People - Ancient Egypt: Pami
THIRD INTERMEDIATE PERIOD 22nd Dynasty (783-773) The capital moves from Tanis to Libyan, to Nubia, to Thebes, to SAIS, and then
back to Nubia and Thebes.
Pami in Tour Egypt
Pami was the eighth king of the Twenty-second Dynasty. He reigned for approximately six years
following the fifty-two year reign of Shoshenq III. Pemay is translated to "The Cat".
Pami in Wikipedia
Usermaatre Setepenre Pami was an Egyptian Pharaoh who ruled Egypt for 7 years. He was a member of the Twenty-second dynasty of
Egypt of Meshwesh Libyans who had been living in the country since the Twentieth dynasty of Egypt when their ancestors
infiltrated into the Egyptian Delta from Libya. Their descendants began to rule Egypt from the mid-940s BC onwards with the
ascendance of Shoshenq I to power. Pami's name, in Egyptian, means the Cat or "He who belongs to the Cat [Bastet]."
Pami's precise relationship with his immediate predecessor—Hedjkheperre Setepenre Shoshenq IV--is unknown but he is attested as
the father of Shoshenq V in a Year 11 Serapeum stela dating to the latter's reign. Pami was once assumed to be Pimay, the third
son of Shoshenq III who served as the "Great Chief of Ma" under his father. However, the different orthographies of their names
(Pami vs. Pimay) prove that they were 2 different individuals. In addition, the name Pami translates as 'The Cat' in Egyptian
whereas the name Pimay means 'The Lion.' Pami's name was mistakenly transcribed as Pimay by past historians based upon the
common belief that he was Shoshenq III's son. This is now recognised to be an erroneous translation of this king's nomen/name
which should rather be written as Pami. While a previous Dynasty 22 king held the title 'Great Chief of the Ma' before
ascending the throne–namely Shoshenq I–Shoshenq III's son, Pimay, was a different man from king Pami because their names are
different. Moreover, if Pimay did indeed outlive his father, he should have then succeeded his father as king rather than the
obscure Shoshenq IV who is not attested as a son of Shoshenq III. Consequently, it seems certain that Shoshenq III outlived all
of his sons through his nearly 4 decade long reign.
While a minority of scholars hold to the traditional view that Pami was Pimay, a son of Shoshenq III by his wife Queen Djed-
Bast-Es-Ankh, no archaeological evidence proves that Pami was ever a son of Shoshenq III. The different spelling and meanings
of the word Pami and Pimay and the fact that Shoshenq III was actually succeeded by Shoshenq IV—rather than Pimay as was once
thought—suggest rather that Pami was a son of his obscure predecessor--Shoshenq IV instead.
Reign Length -
Two Apis bulls were buried in Pami's own reign—one each during his Second and Sixth Year respectively. The Year 2 II Peret day
1 Serapeum stela from Pami's reign states that 26 Years passed between Year 28 of Shoshenq III–the burial of the previous Apis
Bull—and Year 2 of Pami. Pami's Highest Year Date was originally thought to be his 6th Year based on his Year 6 Serapeum stela.
However, in 1998, Pierre Tallet, Susanne Bickel and Marc Gabolde from the University of Montpellier published the surviving
contents of a reused stone block from an enclosure wall at Heliopolis in a BIFAO 98(1998) paper titled "Heliopolitan Annals
from the Third Intermediate Period." According to the article, the block is 2 cubits (104 cm) large and likely formed the right
inside side of a doorway. The block is essentially an Annal document which postdates Pami's reign and was originally part of a
larger monument which catalogued the deeds of various Dynasty 22 Pharaohs. However, only the section concerning Pami's reign
has survived. It chronicles this king's Yearly donations both to the gods of the Great Temple of Heliopolis and to other local
deities and temples in this city. While the ending of the block is damaged, a 7th Regnal Year can be clearly seen for Pami and
a brief 8th Year in the lost or erased section is possible. In any event, his Highest Year Date is now his 7th Year and Pami
would have reigned for almost 7 full years based upon this document.
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