People - Ancient Egypt: Osorkon IV
THIRD INTERMEDIATE PERIOD 22nd Dynasty (735-712) The capital moves from Tanis to Libyan, to Nubia, to Thebes, to SAIS, and then back to
Nubia and Thebes.
Osorkon IV in Tour Egypt
Osorkon IV was the tenth and final ruler of the Twenty-second Dynasty. During his reign, Hoshea, the king of
Israel, sent messengers to Osorkon in Egypt. He was requesting help against Shalmaneser V. No help was sent.
Samaria was captured and the Israelites were taken away to Assyria. There was also threats from Sargon II, who
was the Assyrian king. To try to avoid an attack, Osorkon IV tried a rich gift and it apparently worked. The
Assyrian king came no further.
Osorkon IV in Wikipedia
Osorkon IV was a ruler of Lower Egypt who, while not always listed as a member of the Twenty-second dynasty of Egypt, he
is attested as the ruler of Tanis--and thereby one of Shoshenq V's successors. Therefore he is sometimes listed as part
of the dynasty, whether for convenience or in fact.
His parentage is uncertain: he could be a son of Shoshenq V. His mother, named on an electrum headpiece in the Louvre,
is Tadibast III.
Kenneth Kitchen gives his reign dates as 732/30 - 716 BC.
His reign was never recognised at Memphis where documents were dated to the reign of 24th Saite dynasty king Bakenranef.
During his time, Egypt was ruled concurrently by four dynasties - 22nd, 23rd, 24th and the 25th. Shortly after Osorkon
had ascended the throne, Upper Egypt was conquered by the Kushite king, Piankhi, and Osorkon IV ended ruling only the
East Nile Delta region.
Relationship with Assyria -
He is perhaps mentioned in the bible as the Pharaoh "So" to whom Hoshea, King of Israel appealed for help. However, So
dispatched no aid or troops. The Israelite capital Samaria was captured by the Assyrian king Shalmaneser V in 722 BC and
its inhabitants were imprisoned and taken to exile in Assyria and Media. To avoid military conflict with the Assyrians or
even invasion, Osorkon sent presents, including several horses, to placate the new Assyrian king Sargon II, who rose to
power later in 722. Osorkon's tactic apparently worked, since Sargon accepted his gifts and did not take action against
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