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March 29    Scripture

Bible Names H-M: Josiah


Josiah in Easton's Bible Dictionary healed by Jehovah, or Jehovah will support. The son of Amon, and his successor on the throne of Judah (2 Kings 22:1; 2 Chr. 34:1). His history is contained in 2 Kings 22, 23. He stands foremost among all the kings of the line of David for unswerving loyalty to Jehovah (23:25). He "did that which was right in the sight of the Lord, and walked in all the way of David his father." He ascended the throne at the early age of eight years, and it appears that not till eight years afterwards did he begin "to seek after the God of David his father." At that age he devoted himself to God. He distinguished himself by beginning a war of extermination against the prevailing idolatry, which had practically been the state religion for some seventy years (2 Chr. 34:3; comp. Jer. 25:3, 11, 29). In the eighteenth year of his reign he proceeded to repair and beautify the temple, which by time and violence had become sorely dilapidated (2 Kings 22:3, 5, 6; 23:23; 2 Chr. 34:11). While this work was being carried on, Hilkiah, the high priest, discovered a roll, which was probably the original copy of the law, the entire Pentateuch, written by Moses. When this book was read to him, the king was alarmed by the things it contained, and sent for Huldah, the "prophetess," for her counsel. She spoke to him words of encouragement, telling him that he would be gathered to his fathers in peace before the threatened days of judgment came. Josiah immediately gathered the people together, and engaged them in a renewal of their ancient national covenant with God. The Passover was then celebrated, as in the days of his great predecessor, Hezekiah, with unusual magnificence. Nevertheless, "the Lord turned not from the fierceness of his great wrath wherewith his anger was kindled against Judah" (2 Kings 22:3-20; 23:21-27; 2 Chr. 35:1-19). During the progress of this great religious revolution Jeremiah helped it on by his earnest exhortations. Soon after this, Pharaoh-Necho II. (q.v.), king of Egypt, in an expedition against the king of Assyria, with the view of gaining possession of Carchemish, sought a passage through the territory of Judah for his army. This Josiah refused to permit. He had probably entered into some new alliance with the king of Assyria, and faithful to his word he sought to oppose the progress of Necho. The army of Judah went out and encountered that of Egypt at Megiddo, on the verge of the plain of Esdraelon. Josiah went into the field in disguise, and was fatally wounded by a random arrow. His attendants conveyed him toward Jerusalem, but had only reached Hadadrimmon, a few miles south of Megiddo, when he died (2 Kings 23:28, 30; comp. 2 Chr. 35:20-27), after a reign of thirty-one years. He was buried with the greatest honours in fulfilment of Huldah's prophecy (2 Kings 22:20; comp. Jer. 34:5). Jeremiah composed a funeral elegy on this the best of the kings of Israel (Lam. 4:20; 2 Chr. 35:25). The outburst of national grief on account of his death became proverbial (Zech. 12:11; comp. Rev. 16:16).
http://www.bible-history.com/eastons/J/Josiah/


Josiah in Hitchcock's Bible Names the Lord burns; the fire of the Lord
http://www.bible-history.com/hitchcock/J/Josiah/


Josiah in Naves Topical Bible -1. King of Judah 2Ki 21:24-26; 22:1; 1Ch 3:14; 2Ch 33:25 Ancestor of Jesus Mt 1:10,11 Killed in battle with Pharaoh-necho 2Ki 23:29,30; 2Ch 35:20-24 Lamentations for 2Ch 35:25 Piety of: exemplified in his repairing of the temple 2Ki 22:3-7; 2Ch 34:1-4 Solicitude when the copy of the law was discovered and read to him 2Ki 22:8-20; 2Ch 34:14-33 In keeping a solemn Passover 2Ki 23:21-23; 2Ch 35:1-19 Called JOSIAS Mt 1:10,11 Prophecies concerning 1Ki 13:1-3 Destroys the altar and high places of idolatry 2Ki 23:3-20,24,25 -2. Son of Zephaniah Zec 6:10
http://www.bible-history.com/naves/J/JOSIAH/


Josiah in Smiths Bible Dictionary (whom Jehovah heals). 1. The son of Amon and Jedidah, succeeded his father B.C. 641, in the eighty years of his age, and reigned 31 years. His history is contained in 2Ki 22:1 ... 24:30; 2Ch 34:1 ..., 35:1 ... and the first twelve chapters of Jeremiah throw much light upon the general character of the Jews in his day. He began in the eighth year of his reign to seek the Lord; and in his twelfth year, and for six years afterward, in a personal progress throughout all the land of Judah and Israel, he destroyed everywhere high places, groves, images and all outward signs and relics of idolatry. The temple was restored under a special commission; and in the course of the repairs Hilkiah the priest found that book of the law of the Lord which quickened so remarkably the ardent zeal of the king. He was aided by Jeremiah the prophet in spreading through his kingdom the knowledge and worship of Jehovah. The great day of Josiah's life was the day of the passover in the eighteenth year of his reign. After this his endeavors to abolish every trace of idolatry and superstition were still carried on; but the time drew near which had been indicated by Huldah. 2Ki 22:20 When Pharaoh-necho went from Egypt to Carchemish to carry on his war along the seacoast. Necho reluctantly paused and gave him battle in the valley of Esdraelon. Josiah was mortally wounded, and died before he could reach Jerusalem. He was buried with extraordinary honors. 2. The son of Zephaniah, at whose house took place the solemn and symbolical crowning of Joshua the high priest. Zec 6:10 (B.C. about 1520.)
http://www.bible-history.com/smiths/J/Josiah/


Josiah in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE o-si'-a (yo'shiyahu, "Yahweh supports him"; Ioseias; the King James Version Josias (which see)): I. SOURCES FOR HIS LIFE AND TIMES 1. Annalistic 2. Prophetic 3. Memorial II. TRAITS OF HIS REIGN 1. Situation at the Beginning 2. Finding of the Law 3. The Great Reform 4. Disaster at Megiddo The name given 6 years before the death of his grandfather Manasseh resumes the Judaic custom, suspended in the case of that king and Amon, of compounding royal names with that of Yahweh; perhaps a hint of the time, when, according to the Chronicler, Manasseh realized Yahweh's claim on his realm (2 Ch 33:12,13). One of the most eminent of the kings of Judah; came to the throne at 8 years of age and reigned circa 637- 608 BC. I. Sources for His Life and Times. 1. Annalistic: The earliest history (2 Ki 22:1-23; 30) is dispassionate in tone, betraying its prophetic feeling, however, in its acknowledgment of Yahweh's wrath, still menacing in spite of Josiah's unique piety (2 Ki 23:26,27). For "the rest of his acts" (to which the rather bald account of his death is relegated as a kind of appendix), it refers to "the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah." In the later history (2 Ch 34; 35), written from the developed ecclesiastical point of view, he is considerably idealized: the festal and ceremonial aspects of his reform are more fully detailed, and the story of his campaign and death is more sympathetically told in the sense of it as a great national calamity...
http://www.bible-history.com/isbe/J/JOSIAH/


Josiah in Wikipedia Josiah or Yoshiyahu (Hebrew: יֹאשִׁיָּהוּ, Modern Yoiyyhu Tiberian Yiyyāh, "supported of Yahweh (YHWH)"; Greek: Ιωσιας; Latin: Josias; in English pronounced /dʒɵˈzaɪ.ə/[1]) (c. 649609 BC) was a king of Judah (641609 BC) who instituted major reforms. Josiah is credited by some historians with having established or discovered important Jewish scriptures during the Deuteronomic reform that occurred during his rule. Josiah became king of Judah at the age of eight, after the assassination of his father, King Amon, and reigned for thirty-one years,[2] from 641/640 to 610/609 BC.[3] He is also one of the kings mentioned in the genealogy of Jesus in the Gospel of Matthew...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Josiah


Josiah Scripture - 1 Kings 13:2 And he cried against the altar in the word of the LORD, and said, O altar, altar, thus saith the LORD; Behold, a child shall be born unto the house of David, Josiah by name; and upon thee shall he offer the priests of the high places that burn incense upon thee, and men's bones shall be burnt upon thee.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/1+Kings/13/


Josiah Scripture - 2 Chronicles 33:25 But the people of the land slew all them that had conspired against king Amon; and the people of the land made Josiah his son king in his stead.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/2+Chronicles/33/


Josiah Scripture - 2 Kings 21:24 And the people of the land slew all them that had conspired against king Amon; and the people of the land made Josiah his son king in his stead.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/2+Kings/21/


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