People - Ancient Egypt: Ptolemy XI Alexander II
GRECO-ROMAN PERIOD Ptolemaic Dynasty (80) This period is confusing due to all of the co-regencies. Scholars are not always
in agreement on the order of reigns and, in some case, the reigns themselves, from Ptolemy VI through Ptolemy XI. In any
event, Egypt's authority and wealth was intact until the death of Cleopatra, at which time, Egypt was overpowered by Rome.
Ptolemy XI Alexander II in Tour Egypt
PTOLEMY XI ALEXANDER II
Ptolemy XI Alexander II was the son of Ptolemy X Alexander. After the death of his uncle Ptolemy IX Soter II (Lathyros), his step-
mother (or possibly mother) Cleopatra Berenice ruled for about one year alone. Ptolemy XI was required to marry his step-mother, who
was much older than he. The marriage took place and nineteen days later, Ptolemy XI killed his new bride. He was then lynched by the
Alexandrian mob, with whom his wife had been very popular
Ptolemy XI Alexander II in Wikipedia
Ptolemy XI Alexander II (Πτολεμαῖος Ἀλέξανδρος, Ptolemaĩos Aléxandros) was a member of the Ptolemaic
dynasty who ruled Egypt for a few days in 80 BC.
Ptolemy XI was born to Ptolemy X Alexander and either Cleopatra Selene or Berenice III. Ptolemy IX
Lathryos died in 81 BC or 80 BC, leaving no legitimate heir, and so Cleopatra Berenice (another name of
Berenice III) ruled alone for a time. However, Rome's Sulla wanted a pro-Roman ruler on the throne, and
sent the young son of Ptolemy X to Egypt, displaying Ptolemy Alexander's will in Rome as justification for
this obvious intervention.
The will also required Ptolemy XI to marry Cleopatra Berenice, who was his stepmother and half-sister (or
possibly his natural mother - the ancient sources are unclear). However, nineteen days after the marriage,
Ptolemy murdered his bride for unknown reasons, an unwise move since Berenice was very popular; Ptolemy
was immediately lynched by the citizens of Alexandria.
He was succeeded by Ptolemy XII.
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