Bible Animals: Swine
Swine or Pigs in the ancient World.
Swine in the Bible. Swine were considered the most unclean of all animals, and the herding of swine a most degrading occupation. Rarely found in Israel today, for the ancient, deep-rooted antipathy to the animal still exists. - Animal Life in the Scriptures
Swine in Easton's Bible Dictionary
(Heb. hazir), regarded as the most unclean and the most
of all animals (Lev. 11:7; Isa. 65:4; 66:3, 17; Luke
A herd of swine were drowned in the Sea of Galilee
33). Spoken of figuratively in Matt. 7:6 (see Prov.
is frequently mentioned as a wild animal, and is
wild boar (Arab. khanzir), which is common among the
the Jordan valley (Ps. 80:13).
Swine in Naves Topical Bible
-Forbidden as food
Le 11:7; De 14:8
-Used for food
Isa 65:4; 66:17
-Jewels in the nose of
-Jesus sends demons into the
Mt 8:28-32; Mr 5:11-14; Lu 8:32,33
-Sow returns to her wallowing
Swine in Smiths Bible Dictionary
(Heb. chazir). The flesh of swine was forbidden as food by
the Levitical law, Le 11:7; De 14:8 the abhorrence which the
Jews as a nation had of it may be inferred from Isa 65:4 and
2 Macc 6:18,19. No other reason for the command to abstain
from swine's flesh is given in the law of Moses beyond the
general one which forbade any of the mammalia as food which
did not literally fulfill the terms of the definition of a
clean animal" viz,, that it was to be a cloven-footed
ruminant. It is, however, probable that dietetical
considerations may have influenced Moses in his prohibition
of swine's flesh: it is generally believed that its use in
hot countries is liable to induce cutaneous disorders; hence
in a people liable to leprosy the necessity for the
observance of a strict rule. Although the Jews did not breed
swine during the greater period of their existence as a
nation there can be little doubt that the heathen nations of
Israel used the flesh as food. At the time of our Lord's
ministry it would appear that the Jews occasionally violated
the law of Moses with regard to swine's flesh. Whether "the
herd of swine" into which the devils were allowed to enter,
Mt 8:32; Mr 5:13 were the property of the Jewish or of the
Gentile inhabitants of Gadara does not appear from the
sacred narrative. The wild boar of the wood, Ps 80:13 is the
common Sus scrofa which is frequently met with in the woody
parts of Israel, especially in Mount Tabor.
Swine in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
swin (chazir; compare Arabic khinzir; hus, Septuagint and
New Testament; compare Greek sus, and Latin sus; adjective
hueios, as a substantive, the Septuagint; choiros,
Septuagint and New Testament): In both ancient and modern
times domestic swine have been little kept in Israel, but
wild swine are well known as inhabitants of the thickets of
the Chuleh, the Jordan valley, the Dead Sea, and some of the
mountains. The species is Susanna scrofa, the wild pig of
Europe, North Africa and Western Asia.
In the Old Testament the swine is mentioned in Lev 11:7 and
Dt 14:8 as an unclean animal: "And the swine, because he
parteth the hoof, and is clovenfooted, but cheweth not the
cud, he is unclean unto you." In Isa 65:4 and 66:3,17 the
eating of swine's flesh and the offering of oblations of
swine's blood are referred to as abominations. Septuagint
also refers to swine in three passages where these animals
are not mentioned in the Hebrew and EV. In 2 Sam 17:8 where
English Versions of the Bible has "as a bear robbed of her
whelps in the field," Septuagint adds (translation) "and as
a savage boar in the plain." In 1 Ki 21:19 Septuagint
20:19), where English Versions of the Bible has "in the
place where dogs licked the blood of Naboth," Septuagint has
"where the swine and the dogs licked"; similarly in 1 Ki
22:38. In 1 Macc 1:47 there is reference to a decree of
Antiochus ordering the sacrifice of swine. In 2 Macc 6 and 7
there are accounts of the torture and death of Eleazar, an
aged scribe, and of a mother and her seven sons for refusing
to taste swine's flesh. Swine, the property of Gentiles, are
mentioned in the account of the Gadarene demoniac (Mt
8:30,31,32; Mk 5:11,12,13,14,16; Lk 8:32,33), and in the
parable of the Prodigal Son (Lk 15:15,16).
Figurative: We find the following figurative references to
"The boar out of the wood doth ravage it,
And the wild beasts of the field feed on it" (i.e. on the
"vine out of Egypt") (Ps 80:13);
"As a ring of gold in a swine's snout,
So is a fair woman that is without discretion"
"The Carmonians (the King James Version Carmanians, perhaps
of Kirman or Carmania, in Southwestern Persia) raging in
wrath shall go forth as the wild boars of the wood"
(2 Esdras 15:30);
"The dog turning to his own vomit again, and the sow that
had washed to wallowing in the mire"
(2 Pet 2:22; compare Prov 26:11).
Alfred Ely Day
Swine in Wikipedia
Swine. — The most abhorred of all animals among the Jews; hence the swineherd's was the most degrading employment (Luke 15:15; cf. Matthew 8:32). Swine are very seldom kept in Israel.
Swine Scripture - Deuteronomy 14:8
And the swine, because it divideth the hoof, yet cheweth not
the cud, it [is] unclean unto you: ye shall not eat of their
flesh, nor touch their dead carcase.
Swine Scripture - Mark 5:13
And forthwith Jesus gave them leave. And the unclean spirits
went out, and entered into the swine: and the herd ran
violently down a steep place into the sea, (they were about
two thousand;) and were choked in the sea.
Swine Scripture - Matthew 7:6
Give not that which is holy unto the dogs, neither cast ye
your pearls before swine, lest they trample them under their
feet, and turn again and rend you.
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