and mingling a Christian sanctity with their lessons, he speaks from his prison in the swanlike tones ofdying eloquence. Quenched in his blood, the lamp he had trimmed with a skilful hand, gave no more light; the language of Tully and Virgil soon ceased to be spoken." (" Introduction to the Literature of Europe.") His great work was very popular in the middle ages, and was translated into various languages. It was translated into Anglo-Saxon by Alfred the Great, and imitated by Chaucer. English versions of it have been produced by W. Causton, Rev. Philip Ridpath, R. Duncan, and others. See Procopius, "History;" Barberini, " Exposizione della Vita de Boezio," z783;DoMGERVAisE,"HistoiredeBoecet "i7i5; Heyne, "Censiua ingenii Boethii," 1806; "Life of Boethius, prefixed to Ridpath's translation, 1785; Gibbon, "Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire," chap, xxxix. ; Ersch und Gruber, " Allgemeine EncykJopaedie;" Fabricius, " bibliotheca Latina;" Siro Comi, " Memoria storico-critica sopra S. Boecio."
http://books.google.com/books? id=GPXRKSUyj14C&printsec=frontcover&dq=pronouncing+dictionary+of+biograph y+and+mythology&hl=en&ei=ueCoTLOH


Boethius in Wikipedia Anicius Manlius Severinus BoŽthius,[1][2][3] commonly called Boethius (ca. 480Ė524 or 525) was a Christian philosopher of the early 6th century. He was born in Rome to an ancient and important family which included emperors Petronius Maximus and Olybrius and many consuls.[3] His father, Flavius Manlius Boethius, was consul in 487 after Odoacer deposed the last Western Roman Emperor. Boethius, of the noble Anicius lineage, entered public life at a young age and was already a senator by the age of 25.[4] Boethius himself was consul in 510 in the kingdom of the Ostrogoths. In 522 he saw his two sons become consuls.[5] Boethius was executed by King Theodoric the Great,[6] who suspected him of conspiring with the Byzantine Empire. It may be possible to link his work to the game of Rithmomachia...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boethius


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