Ark of the Covenant - Bible History Online

Bible History Online

Sub Categories
Abagtha
Abda
Abdeel
Abdi
Abdiel
Abdon
Abednego
Abel
Abi-albon
Abia
Abiasaph
Abiathar
Abida
Abidan
Abieezer
Abiel
Abiezrite
Abihail
Abihu
Abihud
Abijah
Abijam
Abimael
Abimelech
Abinadab
Abinoam
Abiram
Abishai
Abishua
Abishur
Abitub
Abner
Abraham
Abram
Absalom
Achaichus
Achan
Achbor
Achish
Adaiah
Adam
Adam II
Adbeel
Addar
Addi
Addon
Adiel
Adin
Adina
Adino
Adnah
Adoni-zedec
Adonibezek
Adonijah
Adonikam
Adoniram
Adoram
Adrammelech
Adriel
Agabus
Agag
Agee
Agrippa I
Agrippa II
Agur
Ahab
Ahasuerus
Ahaz
Ahaziah
Ahiam
Ahiezer
Ahihud
Ahijah
Ahikam
Ahimaaz
Ahiman
Ahimelech
Ahinadab
Ahio
Ahira
Ahishar
Ahithophel
Ahitub
Ahoah
Aholiab
Akkub
Alemeth
Alexander
Alexander the Great
Allon
Almodad
Alphaeus
Amalek
Amariah
Amasa
Amasai
Amashai
Amasiah
Amaziah
Amittai
Ammiel
Ammihud
Amminadab
Amminadib
Ammishaddai
Ammizabad
Ammon
Amnon
Amon
Amos
Amoz
Amplias
Amram
Amraphel
Anah
Anak
Anan
Ananias
Anath
Andrew
Andronicus
Aner
Annas
Antichrist
Antiochus
Antipas
Apelles
Apollos
Aquila
Ara
Arad
Aram
Aran
Araunah
Arba
Arbathite
Archelaus
Archippus
Archite
Ard
Ardon
Aretas
Arieh
Ariel
Arioch
Aristarchus
Aristobulus
Armoni
Arphaxad
Artaxerxes
Asa
Asahel
Asaph
Asher
Ashkenaz
Ashpenaz
Ashurbanipal
Asnapper
Asshur
Assos
Augustus
Azal
Azariah
Azaziah
Azel
Azmaveth
Azur and Azzur
Baal
Baalis
Baana
Baanah
Baasha
Balaam
Baladan
Balak
Bani
Bar-jesus
Bar-jona
Barabbas
Barachel
Barachias (Berechiah)
Barak
Bariah
Barkos
Barnabas
Barsabas
Bartholomew
Bartimaeus
Baruch
Barzillai
Bealiah
Becher
Bedan
Beeri
Bela
Belshazzar
Belteshazzar
Ben-ammi
Ben-hadad
Benaiah
Benjamin
Beor
Bera
Berachah
Berechiah
Bered
Beriah
Berodach-baladan
Bethelite
Bethuel
Bezaleel
Bezer
Bigtha
Bigthan
Bildad
Bilgah
Bilshan
Birsha
Blastus
Boanerges
Boaz
Bosor
Buz
Buzi
Caesar
Caiaphas
Cain
Cainan
Calcol
Caleb
Canaan
Canaanite
Carmi
Castor and Pollux
Cephas
Charran
Chedorlaomer
Chelubai
Chenaanah
Chenaiah
Chesed
Chileab
Chilion
Chimham
Chushan-rishathaim
Claudius
Clement
Cleopas
Cleophas
Conaniah
Coniah
Cornelius
Cosam
Crescens
Crispus
Cush
Cushite
Cyrenius
Cyrus
Dan
Daniel
Darda
Darius
Dathan
David
Debir
Dedan
Delaiah
Demas
Demetrius
Didymus
Dionysius
Diotrephes
Dishan
Dodai
Dodo
Doeg
Dumah
Ebal
Ebed
Ebed-melech
Eber
Eden
Eder
Edom
Eglon
Ehud
Elah
Elam
Elasah
Eldaah
Eldad
Eleazar
Elhanan
Eli
Eliab
Eliada
Eliakim
Eliam
Elias
Eliasaph
Eliashib
Eliathah
Elidad
Eliel
Eliezer
Elihu
Elijah
Elika
Elimelech
Elioenai
Eliphalet
Eliphaz
Elipheleh
Eliphelet
Elisha
Elishah
Elishama
Elishaphat
Elishua
Elkanah
Elmodam
Elnathan
Elon
Elymas
Enoch
Enos
Epaenetus
Epaphras
Epaphroditus
Ephah
Epher
Ephraim
Ephron
Er
Erastus
Esaias
Esarhaddon
Esau
Eshbaal
Eshcol
Eth-baal
Ethan
Ethiopian eunuch
Eutychus
Evil-merodach
Ezekias
Ezekiel
Ezra
Ezri
Felix
Festus (Porcius)
Fortunatus
Gaal
Gad
Gaddi
Gaddiel
Gahar
Gaius
Gallio
Gamaliel
Gamul
Gareb
Gatam
Geber
Gedaliah
Gehazi
Gemariah
Genubath
Gera
Gerah
Gershom
Gershon
Geshem
Gideon
Gilgamesh
Gog
Goliath
Gomer

Back to Categories

August 23    Scripture

Bible Names A-G: Esarhaddon


Esarhaddon in Easton's Bible Dictionary Assur has given a brother, successor of Sennacherib (2 Kings 19:37; Isa. 37:38). He ascended the throne about B.C. 681. Nothing further is recorded of him in Scripture, except that he settled certain colonists in Samaria (Ezra 4:2). But from the monuments it appears that he was the most powerful of all the Assyrian monarchs. He built many temples and palaces, the most magnificent of which was the south-west palace at Nimrud, which is said to have been in its general design almost the same as Solomon's palace, only much larger (1 Kings 7:1-12). In December B.C. 681 Sennacherib was murdered by two of his sons, who, after holding Nineveh for forty-two days, were compelled to fly to Erimenas of Ararat, or Armenia. Their brother Esarhaddon, who had been engaged in a campaign against Armenia, led his army against them. They were utterly overthrown in a battle fought April B.C. 680, near Malatiyeh, and in the following month Esarhaddon was crowned at Nineveh. He restored Babylon, conquered Egypt, and received tribute from Manasseh of Judah. He died in October B.C. 668, while on the march to suppress an Egyptian revolt, and was succeeded by his son Assur-bani-pal, whose younger brother was made viceroy of Babylonia.
http://www.bible-history.com/eastons/E/Esarhaddon/


Esarhaddon in Fausset's Bible Dictionary Sennacherib's younger son, Sargon's grandson (2 Kings 19:37). frontASSYRIA.) After the murder of his father by his two sons, Esarhaddon the oldest surviving son succeeded, 680 B.C. The Assyrian inscriptions state that for some months after his accession he warred with his half brothers (Rawlinson, Ant. Monarchies, 2:186). The Greek Abydenus states the same. The Scripture is thus confirmed; for naturally Esarhaddon would seek to avenge his father's murder, and they would seek the throne. The Armenian records state that the two assassins, having escaped from the scene of conflict, took refuge in Armenia, where the king gave them lands which long continued in possession of their posterity (Mos. Choren., Hist. Arm., 1:22). Esarhaddon is famed for his expedition into Arabia. an undertaking with few parallels in history; for few conquerors have ventured to pass the barrier of Arabian deserts. Esarhaddon was perhaps the most potent of the Assyrian kings, warring in the far East, according to the monuments, with Median tribes "of which his father had never heard the name"; extending his power W. to Cilicia and Cyprus, ten kings of which submitted to him. Southward he claimed authority over Egypt and Ethiopia; having driven the Ethiopian Tirhakah out of Egypt. Having conquered Merodach Baladan's sons, Esarhaddon made Babylon directly subject to the Assyrian crown, instead of being governed by viceroys, and as king of each of the two empires resided by turns at Nineveh and Babylon. He is the only Assyrian king who reigned at Babylon; the bricks of the palace he built there still bearing his name. A tablet also bears the date of his reign. Manasseh king of Judah is mentioned among his tributaries. Scripture by a striking minute coincidence with truth represents Manasseh as carried to Babylon, not to the Assyrian capital Nineveh; which would seem inexplicable but for the above fact, revealed by the monuments. Esarhaddon's Babylonian reign lasted from 680 to 667 B.C., the very period when Manasseh was brought up by the Assyrian king's captains to Babylon on a charge of rebellion (2 Chronicles 33:11-19). By an unusual clemency on the part of an oriental king, Manasseh was restored to his throne, a marvelous proof of the power of prayer. The monuments tell us of a similar act of Esarhaddon whereby he gave a territory on the Persian gulf to Merodach Baladan's son, on his submission as a refugee at his court. Esarhaddon built three other palaces and 30 temples," shining with silver and gold," in different parts of his dominions. His S.W. palace at Nimrud, excavated by Layard, corresponds in plan to Solomon's temple but is larger, namely, the hall being 220 by 100 ft. and the antechamber 160 by 60. Unfortunately the sculptured stones and alabaster have been materially injured by fire. He boasts of his S.W. palace of Nimrud that it was a building "such as the kings his fathers before him had never made." Ptolemy's canon shows he reigned 13 years in Babylon, and probably reigned in all 20 years, dying about 660 B.C. Assur-bani-pal, or Sardanapalus II, for whom Esarhaddon built a palace, succeeded, and caused the tablets to be collected which furnish us with such information; comparative vocabularies, lists of deities, records of astronomical observations, histories, scientific works. Saracus his son was attacked by the Scythians, then by the Medes and Cyaxares, and Nabopolassar his own general. Saracus burnt himself in his palace, and Nineveh was taken. frontASSYRIA.) Esarhaddon (as G. Smith reads an inscription) about 672 B.C., marching from Asshur (Kileh Sherghat) to Tyre, besieged Bahal its king who was in league with Tirhakah, thence he marched to Aphek at the foot of Lebanon, then to Raphia S.W. of Judah, thence from Lower Egypt which was in his hands to Miruha or Meroe. Though distressed on the way by want of water, he at last drove Tirhakah out of Egypt.
http://www.bible-history.com/faussets/E/Esarhaddon/


Esarhaddon in Hitchcock's Bible Names that closes the point; joy; cheerfulness
http://www.bible-history.com/hitchcock/E/Esar-haddon/


Esarhaddon in Naves Topical Bible -(King of Assyria) -Succeeds Sennacherib 2Ki 19:37; Isa 37:38 -Called Asnapper Ezr 4:2,10
http://www.bible-history.com/naves/E/ESAR-HADDON+(ESARHADDON)/


Esarhaddon in Smiths Bible Dictionary (victor), one of the greatest of the kings of Assyria, was the son of Sennacherib, 2Ki 19:37 and the grandson of Sargon, who succeeded Shalmaneser. He appears by his monuments to have been one of the most powerful, if not the most powerful, of all the Assyrian monarchs. He is the only one of them whom we find to have actually reigned at Babylon, where he built himself a palace, bricks from which have been recently recovered bearing his name. His Babylonian reign lasted thirteen years, from B.C. 680 to B.C. 667; and it was doubtless within this space of time that Manasseh king of Judah, having been seized by his captains at Jerusalem on a charge of rebellion, was brought before him at Babylon, 2Ch 33:11 and detained for a time as prisoner there. As a builder of great works Esar-haddon is particularly distinguished. Besides his palace at Babylon, he built at least three others in different parts of his dominions, either for himself or his sons, and thirty temples.
http://www.bible-history.com/smiths/E/Esar-haddon/


Esarhaddon in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE e-sar-had'-on ('ecar-chaddon; Assyrian Asur-ach-iddina, "Ashur hath given a brother"): During his lifetime, Sennacherib, king of Assyria, made his favorite son, Esarhaddon (680-668 BC), the viceroy of Babylon; and although he was not the eldest son, he decreed that he should become the legal heir to the throne of Assyria. Sennacherib, having been slain in 681, apparently by two of his sons, who are called in the Old Testament Adrammelech and Sharezer (2 Ki 19:37), Esarhaddon proceeded to Nineveh, where the rebellion which followed the death of his father collapsed, having existed for about a month and a half. The Old Testament informs us that the murderers of his father fled to Armenia. This is corroborated by the inscriptions which say that at Melid, in the land of Hanirabbat, which can be said to be in Armenia, Esarhaddon fought the rebels and defeated them; whereupon he was proclaimed king. His father had been so displeased with Babylon that he had attempted to annihilate the city by making it a swamp. Esarhaddon, however, having been infatuated with the ancient culture of the Babylonians, adopted a conciliatory attitude toward the people. Immediately he planned to restore the city on magnificent proportions. The foundations of his work were laid with impressive ceremonies, and in every way he endeavored to ameliorate the inhabitants by his gracious deeds. Even at Nippur evidences of his work in restoring the ancient shrine of Ellil are seen. The kings of the West who became his vassals, among them being Manasseh of Judah, were required to furnish building materials for his operations in Babylonia. His work in that land explains why the Judean king was incarcerated at Babylon (2 Ch 33:11) instead of Assyria. Esarhaddon was first compelled to defend the kingdom against the inroads of the hordes from the North. The Gimirra (perhaps referring to Gomer of the Old Testament), who were called Manda, seemed to pour into the land. A decisive victory was finally gained over them, and they were driven back into their own country. Afterward, the Medes and the Chaldeans were also subjugated. He then directed his attentions toward the West. Sidon having revolted against Assyria, Esarhaddon laid siege to the city, which after three years was finally captured and destroyed. He built another city upon the same site, which he called Kar- Esarhaddon, and endeavored to revive its commerce. And, as is mentioned in Ezr 4:2; compare 10, he repopulated the city (Samaria) with captives from Elam and Babylonia. The capture of Tyre was also attempted, but, the city being differently situated, a siege from the land was insufficient to bring about submission, as it was impossible to cut off the commerce by sea. The siege, after several years, seems to have been lifted. Although on a great monolith Esarhaddon depicts Ba`al, the king of Tyre, kneeling before him with a ring through his lips, there is nothing in the inscriptions to bear this out. His work in Canaan was preparatory to his conquest of Egypt. Tirhakah, the Ethiopian king of Egypt, was attacked on the borders, but no victory was gained. Several years later he crossed the borders and gained a decisive victory at Iskhupri. He then proceeded to lay siege to Memphis, which soon capitulated; and Egypt, to the confines of Nubia, surrendered to Assyria. Esarhaddon reorganized the government, and even changed the names of the cities. Necoh was placed over the 22 princes of the land. In 668, Egypt revolted and Esarhaddon, while on his way to put down the revolt, died. He had arranged that the kingdom be divided between two of his sons: Ashurbanipal was to be king of Assyria, and Shamash-shum-ukin was to reign over Babylonia. The nobles decreed, however, that the empire should not be divided, but Shamash-shum-ukin was made viceroy of Babylonia. A. T. Clay
http://www.bible-history.com/isbe/E/ESARHADDON/


Esarhaddon in Wikipedia (Akkadian: Aur-ahhe-iddina "Ashur has given a brother to me"; Aramaic: ܐܵܫܘܿܪ ܐܵܗܐܹ ܐܝܼܕܝܼܢܵܐ; Hebrew: אֵסַר חַדֹּן‎;[1] Ancient Greek: Ασαραδδων;[2] Latin: Asor Haddan[3]), was a king of Assyria who reigned 681 669 BC. He was the youngest son of Sennacherib and the Aramean queen Naqi'a (Zakitu), Sennacherib's second wife...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Esarhaddon


Esarhaddon Scripture - 2 Kings 19:37 And it came to pass, as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his god, that Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons smote him with the sword: and they escaped into the land of Armenia. And Esarhaddon his son reigned in his stead.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/2+Kings/19/


Esarhaddon Scripture - Ezra 4:2 Then they came to Zerubbabel, and to the chief of the fathers, and said unto them, Let us build with you: for we seek your God, as ye [do]; and we do sacrifice unto him since the days of Esarhaddon king of Assur, which brought us up hither.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Ezra/4/


Esarhaddon Scripture - Isaiah 37:38 And it came to pass, as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his god, that Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons smote him with the sword; and they escaped into the land of Armenia: and Esarhaddon his son reigned in his stead.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Isaiah/37/


If you notice a broken link or any error PLEASE report it by clicking HERE
© 1995-2017 Bible History Online





More Bible History