Bible Names N-Z: Put (Phut)
Phut in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Third among Ham's sons (Genesis 10:6; 1 Chronicles 1:8). The
Coptic for Libya is Phaiat. Jerome (Traditional Hebrew)
mentions a river of Mauritania and the adjoining region as
called Phut. It is generally connected with Egypt and
Ethiopia; in Genesis the order is, from the S. advancing
northwards, Cush (Ethiopia), Mizraim, Phut (a dependency of
Egypt), Canaan (Jeremiah 46:9; Ezekiel 30:5; Nahum 3:9;
Isaiah 66:9 where "Phut" should be read for "Pul"). But in
Ezekiel 27:10; Ezekiel 38:5, Phut is associated with Persia,
Lud, and Ethiopia; however this is no proof of geographical
connection, it is merely an enumeration of regions from
whence mercenaries came.
The people of Phut dwelt close to Egypt and
Ethiopia,and served in Egypt's armies with shield and bow.
The Egyptian monuments mention a people, "Pet," whose emblem
was the unstrung bow, and who dwelt in what is now Nubia,
between Egypt and Ethiopia. Herodotus (iii. 21-22) narrates
that the king of Ethiopia unstrung a bow and gave it to
Cambyses' messengers, saying that when the king of Persia
could pull a bow so easily he might come against the
Ethiopians with an army stronger than theirs. The Naphtuhim
are distinct, living W. of the Delta; the IX Na-petu, or
"nine bows". (See NAPHTUHIM.) Phut is To-pet or Nubia; and
To-meru-pet "the island of the bow," answering to Meroe. The
bow of Libya was strung, that of Ethiopia unstrung.
Phut in Naves Topical Bible
-1. Son of Ham
Ge 10:6; 1Ch 1:8
-2. The descendants of Phut, or the country inhabited by them
Eze 27:10; Na 3:9
Jer 46:9; Eze 30:5; 38:5
Phut in Wikipedia
Phut or Put (Hebrew: פוט pûṭ; Septuagint Greek Φουδ Phoud)
is the third son of Ham (one of the sons of Noah), in the
biblical Table of Nations (Genesis 10:6; cf. 1 Chronicles
Put (or Phut) is associated with Ancient Libya by many early
writers. Josephus writes: "Phut also was the founder of
Libya, and called the inhabitants Phutites (Phoutes), from
himself: there is also a river in the country of Moors which
bears that name; whence it is that we may see the greatest
part of the Grecian historiographers mention that river and
the adjoining country by the appellation of Phut (Phoute):
but the name it has now has been by change given it from one
of the sons of Mezraim, who was called Lybyos." (AotJ Book
1:6/2). Pliny the Elder Nat. Hist. 5.1 and Ptolemy Geog.
iv.1.3 both place the river Phuth on the west side of
Mauretania (modern Morocco). Ptolemy also mentions a city
Putea in Libya (iv.3.39).
A Libyan connection has likewise been inferred from Nahum
3:9, where it is said that "Put and Lubim" were the helpers
of Egypt. Other biblical verses consistently refer to the
descendants of Put as warriors. In Jeremiah 46:9, they are
again described as being supporters of Egypt. Ezekiel
mentions them three times - in 27:10, as supporters of Tyre
(Phoenicia), in 30:5 again as supporting Egypt, and in 38:5,
as supporters of Gog. The Septuagint Greek (LXX) substitutes
Libues in Ezekiel where the Hebrew Bible refers to Put.
However, the LXX reads Put in Isaiah 66:19, in place of Pul
in the Hebrew.
The Persian historian Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari (c. 915)
recounts a tradition that the wife of Put was named Bakht, a
daughter of Batawil son of Tiras, and that she bore him the
The Libyan tribe of pỉdw shows up in Egyptian records by the
22nd dynasty, while a Ptolemaic text from Edfu refers to the
t3 n n3 pỉt.w "the land of the Pitu". The word was later
written in Demotic as Pỉt, and as Phaiat in Coptic, a name
for Libya Aegypti, northwestern Egypt.
A fragment of Nebuchadnezzar II's annals mentions his
campaign in 567 in Egypt, and defeating the soldiers of Putu
Yavan, ie. Greek Libya (Cyrene). A multilingual stele from
al-Kabrīt, dating to the reign of Darius I refers to the Put
as the province of Putiya (Old Persian) and Puṭa (Neo-
Babylonian), where the equivalent text written in Egyptian
has t3 ṯmḥw "Libya".
Phut Scripture - Ezekiel 27:10
They of Persia and of Lud and of Phut were in thine army, thy
men of war: they hanged the shield and helmet in thee; they
set forth thy comeliness
Phut Scripture - Genesis 10:6
And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan.
Put in Easton's Bible Dictionary
(1.) One of the sons of Ham (Gen. 10:6).
(2.) A land or people from among whom came a portion
mercenary troops of Egypt, Jer. 46:9 (A.V., "Libyans,"
correctly, R.V., "Put"); Ezek. 27:10; 30:5 (A.V.,
"Put"); 38:5; Nahum 3:9.
Put in Smiths Bible Dictionary
1Ch 1:8; Na 3:9 [PHUT]
Put in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
put (puT; Phoud, in Genesis and Chronicles, variant for
Genesis Phout, for Chronicles, Phouth):
In consequence of the identification at the time, the
prophets have "Libya" (Libues), except Nab 3:9, where the
Greek renders the word as phuge, "flight." The Vulgate
(Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) has "Phut," "Phuth,"
and in the Prophets "Libyes" and "Libya"; the King James
2. Son of Ham:
In the "Table of Nations" Put is the third son of Ham (Gen
10:6), the first and second being Cush and Misraim, and the
fourth Canaan. Put is the only one of the sons of Ham who is
not credited with descendants.
3. As Nationality:
In the Prophets, warriors from Put are referred to,
principally in connection with the forces of Egypt. They
appear as shield-bearers (Jer 46:9: "Cush and Put, that
handle the shield; and the Ludim, that handle and bend the
bow"). See also Ezek 30:5, where the order in the Hebrew is
Cush, Put and Lud. In Nah 3:9 Put is the helper of No-amon
(Thebes in Egypt), and in Ezek 27:10 Put appears with Persia
and Lydia (Lud) as being in the army of Tyre.
4. Identified with Punt:
The common identification of Put is the Egyptian Punt (or
Pwent) proposed by Ebers. The assimilation of n to a
following consonant is common in the Semitic languages, and
would occasion no difficulty if the vocalization be found to
agree. The final "t" of Punt, however, seems to be the
Egyptian feminine ending, whereas the "T" of Put is radical.
5. Somaliland and Yemen:
Nevertheless, the district would seem to be rightly
identified with the tract to the East of Abyssinia
(Somaliland), and as it is described as being on both sides
of the sea (the Red Sea), Yemen would seem to be included.
In connection with this, it is worthy of note that a
fragment of a Babylonian tablet referring to
Nebuchadrezzar's campaign in Egypt in his 37th year
mentions, as though in the neighborhood, the city (here,
apparently, standing for the district) of Putu-yaman--
probably not "Ionian (Greek) Put" (Lesbos, according to
Winckler), but "Put of Yemen." If this be in contra-
distinction to the district of Put (Punt) on the African
mainland, the latter would be the Putu referred to in the
Persian inscription of Naqsh-i-Rustem, which mentions, among
the tributary-countries, Kushiya, Putiya and Masiya, in
Babylonian (mat) PuTa, ((mat) K)usu, (mat) Massu(?), "the
land Put, the land Kush (Ethiopia), the land Massu(?)." The
soldiers of Put in the army of Tyre may have been either
from the African or the Yemenite Put, in which case there
was no northern tract of that name, unless settlements had
been made at any time from the original district. See W. Max
Muller, Asien und Europa, Leipzig, 1893, 106 ff.
T. G. Pinches
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