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May 27    Scripture

Bible Names A-G: Elisha


Elisha in Easton's Bible Dictionary God his salvation, the son of Shaphat of Abel-meholah, who became the attendant and disciple of Elijah (1 Kings 19:16-19). His name first occurs in the command given to Elijah to anoint him as his successor (1 Kings 19:16). This was the only one of the three commands then given to Elijah which he accomplished. On his way from Sinai to Damascus he found Elisha at his native place engaged in the labours of the field, ploughing with twelve yoke of oxen. He went over to him, threw over his shoulders his rough mantle, and at once adopted him as a son, and invested him with the prophetical office (comp. Luke 9:61, 62). Elisha accepted the call thus given (about four years before the death of Ahab), and for some seven or eight years became the close attendant on Elijah till he was parted from him and taken up into heaven. During all these years we hear nothing of Elisha except in connection with the closing scenes of Elijah's life. After Elijah, Elisha was accepted as the leader of the sons of the prophets, and became noted in Israel. He possessed, according to his own request, "a double portion" of Elijah's spirit (2 Kings 2:9); and for the long period of about sixty years (B.C. 892-832) held the office of "prophet in Israel" (2 Kings 5:8). After Elijah's departure, Elisha returned to Jericho, and there healed the spring of water by casting salt into it (2 Kings 2:21). We next find him at Bethel (2:23), where, with the sternness of his master, he cursed the youths who came out and scoffed at him as a prophet of God: "Go up, thou bald head." The judgment at once took effect, and God terribly visited the dishonour done to his prophet as dishonour done to himself. We next read of his predicting a fall of rain when the army of Jehoram was faint from thirst (2 Kings 3:9-20); of the multiplying of the poor widow's cruse of oil (4:1- 7); the miracle of restoring to life the son of the woman of Shunem (4:18-37); the multiplication of the twenty loaves of new barley into a sufficient supply for an hundred men (4:42- 44); of the cure of Naaman the Syrian of his leprosy (5:1-27); of the punishment of Gehazi for his falsehood and his covetousness; of the recovery of the axe lost in the waters of the Jordan (6:1-7); of the miracle at Dothan, half-way on the road between Samaria and Jezreel; of the siege of Samaria by the king of Syria, and of the terrible sufferings of the people in connection with it, and Elisha's prophecy as to the relief that would come (2 Kings 6:24-7:2). We then find Elisha at Damascus, to carry out the command given to his master to anoint Hazael king over Syria (2 Kings 8:7-15); thereafter he directs one of the sons of the prophets to anoint Jehu, the son of Jehoshaphat, king of Israel, instead of Ahab. Thus the three commands given to Elijah (9:1-10) were at length carried out. We do not again read of him till we find him on his death-bed in his own house (2 Kings 13:14-19). Joash, the grandson of Jehu, comes to mourn over his approaching departure, and utters the same words as those of Elisha when Elijah was taken away: "My father, my father! the chariot of Israel, and the horsemen thereof." Afterwards when a dead body is laid in Elisha's grave a year after his burial, no sooner does it touch the hallowed remains than the man "revived, and stood up on his feet" (2 Kings 13:20-21).
http://www.bible-history.com/eastons/E/Elisha/


Elisha in Fausset's Bible Dictionary ("God for salvation".) ELISEUS in New Testament. Shaphat's son, of Abel Meholah ("meadow of the dance"), in the Jordan valley. See his call: ELIJAH. He was engaged at field work, 12 yoke before him, i.e. himself with the 12th while the other 11 were in other parts of the field; or, as land was measured by "yokes of oxen," he had plowed land to the extent of nearly 12 yokes, and was finishing the 12th: either view marks his being a man of substance. Hengstenberg regards the twelve as marking him the prophet of the whole covenant nation, not merely of the ten tribes. Whether formally "anointed" with oil or not, he was really anointed with the Spirit, and duly called by his predecessor to the prophetic office by Elijah's crossing over, and hastily throwing upon him the rough mantle, the token of investiture, and then going as quickly as he came. Elisha was one to act at once on God's first call, at all costs. So bidding farewell to father and mother (contrast Matthew 8:21-22; "suffer me first to go and (tend my father until his death, and then) bury my father"; and Luke 9:61- 62, where the "bidding farewell" involved in that particular case a division of heart between home relations and Christ, Luke 14:26; Matthew 10:37; Philemon 3:13), and slaying a yoke of oxen and boiling the flesh with the wooden instruments (compare 2 Samuel 24:22), a token of giving up all for the Lord's sake, he ministered to Elijah henceforth as Joshua did to Moses. His ministry is once described, "Elisha who poured water on the hands of Elijah." He was subordinate; so the sons of the prophets represent it: "Jehovah will take away thy master (Elijah) from thy head" (2 Kings 2:3). Yet his ministry made an advance upon that of his master...
http://www.bible-history.com/faussets/E/Elisha/


Elisha in Hitchcock's Bible Names salvation of God
http://www.bible-history.com/hitchcock/E/Elisha/


Elisha in Naves Topical Bible (Successor to the prophet Elijah) -Elijah instructed to anoint 1Ki 19:16 -Called by Elijah 1Ki 19:19 -Ministers unto Elijah 1Ki 19:21 -Witnesses Elijah's transporting, receives a double portion of his spirit 2Ki 2:1-15; 3:11 -Mocked by the young men of Beth-el 2Ki 2:23,24 -Causes the king to restore the property of the hospitable Shunammite woman 2Ki 8:1-6 -Instructs that Jehu be anointed as king of Israel 2Ki 9:1-3 -Life of, sought by Jehoram 2Ki 6:31-33 -Death of 2Ki 13:14-20 -Bones of, restore a dead man to life 2Ki 13:21 -MIRACLES OF Divides the Jordan 2Ki 2:14 Purifies the waters of Jericho by casting salt into the fountain 2Ki 2:19-22 Increases the oil of the woman whose sons were to be sold for her debt 2Ki 4:1-7 Raises the son of the Shunammite woman from the dead 2Ki 4:18-37 Neutralizes the poison of the stew 2Ki 4:38-41 Increases the bread to feed one-hundred men 2Ki 4:42-44 Heals Naaman the leper 2Ki 5:1-19; Lu 4:27 Sends Naaman's leprosy upon Gehazi as a judgment 2Ki 5:26,27 Recovers the ax that had fallen into a stream by causing it to float 2Ki 6:6 Reveals the counsel of the king of Syria 2Ki 6:12 Opens the eyes of his servant to see the hosts of the Lord 2Ki 6:17 Brings blindness upon the army of Syria 2Ki 6:18 -PROPHECIES OF Foretells The birth of a son to the Shunammite woman 2Ki 4:16 Bounty to the starving people in Samaria 2Ki 7:1 The death of the unbelieving prince 2Ki 7:2 Seven years of famine in the land of Canaan 2Ki 8:1-3 The death of Ben-hadad, king of Syria 2Ki 8:7-10 Elevation of Hazael to the throne 2Ki 8:11-15 The victory of Jehoash over Syria 2Ki 13:14-19
http://www.bible-history.com/naves/E/ELISHA/


Elisha in Smiths Bible Dictionary (God his salvation), son of Shaphat of Abel-meholah; the attendant and disciple of Elijan, and subsequently his successor as prophet of the kingdom of Israel. The earliest mention of his name is in the command to Elijah in the cave at Horeb. 1Ki 19:16,17 (B.C. about 900.) Elijah sets forth to obey the command, and comes upon his successor engaged in ploughing. He crosses to him and throws over his shoulders the rough mantle --a token at once of investiture with the prophet's office and of adoption as a son. Elisha delayed merely to give the farewell kiss to his father and mother and preside at a parting feast with his people, and then followed the great prophet on his northward road. We hear nothing more of Elisha for eight years, until the translation of his master, when he reappears, to become the most prominent figure in the history of his country during the rest of his long life. In almost every respect Elisha presents the most complete contrast to Elijah. Elijah was a true Bedouin child of the desert. If he enters a city it is only to deliver his message of fire and be gone. Elisha, on the other hand, is a civilized man, an inhabitant of cities. His dress was the ordinary garment of an Israelite, the beged, probably similar in form to the long abbeyeh of the modern Syrians. 2Ki 2:12 His hair was worn trimmed behind, in contrast to the disordered locks of Elijah, and he used a walking-staff, 2Ki 4:29 of the kind ordinarily carried by grave or aged citizens. Zec 8:4 After the departure of his master, Elisha returned to dwell at Jericho, 2Ki 2:18 where he miraculously purified the springs. We next meet with Elisha at Bethel, in the heart of the country, on his way from Jericho to Mount Carmel. 2Ki 2:23 The mocking children, Elisha's curse and the catastrophe which followed are familiar to all. Later he extricates Jehoram king of Israel, and the kings of Judah and Edom, from their difficulty in the campaign against Moab arising from want of water. 2Ki 3:4-27 Then he multiplies the widow's oil. 2Ki 4:5 The next occurrence is at Shunem, where he is hospitably entertained by a woman of substance, whose son dies, and is brought to life again by Elisha. 2Ki 4:8-37 Then at Gilgal he purifies the deadly pottage, 2Ki 4:38-41 and multiplies the loaves. 2Ki 4:42-44 The simple records of these domestic incidents amongst the sons of the prophets are now interrupted by an occurrence of a more important character. 2Ki 5:1-27 The chief captain of the army of Syria, Naaman, is attacked with leprosy, and is sent by an Israelite maid to the prophet Elisha, who directs him to dip seven times in the Jordan, which he does and is healed, 2Ki 5:1-14 while Naaman's servant, Gehazi, he strikes with leprosy for his unfaithfulness. ch. 2Ki 5:20-27 Again the scene changes. It is probably at Jericho that Elisha causes the iron axe to swim. 2Ki 6:1-7 A band of Syrian marauders are sent to seize him, but are struck blind, and he misleads them to Samaria, where they find themselves int he presence of the Israelite king and his troops. 2Ki 6:8-23 During the famine in Samaria, 2Ki 6:24-33 he prophesied incredible plenty, ch. 2Ki 7:1-2 which was soon fulfilled. ch. 2Ki 7:3-20 We next find the prophet at Damascus. Benhadad the king is sick, and sends to Elisha by Hazael to know the result. Elisha prophesies the king's death, and announces to Hazael that he is to succeed to the throne. 2Ki 8:7,15 Finally this prophet of God, after having filled the position for sixty years, is found on his death-bed in his own house. 2Ki 13:14-19 The power of the prophet, however, does not terminate with his death. Even in the tomb he restores the dead to life. ch. 2Ki 13:21
http://www.bible-history.com/smiths/E/Elisha/


Elisha in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE A prophet, the disciple and successor of Elijah. He was the son of Shaphat, lived at Abel-meholah, at the northern end of the Jordan valley and a little South of the Sea of Galilee. Nothing is told of his parents but the father's name, though he must have been a man of some wealth and doubtless of earnest piety. No hint is given of Elisha's age or birth- place, and it is almost certain that he was born and reared at Abel-meholah, and was a comparatively young man when we first hear of him. His early life thus was spent on his father's estate, in a god-fearing family, conditions which have produced so many of God's prophets. His moral and religious nature was highly developed in such surroundings, and from his work on his father's farm he was called to his training as a prophet and successor of Elijah. I. His Call and Preparation. The first mention of him occurs in 1 Ki 19:16. Elijah was at Horeb, learning perhaps the greatest lesson of his life; and one of the three duties with which he was charged was to anoint Elisha, the son of Shaphat of Abelmeholah, as prophet in his stead...
http://www.bible-history.com/isbe/E/ELISHA/


Elisha in Wikipedia (Hebrew: אֱלִישַׁע, Modern Elišaʿ Tiberian ʾĔlîšaʿ ; "My God is salvation", Greek: Ἐλισσαῖος, Elissaios or Ἐλισαιέ, Elisaie, Arabic: إليسع‎ Elyasaʿ; pronounced /ɨˈlaɪʃə/[1]) is a prophet of the Hebrew Bible. To many Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodox he is known as Saint Eliseus; however, the standard English form of the name has been "Elisha," at least since the introduction of the Authorized King James Version. He is also a prophet in Islam under the name Al-Yasa...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elisha


Elisha Scripture - 1 Kings 19:17 And it shall come to pass, [that] him that escapeth the sword of Hazael shall Jehu slay: and him that escapeth from the sword of Jehu shall Elisha slay.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/1+Kings/19/


Elisha Scripture - 2 Kings 5:8 And it was [so], when Elisha the man of God had heard that the king of Israel had rent his clothes, that he sent to the king, saying, Wherefore hast thou rent thy clothes? let him come now to me, and he shall know that there is a prophet in Israel.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/2+Kings/5/


Elisha Scripture - 2 Kings 8:5 And it came to pass, as he was telling the king how he had restored a dead body to life, that, behold, the woman, whose son he had restored to life, cried to the king for her house and for her land. And Gehazi said, My lord, O king, this [is] the woman, and this [is] her son, whom Elisha restored to life.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/2+Kings/8/


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