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February 25    Scripture

Bible Animals: Quail
Quail in the ancient World.

Ancient Quail. THE Oriental Quail is a bird of passage about the size of a turtle • dove, and nearly resembling the American partridge. Hasselquist states that it is plentiful near the Dead Sea and the Jordan, and in the deserts of Arabia : and Diodorus affirms that it is caught in im­mense numbers about Rhinocolura, at the southwest corner of Israel. It flies very low, especially when fatigued. It migrates In vast flocks, and when, at night, it settles on the ground, it is so much exhausted that it may be caught with the hand. The flocks of quails, therefore, which came up to the camp of Israel are entirely credible; and the miracle seems especially to have consisted in these immense flocks being directed to a particular spot, in the extreme emergency of the people, by means of " a wind from the Lord " (Ex. xvi. ; Num. xi. 31 ; Psalms lxxviii. 27.) - Animals, Birds, Insects, And Reptiles Of The Bible

Quail in Fausset's Bible Dictionary celaw. The Arabic name is similar, which identifies the quail as meant. Twice miraculously supplied to Israel (Exodus 16:13; Numbers 11:31-32). Psalm 105:40 connects the quail with the manna, and therefore refers to Exodus 16:13, the first sending of quails, the psalm moreover referring to God's acts of grace. Psalm 78:27; Psalm 78:31, refers to the second sending of quails (Numbers 11) in chastisement (Psalm 106:14-15). The S.E. wind blew them from the Elanitic gulf of the Red Sea. Translated "threw them over the camp ... about two cubits above the face of the ground." Wearied with their long flight they flew breast high, and were easily secured by the Israelites. They habitually fly low, and with the wind. The least gatherer got ten homers' (the largest Hebrew measure of quantity) full; and "they spread them all abroad for themselves" to salt and dry (Herodotus ii. 77). "Ere the flesh was consumed" (so Hebrew) God's wrath smote them. Eating birds' flesh continually, after long abstinence from flesh, a whole month greedily, in a hot climate predisposed them by surfeit to sickness; God miraculously intensified this into a plague, and the place became Kibroth Hattaavah, "the graves of lust." (See KIBROTH HATTAAVAH The red legged crane's flesh is nauseous, and is not therefore likely to be meant. "At even" the quails began to arrive; so Tristram noticed their arrival from the S. at night in northern Algeria two successive years. Ornithologists designate the quail the Coturnix dactylisonans (from its shrill piping cry).
http://www.bible-history.com/faussets/Q/Quail/


Quail in Naves Topical Bible -The miracle of, in the Wilderness of Sin Ex 16:13 -The miracle of, at Kibroth-hattaavah Nu 11:31,32; Ps 105:40
http://www.bible-history.com/naves/Q/QUAIL/


Quail in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE kwal (selaw; ortugometra; Latin Coturnix vulgaris): A game bird of the family Coturnix, closely related to "partridges" (which see). Quail and partridges are near relatives, the partridge a little larger and of brighter color. Quail are like the gray, brown and tan of earth. Their plumage is cut and penciled by markings, and their flesh juicy and delicate food. Their habits are very similar. They nest on the ground and brood on from 12 to 20 eggs. The quail are more friendly birds and live in the open, brooding along roads and around fields. They have a longer, fuller wing than the partridge and can make stronger flight. In Israel they were migratory. They are first mentioned in Ex 16:13: "And it came to pass at even, that the quails came up, and covered the camp: and in the morning the dew lay round about the camp." This describes a large flock in migration, so that they passed as a cloud. Nu 11:31-33: "And there went forth a wind from Yahweh, and brought quail from the sea, and let them fall by the camp, about a day's journey on this side, and a day's journey on the other side, round about the camp, and about two cubits above the face of the earth. And the people rose up all that day, and all the night, and all the next day, and gathered the quail: he that gathered least gathered ten homers: and they spread them all abroad for themselves round about the camp"; compare Ps 78:26-30:...
http://www.bible-history.com/isbe/Q/QUAIL/


Quail in Wikipedia Quail. — The description given Ex., xvi, 11-13; Num., xi, 31, 32; Ps., lxxvii (Hebr., lxxviii) 27-35, and civ (Hebr., cv), 40, the references to their countless flocks, their low flying, their habit of alighting on land in the morning, together with the analogy of the Hebrew and Arabic names, make it certain that the common quail (coturnix vulgaris) is intended.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quail


Quail Scripture - Exodus 16:13 And it came to pass, that at even the quails came up, and covered the camp: and in the morning the dew lay round about the host.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Exodus/16/


Quail Scripture - Numbers 11:31 And there went forth a wind from the LORD, and brought quails from the sea, and let [them] fall by the camp, as it were a day's journey on this side, and as it were a day's journey on the other side, round about the camp, and as it were two cubits [high] upon the face of the earth.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Numbers/11/


Quail Scripture - Numbers 11:32 And the people stood up all that day, and all [that] night, and all the next day, and they gathered the quails: he that gathered least gathered ten homers: and they spread [them] all abroad for themselves round about the camp.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Numbers/11/


Quails in Easton's Bible Dictionary The Israelites were twice relieved in their privation by a miraculous supply of quails, (1) in the wilderness of Sin (Ex. 16:13), and (2) again at Kibroth-hattaavah (q.v.), Num. 11:31. God "rained flesh upon them as dust, and feathered fowls like as the sand of the sea" (Ps. 78:27). The words in Num. 11:31, according to the Authorized Version, appear to denote that the quails lay one above another to the thickness of two cubits above the ground. The Revised Version, however, reads, "about two cubits above the face of the earth", i.e., the quails flew at this height, and were easily killed or caught by the hand. Being thus secured in vast numbers by the people, they "spread them all abroad" (11:32) in order to salt and dry them. These birds (the Coturnix vulgaris of naturalists) are found in countless numbers on the shores of the Mediterranean, and their annual migration is an event causing great excitement.
http://www.bible-history.com/eastons/Q/Quails/


Quails in Smiths Bible Dictionary There can be no doubt that the Hebrew word in the Pentateuch Ex 16:13; Nu 11:31,32 and in the 105th Psalm, denotes the common quail, Coturnix dactylisonans. (The enormous quantity of quails taken by the Israelites has its parallel in modern times. Pliny states that they sometimes alight on vessels in the Mediterranean and sink them. Colenel Sykes states that 160,000 quails have been netted in one season on the island of Capri. --ED.) The expression "as it were two cubits (high) upon the face of the earth," Nu 11:31 refers probably to the height at which the quails flew above the ground, in their exhausted condition from their long flight. As to the enormous quantities which the least-successful Israelite is said to have taken viz. "ten homers" (i.e. eighty bushels) in the space of a night and two days, there is every reason for believing that the "homers here spoken of do not denote strictly the measure of that name but simply "a heap." The Israelites would have had little difficulty in capturing large quantities of these birds as they are known to arrive at places sometimes so completely exhausted by their flight as to be readily taken, not in nets only, but by the hand. They "spread the quails round about the camp;" this was for the purpose of drying them. The Egyptians similarly prepared these birds. The expression "quails from the sea," Nu 11:31 must not be restricted to denote that the birds came from the sea, as their starting-point, but it must be taken to show the direction from which they were coming. The quails were at the time of the event narrated in the sacred writings, on their spring journey of migration northward, It is interesting to note the time specified: "it was at even" that they began to arrive; and they no doubt continued to come all night. Many observers have recorded that the quail migrates by night.
http://www.bible-history.com/smiths/Q/Quails/


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