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May 25    Scripture

Bible Animals: Sparrow
Sparrow in the ancient World.

Ancient Sparrow. THE Sparrow, the Passer domesticatus of naturalists, is a small bird. The quill and tail-feathers are brown, and the body gray and black. It is fearless and familiar in its habits. It frequents populous places, and builds its nest among human habitations, under the eaves of houses, and the like. Its food consists of seeds, fruit, and insects. It is common to Europe, Asia, and Africa. Sparrows are very numerous in Jerusalem. They seem to prefer the neighborhood of the Mosque of Omar, flying around it in large flocks, and building their nests, as of old, within the ancient Temple precincts (Psalms lxxxiv. 3). - Animals, Birds, Insects, And Reptiles Of The Bible

Birds in Wikipedia Bird. No other classification of birds than into clean and unclean is given. The Jews, before the Babylonian captivity, had no domestic fowls except pigeons . Although many birds are mentioned, there occur few allusions to their habits. Their instinct of migration, the snaring or netting them, and the caging of song birds are referred to. Bird, Dyed. So does the English version, Jer., xii, 9, wrongly interpret the Hebrew 'yit. which means beast of prey, sometimes also bird of prey. Bird, Singing. This singing bird of Soph., ii, 14, according to the D.V., owes its origin to a mistranslation of the original, which most probably should be read: "And their voice shall sing at the window"; unless by a mistake of some scribe, the word ql, voice, has been substituted for the name of some particular bird. Birds, Speckled, Hebrew bh' (Jeremiah 12:9). A much discussed translation. The interpretation of the English versions, however meaningless it may seem to some, is supported by the Targum, the Syriac, and St. Jerome. In spite of these authorities many modern scholars prefer to use the word hyena, given by the Septuagint and confirmed by Ecclesiasticus, xiii, 22 as well as by the Arabic (dbh) and rabbinical Hebrew (ebh'), names of the hyena.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bird


Sparrow in Easton's Bible Dictionary Mentioned among the offerings made by the very poor. Two sparrows were sold for a farthing (Matt. 10:29), and five for two farthings (Luke 12:6). The Hebrew word thus rendered is _tsippor_, which properly denotes the whole family of small birds which feed on grain (Lev. 14:4; Ps. 84:3; 102:7). The Greek word of the New Testament is _strouthion_ (Matt. 10:29-31), which is thus correctly rendered.
http://www.bible-history.com/eastons/S/Sparrow/


Sparrow in Fausset's Bible Dictionary Related to Hebrew tsipor, imitation of the sound made by it, "tzip" (Psalm 84:3. (See BIRD.) Leviticus 14:4-7 margin.) On the meaning of the rite in cleansing leper's, one tsippor killed, the other dipped in its blood and let loose alive, Cowper writes: "Dipped in his fellow's blood, The living bird went free; The type, well understood, Expressed the sinner's plea; Described a guilty soul enlarged, And by a Saviour's death discharged." Its commonness gives point to Jesus' remark, "Are not two sparrows sold for a farthing ... one of them shall not fall on the ground without your Father. ... Fear ye not therefore ye are of more value than many sparrows" (Matthew 10:29; Matthew 10:31; Luke 12:6-7). There are one hundred different species of the passerine order in Israel.
http://www.bible-history.com/faussets/S/Sparrow/


Sparrow in Naves Topical Bible -Nests of Ps 84:3 -Two, sold for a farthing Mt 10:29; Lu 12:6
http://www.bible-history.com/naves/S/SPARROW/


Sparrow in Smiths Bible Dictionary (Heb. tzippor, from a root signifying to "chirp" or "twitter," which appears to be a phonetic representation of the call-note of any passerine (sparrow-like) bird). This Hebrew word occurs upwards of forty times in the Old Testament. In all passages except two it is rendered by the Authorized Version indifferently "bird" or "fowl." and denotes any small bird, both of the sparrow-like species and such as the starling, chaffinch, greenfinch, linnet, goldfinch, corn-bunting, pipits, blackbird, song-thrush, etc. In Ps 84:3 and Psal 102:7 it is rendered "sparrow." The Greek stauthion (Authorized Version "sparrow") occurs twice in the New Testament, Mt 10:29; Lu 12:6,7 (The birds above mentioned are found in great numbers in Israel and are of very little value, selling for the merest trifle and are thus strikingly used by our Saviour, Mt 10:20 as an illustration of our Father's care for his children. --ED.) The blue thrush (Petrocossyphus cyaneus) is probably the bird to which the psalmist alludes in Pr 102:7 as "the sparrow that sitteth alone upon the house-top." It is a solitary bird, eschewing the society of its own species, and rarely more than a pair are seen together. The English tree-sparrow (Passer montanus, Linn.) is also very common, and may be seen in numbers on Mount Olivet and also about the sacred enclosure of the mosque of Omar. This is perhaps the exact species referred to in Ps 84:3 Dr. Thompson, in speaking of the great numbers of the house-sparrows and field-sparrows in troublesome and impertinent generation, and nestle just where you do not want them. They stop your stove-- and water-pipes with their rubbish, build in the windows and under the beams of the roof, and would stuff your hat full of stubble in half a day if they found it hanging in a place to suit them."
http://www.bible-history.com/smiths/S/Sparrow/


Sparrow in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE spar'-o (tsippor; strouthion; Latin passer): A small bird of the Fringillidae family. The Hebrew tsippor seems to have been a generic name under which were placed all small birds that frequented houses and gardens. The word occurs about 40 times in the Bible, and is indiscriminately translated "bird" "fowl" or "sparrow." Our translators have used the word "sparrow" where they felt that this bird best filled the requirements of the texts. Sparrows are small brown and gray birds of friendly habit that swarm over the northern part of Israel, and West of the Sea of Galilee, where the hills, plains and fertile fields are scattered over with villages. They build in the vineyards, orchards and bushes of the walled gardens surrounding houses, on the ground or in nooks and crannies of vine-covered walls. They live on seeds, small green buds and tiny insects and worms. Some members of the family sing musically; all are great chatterers when about the business of life. Repeatedly they are mentioned by Bible writers, but most of the references lose force as applying to the bird family, because they are translated "bird" or "fowl." In a few instances the word "sparrow" is used, and in some of these, painstaking commentators feel that what is said does not apply to the sparrow. For example see Ps 102:7:...
http://www.bible-history.com/isbe/S/SPARROW/


Sparrow in Wikipedia Sparrow. The Hebrew word ppr, found over 40 times, is a general name for all small passerine birds, of which there exist about 150 species in the Holy Land.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sparrow


Sparrow Scripture - Psalms 102:7 I watch, and am as a sparrow alone upon the house top.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Psalms/102/


Sparrow Scripture - Psalms 84:3 Yea, the sparrow hath found an house, and the swallow a nest for herself, where she may lay her young, [even] thine altars, O LORD of hosts, my King, and my God.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Psalms/84/


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