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March 26    Scripture

Bible Names N-Z: Saul


Saul in Easton's Bible Dictionary asked for. (1.) A king of Edom (Gen. 36:37, 38); called Shaul in 1 Chr. 1:48. (2.) The son of Kish (probably his only son, and a child of prayer, "asked for"), of the tribe of Benjamin, the first king of the Jewish nation. The singular providential circumstances connected with his election as king are recorded in 1 Sam. 8-10. His father's she-asses had strayed, and Saul was sent with a servant to seek for them. Leaving his home at Gibeah (10:5, "the hill of God," A.V.; lit., as in R.V. marg., "Gibeah of God"), Saul and his servant went toward the north-west over Mount Ephraim, and then turning north-east they came to "the land of Shalisha," and thence eastward to the land of Shalim, and at length came to the district of Zuph, near Samuel's home at Ramah (9:5-10). At this point Saul proposed to return from the three days' fruitless search, but his servant suggested that they should first consult the "seer." Hearing that he was about to offer sacrifice, the two hastened into Ramah, and "behold, Samuel came out against them," on his way to the "bamah", i.e., the "height", where sacrifice was to be offered; and in answer to Saul's question, "Tell me, I pray thee, where the seer's house is," Samuel made himself known to him. Samuel had been divinely prepared for his coming (9:15-17), and received Saul as his guest. He took him with him to the sacrifice, and then after the feast "communed with Saul upon the top of the house" of all that was in his heart. On the morrow Samuel "took a vial of oil and poured it on his head," and anointed Saul as king over Israel (9:25-10:8), giving him three signs in confirmation of his call to be king. When Saul reached his home in Gibeah the last of these signs was fulfilled, and the Sprit of God came upon him, and "he was turned into another man." The simple countryman was transformed into the king of Israel, a remarkable change suddenly took place in his whole demeanour, and the people said in their astonishment, as they looked on the stalwart son of Kish, "Is Saul also among the prophets?", a saying which passed into a "proverb." (Comp. 19:24.) The intercourse between Saul and Samuel was as yet unknown to the people. The "anointing" had been in secret. But now the time had come when the transaction must be confirmed by the nation. Samuel accordingly summoned the people to a solemn assembly "before the Lord" at Mizpeh. Here the lot was drawn (10:17-27), and it fell upon Saul, and when he was presented before them, the stateliest man in all Israel, the air was rent for the first time in Israel by the loud cry, "God save the king!" He now returned to his home in Gibeah, attended by a kind of bodyguard, "a band of men whose hearts God had touched." On reaching his home he dismissed them, and resumed the quiet toils of his former life...
http://www.bible-history.com/eastons/S/Saul/


Saul in Fausset's Bible Dictionary Hebrew SHAUL 1. An early king of Edom (Genesis 36:37-38). 2. Genesis 46:10. 3. 1 Chronicles 6:24. 4. First king of Israel. The names Kish and Ner, Nadab and Abi-nadab, Baal and Mephibosheth, recur in the genealogy in two generations. The family extends to Ezra's time. If the Zimri of 1 Chronicles 9:42 be the Zimri of 1 Kings 16 it is the last stroke of the family of Saul for the kingdom. Saul was son of Kish, son of Ner, son of Abiel or Jehiel. 1 Samuel 9:1 omits Ner, the intermediate link, and makes Kish son of Abiel; 1 Chronicles 8:33 supplies the link, or Ner in 1 Chronicles is not father but ancestor of Kish (1 Chronicles 9:36-39), and Ner son of Abi-Gibeon (father or founder of Gibeon, 1 Chronicles 8:29) is named only because he was progenitor of Saul's line, the intermediate names mentioned in 1 Samuel 9 being omitted. The proud, fierce, and self willed spirit of his tribe, Benjamin, is conspicuous in Saul (see Judges 19; 20; 21). Strong and swift fooled (2 Samuel 1:23), and outtopping the people by head and shoulders (1 Samuel 9:2), he was the "beauty" or "ornament of Israel," "a choice young man," "there was none goodlier than he." Above all, he was the chosen of the Lord (1 Samuel 9:17; 1 Samuel 10:24; 2 Samuel 21:6). Zelah was Kish's burial place. Gibeah was especially connected with Saul. The family was originally humble (1 Samuel 11:1-21), though Kish was "a mighty man of substance." Searching for Kish's donkeys three days in vain, at last, by the servant's advice, Saul consulted Samuel, who had already God's intimation that He would send at this very time a man of Benjamin who should be king. God's providence, overruling man's free movements to carry out His purpose, appears throughout the narrative. Samuel gave Saul the chiefest place at the feast on the high place to which he invited him, and the choice portion. Setting his mind at ease about his asses, now found, Samuel raised his thoughts to the throne as one "on whom was all the desire of Israel." "Little then in his own sight" (1 Samuel 15:17), and calling himself "of the smallest of the tribes, and his family least of all the families of Benjamin" (1 Samuel 9:21), Saul was very different from what he afterward became in prosperity; elevation tests men (Psalm 73:18)...
http://www.bible-history.com/faussets/S/Saul/


Saul in Hitchcock's Bible Names demanded; lent; ditch; death
http://www.bible-history.com/hitchcock/S/Saul/


Saul in Naves Topical Bible -1. Also called SHAUL King of Edom Ge 36:37,38; 1Ch 1:48,49 -2. King of Israel A Benjamite, son of Kish 1Sa 9:1,2 Sons of 1Ch 8:33 His personal appearance 1Sa 9:2; 10:23 Made king of Israel 1Sa 9; 10; 11:12-15; Ho 13:11 Lives at Gibeah of Saul 1Sa 14:2; 15:34; Isa 10:29 Defeats the Philistines 1Sa 13; 14:46,52 Strikes the Amalekites 1Sa 15 Is reproved by Samuel for usurping the priestly functions 1Sa 13:11-14 Samuel rebukes him for disobedience by not exterminating the Amalekites; the loss of his kingdom is foretold 1Sa 15 Dedicates the spoils of war 1Sa 15:21-25; 1Ch 26:28 Sends messengers to Jesse, asking that David be sent to him as a musician and an armor-bearer 1Sa 16:17-23 Defeats the Philistines after Goliath is killed by David 1Sa 17 His jealousy of David; gives his daughter, Michal, to David to be his wife; becomes David's enemy 1Sa 18 Tries to kill David; Jonathan intercedes and incurs his father's displeasure; David's loyalty to Jonathan; Saul's temporary remorse; prophesies 1Sa 19 Hears Doeg against Ahimelech, and kills the priest and his family. pursues David to wilderness of Ziph; the Ziphites betray David to 1Sa 23 Pursues David to En-gedi 1Sa 24:1-6 His life spared by David 1Sa 24:5-8 Saul's contrition for his bad faith 1Sa 24:16-22 David is again betrayed to, by the Ziphites; Saul pursues him to the hill of Hachilah; his life spared again by David; his confession, and his blessing upon David 1Sa 26 Kills the Gibeonites; crime avenged by the death of seven of his sons 2Sa 21:1-9 His kingdom invaded by Philistines; seeks counsel of the witch of En-dor, who foretells his own death 1Sa 28:3-25; 29:1 Is defeated, and is killed with some of his sons 1Sa 31 Their bodies exposed in Beth-shan; rescued by the people of Jabesh and burned; bones of, buried under a tree at Jabesh 1Sa 31; with 2Sa 1; 2; 1Ch 10 His death is a judgment on account of his sins 1Ch 10:13 -3. Of Tarsus See PAUL
http://www.bible-history.com/naves/S/SAUL/


Saul in Smiths Bible Dictionary (desired), more accurately Shaul. 1. One of the early kings of Edom, and successor of Samlah. Ge 36:37,38; 1Ch 1:48 (B.C. after 1450.) 2. The first king of Israel, the son of Kish, and of the tribe of Benjamin. (B.C, 1095-1055.) His character is in part illustrated by the fierce, wayward, fitful nature of the tribe and in part accounted for by the struggle between the old and new systems in which he found himself involved. To this we must add a taint of madness. which broke out in violent frenzy at times leaving him with long lucid intervals. He was remarkable for his strength and activity, 2Sa 1:25 and, like the Homeric heroes, of gigantic stature, taller by head and shoulders than the rest of the people, and of that kind of beauty denoted by the Hebrew word "good," 1Sa 9:2 and which caused him to be compared to the gazelle, "the gazelle of Israel." His birthplace is not expressly mentioned; but, as Zelah in Benjamin was the place of Kish's sepulchre. 2Sa 21:14 it was probable; his native village. His father, Kish, was a powerful and wealthy chief though the family to which he belonged was of little importance. 1Sa 9:1,21 A portion of his property consisted of a drove of asses. In search of these asses, gone astray on the mountains, he sent his son Saul It was while prosecuting this adventure that Saul met with Samuel for the first time at his home in Ramah, five miles north of Jerusalem...
http://www.bible-history.com/smiths/S/Saul/


Saul in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE I. Early History. 1. Name and Meaning: The name Saul is usually regarded as simply the passive participle of the verb "to ask," and so meaning "asked" (compare 1 Sam 8:4 ff), but the gentilic adjective sha'uli (Nu 26:13) would point to its having also an intensive connotation, "the one asked importunately," or perhaps, "the one asking insistently," "the beggar." 2. Genealogy: Saul was the son of Kish, a Benjamite. His genealogical tree is given in 1 Sam 9:1 (compare Septuagint 10:21). In 1 Sam 9:1 his grandfather is Abiel, but in 1 Ch 8:33; 9:39, Ner, who appears as his paternal uncle in 1 Sam 14:50,51. The last verse contains a very curious scribal error, a yodh having slipped out of one word in it into another. It states that both Abner and Ner were sons of Abiel. These apparent inconsistencies are to be explained by the fact that in Hebrew, as in Arabic, "son" is often used in the sense of grandson. Also, with the facility of divorce then prevalent, by "brother" and "sister" we must in most cases understand half-brother and half-sister. Moreover, Saul's mother might have been the wife at different times of Kish and of his brother Ner (compare 1 Sam 20:30). This was quite common, and in some cases compulsory (Dt 25:5-9)...
http://www.bible-history.com/isbe/S/SAUL/


Saul in Wikipedia Saul (Hebrew: שָׁאוּל, Modern Sha'ul Tiberian āʼl ; "asked for"; Arabic: طالوت‎, Ṭālūt; Greek: Σαούλ Saoul; Latin: Saul) (1079 - 1007 BC) was the first king of the united Kingdom of Israel (reigned 1047 - 1007) according to the Hebrew Bible. He was anointed by the prophet Samuel and reigned from Gibeah. He committed suicide during a battle with the Philistines at Mount Gilboa, during which three of his sons were also killed. The succession to his throne was contested by Ish-bosheth, his only surviving son, and David, who eventually prevailed. The main account of Saul's life and reign is found in the Books of Samuel...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saul


Saul Scripture - 1 Chronicles 11:2 And moreover in time past, even when Saul was king, thou [wast] he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD thy God said unto thee, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be ruler over my people Israel.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/1+Chronicles/11/


Saul Scripture - 1 Samuel 14:35 And Saul built an altar unto the LORD: the same was the first altar that he built unto the LORD.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/1+Samuel/14/


Saul Scripture - 1 Samuel 28:7 Then said Saul unto his servants, Seek me a woman that hath a familiar spirit, that I may go to her, and enquire of her. And his servants said to him, Behold, [there is] a woman that hath a familiar spirit at Endor.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/1+Samuel/28/


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