People - Ancient Egypt: Hakoris
LATE KINGDOM 29th Dynasty (393-380) The Nubians fall under the Assyrians invasion. The Greeks help re-establish order. A renaissance
in the arts of the 25th Dynasty shows a return to the Old Kingdom style.
Hakor in Wikipedia
Hakor, or Akoris, was the Pharaoh of Egypt from 393 BC to 380 BC. Hakor overthrew his predecessor Psammuthes and falsely
proclaimed himself to be the grandson of Nepherites I, founder of the 29th Dynasty, on his monuments in order to legitimise
his kingship. While Hakor ruled Egypt for only 13 years, his reign is important for the enormous number of buildings
which he constructed and for his extensive restoration work on the monuments of his royal predecessors.
Early in his reign, Hakor revolted against his overlord, the Persian King Artaxerxes. In 390 BC, he concluded a tripartite
alliance with Evagoras, king of Cyprus, and Athens. This alliance led Persia to begin supporting Sparta in the Corinthian
War, which eventually led to the ending of that war by the Peace of Antalcidas in 387/6 BC. In it, Artaxerxes II proclaimed
his authority over the cities of Asia Minor and Cyprus gave full autonomy to the Greek city states of mainland Greece as
long as they did not make war on him.
After the end of that war, Persia turned its attention to Egypt, but Hakor, supported by the Athenian general Chabrias,
held them off in a three year war between 385 and 383 BC. Hakor died in 380 BC and was succeeded by his son Nepherites
II, but Nepherites was overthrown by Nectanebo I within a year, thus ending the dynasty.
Hakoris in Tour Egypt
There is some discrepancy as to whether Hakoris was the second
of the third king of the Twenty-ninth Dynasty. Psammuthis is
the king in which the confusion is associated with because he
is shown to have ruled during the same year as Hakoris (393
BC). Hakoris reigned for thirteen years and built many
monuments which are found in all parts of Egypt. During his
reign there was peace between Persia and Sparta. Persia was
free to move against Egypt and there was a three-year war
between the two. Egypt was relatively strong during this time
and became allies with Cyprus. Egypt was delivered from
Persia. The tomb of Hakoris has not been found.
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