People - Ancient Egypt: Cleopatra Berenice
GRECO-ROMAN PERIOD Ptolemaic Dynasty (81-80) This period is confusing due to all of the co-regencies. Scholars are
not always in agreement on the order of reigns and, in some case, the reigns themselves, from Ptolemy VI through
Ptolemy XI. In any event, Egypt's authority and wealth was intact until the death of Cleopatra, at which time,
Egypt was overpowered by Rome.
Berenice III of Egypt in Wikipedia
Berenice III (120–80 BC, Greek: Βερενίκη), sometimes called Cleopatra Berenice, ruled as queen of Egypt from 81 to 80
BC, and possibly from 101 to 88 BC jointly with her uncle/husband Ptolemy X Alexander. She was born in 120 BC, the
daughter of Ptolemy IX Lathyros and Cleopatra Selene I. She married Ptolemy X Alexander I in 101 BC, after he took the
throne from Lathyros and had his mother (and her grandmother) Cleopatra III killed. When Lathyros reclaimed the throne,
Berenice lost her own rule. However, when Lathyros died at the end of 81 BC, Berenice took over the throne and ruled
for six months, during which time she gained the love of the people.
She was forced to marry Ptolemy XI Alexander II in 80 BC. He had her killed 19 days later, an unwise decision, since it
moved the people to revolt and kill him a few days later.
Cleopatra Berenice in Tour Egypt
Cleopatra Berenice was the daughter of Lathyros (Ptolemy IX Soter II) and was married to Ptolemy X
Alexander I. After the death of Alexander, she ruled for about one year alone. She was forced to marry
her much younger stepson (or possible son). Nineteen days after the marriage took place, Ptolemy XI
murdered his new bride.
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