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November 18    Scripture

Bible Books: Numbers
The Book of Numbers in the Bible

Numbers in the Bible. The Journey to the Promised Land. Still at Mt. Sinai, People make the Golden Calf, Their punishment, 40 years of wandering begins. -Outline of the Books of the Bible

NUMBERS [OLD TESTAMENT] [PENTATEUCH]


Author of the Book of Numbers The author was Moses according to the Bible. Jesus also confirmed Moses as the author of the first 5 books of the Bible.
http://www.bible-history.com/old-testament/bookofnumbers.html


Book of Numbers in Easton's Bible Dictionary the fourth of the books of the Pentateuch, called in the Hebrew be-midbar, i.e., "in the wilderness." In the LXX. version it is called "Numbers," and this name is now the usual title of the book. It is so called because it contains a record of the numbering of the people in the wilderness of Sinai (1-4), and of their numbering afterwards on the plain of Moab (26). This book is of special historical interest as furnishing us with details as to the route of the Israelites in the wilderness and their principal encampments. It may be divided into three parts: 1. The numbering of the people at Sinai, and preparations for their resuming their march (1-10:10). The sixth chapter gives an account of the vow of a Nazarite. 2. An account of the journey from Sinai to Moab, the sending out of the spies and the report they brought back, and the murmurings (eight times) of the people at the hardships by the way (10:11-21:20). 3. The transactions in the plain of Moab before crossing the Jordan (21:21-ch. 36). The period comprehended in the history extends from the second month of the second year after the Exodus to the beginning of the eleventh month of the fortieth year, in all about thirty-eight years and ten months; a dreary period of wanderings, during which that disobedient generation all died in the wilderness. They were fewer in number at the end of their wanderings than when they left the land of Egypt. We see in this history, on the one hand, the unceasing care of the Almighty over his chosen people during their wanderings; and, on the other hand, the murmurings and rebellions by which they offended their heavenly Protector, drew down repeated marks of his displeasure, and provoked him to say that they should "not enter into his rest" because of their unbelief (Heb. 3:19). This, like the other books of the Pentateuch, bears evidence of having been written by Moses. The expression "the book of the wars of the Lord," occurring in 21:14, has given rise to much discussion. But, after all, "what this book was is uncertain, whether some writing of Israel not now extant, or some writing of the Amorites which contained songs and triumphs of their king Sihon's victories, out of which Moses may cite this testimony, as Paul sometimes does out of heathen poets (Acts 17:28; Titus 1:12)."
http://www.bible-history.com/eastons/N/Numbers,+Book+of/


Book of Numbers in Fausset's Bible Dictionary The book takes its name from the numberings (Numbers 1 and Numbers 26). The Hebrew name it from its first word waedaber, or its first distinctive word Bemidbar. It narrates Israel's stay in the desert from the law giving at Sinai (Leviticus 27:34) to their mustering in Moab's plains before entering Canaan. The parts are four: (1) Preparations for breaking up the camp at Sinai to march to Canaan (Numbers 1 - 10:10). (2) March from Sinai to Canaan's border; repulse by the Amorites (Numbers 10:11-14:45). (3) Selected incidents and enactments during the 38 years' penal wandering (Numbers 15:1-19:22). (4) Last year in the desert, the 40th year after the Exodus (Numbers 20:1-36;Numbers 20:13). Israel's first encampment near Kadesh was at Rithmah (from retem, the "broom") in midsummer, in the second year after the Exodus; there for 40 days they awaited the spies' report (Numbers 13:20; Numbers 13:25-26; Numbers 33:18-19, from verses 20 to 36 are the stages of penal wandering). On the first month of the 40th year they are at Kadesh once more. The tabernacle and Moses remained at Kadesh on the first occasion, while Israel attempted to occupy Canaan too late (Numbers 14:44). For a long period ("many days") they stayed still here, after failure, in hope God would yet remit the sentence (Deuteronomy 1:45-46). Then they "compassed Mount Seir (the wilderness of Paran) many days," until that whole generation died (Deuteronomy 2:1). The 17 stations belong to that dreary period (Numbers 33:19-36). The people spread about the ridges of Paran, while the tabernacle and camp moved among them from place to place. At the second encampment at Kadesh they stayed three or four months (Numbers 20:1 with Numbers 1:22-28; Numbers 33:38). Miriam died, and was buried there...
http://www.bible-history.com/faussets/N/Numbers,+the+book+of/


Book of Numbers in Smiths Bible Dictionary the fourth book of the law or Pentateuch. It takes its name in the LXX. and Vulgate (whence our "Numbers") from the double numbering or census of the people, the first of which is given in chs. 1-4, and the second in ch. 28. Contents. -- The book may be said to contain generally the history of the Israelites from the time of their leaving Sinai, in the second year after the exodus till their arrival at the borders of the Promised land in the fortieth year of their journeyings It consists of the following principal divisions: 1, The Preparations for the departure from Sinai. Nu 1:1 ... 10:10 2. The journey from Sinai to the borders of Canaan. ch. Nu 10:11 ... 14:45 3. A brief notice of laws and events which transpired during the thirty-seven years wandering in the wilderness. ch. Nu 15:1 ... 19:22 4. The history of the last year, from the second arrival of the Israelites in Kadesh till they reached "the plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho." ch, Nu 20:1 ... 36:13 Integrity. --This, like the other books of the Pentateuch, is supposed by many critics to consist of a compilation from two or three or more earlier documents; but the grounds on which this distinction of documents rests are in every respect most unsatisfactory, and it may, in common with the preceding books and Deuteronomy, be regarded as the work of Moses. The book of Numbers is rich in fragments of ancient poetry, some of them of great beauty and all throwing an interesting light on the character of the times in which they were composed. Such, for instance, is the blessing of the high priest. ch. Nu 6:24-26 Such too are chants which were the signal for the ark to move when the people journeyed, and for it to rest when they were about to encamp. In ch. 21 we have a passage cited from a book called the "Book of the Wars of Jehovah." This was probably a collection of ballads and songs composed on different occasions by the watch-fires of the camp, and for the most part, though not perhaps exclusively, in commemoration of the victories of the Israelites over their enemies.
http://www.bible-history.com/smiths/N/Numbers/


Book of Numbers in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE LITERATURE I. Title and Contents. 1. Title: Styled in the Hebrew Bible bemidhbar, "in the wilderness," from the 5th word in Nu 1:1, probably because of recording the fortunes of Israel in the Sinaitic desert. The 4th book of the Pentateuch (or of the Hexateuch, according to criticism) was designated Arithmoi in the Septuagint, and Numeri in the Vulgate, and from this last received its name "Numbers" in the King James Version, in all 3 evidently because of its reporting the 2 censuses which were taken, the one at Sinai at the beginning and the other on the plains of Moab at the close of the wanderings. 2. Contents: Of the contents the following arrangement will be sufficiently detailed: (1) Before leaving Sinai, Nu 1:1 through 10:10 (a period of 19 days, from the 1st to the 20th of the 2nd month after the exodus), describing: (a) The numbering and ordering of the people, Numbers 1 through 4. (b) The cleansing and blessing of the congregation, Numbers 5; 6. (c) The princes' offerings and the dedication of the altar, Numbers 7; 8. (d) The observance of a second Passover, Nu 9:1-14. (e) The cloud and the trumpets for the march, Nu 9:15 through 10:10. (2) From Sinai to Kadesh, Nu 10:11 through 14:45 (a period of 10 days, from the 20th to the 30th of the 2nd month), narrating: (a) The departure from Sinai, Nu 10:11-35. (b) The events at Taberah and Kibroth-hattaavah, Numbers 11. (c) The rebellion of Miriam and Aaron, Numbers 12. (d) The mission of the spies, Numbers 13; 14. (3) The wanderings in the desert, Numbers 15 through 19 (a period of 37 years, from the end of the 2nd to the beginning of the 40th year), recording: (a) Sundry laws and the punishment of a Sabbath breaker, Numbers 15. (b) The rebellion of Korah, Numbers 16. (c) The budding of Aaron's rod, Numbers 17. (d) The duties and revenues of the priests and Levites, Numbers 18. (e) The water of separation for the unclean, Numbers 19. (4) From Kadesh to Moab, Numbers 20; 21 (a period of 10 months, from the beginning of the 40th year), reciting: (a) The story of Balaam, Nu 22:2 through 24:25. (b) The zeal of Phinehas, Numbers 25. (c) The second census, Nu 26:1-51...
http://www.bible-history.com/isbe/N/NUMBERS,+BOOK+OF/


Book of Numbers in Wikipedia The Book of Numbers (Greek: Αριθμοί arithmoi meaning "numbers") or Bəmidbar (Hebrew: במדבר, literally "In the desert [of]") is the fourth book of the Hebrew Bible, and the fourth of five books of the Jewish Torah/Pentateuch. This book may be divided into three parts: The numbering of the people at Sinai, and preparations for resuming their march (1–10:10). An account of the journey from Sinai to Moab, the sending out of the spies and the report they brought back, the murmurings (eight times) of the people at the hardships by the way, and the subsequent exile into the wilderness for 40 years (10:11–21:20). The transactions in the plain of Moab before crossing the Jordan River (21:21–36). In Numbers, the priests are instructed to bless the nation of Israel as follows: “May Yahweh bless you, and keep you. May Yahweh let his face shine on you and be gracious to you. May Yahweh show you his face and bring you peace.”[1] This priestly blessing is regularly performed during Jewish services,[2] on Jewish holidays, and sometimes by parents over their own children before the Friday Shabbat meal...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Book_of_Numbers


Date of the Book of Numbers Date - From 1490-1451 BC Approximately
http://www.bible-history.com/old-testament/bookofnumbers.html


Greek Name of the Book of Numbers Greek Name - Numbers "numberings"
http://www.bible-history.com/old-testament/bookofnumbers.html


Hebrew Name and Meaning of The Book of Numbers Hebrew Name - Bemidhbar "in the wilderness"
http://www.bible-history.com/biblestudy/charts/old-testament-books-hebrew-meaning.html


Outline of The Book of Numbers Quick Overview of Numbers. – –1-4 – –The numbering of the Israelites, the organizing of the Israelites into tribes and companies, the offices of the Levites while serving in the Tabernacle. – – 5-10 – – The establishing of various civil and ceremonial laws. – – 11-21 – – The murmuring of the Israelites in the wilderness on their way to Mount Sinai. – – 22-36 – – The encampment of the Israelites on the plains of Moab.
http://www.bible-history.com/old-testament/bookofnumbers.html


Summary of The Book of Numbers This book takes its name from the fact that it contains the account of the two census enumerations of the congregation of Israel in chs. 1-4 and ch. 26. The title, however, is interesting since there is really no connection with these "numberings." The original Hebrew title, "in the wilderness," is greatly to be preferred, as the book is certainly more a vital history of the events of the period of wanderings than a catalogue of lifeless statistics. Numbers follows naturally after Leviticus in the sequence of the books of the Pentateuch. After receiving the laws at Sinai, the journey to which was described in Exodus, the Israelites were ready to continue their march to Canaan. This book tells of their preparations, their sin in failing to trust in God and the resultant thirty-seven years of wanderings through the rough wilderness. At the end of the book, they are once again at the edge of Canaan, where they receive instructions for the conquest and division of the land. The principle divisions of the book are as follows: 1) The preparation for the departure from Sinai (1:1-10:10). The events described here took place in nineteen days. In this time a census was taken of all men who were over twenty and who could serve in military efforts (1-4). The total obtained was 603,550 (1:46). This would indicate that the total population of the group was probably near three million. The census was followed by the cleansing and blessing of the congregation (5-6), the offering of gifts from the various tribes (7), the consecration of the Levites (8) and the observance of the Passover at Sinai (9:1-14). 2 ) The journey from Sinai to Kadesh-barnea (10:11-14:45). This section includes the account of the coming of the quail (11), the rebellion against Moses by Miriam and Aaron (12), and the fateful mission of the spies (13, 14). 3) The wanderings of the desert wilderness (15-19). As noted above, this covered a period of thirty-seven years, from the end of the second to the beginning of the fortieth year in the wilderness. Ch. 15 includes various laws and a record of capital punishment for Sabbath breaking. The rebellion of Korah (ch. 16) and the budding of Aaron's rod (ch. 17) are also mentioned here. 4) The history of the last year, from the second arrival of the Israelites at Kadesh till they reach "the plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho" (20-36: 13) . Notable sections of this are the story of Balaam (22:2-24:25), the zeal of Phinehas (ch. 25) , the second census (26:1-51), instructions for dividing the land (26:52-27: 11), the appointment of Joshua as Moses' successor (27: 12-23), various laws concerning offerings and vows ( 28-30 ), the war with Midian ( ch. 31), the settlement of the tribes east of the Jordan (ch. 32) , a review of the locations at which Israel had camped during their wanderings (33: 1-49), more instructions concerning the conquest and division of Canaan (33:50-34:29 ), the appointment of the cities of refuge (ch. 35) and instructions concerning the marriage of land-owning Israelite women (ch. 36).
http://www.bible-history.com/old-testament/bookofnumbers.html


The Book of Numbers in the Picture Study Bible Numbers background, archaeology, maps, and images.
http://www.bible-history.com/studybible/Numbers/


Theme of the Book of Numbers Theme - The Journey to the Promised Land
http://www.bible-history.com/old-testament/bookofnumbers.html


Type of Jesus in the Book of Numbers Types and Shadows - In Numbers Jesus is the Pillar of Cloud by Day and the Pillar of Fire by Night.
http://www.bible-history.com/old-testament/bookofnumbers.html


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