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May 23    Scripture

Bible Books: Obadiah
The Book of Obadiah in the Bible

Obadiah in the Bible. The Destruction of Edom. A proclamation against Edom a neighboring nation of Israel that gloated over Jerusalem's judgments. Prophecy of their utter destruction. -Outline of the Books of the Bible

OBADIAH [OLD TESTAMENT] [PROPHETICAL] [MINOR PROPHETS]


Book of Obadiah in Easton's Bible Dictionary consists of one chapter, "concerning Edom," its impending doom (1:1-16), and the restoration of Israel (1:17-21). This is the shortest book of the Old Testament. There are on record the account of four captures of Jerusalem, (1) by Shishak in the reign of Rehoboam (1 Kings 14:25); (2) by the Philistines and Arabians in the reign of Jehoram (2 Chr. 21:16); (3) by Joash, the king of Israel, in the reign of Amaziah (2 Kings 14:13); and (4) by the Babylonians, when Jerusalem was taken and destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar (B.C. 586). Obadiah (1:11-14) speaks of this capture as a thing past. He sees the calamity as having already come on Jerusalem, and the Edomites as joining their forces with those of the Chaldeans in bringing about the degradation and ruin of Israel. We do not indeed read that the Edomites actually took part with the Chaldeans, but the probabilities are that they did so, and this explains the words of Obadiah in denouncing against Edom the judgments of God. The date of his prophecies was thus in or about the year of the destruction of Jerusalem. Edom is the type of Israel's and of God's last foe (Isa. 63:1-4). These will finally all be vanquished, and the kingdom will be the Lord's (comp. Ps. 22:28).
http://www.bible-history.com/eastons/O/Obadiah,+Book+of/


Book of Obadiah in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE Obadiah is the shortest book in the Old Testament. The theme of the book is the destruction of Edom. Consequent upon the overthrow of Edom is the enlargement of the borders of Judah and the establishment of the kingship of Yahweh. Thus far all scholars are agreed; but on questions of authorship and date there is wide divergence of opinion. 1. Contents of the Book: (1) Yahweh summons the nations to the overthrow of proud Edom. The men of Esau will be brought down from their lofty strongholds; their hidden treasures will be rifled; their confederates will turn against them; nor will the wise and the mighty men in Edom be able to avert the crushing calamity (Ob 1:1-9). (2) The overthrow of Edom is due to the violence and cruelty shown toward his brother Jacob. The prophet describes the cruelty and shameless gloating over a brother's calamity, in the form of earnest appeals to Edom not to do the selfish and heartless deeds of which he had been guilty when Jerusalem was sacked by foreign foes (Ob 1:10-14). (3) The day of the display of Yahweh's retributive righteousness upon the nations is near. Edom shall be completely destroyed by the people whom he has tried to uproot, while Israel's captives shall return to take possession of their own land and also to seize and rule the mount of Esau. Thus the kingship of Yahweh shall be established (Ob 1:15-21)...
http://www.bible-history.com/isbe/O/OBADIAH,+BOOK+OF/


Book of Obadiah in Wikipedia The Book of Obadiah is found in the Hebrew Bible, where it is the shortest book, only one chapter long. Its authorship is generally attributed to a person named Obadiah, which means “servant (or worshipper) of the Lord”. Obadiah is classified as a "minor prophet" in the Christian Bible due to the brevity of the writing (only 21 verses) and the content (prophetic material). An Old Testament prophet was not only a person believed to have been given divine insight into future events, but also believed to be a person whom the Lord used to declare his word. The first nine verses in the book foretell total destruction in the land of Edom at the hand of the Lord. Obadiah writes that this destruction will be so complete that it will be even worse than a thief who comes at night, for not even a thief would destroy everything. The Lord will allow all allies of Edom to turn away and help chase Edom out of its land. Verses ten through fourteen explain that when Israel (the Lord’s chosen people) was attacked, Edom refused to help them, thus acting like an enemy. What is even worse is that Edom and Israel share a common blood line through their founders who were brothers, Jacob and Esau. Because of this gross neglect of a relative, Edom will be covered with shame and destroyed forever. The final verses, fifteen through twenty-one, depict the restoration of Israel and the wiping out of the Edomites. Verse eighteen says that there will be no survivors from the house of Esau once the destruction is complete. Israel will become a holy place and its people will return from exile and inhabit the land once inhabited by the Edomites. The final verse of the prophecy places the Lord as King who will rule over all the mountains of Edom...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Book_of_Obadiah


Chart of the Prophets of Israel and Judah God raised up certain "prophets" who were His mouthpieces. They would speak out against their sin and idolatry and would continually warn of God's judgment. Some of the prophets spoke out in the North and some in the South, but God was faithfully warning them of certain catastrophe if they would not turn to him.
http://www.bible-history.com/black-obelisk/kings-prophets.html


Obadiah in Easton's Bible Dictionary servant of the Lord. (1.) An Israelite who was chief in the household of King Ahab (1 Kings 18:3). Amid great spiritual degeneracy he maintained his fidelity to God, and interposed to protect The Lord's prophets, an hundred of whom he hid at great personal risk in a cave (4, 13). Ahab seems to have held Obadiah in great honour, although he had no sympathy with his piety (5, 6, 7). The last notice of him is his bringing back tidings to Ahab that Elijah, whom he had so long sought for, was at hand (9-16). "Go," said Elijah to him, when he met him in the way, "go tell thy lord, Behold, Elijah is here." (2.) A chief of the tribe of Issachar (1 Chr. 7:3). (3.) A descendant of Saul (1 Chr. 8:38). (4.) A Levite, after the Captivity (1 Chr. 9:16). (5.) A Gadite who joined David at Ziklag (1 Chr. 12:9). (6.) A prince of Zebulun in the time of David (1 Chr. 27:19). (7.) One of the princes sent by Jehoshaphat to instruct the people in the law (2 Chr. 17:7). (8.) A Levite who superintended the repairs of the temple under Josiah (2 Chr. 34:12). (9.) One who accompanied Ezra on the return from Babylon (Ezra 8:9). (10.) A prophet, fourth of the minor prophets in the Hebrew canon, and fifth in the LXX. He was probably contemporary with Jeremiah and Ezekiel. Of his personal history nothing is known.
http://www.bible-history.com/eastons/O/Obadiah/


Obadiah in Fausset's Bible Dictionary ("worshipper of Jehovah"; Arabic: Abdallah.) 1. One of Israhiah's "five" sons, of Issachar (1 Chronicles 7:3). But as four only are mentioned, Kennicott with four manuscripts omits "and the sons of Israhiah," thus making him brother not father of Obadiah, and both sons of Uzzi. Syriac and Arabic have our text, but "four." 2. 1 Chronicles 8:38; 1 Chronicles 9:44. 3. 1 Chronicles 9:16; Nehemiah 12:24-25. 4. 1 Chronicles 3:21. 5. 1 Chronicles 12:8-9. 6. 2 Chronicles 17:7. 7. Ezra 8:9. 8. Nehemiah 10:5. 9. Over Ahab's house. A kind of lord high chamberlain or mayor of the palace (1 Kings 18:3). As there were saints in Nero's palace (Philemon 1:13; Philemon 4:22), so they were in wicked Ahab's palace. Had not his value as a servant made him necessary to Ahab, his piety would have destroyed him. The pressure of the drought in the third year was such that Ahab could trust none so well as Obadiah to search throughout the land for water to preserve his "beasts," his stud of "horses and mules." Ahab cared more for these than for his perishing subjects! In a corrupt court, in spite of the persecuting idolatrous queen Jezebel, "Obadiah feared Jehovah," not merely a little but "greatly." So much so that he dared to hide from her fury 100 prophets, feeding them by fifty in a cave (compare on love to the Lord's brethren, Matthew 25:40). Ahab went in one direction in search of water, Obadiah another by himself. The latter was startled by the sudden appearance of Elijah, who had disappeared since his first announcement of the drought coming at his word (1 Kings 17:1). Obadiah knew him and reverently fell on his face saying, "art thou that my lord Elijah?"...
http://www.bible-history.com/faussets/O/Obadiah/


Obadiah in Smiths Bible Dictionary (servant of the Lord), 1. A man whose sons are enumerated in the genealogy of the tribe of Judah. 1Ch 3:21 (B.C. 470.) 2. A descendant of Issachar and a chief man of his tribe. 1Ch 7:3 (B.C. 1014.) 3. One of the six sons of Azel, a descendant of Saul. 1Ch 8:33; 9:44 (B.C. 720.) 4. A Levite, son of Shemaiah, and descended from Jeduthun. 1Ch 9:16; Ne 12:25 5. The second of the lion-faced Gadites who joined David at Ziklag. 1Ch 12:9 (B.C. 1054.) 6. One of the Princes of Judah in the reign of Jehoshaphat. 2Ch 17:7 (B.C. 909.) 7. The son of Jehiel, of the sons of Joab, who came up in the second caravan with Ezra. Ezr 8:9 8. A priest, or family of priests, who settled the covenant with Nehemiah. Ne 10:5 9. The fourth of the twelve minor prophets. We know nothing of him except what we can gather from the short book which bears his name. The question of his date must depend upon the interpretation of the 11th verse of his prophecy. He there speaks of the conquest of Jerusalem and the captivity of Jacob as having occurred, He probably refers to the captivity by Nebuchadnezzar, B.C. 688. It must have been uttered at some time in the five years which intervened between B.C. 588 and 583. The book of Obadiah is a sustained denunciation of the Edomites, melting into a vision of the future glories of Zion when the arm of the Lord should have wrought her deliverance and have repaid double upon her enemies. 10. An officer of high rank in the court of Ahab. 1Ki 18:3 He was a devout worshipper of Jehovah, and at the peril of his life concealed over a hundred prophets during the persecution by Jezebel; 1Ki 18:3-16 (B.C. 904.) 11. The father of Ishmaiah who was chief of the tribe of Zebulun in David's reign. 1Ch 27:19 (B.C. before 1014.) 12. A Merarite Levite in the reign of Josiah, and one of the overseers of the workmen in the restoration of the temple. 2Ch 34:12 (B.C.623.)
http://www.bible-history.com/smiths/O/Obadiah/


Obadiah in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE o-ba-di'-a (`obhadhyah, more fully `obhadhyahu, "servant of Yahweh"): (1) The steward or prime minister of Ahab, who did his best to protect the prophets of Yahweh against Jezebel's persecution. He met Elijah on his return from Zarephath, and bore to Ahab the news of Elijah's reappearance (1 Ki 18:3- 16). (2) The prophet (Ob 1:1). See OBADIAH, BOOK OF. (3) A descendant of David (1 Ch 3:21). (4) A chief of the tribe of Issachar (1 Ch 7:3). (5) A descendant of Saul (1 Ch 8:38; 9:44). (6) A Levite descended from Jeduthun (1 Ch 9:16), identical with Abda (Neh 11:17). (7) A chief of the Gadites (1 Ch 12:9). (8) A Zebulunite, father of the chief Ishmaiah (1 Ch 27:19). (9) One of the princes sent by Jehoshaphat to teach the law in Judah (2 Ch 17:7). (10) A Merarite employed by Josiah to oversee the workmen in repairing the temple (2 Ch 34:12). (11) The head of a family who went up with Ezra from Babylon (Ezr 8:9). (12) One of the men who sealed the covenant with Nehemiah (Neh 10:5). (13) A gate-keeper in the days of Nehemiah (Neh 12:25). The name "Obadiah" was common in Israel from the days of David to the close of the Old Testament. An ancient Hebrew seal bears the inscription "Obadiah the servant of the King."
http://www.bible-history.com/isbe/O/OBADIAH/


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