People - Ancient Egypt: Khamudi
SECOND INTERMEDIATE PERIOD 15th Dynasty. The Hyksos invade and conquer. Eventually the Theban princes regain power. Kamose defeats
Khamudi in Tour Egypt
Khamudi was the last king of the 15th Dynasty and was the last king of the "Great Heksus". The king was listed in the Turin Canon.
Khamudi's Obelisk was discovered near the ancient city of Avaris. The king was responsible for negotiation of the Hiksus army's
withdrawal from Avaris and most of the Delta. Khamudi was pressured to withdraw due to the successful campaign of Ahmose I's army on his
capitol. However, the southern Pharaohs did not keep their agreement and pushed the Heksus out of Egypt and raided their cities in the
Middle East for several years by the Theben kings of the 18th Dynasty.
Khamudi in Wikipedia
Khamudi (also known as Khamudy) was the last pharaoh of the Hyksos fifteenth dynasty of Egypt, who came to power in the northern
portion of Egypt. The Year 11 date in the Rhind Mathematical Papyrus is now believed by many Egyptologists to belong to his reign
since it refers to Ahmose as "He of the South." Another date on the papyrus is explicitly dated to Year 33 of Khamudi's
predecessor Apophis As Thomas Schneider writes:
"Another reign length can be inferred from the note on the verso of the Rhind Mathematical Papyrus whereby in the 11th regnal year
of the ruling king, Heliopolis has been conquered, and "he of the South" has attacked and taken Sile. Since "he of the South" must
denote the Theban ruler Ahmose, the regnal year 11 can only be assigned to the successor of the Hyksos king Apepi I: Khamudi. The
Hyksos capital Avaris will have fallen to Ahmose not much later."
It is generally believed that Ahmose defeated the Hyksos king by his 18th or 19th year. This is suggested by "a graffito in the
quarry at Tura whereby 'oxen from Palestine' were used at the opening of the quarry in Ahmose's regnal year 22." Since the
cattle could only have been brought after Ahmose's 3 year long siege of the South Palestinian town of Sharuhen which followed after
the fall of Avaris, this means the reign of Khamudi must have terminated by Year 18 or 19 of Ahmose's 25 year reign at the very
The Hyksos were a foreign line of rulers who invaded Egypt and ruled for several generations before this defeat by Ahmose a native
ruler from Thebes, who drove them from Egypt at that time.
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