Bible Names N-Z: Nebaioth
Nebaioth in Easton's Bible Dictionary
height. (1.) Ishmael's eldest son (Gen. 25:13), and the
of an Israelitish tribe (16). He had a sister,
Mahalath, who was
one of Esau's wives (Gen. 28:9; 36:3).
(2.) The name of the Ishmaelite tribe descended from
(Gen. 25:13,18). The "rams of Nebaioth" (Isa. 60:7)
gifts which these wandering tribes of the desert would
consecrate to God.
Nebaioth in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
An Arab pastoral tribe, associated with Kedar (Isaiah 60:7).
Nebaioth was the older of the two, Ishmael's firstborn
(Genesis 25:13). Forefather of the Nabateans of Arabia
Petraea mentioned at the close of the fourth century B.C. as
extending from the Red Sea to the Dead Sea, Petra being
their capital. In 310 B.C. they were strong enough to resist
Antigonus (Diodorus Siculus, 2:732, 733). In the first
century B.C. they flourished under their "illustrious"
(Josephus, Ant. 13:13, section 3; 15, section 2) king
Aretas, who was chosen also king of Damascus; his successors
assumed the name as an official designation (2 Corinthians
11:32). Coins are extant of the dynasty which ended A.D.
105, their Nabathaean kingdom being incorporated with Rome
as the province" Arabia." Josephus (Ant. 1:12, section 4)
regards "Nabateans" as synonymous with "Arabs," and says
that "Ishmael's twelve sons inhabit all the regions from the
Euphrates to the Red Sea" (compare Genesis 25:18). Many
think the rock inscriptions of Sinai to be Nabatean, and to
belong to the centuries immediately before and after Christ.
Forster (One Primeval Lang.) thinks them Israelite.
The name "Nabatean," as applied to a people S. and
E. of Israel, is unknown to the Arab writers, yet it is on
native coins, it must therefore have been lost long before
any Arab wrote on geography or history. But the Arab writers
use Nabat for Babylonians not Arabians. M. Quatremere from
them shows that these Nabateans inhabited Mesopotamia
between the Euphrates and Tigris; they were Syro Chaldaeans,
and were celebrated among the Arabs for agriculture, magic,
medicine, and astronomy. Four of their works remain: the
book on agriculture, that on poisons, that of Tenkeloosha
the Babylonian, and that of the secrets of the sun and moon.
Chwolson (Remains of ancient Babyl. Literature in Arabic
Translations) thinks that "the book of Nabat agriculture,"
commenced by Daghreeth, continued by Yanbushadth and
finished by Kuthamee, according to the Arab translator, Ibn
Wahsheeyeh, the Chaldaean of Kisseen, was so commenced 2500
B.C., continued 2100, and ended under the sixth king of a
Canaanite dynasty mentioned in the book, i.e. 1300 B.C.
But the mention of names resembling Adam, Seth,
Enoch, Noah, Shem, Abraham, and of Hermes, Agathodaemon,
Tammuz, and the Ionians, and the anachronisms geographical,
linguistic, historical, and religious, point to a modern
date even as late as the first century A.D. The Greeks and
Romans identified the Nabateans as Arabs, and though the
Nabateans of Petra were pastoral and commercial whereas the
Nabathaeans of Mesopotamia were, according to the books
referred to above, agricultural and scientific, it is
probable they were both in origin the same people. Scripture
takes no notice of the Nabathaeans unless "the rams of
Nebaioth" (Isaiah 60:7) refer to them, though so often
mentioning Edom. The Nabathaeans must therefore have come
into celebrity after the Babylonian captivity. Pliny (Isaiah
60:11) connects the Nabateans and Kedreans as Isaiah
connects Nebaioth and Kedar.
Nebaioth in Hitchcock's Bible Names
words; prophecies; buds
Nebaioth in Naves Topical Bible
-Also called NEBAJOTH
-Son of Ishmael
Ge 25:13; 28:9; 36:3; 1Ch 1:29
Nebaioth in Smiths Bible Dictionary
(heights), the "first-born of Ishmael," Ge 25:13; 1Ch 1:29
(B.C. about 1850), and father of a pastoral tribe named after
him, the "rams Of Nebaioth" being mentioned by the prophet
Isaiah, Isa 60:7 with the; flocks of Kedar. From the days of
Jerome: this people had been identified with the Nabathaeans
of Greek and Roman history Petra was their capital. (They
first settled in the country southeast of Israel, and wandered
gradually in search of pasturage till they came to Kedar, of
which Isaiah speaks. Probably the Nebaioth of Arabia Petrea
were, as M. Quatremere argues the same people as the Nebat of
Chaldea. --McClintock and Strong's Cyclopedia.)
Nebaioth in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
ne-ba'-yoth, ne-bi'-oth (nabhayoth; Septuagint Nabaioth):
Firstborn of Ishmael (Gen 25:13; 28:9; 36:3; 1 Ch 1:29). Isa
60:7 mentions the tribe Nebaioth with Kedar, with an allusion
to its pastoral nature: "the rams of Nebaioth" are to serve
the ideal Zion as sacrificial victims. Again associated with
Kedar, the name occurs frequently in Assyrian inscriptions.
The tribe must have had a conspicuous place among the northern
Arabs. Josephus, followed by Jerome, regarded Nebaioth as
identical with the Nabateans, the great trading community and
ally of Rome, whose capital and stronghold was Petra. This
view is widely accepted, but the name "Nabatean" is spelled
with a "T" (teth), and the interchange of "T" (teth) and "t"
(taw), although not unparalleled, is unusual. If the name is
Arabic, it is probably a feminine plural, and in that ease
could have no connection with the Nabateans.
A. S. Fulton
Nebaioth in Wikipedia
Nebaioth (Heb. נְבָיוֹת N'vayot), (also written in English as
Nebajoth or Nbioth), is mentioned at least five times in the
Hebrew Bible according to which he was the firstborn son of
Ishmael, and the name is among the eponyms of wilderness
tribes mentioned in the Book of Genesis 25:13, and in the Book
of Isaiah 60:7...
Nebaioth Scripture - 1 Chronicles 1:29
These [are] their generations: The firstborn of Ishmael,
Nebaioth; then Kedar, and Adbeel, and Mibsam,
Nebaioth Scripture - Isaiah 60:7
All the flocks of Kedar shall be gathered together unto thee,
the rams of Nebaioth shall minister unto thee: they shall come
up with acceptance on mine altar, and I will glorify the house
of my glory.
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