Bible Books: Joel
The Book of Joel in the Bible
Joel in the Bible. Prediction of the Holy Spirit Age. Proclaims a terrifying future using the imagery of locusts. Judgment will come but blessing will follow.
-Outline of the Books of the Bible
JOEL [OLD TESTAMENT] [PROPHETICAL] [MINOR PROPHETS]
Author of The Book of Joel
Author - Joel (According to the Bible and Jewish Tradition)
Book of Joel in Easton's Bible Dictionary
Joel was probably a resident in Judah, as his commission
that people. He makes frequent mention of Judah and
(1:14; 2:1, 15, 32; 3:1, 12, 17, 20, 21).
He probably flourished in the reign of Uzziah (about
800), and was contemporary with Amos and Isaiah.
The contents of this book are, (1.) A prophecy of a
public calamity then impending over the land,
consisting of a
want of water and an extraordinary plague of locusts
(2.) The prophet then calls on his countrymen to
repent and to
turn to God, assuring them of his readiness to
(2:12-17), and foretelling the restoration of the
land to its
accustomed fruitfulness (18-26). (3.) Then follows a
prophecy, quoted by Peter (Acts 2:39). (4.) Finally,
foretells portents and judgments as destined to fall
enemies of God (ch. 3, but in the Hebrew text 4).
Book of Joel in Wikipedia
The Book of Joel is part of the Hebrew Bible. Joel is part of
a group of twelve prophetic books known as the Minor Prophets
or simply as The Twelve; the distinction 'minor' indicates the
short length of the text in relation to the larger prophetic
texts known as the "Major Prophets"...
Chart of the Prophets of Israel and Judah
God raised up certain "prophets" who were His mouthpieces.
They would speak out against their sin and idolatry and would
continually warn of God's judgment. Some of the prophets spoke
out in the North and some in the South, but God was faithfully
warning them of certain catastrophe if they would not turn to
Contents of The Book of Joel
Main Divisions include: Joel 1 - The terrible plague of
Joel 2:1-27 - The coming day of the Lord, repentance, and
Joel 2:28-3:21 - The outpouring of the Holy Spirit, judgment
upon the nations.
Date of The Book of Joel
Date - 800 BC Approximately. Although it is not certain it
seems that he prophesied around 800 BC during a time when
Judah was experiencing prosperity and security. God was kind
enough to give ample warning before such a devastating
Greek Name of The Book of Joel
Greek Name - Joel (Greek form of the Hebrew)
Hebrew Name and Meaning The Book of Joel
Hebrew Name - Yo-el "Yahweh is God"
History of The Book of Joel
The name "Joel" means "Jehovah is God." Other than his name
and the fact that he was the son of Pethuel, there is little
known about this man Joel, other than the fact that he wrote a
very powerful book. Although it is not certain it seems that
he prophesied around 800 BC during a time when Judah was
experiencing prosperity and security. God was kind enough to
give ample warning before such a devastating judgment.
When the plague of locusts came the land of Judah suffer
dramatically, and what followed after was a time of famine
drought. The plague was described by Joel in four stages, and
Joel pointed to the greater judgment that was to swarm upon
the nation if they did not turn from their ways and seek the
Lord with their whole heart. He called them to fast, and to
repent, and to weep over their sins (Joel 2:12). Joel also
gave a promise of hope and spoke of the great blessings that
would follow in the kingdom of the Messiah.
Joel in Easton's Bible Dictionary
Jehovah is his God. (1.) The oldest of Samuel's two sons
appointed by him as judges in Beersheba (1 Sam. 8:2).
VASHNI ¯(n/a).) (2.) A descendant of Reuben (1 Chr.
One of David's famous warriors (1 Chr. 11:38). (4.) A
the family of Gershom (1 Chr. 15:7, 11). (5.) 1 Chr.
7:3. (6.) 1
Chr. 27:20. (7.) The second of the twelve minor
prophets. He was
the son of Pethuel. His personal history is only known
Joel in Smiths Bible Dictionary
(to whom Jehovah is God).
1. Eldest son of Samuel the prophet, 1Sa 8:2; 1Ch
6:33; 15:17 and father of Heman the singer. (B.C. 1094.)
2. In 1Ch 6:36 Authorized Version, Joel seems to be
merely a corruption of Shaul in ver. 24.
3. A Simeonite chief. 1Ch 4:35
4. A descendant of Reuben. Junius and Tremellius
make him the son of Hanoeh, while others trace his descent
through Carmi. 1Ch 5:4 (B.C. before 1092.)
5. Chief of the Gadites, who dwelt in the land of
Bashan. 1Ch 5:12 (B.C. 782.)
6. The son of Izrahiah, of the tribe of Issachar.
7. The brother of Nathan of Zobah, 1Ch 11:38 and one
of David's guard.
8. The chief of the Gershomites in the reign of
David. 1Ch 15:7,11
9. A Gershonite Levite in the reign of David, son of
Jehiel, a descendant of Laadan, and probably the same as the
preceding. 1Ch 23:8; 26:22 (B.C. 1014.)
10. The son of Pedaiah, and a chief of the half-
tribe of Manasseh west of Jordan, in the reign of David. 1Ch
27:20 (B.C. 1014.)
11. A Kohathite Levite in the reign of Hezekiah. 2Ch
29:12 (B.C. 726.)
12. One of the sons of Nebo, who returned with Ezra,
and had married a foreign wife. Ezr 10:43 (B.C. 459.)
13. The son of Zichri, a Benjamite. Ne 11:9
14. The second of the twelve minor prophets, the son
of Pethuel, probably prophesied in Judah in the reign of
Uzziah, about B.C. 800. The book of Joel contains a grand
outline of the whole terrible scene, which was to be
depicted more and more in detail by subsequent prophets. The
proximate event to which the prophecy related was a public
calamity, then impending on Judah, of a two-plague of
locusts --and continuing for several years. The prophet
exhorts the people to turn to God with penitence, fasting
and prayer; and then, he says, the plague shall cease, and
the rain descendent in its season, and the land yield her
accustomed fruit. Nay, the time will be a most joyful one;
for God, by the outpouring of his Spirit, will extend the
blessings of true religion to heathen lands. The prophecy is
referred to in Acts 2.
Joel in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
I. The Prophet.
The Book of Joel stands second in the collection of the
twelve Prophets in the Hebrew Canon. The name (yo'el),
meaning "Yahweh is God," seems to have been common, as we
find a dozen other persons bearing it at various periods of
the Biblical history. Beyond the fact that he was the son of
Pethuel, there is no intimation in the book as to his native
place, date, or personal history; nor is he mentioned in any
other part of the Old Testament; so that any information on
these points must be matter of inference, and the
consideration of them must follow some examination of the
II. The Book.
1. Literary Form:
This takes largely the form of addresses, the occasion and
scope of which have to be gathered from the contents. There
is no narrative, properly so called, except at one place
(Joel 2:18), "Then was Yahweh jealous for his land," etc.,
and even there the narrative form is not continued. Yet,
though the earlier portions at least may be the transcript
of actual addresses in which the speaker had his audience
before him, this would not apply to the later portions, in
which also the direct address is still maintained (e.g. Joel
3:11, "Haste ye, and come, all ye nations round about").
This form of direct address is, indeed, characteristic of
the style throughout (e.g. Joel 2:21; 3:4,9,13). There is
this also to be said of its literary character, that "the
style of Joel is bright and flowing," his "imagery and
language are fine" (Driver, LOT); "his book is a
description, clear, well arranged, and carried out with
taste and vivacity, of the present distress and of the ideal
future. Joel may be reckoned among the classics of Hebrew
literature. The need of a commentary for details, as is the
case with Amos and Hosea, is here hardly felt" (Reuss, Das
Joel in the Picture Study Bible
Study Bible with information, images, and notes on many
important subjects from the ancient world. Archaeological
notes, geographical notes, ancient documents and manuscripts,
cultural notes, theological notes, articles from scholars,
information about ancient history, ancient customs, ancient
temples, ancient monuments, and a close look at people,
places, and events from the ancient world that are explained
in an easy to understand format.
Outline of The Book of Joel
Quick Overview of Joel. – – 1: 1-2:27 – – The plague of
locusts – – 2:38-3:21 – – the approaching day of the Lord.
Summary of The Book of Joel
The prophet Joel showed up in Israel during a time of the
most terrible plague of locusts in the nation's history.
Joel came and prophesied to the land of Judah before the
plague came. He warned the people of Judah that the
devastation was going to sweep across the land very soon. He
called for a season of fasting, mourning, and repentance.
He warned them of God's judgment in the imagery of the
impending invasion of locusts. He called the people of Judah
and Jerusalem to weep over the sins, and to fast and repent
because the day of the Lord is approaching. Soon the plague
came and devastated the whole land and its effects were
clearly seen and felt. The locusts came like a storm, they
darkened the skies and every green thing was left barren.
There was no hope of escape and they left utter decimation
in their path. Joel seized upon the imagery of the locusts
as a type of the greater judgement that would come on "the
Day of the Lord" in the last days: Alas for the day! For the
day of the LORD is at hand; it shall come as destruction
from the Almighty . . . The LORD gives voice before His
army, for His camp is very great; for strong is the One who
executes His word. For the day of the LORD is great and very
terrible; who can endure it? Joel 1:15, 2:11. Joel also gave
a message of hope and prophesied of great blessings that
would follow and the glories of the Messiah's kingdom.
The New Testament and The Book of Joel
Joel described the coming day of the Lord. In the New
Testament after the resurrection of Jesus Christ and on the
day of Pentecost Peter rose to speak to the people of Israel
regarding the last days. Peter described what they were seeing
as that which was spoken by the prophet Joel (Acts 2:16). The
church age has always been seen by Christians as a time to be
alert and aware that the Lord is returning in judgment. Today
is the day of salvation, the door is open and the fields are
white unto harvest. (John 4:35) but one day Jesus will be
taking vengeance on them that know not God, and obey not the
Gospel of the Lord Jesus Christ (2 Thessalonians 1:8).
Theme of The Book of Joel
Main Theme - The Kingdom of Judah. Joel 2:1-3 - Blow ye the
trumpet in Zion, and sound an alarm in my holy mountain: let
all the inhabitants of the land tremble: for the day of the
LORD cometh, for [it is] nigh at hand; A day of darkness and
of gloominess, a day of clouds and of thick darkness, as the
morning spread upon the mountains: a great people and a
strong; there hath not been ever the like, neither shall be
any more after it, [even] to the years of many generations. A
fire devoureth before them; and behind them a flame burneth:
the land [is] as the garden of Eden before them, and behind
them a desolate wilderness; yea, and nothing shall escape
Type of Jesus in The Book of Joel
Types and Shadows - In Joel the day of Jesus is at hand!
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