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December 11    Scripture

Bible Names H-M: Jesus


Jesus Christ in Smiths Bible Dictionary "The life and character of Jesus Christ," says Dr. Schaff, "is the holy of holies in the history of the world." 1. NAME. --The name Jesus signifies saviour. It is the Greek form of JEHOSHUA (Joshua). The name Christ signifies anointed. Jesus was both priest and king. Among the Jews priests were anointed, as their inauguration to their office. 1Ch 16:22 In the New Testament the name Christ is used as equivalent to the Hebrew Messiah (anointed), Joh 1:41 the name given to the long-promised Prophet and King whom the Jews had been taught by their prophets to expect. Mt 11:3; Ac 19:4 The use of this name, as applied to the Lord, has always a reference to the promises of the prophets. The name of Jesus is the proper name of our Lord, and that of Christ is added to identify him with the promised Messiah. Other names are sometimes added to the names Jesus Christ, thus, "Lord," "a king," "King of Israel," "Emmanuel," "Son of David," "chosen of God." II. BIRTH. --Jesus Christ was born of the Virgin Mary, God being his father, at Bethlehem of Judea, six miles south of Jerusalem. The date of his birth was most probably in December, B.C. 5, four years before the era from which we count our years. That era was not used till several hundred years after Christ. The calculations were made by a learned monk, Dionysius Exiguus, in the sixth century, who made an error of four years; so that to get the exact date from the birth of Christ we must add four years to our usual dates; i.e. A.D. 1882 is really 1886 years since the birth of Christ. It is also more than likely that our usual date for Christmas, December 25, is not far from the real date of Christ's birth. Since the 25th of December comes when the longest night gives way to the returning sun on his triumphant march, it makes an appropriate anniversary to make the birth of him who appeared in the darkest night of error and sin as the true Light of the world. At the time of Christ's birth Augustus Caesar was emperor of Rome, and Herod the Great king of Judea, but subject of Rome. God's providence had prepared the world for the coming of Christ, and this was the fittest time in all its history...
http://www.bible-history.com/smiths/J/Jesus+Christ/


Jesus Christ in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE je'-zus krist (Iesous Christos): I. THE NAMES II. ORDER OF TREATMENT PART I. INTRODUCTORY I. THE SOURCES 1. In General 2. Denial of Existence of Jesus 3. Extra-Christian Notices 4. The Gospels (1) The Synoptics (2) The Fourth Gospel II. THE PREPARATION 1. Both Gentile and Jewish 2. Old Testament Preparation 3. Post-exilic Preparation III. THE OUTWARD SITUATION 1. The Land Its Divisions 2. Political Situation Changes in Territory 3. The Religious Sects (1) The Scribes (2) The Pharisees (3) The Sadducees (4) The Essenes IV. THE CHRONOLOGY 1. Date of the Birth of Jesus 2. Date of His Baptism 3. Length of Ministry 4. Date of Christ's Death PART II. THE PROBLEMS OF THE LIFE OF JESUS I. THE MIRACLES 1. The "Modern" Attitude 2. Supernatural in the Gospels II. THE MESSIAHSHIP 1. Reserve of Jesus and Modern Criticism 2. A Growing Revelation III. KINGDOM AND APOCALYPSE 1. The Kingdom--Present or Future? 2. Apocalyptic Beliefs IV. THE CHARACTER AND CLAIMS 1. Denial of Christ's Moral Perfection 2. Sinlessness and the Messianic Claim PART III. COURSE OF THE EARTHLY LIFE OF JESUS 1. Divisions of the History 2. Not a Complete "Life"...
http://www.bible-history.com/isbe/J/JESUS+CHRIST,+1+OUTLINE/


Jesus Christ in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE LITERATURE Jesus Christ: The Founder of the Christian religion; the promised Messiah and Saviour of the world; the Lord and Head of the Christian church. I. The Names. 1. Jesus: (Iesous) is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew "Joshua" (yehoshua`), meaning "Yahweh is salvation." It stands therefore in the Septuagint and Apocrypha for "Joshua," and in Acts 7:45 and Heb 4:8 likewise represents the Old Testament Joshua; hence, in the Revised Version (British and American) is in these passages rendered "Joshua." In Mt 1:21 the name as commanded by the angel to be given to the son of Mary, "for it is he that shall save his people from their sins" (see below on "Nativity"). It is the personal name of the Lord in the Gospels and the Acts, but generally in the Epistles appears in combination with "Christ" or other appellative (alone in Rom 3:26; 4:24; 1 Cor 12:3; 2 Cor 11:4; Phil 2:10; 1 Thess 4:14; Heb 7:22; 10:19, etc.). 2. Christ: (Christos) is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew "Messiah" (mashiach; compare in the New Testament, Jn 1:41; 4:25, "Messiah"), meaning "anointed" (see MESSIAH). It designates Jesus as the fulfiller of the Messianic hopes of the Old Testament and of the Jewish people. It will be seen below that Jesus Himself made this claim. After the resurrection it became the current title for Jesus in the apostolic church. Most frequently in the Epistles He is called "Jesus Christ," sometimes "Christ Jesus" (Rom 8:1,2,39; 1 Cor 1:2,30; 4:15; Eph 1:1; Phil 1:1; Col 1:4,28 the King James Version; 1 Thess 2:14, etc.), often "Christ" alone (Rom 1:16 the King James Version; Rom 5:6,8; 6:4,8,9; 8:10, etc.). In this case "Christ" has acquired the force of a proper name. Very frequently the term is associated with "Lord" (kurios)- -"the (or "our") Lord Jesus Christ" (Acts 11:17; 15:11 the King James Version; Acts 16:31 the King James Version; Acts 20:21; 28:31; Rom 1:7; 5:1,11; 13:14; 1 Cor 16:23, etc.)...
http://www.bible-history.com/isbe/J/JESUS+CHRIST,+2/


Jesus in Easton's Bible Dictionary (1.) Joshua, the son of Nun (Acts 7:45; Heb. 4:8; R.V., "Joshua"). (2.) A Jewish Christian surnamed Justus (Col. 4:11). Je'sus, the proper, as Christ is the official, name of our Lord. To distinguish him from others so called, he is spoken of as "Jesus of Nazareth" (John 18:7), and "Jesus the son of Joseph" (John 6:42). This is the Greek form of the Hebrew name Joshua, which was originally Hoshea (Num. 13:8, 16), but changed by Moses into Jehoshua (Num. 13:16; 1 Chr. 7:27), or Joshua. After the Exile it assumed the form Jeshua, whence the Greek form Jesus. It was given to our Lord to denote the object of his mission, to save (Matt. 1:21). The life of Jesus on earth may be divided into two great periods, (1) that of his private life, till he was about thirty years of age; and (2) that of his public life, which lasted about three years. In the "fulness of time" he was born at Bethlehem, in the reign of the emperor Augustus, of Mary, who was betrothed to Joseph, a carpenter (Matt. 1:1; Luke 3:23; comp. John 7:42). His birth was announced to the shepherds (Luke 2:8-20). Wise men from the east came to Bethlehem to see him who was born "King of the Jews," bringing gifts with them (Matt. 2:1-12). Herod's cruel jealousy led to Joseph's flight into Egypt with Mary and the infant Jesus, where they tarried till the death of this king (Matt. 2:13-23), when they returned and settled in Nazareth, in Lower Galilee (2:23; comp. Luke 4:16; John 1:46, etc.). At the age of twelve years he went up to Jerusalem to the Passover with his parents. There, in the temple, "in the midst of the doctors," all that heard him were "astonished at his understanding and answers" (Luke 2:41, etc.). Eighteen years pass, of which we have no record beyond this, that he returned to Nazareth and "increased in wisdom and stature, and in favour with God and man" (Luke 2:52). He entered on his public ministry when he was about thirty years of age. It is generally reckoned to have extended to about three years. "Each of these years had peculiar features of its own. (1.) The first year may be called the year of obscurity, both because the records of it which we possess are very scanty, and because he seems during it to have been only slowly emerging into public notice. It was spent for the most part in Judea. (2.) The second year was the year of public favour, during which the country had become thoroughly aware of him; his activity was incessant, and his frame rang through the length and breadth of the land. It was almost wholly passed in Galilee. (3.) The third was the year of opposition, when the public favour ebbed away. His enemies multiplied and assailed him with more and more pertinacity, and at last he fell a victim to their hatred. The first six months of this final year were passed in Galilee, and the last six in other parts of the land.", Stalker's Life of Jesus Christ, p. 45. The only reliable sources of information regarding the life of Christ on earth are the Gospels, which present in historical detail the words and the work of Christ in so many different aspects. (See CHIRST T0000818.)
http://www.bible-history.com/eastons/J/Jesus/


Jesus in Hitchcock's Bible Names savior; deliverer
http://www.bible-history.com/hitchcock/J/Jesus/


Jesus in Naves Topical Bible -HISTORY OF Genealogy of Mt 1:1-17; Lu 3:23-38 Facts before the birth of The angel Gabriel appears to Mary (at Nazareth) Lu 1:26-38 Mary visits Elisabeth (at Hebron?) Lu 1:39-56 Mary's magnificat (at Hebron?) Lu 1:46-55 An angel appears to Joseph concerning Mary (at Nazareth) Mt 1:18-25 Birth of (at Bethlehem) Lu 2:1-7 Angels appear to the shepherds (in the vicinity of Bethlehem) Lu 2:8-20 Magi (the wise men from the east) visit (at Bethlehem) Mt 2:1-12 Circumcision of (at Bethlehem) Lu 2:21 Is presented in the temple (in Jerusalem) Lu 2:21-38 Flight into and return from Egypt Mt 2:13-23 Discussions with the religious experts in the temple area (in Jerusalem) Lu 2:41-52 Is immersed by John in the Jordan River Mt 3:13-17; Mr 1:9-11; Lu 3:21-23 Temptation of (in the desert of Judaea) Mt 1:11; Mr 1:12,13; Lu 4:1-13 John's testimony concerning him Joh 1:1-18 Testimony of John the Baptist concerning (at Bethabara) Joh 1:19-34 Disciples adhere to Joh 1:35-51 Miracle at Cana of Galilee Joh 2:1-12 Drives the money-changers from the temple (in Jerusalem) Joh 2:13-25 Nicodemus comes to Jesus (in Jerusalem) Joh 3:1-21 His disciples immerse some of the people (at Aenon) Joh 3:22; with 4:2 Returns to Galilee Mt 4:12; Mr 1:14; Lu 4:14; Joh 4:1-3 Visits Sychar and teaches the Samaritan woman Joh 4:4-42...
http://www.bible-history.com/naves/J/JESUS,+THE+CHRIST/


Jesus in Smiths Bible Dictionary (saviour). 1. The Greek form of the name Joshua or Jeshua, a contraction of Jehoshua, that is, "help of Jehovah" or "saviour." Nu 13:16 2. Joshua the son of Nun. Nu 27:18; Heb 4:8 [JEHOSHUA]
http://www.bible-history.com/smiths/J/Jesus/


Jesus in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE je'-zus (Iesous, for yehoshua`): (1) Joshua, son of Nun (the King James Version Acts 7:45; Heb 4:8; compare 1 Macc 2:55; 2 Esdras 7:37). (2) (3) High priest and Levite. See JESHUA, 2, 5. (4) Son of Sirach. See SIRACH. (5) An ancestor of Jesus (Lk 3:29, the King James Version "Jose"). (6) (7) See the next three articles.
http://www.bible-history.com/isbe/J/JESUS/


Jesus in Wikipedia Jesus of Nazareth (c. 5 BC/BCE c. 30 AD/CE),[3] also known as Jesus Christ or simply Jesus, is the central figure of Christianity, which views him as the Messiah foretold in the Old Testament, with most Christian denominations believing him to be the Son of God and God incarnate who was raised from the dead.[6] Islam and the Baha'i Faith consider Jesus a prophet and also the Messiah.[7][8] The principal sources of information regarding Jesus' life and teachings are the four canonical gospels, especially the Synoptic Gospels,[9][10] though some scholars believe texts such as the Gospel of Thomas are also relevant.[11] Most critical scholars in biblical studies believe that some parts of the New Testament are useful for reconstructing Jesus' life,[12][13][14][15] agreeing that Jesus was a Jew who was regarded as a teacher and healer, that he was baptized by John the Baptist, and was crucified in Jerusalem on the orders of the Roman Prefect of Judaea, Pontius Pilate, on the charge of sedition against the Roman Empire.[16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26][27] Aside from these few conclusions, academic debate continues regarding the chronology, the central message of Jesus' preaching, his social class, cultural environment, and religious orientation.[11] Critical scholars have offered competing descriptions of Jesus as a self-described Messiah, as the leader of an apocalyptic movement, as an itinerant sage, as a charismatic healer, and as the founder of an independent religious movement. Most contemporary scholars of the historical Jesus consider him to have been an independent, charismatic founder of a Jewish restoration movement, anticipating an imminent apocalypse.[28] Other prominent scholars, however, contend that Jesus' "Kingdom of God" meant radical personal and social transformation instead of a future apocalypse.[28]...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jesus


Jesus Scripture - 1 John 5:6 This is he that came by water and blood, [even] Jesus Christ; not by water only, but by water and blood. And it is the Spirit that beareth witness, because the Spirit is truth.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/1+John/5/


Jesus Scripture - John 21:17 He saith unto him the third time, Simon, [son] of Jonas, lovest thou me? Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/John/21/


Jesus Scripture - Philippians 2:10 That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of [things] in heaven, and [things] in earth, and [things] under the earth;
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Philippians/2/


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