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December 15    Scripture

Bible Names A-G: Gad


Gad in Easton's Bible Dictionary fortune; luck. (1.) Jacob's seventh son, by Zilpah, Leah's handmaid, and the brother of Asher (Gen. 30:11-13; 46:16, 18). In the Authorized Version of 30:11 the words, "A troop cometh: and she called," etc., should rather be rendered, "In fortune [R.V., 'Fortunate']: and she called," etc., or "Fortune cometh," etc. The tribe of Gad during the march through the wilderness had their place with Simeon and Reuben on the south side of the tabernacle (Num. 2:14). The tribes of Reuben and Gad continued all through their history to follow the pastoral pursuits of the patriarchs (Num. 32:1-5). The portion allotted to the tribe of Gad was on the east of Jordan, and comprehended the half of Gilead, a region of great beauty and fertility (Deut. 3:12), bounded on the east by the Arabian desert, on the west by the Jordan (Josh. 13:27), and on the north by the river Jabbok. It thus included the whole of the Jordan valley as far north as to the Sea of Galilee, where it narrowed almost to a point. This tribe was fierce and warlike; they were "strong men of might, men of war for the battle, that could handle shield and buckler, their faces the faces of lions, and like roes upon the mountains for swiftness" (1 Chr. 12:8; 5:19-22). Barzillai (2 Sam. 17:27) and Elijah (1 Kings 17:1) were of this tribe. It was carried into captivity at the same time as the other tribes of the northern kingdom by Tiglath-pileser (1 Chr. 5:26), and in the time of Jeremiah (49:1) their cities were inhabited by the Ammonites. (2.) A prophet who joined David in the "hold," and at whose advice he quitted it for the forest of Hareth (1 Chr. 29:29; 2 Chr. 29:25; 1 Sam. 22:5). Many years after we find mention made of him in connection with the punishment inflicted for numbering the people (2 Sam. 24:11-19; 1 Chr. 21:9-19). He wrote a book called the "Acts of David" (1 Chr. 29:29), and assisted in the arrangements for the musical services of the "house of God" (2 Chr. 29:25). He bore the title of "the king's seer" (2 Sam. 24:11, 13; 1 Chr. 21:9).
http://www.bible-history.com/eastons/G/Gad/


Gad in Fausset's Bible Dictionary Israel was more wooded very anciently than afterward; the celebrated oaks and terebinths here and there were perhaps relics of a primeval forest on the highlands. But in the Bible the woods appear in the valleys and defiles leading from the highlands to the lowlands, so they were not extensive. "The wood of Ephraim" clothed the sides of the hills which descend to the plain of Jezreel and the plain itself near Bethshah (Joshua 17:15-18), and extended once to Tabor which still has many forest trees. That "of Bethel" lay in the ravine going down to the plain of Jericho. That "of Hareth" on the border of the Philistine plain in the S. of Judah (1 Samuel 22:5). That "of Kirjath Jearim" (1 Samuel 8:2; Psalm 132:6), meaning" town of the woods", on the confines of Judah and Benjamin; "the fields of the wood" from which David brought up the ark to Zion mean this forest town. That "of Ziph-wilderness," where David hid, S.E. of Hebron (1 Samuel 23:15, etc.). Ephraim wood, a portion of the region E. of Jordan near Mahanaim, where the battle with Absalom took place (2 Samuel 18:6; 2 Samuel 18:23), on the high lands, a little way from the valley of the Jordan. frontEPHRAIM WOOD.) "The house of the forest of Lebanon" (1 Kings 7:2) was so-called as being fitted up with cedar, and probably with forest-like rows of cedar pillars. "Forest" often symbolizes pride doomed to destruction; (Isaiah 10:18; Isaiah 32:19) the Assyrian host dense and lifted up as the trees of the forest; (Isaiah 37:24) "the forest of his Carmel," i.e., its most luxuriant forest, image for their proud army. Forest also symbolizes unfruitfulness as opposed to cultivated lands (Isaiah 29:17; Isaiah 32:15). Besides ya'ar, implying "abundance of trees", there is another Hebrew term, choresh from a root "to cut down," implying a wood diminished by cutting (1 Samuel 23:15; 2 Chronicles 27:4). In Isaiah 17:9 for "bough" translated "his strong cities shall be as the leavings of woods," what the axeman leaves when he cuts down the grove (Isaiah 17:6). In Ezekiel 31:3, "with a shadowing shroud," explain with an overshadowing thicket. A third term is pardeec, related to "paradise" (Nehemiah 2:8), "forest") a park, a plantation under a "keeper." The Persian kings preserved the forests throughout the empire with care, having wardens of the several forests, without whose sanction no tree could be felled.
http://www.bible-history.com/faussets/G/Gad+(1)/


Gad in Hitchcock's Bible Names a band; a troop
http://www.bible-history.com/hitchcock/G/Gad/


Gad in Naves Topical Bible 1. Jacob's seventh son Ge 30:11; 35:26; Ex 1:4 Children of Ge 46:16; Nu 26:15-18; 1Ch 5:11 Prophecy concerning Ge 49:19 -2. A tribe of Israel Blessed by Moses De 33:20 Enumeration of, at Sinai Nu 1:14,24,25 In the plains of Moab Nu 26:15-18 In the reign of Jotham 1Ch 5:11-17 Place of, in camp and march Nu 2:10,14,16 Wealth of, in cattle, and spoils Jos 22:8; Nu 32:1 Petition for their portion of land east of the Jordan River Nu 32:1-5; De 3:12,16,17; 29:8 Boundaries of territory Jos 13:24-28; 1Ch 5:11 Aid in the conquest of the region west of the Jordan River Nu 32:16-32; Jos 4:12,13; 22:1-8 Erect a monument to signify the unity of the tribes east of the Jordan River with the tribes west of the river Jos 22:10-14 Disaffected toward Saul as king, and joined the faction under David in the wilderness of Hebron 1Ch 12:8-15,37,38 Join the Reubenites in the war against the Hagarites 1Ch 5:10 Struck by the king of Syria 2Ki 10:32,33 Carried into captivity to Assyria 1Ch 5:26 Land of, occupied by the Ammonites, after the tribe is carried into captivity Jer 49:1 Reallotment of the territory to, by Ezekiel Eze 48:27,29 -3. A prophet to David 2Sa 24:11 Bids David leave Adullam 1Sa 22:5 Bears the divine message to David, offering choice between three evils, for his presumption in numbering Israel 2Sa 24:11-14; 1Ch 21:9-13 Bids David build an altar on the threshing floor of Ornan 2Sa 24:18,19; 1Ch 21:18,19 Assists David in arranging the temple service 2Ch 29:25 Writings of 1Ch 29:29
http://www.bible-history.com/naves/G/GAD/


Gad in Smiths Bible Dictionary (a troop). 1. Jacob's seventh son, the first-born of Zilpah, Leah's maid, and whole-brother to Asher. Ge 30;11-13; 46:16,18 (B.C. 1753-1740.) 2. "The seer," or "the king's seer," i.e. David's 1Ch 29:29; 2Ch 29:25 was a "prophet" who appears to have joined David when in the old. 1Sa 22:5 (B.C. 1061.) He reappears in connection with the punishment inflicted for the numbering of the people. 2Sa 24:11-19; 1Ch 21:9-19 He wrote a book of the Acts of David, 1Ch 29:29 and also assisted in the arrangements for the musical service of the "house of God." 2Ch 29:25
http://www.bible-history.com/smiths/G/Gad/


Gad in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE (gadh, "fortune"; Gad): 1. The Name: The seventh son of Jacob, whose mother was Zilpah (Gen 30:11), and whose birth was welcomed by Leah with the cry, "Fortunate!" Some have sought to connect the name with that of the heathen deity Gad, of which traces are found in Baal- gad, Migdal-gad, etc. In the blessing of Jacob (Gen 49:19) there is a play upon the name, as if it meant "troop," or "marauding band." "Gad, a troop shall press upon him; but he shall press upon their heel" (Hebrew gadh, gedhudh, yeghudhennu, wehu yaghudh `aqebh). Here there is doubtless a reference to the high spirit and valor that characterized the descendants of Gad. The enemy who attacked them exposed himself to grave peril. In the blessing of Moses again (Dt 33:20 ff) it is said that Gad "dwelleth as lioness, and teareth the arm, yea, the crown of the head." Leonine qualities are ascribed to the Gadites, mighty men of valor, who joined David (1 Ch 12:8,14). Their "faces were like the faces of lions, and they were as swift as the roes upon the mountain." Among their captains "he that was least was equal to a hundred, and the greatest to a thousand."...
http://www.bible-history.com/isbe/G/GAD+(1)/


Gad in Wikipedia (Hebrew: גד ; "luck") was, according to the Book of Genesis, the first son of Jacob and Zilpah, the seventh of Jacob overall, and the founder of the Israelite Tribe of Gad; however some Biblical scholars view this as postdiction, an eponymous metaphor providing an aetiology of the connectedness of the tribe to others in the Israelite confederation[1]. The text of the Torah argues that the name of Gad means luck/fortunate, in Hebrew, deriving from a root meaning cut/divide, in the sense of divided out; classical rabbinical literature argues that the name was a prophetic reference to the manna; some Biblical scholars suspect that refers to a deity originally worshipped by the tribe, namely Gad[2], the semitic deity of fortune, who, according to the Book of Isaiah, was still worshipped by certain Hebrews during the 6th century BC[3]. The Biblical account shows Zilpah's status as a handmaid change to an actual wife of Jacob Genesis 30:9,11 . Her handmaid status is regarded by some biblical scholars as indicating that the authors saw the tribe of Gad as being not of entirely Israelite origin[2]; many scholars believe that Gad was a late addition to the Israelite confederation[4], as implied by the Moabite Stone, which seemingly differentiates between the Israelites and the tribe of Gad[5]. Gad by this theory is assumed to have originally been a northwards-migrating nomadic tribe, at a time when the other tribes were quite settled in Canaan[6]. According to classical rabbinical literature, Gad was born on the tenth of Heshwan, and lived 125 years[2]. These sources go on to state that, unlike his other brothers, Joseph didn't present Gad to the Pharaoh, since Joseph didn't want Gad to become one of Pharaoh's guards, an appointment that would have been likely had the Pharaoh realised that Gad had great strength[7].
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gad_(Biblical_figure)


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