People - Ancient Egypt: Ramesses V (Usermaatresekheperenre)
NEW KINGDOM 20th Dynasty (1147-1143) Extreme prosperity and renaissance in art and building projects mark the beginning of this
period. Towards the end of the 19th Dynasty the increasing power of the priesthood corrupts the central government. During the 20th
Dynasty tomb robbing is done by officials. The priesthood becomes hereditary and begins to assume secular power. The government breaks
Ramesses V (Usermaatresekheperenre) in Tour Egypt
Ramesses V is thought to have reigned no more than four years. He was the son of Ramesses IV and Queen
Ta-Opet. The mummy was found in the tomb of Amenophis II and is now located in the Cairo Museum. The
mummy shows that he died of smallpox at about the age of 35. His tomb was unfinished and was in the Biban
el-Moluk, but was annexed by Ramesses VI. All that is found of his reign is a stela that was discovered
at Gebel Silsilh.
Ramesses V in Wikipedia
Usermare Sekhepenre Ramesses V (also written Ramses and Rameses) was the fourth pharaoh of the Twentieth dynasty of Egypt and
was the son of Ramesses IV and Queen Duatentopet.
His reign was characterized by the continued growth of the power of the priesthood of Amun, which controlled much of the
temple land in the country and state finances at the expense of Pharaoh. The Turin 1887 papyrus records a financial scandal
during his reign that involved the priests of Elephantine. A period of domestic instability also afflicted his reign since
Turin Papyrus Cat. 2044 states that the workmen of Deir el-Medina periodically stopped work on Ramesses V's KV9 tomb in this
king's first regnal year out of fear of "the enemy", presumably Libyan raiding parties, who had reached the town of Per-Nebyt
and "burnt its people." Another incursion by these raiders into Thebes is recorded a few days later. This shows that the
Egyptian state was having difficulties ensuring the security of its own elite tomb workers, let alone the general populace,
during this troubled time.
The great Wilbour Papyrus, dating to Year 4 of his reign, was a major land survey and tax assessment document which covered
various lands "extending from near Crocodilopolis (Medinet el-Fayyum) southwards to a little short of the modern town of El-
Minya, a distance of some 90 miles." It reveals most of Egypt's land was controlled by the Amun temples which also directed
the country's finances. The document highlights the increasing power of the High Priest of Amun Ramessesnakht whose son, a
certain Usimare'nakhte, held the office of chief tax master.
The circumstances of Ramesses V's death are unknown but it is believed he had a reign of almost 4 full years. It is possible
he was dethroned by his successor, Ramesses VI because Ramesses VI usurped his predecessor's KV9 tomb. An ostracon records
that this king was only buried in Year 2 of Ramesses VI which was highly irregular since Egyptian tradition required a king to
be mummified and buried precisely 70 days into the reign of his successor. However, another reason for the much delayed
burial of Ramesses V in Year 2, second month of Akhet day 1 of Ramesses VI's reign (see KRI, VI, 343) may have been connected
with Ramesses VI's need "to clear out any Libyans [invaders] from Thebes and to provide a temporary tomb for Ramesses V until
plans for a double burial within tomb KV9 could be put into effect." Moreover, a Theban work journal (P. Turin 1923) dated
to Year 2 of Ramesses VI's reign shows that a period of normality had returned to the Theban West Bank by this time.
Ramesses V's mummy has been recovered and seems to indicate that he suffered from smallpox due to lesions found on his face
and this is thought to have caused his death.
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