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November 18    Scripture

Bible Animals: Falcon
Falcon in the ancient World.

Ancient Falcon. THE Falcons constitute the second and by much the most numerous division of the diurnal birds of prey. They hive the head and neck covered with feathers ; their eyebrows form a projection which occa­sions the eye to appear sunk, and imparts a very different character to their physiognomy from that of the vultures. The majority of them subsist on living prey, but they differ much in the amount of courage displayed in the pursuit of it. The female is generally one-third larger than the male. The Lanner Falcon is much larger than the Peregrine, or ordinary falcon. It is found in Eastern countries only, and is not known in Europe. It derives its name from the Latin word Lanarius (a butcher, or one who tears things to pieces), in consequence of its ferocity. - Animals, Birds, Insects, And Reptiles Of The Bible

Falcon in Naves Topical Bible -A carnivorous bird (R. V.) Le 11:14; De 14:13
http://www.bible-history.com/naves/F/FALCON/


Falcon in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE fo'-k'-n, fol'-k'-n, fal'-kun: The Hebrews did not know the word. Their bird corresponding to our falcon, in all probability, was one of the smaller kestrels covered by the word nets, which seemed to cover all lesser birds of prey that we include in the hawk family. That some of our many divisions of species were known to them is indicated by the phrase "after its kind." The word occurs in the Revised Version (British and American) in Job 28:7, to translation 'ayyah, Greek gups (compare Lev 11:14; Dt 14:13): "That path no bird of prey knoweth, Neither hath the falcon's eye seen it." This substitutes "falcon" for "vulture" in the King James Version. The change weakens the force of the lines. All ornithologists know that eagles, vultures and the large hawks have such range of vision that they at once descend from heights at which we cannot see them to take prey on earth or food placed to tempt them. The falcons and sparrow hawks are small members of the family, some of which feed on little birds, some on insects. They are not celebrated for greater range of vision than other birds of the same location and feeding habits. The strength of these lines lay in the fact that if the path to the mine were so well concealed that the piercing eye of the vulture failed to find it, then it was perfectly hidden indeed. Gene Stratton-Porter
http://www.bible-history.com/isbe/F/FALCON/


Hawk in Easton's Bible Dictionary (Heb. netz, a word expressive of strong and rapid flight, and hence appropriate to the hawk). It is an unclean bird (Lev. 11:16; Deut. 14:15). It is common in Syria and surrounding countries. The Hebrew word includes various species of Falconidae, with special reference perhaps to the kestrel (Falco tinnunculus), the hobby (Hypotriorchis subbuteo), and the lesser kestrel (Tin, Cenchris). The kestrel remains all the year in Israel, but some ten or twelve other species are all migrants from the south. Of those summer visitors to Israel special mention may be made of the Falco sacer and the Falco lanarius. (See NIGHT-HAWK ¯T0002729.)
http://www.bible-history.com/eastons/H/Hawk/


Hawk in Fausset's Bible Dictionary neets; implying "strong and rapid flight". Migratory in S. Europe and parts of Asia; so Job 39:26, "doth the hawk fly by thy wisdom, and stretch her wings toward the S.?" Of the dozen lesser raptores, birds, in Israel nearly all are summer migrants; the Falco saker and Falco lanarius, besides the smaller Falco melanopterus, Hypotriorchis subbuteo or the hobby, etc. The sacred monuments show that one kind was sacred in Egypt. The Greek name implies "sacredness", hierax.
http://www.bible-history.com/faussets/H/Hawk/


Hawk in Smiths Bible Dictionary Le 11:16; De 14:15; Job 39:26 The hawk includes various species of the Falconidae. With respect to the passage in Job (l.c.) which appears to allude to the migratory habits of hawks, it is curious to observe that of the ten or twelve lesser raptors (hawk tribe) of Israel, nearly all are summer migrants. The kestrel remains all the year, but the others are all migrants from the south.
http://www.bible-history.com/smiths/H/Hawk/


Hawk in Wikipedia Hawk (Hebr., neç) is, in the Scriptures, a general denomination including, with the falcon, all the smaller birds of prey, the kestrel, merlin, sparrowhawk , hobby, and others, most common in Israel.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hawk


Hawk Scripture - Deuteronomy 14:15 And the owl, and the night hawk, and the cuckow, and the hawk after his kind,
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Deuteronomy/14/


Hawk Scripture - Job 39:26 Doth the hawk fly by thy wisdom, [and] stretch her wings toward the south?
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Job/39/


Hawk Scripture - Leviticus 11:16 And the owl, and the night hawk, and the cuckow, and the hawk after his kind,
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Leviticus/11/


Sparrow Hawk in Wikipedia Sparrow Hawk (falco nisus), one of the hawks of Israel, so common that it might be regarded, in reference to the Bible, as the hawk par excellence.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eurasian_Sparrowhawk


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