Bible Names N-Z: Zerah
Zerah in Easton's Bible Dictionary
sunrise. (1.) An "Ethiopian," probably Osorkon II., the
successor of Shishak on the throne of Egypt. With an
army, the largest we read of in Scripture, he
kingdom of Judah in the days of Asa (2 Chr. 14:9-
15). He reached
Zephathah, and there encountered the army of Asa.
This is the
only instance "in all the annals of Judah of a
encounter in the field with a first-class heathen
power in full
force." The Egyptian host was utterly routed, and
gathered "exceeding much spoil." Three hundred years
before another Egyptian army, that of Necho (B.C.
609), came up
(2.) A son of Tamar (Gen. 38:30); called also Zara
(3.) A Gershonite Levite (1 Chr. 6:21, 41).
Zerah in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
1. Younger twin son with Pharez of Judah and Tamar (Genesis
38:30; 1 Chronicles 2:6; Matthew 1:3).
2. Son of Simeon (1 Chronicles 4:24). (See ZOHAR in
3. A Gershonite Levite, son of Iddo or Adaiah (1
Chronicles 6:21; 1 Chronicles 6:41).
4. The Ethiopian (Cushite) invader defeated by ASA .
About this very time there reigned a king Azerch Amar in
Ethiopia, whose monuments are found at Napata. The Hebrew
abbreviated the name into Zerah. Also an Ozorchon occupied
the throne from 956 to 933 B.C. Ozorchon II. succeeded to
the throne in right of his wife, sister of the previous
king, and so may have been an Ethiopian; but the former is
more probable. The defeat of the army of such a great world
power as Egypt or Ethiopia is unparalleled in Israel's
history, and could only have been through the divine aid.
"Jehovah smote the Ethiopians before Asa and before
Judah, and the Ethiopians fled, and Asa pursued them unto
Gerar, and the Ethiopians were overthrown that they could
not recover themselves, for they were destroyed before
Jehovah and before His host, and they carried away much
spoil" (2 Chronicles 14:9-13). The greatness of Egypt which
Shishak had caused diminished at his death. His immediate
successors were of no note in the monuments. Hence Asa was
able in the first ten years of his reign to recruit his
forces and guard against such another invasion as that of
Shishak had been. Zerah seems to have taken advantage of
Egypt's weakness to extort permission to march his enormous
force, composed of the same nationalities (Ethiopians and
Lubims: 2 Chronicles 16:8; 2 Chronicles 12:3) as those of
the preceding invader Shishak, through Egypt, into Judah.
Zerah in Hitchcock's Bible Names
same as Zarah
Zerah in Naves Topical Bible
-1. Son of Reuel
Ge 36:13,17; 1Ch 1:37
-2. Father of Jobab
Ge 36:33; 1Ch 1:44
-4. Son of Simeon
Nu 26:13; 1Ch 4:24
-5. A Gershonite
-6. A Levite
-7. King of Ethiopia
Zerah in Smiths Bible Dictionary
(rising (of the sun)).
1. A son of Reuel, son of Esau, Ge 36:13; 1Ch 1:37
and one of the "dukes" or phylarchs of the Edomites. Ge
36:17 (B.C. after 1760.)
2. Less properly, Zarah, twin son, with his elder
brother Pharez, of Judah and Tamar. Ge 38:30; 1Ch 2:4; Mt
1:3 (B.C. about 1728.) His descendants were called Zarhites,
Ezrahites and Izrahites. Nu 26:20; 1Ki 4:31; 1Ch 27:8,11
3. Son of Simeon, 1Ch 4:24 called ZOHAR in Ge 46:10
4. A Gershonite Levite, son of Iddo or Adaiah. 1Ch
6:21,41 (B.C. 1043.)
5. The Ethiopian or Cushite, an invader of Judah,
defeated by Asa about B.C. 941. [ASA] Zerah is probably the
Hebrew name of Usarken I., second king of the Egyptian
twenty-second dynasty; or perhaps more probably Usarken II
his second successor. In the fourteenth year of Asa, Zerah
the Ethiopian, with a mighty army of or million, invaded his
kingdom, and advanced unopposed in the field as far as the
valley of Zephathah at Mareshah. The Egyptian monuments
enable us to picture the general disposition of Zerah's
army. The chariots formed the first corps in a single or
double line; behind them, massed in phalanxes, were heavy-
armed troops; probably on the flanks stood archers and
horsemen in lighter formations. After a prayer by Asa, his
army attacked the Egyptians and defeated them. The chariots,
broken by the charge and with horses made unmanageable by
flights of arrows must have been forced back upon the
cumbrous host behind. So complete was the overthrow that the
Hebrews could capture and spoil the cities around Gerah
which must have been in alliance with Zerah. The defeat of
the Egyptian army is without parallel in the history of the
Jews. On no other occasion did an Israelite army meet an
army of one of the great powers and defeat it.
Zerah in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
ze'-ra (zerach, meaning uncertain):
(1) In Gen 38:30; 46:12; Nu 26:20; Josh 7:1,18,24; 22:20; 1 Ch
2:4,6; 9:6; Neh 11:24; Mt 1:3, younger twin-son of Judah and
Tamar, and an ancestor of Achan. In Nu 26:20; Josh 7:17 f he
is the head of the Zerahites (also 1 Ch 27:11,13). the King
James Version has "Zarah" in Gen 38:30; 46:12, and "Zarhites"
for "Zerahites" in Numbers, Joshua and 1 Chronicles. See
Curtis (Chronicles, 84 f) for identification of Ezrahite with
(2) Edomites: (a) an Edomite chief (Gen 36:13,17; 1 Ch 1:37);
(b) father of an Edomite king (Gen 36:33; 1 Ch 1:44).
(3) Levites: (a) 1 Ch 6:21 (Hebrew verse 6); (b) 1 Ch 6:41
(Hebrew verse 26).
(4) Head of the Zerahites (Nu 26:13, the King James Version
"Zarhites"; 1 Ch 4:24). In Nu 26:13 = "Zohar" of Gen 46:10; Ex
See ZOHAR, (2).
(5) Cushite king (2 Ch 14:9). See the next article
David Francis Roberts
Zerah in Wikipedia
Zerah or Zérach (זֶרַח / זָרַח "Sunrise", Standard Hebrew Zéraḥ /
Záraḥ, Tiberian Hebrew Zéraḥ / Zāraḥ) refers to five different
people in the Hebrew Bible. Zerah the Cushite, is an
individual mentioned by the Book of Chronicles as having
invaded the Kingdom of Judah with an enormous army, in the
days of Asa. According to the text, when Zerah's army
reached that of Asa at Zephathah, Zerah's army was utterly
defeated, by divine intervention, and Asa's forces
collected a large volume of spoils of war....
Zerah Scripture - Genesis 36:17
And these [are] the sons of Reuel Esau's son; duke Nahath,
duke Zerah, duke Shammah, duke Mizzah: these [are] the dukes
[that came] of Reuel in the land of Edom; these [are] the sons
of Bashemath Esau's wife.
Zerah Scripture - Genesis 46:12
And the sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, and Shelah, and Pharez,
and Zerah: but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan. And the
sons of Pharez were Hezron and Hamul.
Zerah Scripture - Joshua 7:1
But the children of Israel committed a trespass in the
accursed thing: for Achan, the son of Carmi, the son of Zabdi,
the son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, took of the accursed
thing: and the anger of the LORD was kindled against the
children of Israel.
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