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June 25    Scripture

Bible Names N-Z: Rechab


Rechab in Easton's Bible Dictionary horseman, or chariot. (1.) One of Ishbosheth's "captains of bands" or leaders of predatory troops (2 Sam. 4:2). (2.) The father of Jehonadab, who was the father of the Rechabites (2 Kings 10:15, 23; Jer. 35:6-19).
http://www.bible-history.com/eastons/R/Rechab/


Rechab in Fausset's Bible Dictionary Father or ancestor of Jehonadab. (See JEHONADAB.) (2 Kings 10:15; 2 Kings 10:23; 1 Chronicles 2:55; Jeremiah 35:6-19). RECHAB, the dwellers in cities, are distinguished from the nomadic wanderers (Genesis 4:20-22); and the distinction still exists in Persia and Arabia, where the two classes are found side by side. Rechab, meaning "rider," may be an epithet that became a proper name; a wild Bedouin-like nomadic rider, as the Rechab (2 Samuel 4:2): a fit companion for Jehu the furious driver (2 Kings 9:20). Boulduc (Ecclesiastes ante Leg., 3:10) infers from 2 Kings 2:12; 2 Kings 13:14, that Elijah and Elisha were "the chariot (recheb) of Israel," i.e. its safeguard, and that their austere followers were "sells of the chariot," which phrase was subsequently, through ignorance of the original meaning, made "sons of Rechab." John of Jerusalem says Jehonadab was Elisha's disciple (Instit. Monach. 25). The ascetic rule against wine, houses, sowing, and planting (Jeremiah 35), was a safeguard against the corrupting license of the Phoenician cities and their idolatries (Amos 2:7-8; Amos 6:3-6). They must rigidly adhere to the simplicity of their Arab tent life. Jehonadab's name, containing "Jehovah," and his abhorrence of Baal worship, imply that the Rechabites though not of Israel were included in the Abrahamic covenant; the Arab Wahabees, ascetics as to opium and tobacco, present a parallel. In Jeremiah's days they were still faithful to Jehovah. Their strict Nazarite vow was the ground of their admission into one of the temple chambers devoted to the sons of Hanak sprung from "Igdaliah a man of God," or prophet of special sanctity. There they resisted the temptation to drink wine; and Jeremiah makes their faithfulness to their earthly father a reproof of Israel's unfaithfulness to their heavenly Father. God consequently promises, "Jehonadab son of Rechab shall not want a man to stand before Me forever," i.e. to minister in the sanctuary before Jehovah so long as Israel's sanctuary and polity stand: so Levi (Deuteronomy 10:8; Deuteronomy 18:5-7; Genesis 18:22; Judges 20:28; Psalm 134:1; Jeremiah 15:19); so the targum of Jonathan translated "ministers before Me." It was an adoption of the Rechabites into Israel, by incorporation with Levi, on the ground of their Nazarite-like purity and consecration. The Rechabites are spoken of as "scribes" (1 Chronicles 2:55); at the return from Babylon they took a profession, almost exclusively a Levite one. Kimchi (in Vatablus) cites the tradition recorded by Rechab. Judah that the Rechabites married Levites, and their children ministered in the temple. Their close juxtaposition with the sons of David (1 Chronicles 3:1) shows in what esteem the sacred writer held them. Hegesippus (Eusebius, H. E. ii. 23) mentions that a Rechabite priest protested against the martyrdom of James the Just. Hegesippus thus attests the existence of the Rechabites as sharing in the temple ritual down to its destruction by the Romans; fulfilling Jeremiah 35:19. Benjamin of Tudela (12th century) says that near El Jubar (Pumbeditha) he found 100,000 Rechabite Jews, who tilled, kept flocks and herds, abstained from wine and flesh, and gave tithes to teachers who devoted themselves to studying the law and weeping for Jerusalem; their prince Solomon han Nasi traced his descent to David and ruled over Thema and Telmas. Wolff found a tribe, the Beni Khaibr, near Senaa, who called themselves "sons of Jonadab," and said they numbered 60,000 (Journal, ii. 334,335). The Septuagint prefixes a title to Psalm 71, "a psalm by David, of the sons of Jonadab, and of those first carried captive": this implies, in the third century B.C., a Hebrew title existed declaring that the Rechabites shared the Babylonian captivity, and with the Levite psalmists expressed the nation's sorrows and aspirations.
http://www.bible-history.com/faussets/R/Rechab/


Rechab in Hitchcock's Bible Names square; chariot with team of four horses
http://www.bible-history.com/hitchcock/R/Rechab/


Rechab in Naves Topical Bible -1. Son of Rimmon Murders Ish-bosheth, son of Saul; put to death by David 2Sa 4:5-12 -2. Father of Jehonadab 2Ki 10:15,23; 1Ch 2:55; Jer 35:6,8,16,19 Ancestor of the Rechabites Jer 35 -3. Father of Malchiah Ne 3:14
http://www.bible-history.com/naves/R/RECHAB/


Rechab in Smiths Bible Dictionary (rider). 1. One of the two "captains of bands" whom Ish- bosheth took into his service, and who conspired to murder him. 2Sa 4:2 (B.C. 1046.) 2. The father of Malchiah, ruler of part of Beth- haccerem. Ne 3:14 (B.C. before 446.) 3. The father or ancestor of Jehonadab. 2Ki 10:15,33; 1Ch 2:65; Jer 35:6-19 (B.C.before 882.) It was from this Rechab that the tribe of the Rechabites derived their name. In 1Ch 2:55 the house of Rechab is identified with a section of the Kenites, a Midianitish tribe who came into Canaan with the Israelites, and retained their nomadic habits. The real founder of the tribe was Jehonadab. [JEHONADAB] He and his people had all along been worshippers of Jehovah, circumcised, though not looked upon as belonging to Israel and probably therefore not considering themselves bound by the Mosaic law and ritual. The worship of Baal was offensive to them. Jonadab inaugurated a reformation and compelled a more rigid adherence than ever to the old Arab life. They were neither to drink wine, nor build houses, nor sow seed, nor plant nor have any vineyard. All their days they were to dwell in tents. Jer 35:6,7 This was to be the condition of their retaining a distinct tribal existence. For two centuries and a half they adhered faithfully to this rule. The invasion of Judah by Nebuchadnezzar, in B.C. 607, drove the Rechabites from their tents to Jerusalem, where they stood proof against temptation, and were specially blessed. Jer 35:2-19 There is much of interest in relation to the present condition of these people. Dr. Wolf reports that the Jews of Jerusalem and Yemen told him that he would find the Rechabites of Jere 35 living near Mecca, in the mountainous country northeast of Medina. When he came near Senaa he came in contact with a tribe, the Beni-Khabir, who identified themselves with the sons of Jehonadab. They claimed to number 60,000, to adhere to the old rules, and to be a fulfillment of the promise made to Jehonadab.
http://www.bible-history.com/smiths/R/Rechab/


Rechab in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE re'-kab, rek'-a-bits (rekhabh, rekhabhim): Rechab is the name of two men of some prominence in the Old Testament records: (1) A Benjamite of the town of Beeroth, son of Rimmon (2 Sam 4:2); he and his brother Baanah were "captains" of the military host of Ish-bosheth. On the death of Abner (2 Sam 3:30) the two brothers treacherously entered Ish-bosheth's house, when at noon he was resting and helpless, beheaded him, and escaped with the head to David at Hebron (2 Sam 4:6-8). They expected to receive reward and honor from David for the foul deed, which left him without a rival for the throne of all Israel. But the just and noble-minded king ordered their immediate execution (2 Sam 4:9-12), as in the case of the Amalekite, who asserted that he had killed Saul (2 Sam 1). For some reason the Beerothites left their own town and fled to Gittaim, another town in Benjamin, where they were still living when the Books of Samuel were written (2 Sam 4:3). (2) The more prominent of the men bearing this name was a Kenite (see KENITES), a descendant of Hammath (1 Ch 2:55). A part of the Kenite tribe joined the Israelites during the wilderness wanderings (Nu 10:29-32; Jdg 1:16; 4:17), becoming identified with the tribe of Judah, although Heber and Jael his wife were settled in Northern Israel (Jdg 4:17). Rechab was the ancestor or founder of a family, or order, in Israel known as the Rechabites, who at various times were conspicuous in the religious life of the nation. The most notable member of this family was Jehonadab (2 Ki 10:15 ff,23), or Jonadab, as he is called in Jer 35. Jehonadab was a zealous Yahweh-worshipper and took part with Jehu in the extirpation of Baal-worship and the house of Ahab. He set for his descendants a vow of asceticism: that they should drink no wine, nor plant fields or vineyards, nor build nor live in houses throughout their generations (Jer 35:6,7). That must have been a singular feature in Palestinian life: the simple, nomadic life of this family from generation to generation in the midst of settled agricultural and industrial conditions! They followed this simple life in order to guard against the enervating tendencies of sensualism, and as a covenant of fidelity to Yahweh, to whom they wholly devoted themselves when they joined themselves to Israel. Jeremiah used the Rechabites, who had been driven into Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar's investment of the land, as an object-lesson to covenant- breaking Judah. The Rechabites, hungry and thirsty, refused wine when it was set before them, because of the command of their ancestor Jonadab (Jer 35:8-10); but Judah refused to heed Yahweh's commands or to keep His covenant (Jer 35:14,15). If the Rechab of Neh 3:14 is the same as this Kenite, then his descendant Malchijah, who assisted Nehemiah in rebuilding the wall of Jerusalem, may have abandoned the vow of his ancestors, for he was "ruler of the district of Beth- haccherem" (i.e. "house of the vineyard"). Edward Mack
http://www.bible-history.com/isbe/R/RECHAB;+RECHABITES/


Rechab in Wikipedia Rechab is the name of three men in the Bible: One of the two "captains of bands" whom Saul's son Ish-bosheth took into his service, and who conspired to kill him. (2 Samuel 4:2) The father of Malchiah, ruler of part of Beth-haccerem. (Nehemiah 3:14) A Kenite, mentioned as the father of Jehonadab at King Jehu's time, from whom the tribe of the Rechabites derived their name.[1] Jehonadab and his people had all along become worshippers of God.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rechab


Rechab Scripture - 2 Kings 10:15 And when he was departed thence, he lighted on Jehonadab the son of Rechab [coming] to meet him: and he saluted him, and said to him, Is thine heart right, as my heart [is] with thy heart? And Jehonadab answered, It is. If it be, give [me] thine hand. And he gave [him] his hand; and he took him up to him into the chariot.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/2+Kings/10/


Rechab Scripture - 2 Kings 10:23 And Jehu went, and Jehonadab the son of Rechab, into the house of Baal, and said unto the worshippers of Baal, Search, and look that there be here with you none of the servants of the LORD, but the worshippers of Baal only.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/2+Kings/10/


Rechab Scripture - Jeremiah 35:6 But they said, We will drink no wine: for Jonadab the son of Rechab our father commanded us, saying, Ye shall drink no wine, [neither ye], nor your sons for ever:
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Jeremiah/35/


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