People - Ancient Egypt: Nepherites I
LATE KINGDOM 29th Dynasty (399-393) The Nubians fall under the Assyrians invasion. The Greeks help re-establish
order. A renaissance in the arts of the 25th Dynasty shows a return to the Old Kingdom style.
Nepherites I in Tour Egypt
NEPHERITES I (NEF'AURUD)
Nepherites I was the first ruler of the Twenty-ninth Dynasty. Nepherites I sent a gift to the Spartans after an
allegiance had been entered into with Sparta against Persia. This gift was lost to the Persians after the ships from
Egypt approached Rhodes. The Egyptians did not know that the Rhodians had defected to the Persians.
Nepherites I in Wikipedia
King Nepherites I, or Nefaarud I, founded the Twenty-ninth dynasty of Egypt by defeating Amyrtaeus in open battle, and
then executing him at Memphis in the autumn of 399 BC. These events are recorded in an Aramaic papyrus document
(Papyrus (Papyrus Brooklyn 13). Nepherites was a native of Mendes, where he also made his capital and burial place. He
ruled Egypt from 398 BC to 393 BC.
In foreign affairs, he supported Sparta in its war against the Persians by supplying it with grain and material for
100 triremes. In Egypt, he is poorly attested perhaps due to the passage of time: from Mendes, fragments of a granite
gate and stone blocks of a temple of Thoth were found. A statue of this pharaoh is known from Buto. Nepherites is
attested in Middle and Upper Egypt by a chapel at Akoris (Tehna) and a Naos at Sohag among other construction
projects. He is documented by Serapeum stela from Saqqara where a faience palgue mentioning his Year 2 is known. A
mummy bandage label written in demotic preserves his Year 4.
His tomb containing some remains of a sarcophagus and funerary equipment was discovered by a team from the University
of Toronto and the University of Washington in 1992-1993.
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