People - Ancient Egypt: Ramesses X (Khepermaatresetepenre)
NEW KINGDOM 20th Dynasty (1108-1099) Extreme prosperity and renaissance in art and building projects mark the beginning of
this period. Towards the end of the 19th Dynasty the increasing power of the priesthood corrupts the central government.
During the 20th Dynasty tomb robbing is done by officials. The priesthood becomes hereditary and begins to assume secular
power. The government breaks down.
Ramesses X (Khepermaatresetepenre) in Tour Egypt
Ramesses X was the ninth king of the Twentieth Dynasty. During
his reign the workers went on strike for wages not paid. There
are few monuments of Ramesses that have survived. He left a
tomb in the Valley of the Kings on the West Bank at Luxor
Ramesses X in Wikipedia
Khepermare Ramesses X (also written Ramses and Rameses) (ruled c. 1111 BC – 1107 BC) was the ninth ruler of the 20th
dynasty of Ancient Egypt. His birth name was Amonhirkhepeshef. It is uncertain if his reign was 3 or 4 Years, but there is
now a strong consensus among Egyptologists that it did not last as long as 9 Years, as was previously assumed. His prenomen
or throne name, Khepermaatre, means "The Justice of Re Abides." He was possibly a son of Ramesses IX and husband of
Tyti, but this is unproven. The English Egyptologist Aidan Dodson states:
"No evidence is known to indicate the relationship between the final kings Ramesses IX, X and XI. If they were a father-son
succession, Tyti, who bears the titles of King's Daughter, King's Wife and King's Mother, would seem [to be] a good
candidate for the wife of Ramesses X, but little else can be discerned."
Ramesses X is a poorly documented king. All that is really known about his kingship is that the general insecurity and wave
of tomb robberies which had become prevalent under his predecessors continued to grow under his reign. His Year 1 and Year
2 is attested by Papyrus Turin 1932+1939 while his third Year is documented in a diary kept by a Workmen of Deir El
Medina. The diary mentions the general idleness of the necropolis workmen due to the threat posed by Libyan marauders in
the Valley of the Kings. It records that the Deir El-Medina workmen were absent from work in Year 3 IIIrd Month of Peret
(ie: Winter) days 6, 9, 11, 12, 18, 21 and 24 for fear of the "desert-dwellers" (ie: the Libyans or Meshwesh) who evidently
roamed through Upper Egypt and Thebes at will. This is partly a reflection of the massive Libyan influx into the Western
Delta region of Lower Egypt during this time. Ramesses X is also the last New Kingdom king whose rule over Nubia is
attested from an inscription at Aniba.
His KV18 tomb in the Valley of the Kings was left unfinished and it is uncertain if he was ever buried here since no
remains or fragments of funerary objects were discovered within it.
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