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April 30    Scripture

Bible Animals: Elephant
Elephant in the ancient World.

Elephants in the Bible. Ivory is mentioned several times in the 0. T. and once in the N. T. The animal itself is named only in the Apocrypha, always as an engine of war. The Indian species was used for this purpose. - Animal Life in the Scriptures

Ancient Elephant. THE word Elephant does not occur in the text of the Canonical Scriptures of the Authorized Version, but is found as a marginal reading to Behemoth, in Job xl. 15. "Elephant's teeth" is the mar­ginal reading for " ivory," in 1 Kings x. 22; 2 Chron. ix. 41. Elephants, however, are repeatedly mentioned in the First and Second Books of Maccabees, in the Apocryphal writings, as being used in warfare. - Animals, Birds, Insects, And Reptiles Of The Bible


Elephant in Easton's Bible Dictionary not found in Scripture except indirectly in the original Greek word (elephantinos) translated "of ivory" in Rev. 18:12, and in the Hebrew word (shenhabim, meaning "elephant's tooth") rendered "ivory" in 1 Kings 10:22 and 2 Chr. 9:21.
http://www.bible-history.com/eastons/E/Elephant/


Elephant in Naves Topical Bible -(Margin A. V.) Job 40:15 -See IVORY
http://www.bible-history.com/naves/E/ELEPHANT/


Elephant in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE el'-e-fant (Job 40:15 the King James Version margin, the American Revised Version, margin "hippopotamus," the Revised Version (British and American) "ivory"); 1 Ki 10:22 the King James Version margin; 2 Ch 9:21 the King James Version; 1 Macc 3:34; 6:28 ff; 8:6): Possibly in Job it is the extinct mammoth. See BEHEMOTH; IVORY.
http://www.bible-history.com/isbe/E/ELEPHANT/


Elephant in Wikipedia Elephant. — We learn from Assyrian inscriptions that before the Hebrews settled in Syria, there existed elephants in that country, and Tiglath-Pileser I tells us about his exploits in elephant hunting. We do not read, however, of elephants in the Bible until the Machabean times. True, III Kings speaks of ivory, or "elephants' teeth", as the Hebrew text puts it, yet not as indigenous, but as imported from Ophir. In the post-exilian times, especially in the books of the Machabees, elephants are frequently mentioned; they were an important element in the armies of the Seleucides. These animals were imported either from India or from Africa.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elephant


Ivory in Easton's Bible Dictionary (Heb. pl. shenhabbim, the "tusks of elephants") was early used in decorations by the Egyptians, and a great trade in it was carried on by the Assyrians (Ezek. 27:6; Rev. 18:12). It was used by the Phoenicians to ornament the box-wood rowing-benches of their galleys, and Hiram's skilled workmen made Solomon's throne of ivory (1 Kings 10:18). It was brought by the caravans of Dedan (Isa. 21:13), and from the East Indies by the navy of Tarshish (1 Kings 10:22). Many specimens of ancient Egyptian and Assyrian ivory-work have been preserved. The word _habbim_ is derived from the Sanscrit _ibhas_, meaning "elephant," preceded by the Hebrew article (ha); and hence it is argued that Ophir, from which it and the other articles mentioned in 1 Kings 10:22 were brought, was in India.
http://www.bible-history.com/eastons/I/Ivory/


Ivory in Fausset's Bible Dictionary sheen, "tooth" or "tusk", namely, of the elephant. There is no Hebrew word in Scripture for the elephant, for the Israelites knew of the elephant first only by its ivory, which was imported from Africa and India. The African elephant exceeds the Indian in the size of the ear and of the tusks, the latter of which are often eight or ten feet long and weigh from 100 to 120 lbs. From the resemblance of its tusks to horns Ezekiel 27:15 has "horns of ivory." "Palaces of ivory" mean ornamented with ivory (Psalm 45:8). So Ahab's palace (1 Kings 22:39). Amos (Amos 3:15) foretells the destruction of the luxurious "houses of ivory" having their walls, doors, and ceilings inlaid with it; also "beds of ivory" (Amos 6:4), i.e. veneered with it. In 1 Kings 10:22 and 2 Chronicles 9:21 sheen habbim is the term "the teeth of elephants"; Sanskrit ibhas, Coptic eboy, Assyrian habba in the inscriptions. Gesenius would read sheen habenim, "ivory (and) ebony." On the Assyrian obelisk in the British Museum tribute bearers are seen carrying tusks; specimens of carvings in ivory were found in Nimrud, and tablets inlaid with blue and opaque glass. "All manner vessels of ivory" are in mystic Babylon (Revelation 18:12). Solomon made a great throne of ivory overlaid with gold (1 Kings 10:18-20); the ivory was brought in the navy of Tarshish, probably from the S. coasts of Arabia, which maintained from ancient times commercial intercourse with both India and Ethiopia. In Ezekiel 27:6 we read "the Ashurites have made thy (Tyre's) benches of ivory, brought out of the isles of Chittim"; rather, as the Hebrew orthography requires, "they have made thy (rowing) benches of ivory, inlaid in the daughter of cedars" or "the best boxwood" (bath ashurim), from Cyprus and Macedonia, from whence the best boxwood came (Pliny).
http://www.bible-history.com/faussets/I/Ivory/


Ivory in Smiths Bible Dictionary The word translated "ivory" literally signifies the "tooth" of any animal, and hence more especially denotes the substance of the projecting tusks of elephants. The skilled work-men of Hiram, king of Tyre, fashioned the great ivory throne of Solomon, and overlaid it with pure gold. 1Ki 10:18; 2Ch 9:17 The ivory thus employed was supplied by the caravans of Dedan, Isa 21:13; Eze 27:15 or was brought, with apes and peacocks, by the navy of Tarshish. 1Ki 10:22 The "ivory house" of Ahab, 1Ki 22:39 was probably a palace, the walls of which were panelled with ivory, like the palace of Menelaus described by Homer. Odys. iv. 73. Beds inlaid or veneered with ivory were in use among the Hebrews. Am 6:4
http://www.bible-history.com/smiths/I/Ivory/


Ivory Scripture - 1 Kings 10:22 For the king had at sea a navy of Tharshish with the navy of Hiram: once in three years came the navy of Tharshish, bringing gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacocks.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/1+Kings/10/


Ivory Scripture - Amos 3:15 And I will smite the winter house with the summer house; and the houses of ivory shall perish, and the great houses shall have an end, saith the LORD.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Amos/3/


Ivory Scripture - Revelation 18:12 The merchandise of gold, and silver, and precious stones, and of pearls, and fine linen, and purple, and silk, and scarlet, and all thyine wood, and all manner vessels of ivory, and all manner vessels of most precious wood, and of brass, and iron, and marble,
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Revelation/18/


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