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April 28    Scripture

Bible Names N-Z: Peter


Peter in Easton's Bible Dictionary originally called Simon (=Simeon ,i.e., "hearing"), a very common Jewish name in the New Testament. He was the son of Jona (Matt. 16:17). His mother is nowhere named in Scripture. He had a younger brother called Andrew, who first brought him to Jesus (John 1:40-42). His native town was Bethsaida, on the western coast of the Sea of Galilee, to which also Philip belonged. Here he was brought up by the shores of the Sea of Galilee, and was trained to the occupation of a fisher. His father had probably died while he was still young, and he and his brother were brought up under the care of Zebedee and his wife Salome (Matt. 27:56; Mark 15:40; 16:1). There the four youths, Simon, Andrew, James, and John, spent their boyhood and early manhood in constant fellowship. Simon and his brother doubtless enjoyed all the advantages of a religious training, and were early instructed in an acquaintance with the Scriptures and with the great prophecies regarding the coming of the Messiah. They did not probably enjoy, however, any special training in the study of the law under any of the rabbis. When Peter appeared before the Sanhedrin, he looked like an "unlearned man" (Acts 4:13). "Simon was a Galilean, and he was that out and out...
http://www.bible-history.com/eastons/P/Peter/


Peter in Fausset's Bible Dictionary (See JESUS CHRIST.) Of Bethsaida on the sea of Galilee. The Greek for Hebrew Kephas, "stone" or "rock." Simon his original name means "hearer"; by it he is designated in Christ's early ministry and between Christ's death and resurrection. Afterward he is called by his title of honour, "Peter". Son of Jonas (Matthew 16:17; John 1:43; John 21:16); tradition makes Johanna his mother's name. Brought up to his father's business as a fisherman on the lake of Galilee. He and his brother Andrew were partners with Zebedee's sons, John and James, who had "hired servants," which implies a social status and culture not the lowest. He lived first at Bethsaida, then in Capernaum, in a house either his own or his mother-in-law's, large enough to receive Christ and his fellow apostles and some of the multitude who thronged about Him. In" leaving all to follow Christ," he implies he made a large sacrifice (Mark 10:28). The rough life of hardship to which fishing inured him on the stormy lake formed a good training of his character to prompt energy, boldness, and endurance...
http://www.bible-history.com/faussets/P/Peter/


Peter in Hitchcock's Bible Names a rock or stone
http://www.bible-history.com/hitchcock/P/Peter/


Peter in Naves Topical Bible -Also called SIMON BAR-JONA and CEPHAS Mt 16:16-19; Mr 3:16; Joh 1:42 -A fisherman Mt 4:18; Lu 5:1-7; Joh 21:3 -Call of Mt 4:18-20; Mr 1:16-18; Lu 5:1-11 -His mother-in-law healed Mt 8:14; Mr 1:29,30; Lu 4:38 -An apostle Mt 10:2; 16:18,19; Mr 3:16; Lu 6:14; Ac 1:13 -An evangelist Mr 1:36,37 -Confesses Jesus to be the Messiah Mt 16:16-19; Mr 8:29; Lu 9:20; Joh 6:68,69 -His presumption In rebuking Jesus Mt 16:22,23; Mr 8:32,33 When the throng was pressing Jesus and the woman with the blood disorder touched him Lu 8:45 In refusing to let Jesus wash Peter's feet Joh 13:6-11 -Present At the healing of Jairus' daughter Mr 5:37; Lu 8:51 At the transfiguration Mt 17:1-4; Mr 9:2-6; Lu 9:28-33; 2Pe 1:16-18 In the garden of Gethsemane Mt 26:36-46; Mr 14:33-42; Lu 22:40-46 -Seeks the interpretation -Of the parable of the steward Lu 12:41...
http://www.bible-history.com/naves/P/PETER/


Peter in Smiths Bible Dictionary (a rock or stone). The original name of this disciple was Simon, i.e. "hearer." He was the son of a man named Jonas, Mt 16:17; Joh 1:42; 21:16 and was brought up in his father's occupation, that of a fisherman. He and his brother Andrew were partners of John end James, the sons of Zebedee, who had hired servants. Peter did not live, as a mere laboring man, in a hut by the seaside, but first at Bethsaida, and afterward in a house at Capernaum belonging to himself or his mother-in-law, which must have been rather a large one, since he received in it not only our Lord and his fellow disciples, but multitudes who were attracted by the miracles and preaching of Jesus. Peter was probably between thirty and forty pears of age at the date of his call. That call was preceded by a special preparation. Peter and his brother Andrew, together with their partners James and John, the sons ,of Zebedee, were disciples of John the Baptist when he was first called by our Lord. The particulars of this are related with graphic minuteness by St. John. It was upon this occasion that Jesus gave Peter the name Cephas, a Syriac word answering to the Greek Peter, and signifying a stone or rock. Joh 1:35-42 This first call led to no immediate change in Peter's external position. He and his fellow disciples looked henceforth upon our Lord as their teacher, but were not commanded to follow him as regular disciples. They returned to Capernaum, where they pursued their usual business, waiting for a further intimation of his will. The second call is recorded by the other three evangelists; the narrative of Luke being apparently supplementary to the brief and, so to speak official accounts given by Matthew and Mark. It took place on the Sea of Galilee near Capernaum, where the four disciples Peter and Andrew, James and John were fishing. Some time was passed afterward in attendance upon our Lord's public ministrations in Galilee, Decapolis, Peraea and Judea. The special designation of Peter and his eleven fellow disciples took place some time afterward, when they were set apart as our Lord's immediate attendants. See Mt 10:2-4; Mr 3:13-19 (the most detailed account); Luke 6:13...
http://www.bible-history.com/smiths/P/Peter/


Peter in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE The data for this article are found chiefly in the four Gospels; in Acts 1 through 15; in Gal 1 and 2; and in the two Epistles of Peter. 1. Name and Early Career: Simon (or Simeon) was the original name of Peter, the son of Jonas (or John), and brother of Andrew, a disciple of John the Baptist, as Peter also may have been. A fisherman by occupation, he was an inhabitant of Bethsaida on the Sea of Galilee, though subsequently he dwelt with his family at Capernaum (Mt 4:18; 8:14; 10:2; 16:16,17; 17:25; Mk 1:16,29,30,36; Lk 5:3,4,5,8,10; 22:31; 24:34; Jn 1:40-44). 2. First Appearance in Gospel History: His first appearance in Gospel history is in Jn 1:35-42, when Andrew, having discovered Jesus to be the Messiah, "first findeth his own brother Simon," and "brought him unto Jesus"; on which occasion it was that the latter, beholding him, said, "Thou shalt be called Cephas," an Aramaic surname whose Greek synonym is Petros, or Peter, meaning "a rock" or "stone" At this time also he received his first call to the discipleship of Jesus, although, in common with that of others of the Twelve, this call was twice repeated. See Mt 4:19; Mk 1:17; Lk 5:3 for the second call, and Mt 10:2; Mk 3:14,16; Lk 6:13,14 for the third. Some interpret the second as that when he was chosen to be a constant companion of Jesus, and the third when he was at length selected as an apostle...
http://www.bible-history.com/isbe/P/PETER,+SIMON/


Peter Scripture - John 18:15 And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and [so did] another disciple: that disciple was known unto the high priest, and went in with Jesus into the palace of the high priest.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/John/18/


Peter Scripture - John 21:15 So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, [son] of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my lambs.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/John/21/


Peter Scripture - John 21:17 He saith unto him the third time, Simon, [son] of Jonas, lovest thou me? Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/John/21/


Saint Peter in Wikipedia Simon Peter (Greek: Πέτρος, Ptros, "stone, rock";[1] c. 1 BC AD 67), sometimes called Simon Cephas (Greek: Σιμων Κηφᾶς, Symōn Kēphas; Aramaic: imʕōn Kf‎; Syriac: ܫܡܥܘܢ ܟܐܦܐ, Smʕān Kf) after his name in Hellenized Aramaic, was a leader of the early Christian Church, who is featured prominently in the New Testament Gospels and the Acts of the Apostles. Peter was the son of John or of Jonah, and was from the village of Bethsaida in the province of Galilee. His brother Andrew was also an apostle. Simon Peter is venerated in multiple churches and regarded as the first Pope by the Roman Catholic Church...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Peter


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