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Bible Animals: Lion
Lion in the ancient World.

Lions in the Bible. Rendering of five Hebrew words. Symbol of strength, dignity, ferocity, power ; ensign of the tribe of Judah. Lion-hunting is noted twice only. - Animal Life in the Scriptures

Ancient Lion. PALESTINE in ancient times contained many lions, but at present they are not found in that country, but exist in the desert on the road to Egypt. They abound on the banks of the Euphrates, between Bussorah and Bagdad, and in the marshes and jungles near the rivers of Babylonia. The lion of Israel was in all probability the Asiatic variety, described by Aristotle and Pliny as distinguished by its short, curly mane, and by being shorter and rounder in shape, like the sculptured lion found at Arban. It was less daring than the longer-maned species ; but when driven by hunger, it not only ventured to attack the flocks in the desert in the presence of the shepherd, but laid waste towns and villages, and devoured men. The engraving represents a lion slain by the shepherds in his attack upon their flocks. - Animals, Birds, Insects, And Reptiles Of The Bible


Lion in Easton's Bible Dictionary the most powerful of all carnivorous animals. Although not now found in Israel, they must have been in ancient times very numerous there. They had their lairs in the forests (Jer. 5:6; 12:8; Amos 3:4), in the caves of the mountains (Cant. 4:8; Nah. 2:12), and in the canebrakes on the banks of the Jordan (Jer. 49:19; 50:44; Zech. 11:3). No fewer than at least six different words are used in the Old Testament for the lion. (1.) _Gor_ (i.e., a "suckling"), the lion's whelp (Gen. 49:9; Jer. 51:38, etc.). (2.) _Kephir_ (i.e., "shaggy"), the young lion (Judg. 14:5; Job 4:10; Ps. 91:13; 104:21), a term which is also used figuratively of cruel enemies (Ps. 34:10; 35:17; 58:6; Jer. 2:15). (3.) _'Ari_ (i.e., the "puller" in pieces), denoting the lion in general, without reference to age or sex (Num. 23:24; 2 Sam. 17:10, etc.). (4.) _Shahal_ (the "roarer"), the mature lion (Job 4:10; Ps. 91:13; Prov. 26:13; Hos. 5:14). (5.) _Laish_, so called from its strength and bravery (Job 4:11; Prov. 30:30; Isa. 30:6). The capital of Northern Dan received its name from this word. (6.) _Labi_, from a root meaning "to roar," a grown lion or lioness (Gen. 49:9; Num. 23:24; 24:9; Ezek. 19:2; Nah. 2:11). The lion of Israel was properly of the Asiatic variety, distinguished from the African variety, which is larger. Yet it not only attacked flocks in the presence of the shepherd, but also laid waste towns and villages (2 Kings 17:25, 26) and devoured men (1 Kings 13:24, 25). Shepherds sometimes, single-handed, encountered lions and slew them (1 Sam. 17:34, 35; Amos 3:12). Samson seized a young lion with his hands and "rent him as he would have rent a kid" (Judg. 14:5, 6). The strength (Judg. 14:18), courage (2 Sam. 17:10), and ferocity (Gen. 49:9) of the lion were proverbial.
http://www.bible-history.com/eastons/L/Lions/

Lion in Fausset's Bible Dictionary 'ariy, 'arieh ("the bearer," Umbreit); guwr, "the whelp" (Genesis 49:9); kephir, "the young lion" in adolescent vigour, his "great teeth" grown (Psalm 58:6), having his own covert (Jeremiah 25:38); labiy, in adult maturity (Genesis 49:9); libyah, "lioness"; la'ish, "an old (rather strong, from an Arabic root) lion": Job 4:11, where the five different terms occur; shachal is "the roaring lion"; labiy appears in the German lowe. The variety of names shows the abundance of lions in the regions of Scripture at that time. Now there are none in Israel. But the names Lebaoth (Joshua 15:32), Arieh (2 Kings 15:25), Ariel for Jerusalem (Isaiah 29:1-2; Isaiah 29:7), Laish (Judges 18:7), incidentally, and so undesignedly, confirm the Scripture assertions as to their former existence. ..
http://www.bible-history.com/faussets/L/Lion/

Lion in Naves Topical Bible -King of beasts Mic 5:8 -Fierceness of Job 4:10; 28:8; Ps 7:2; Pr 22:13; Jer 2:15; 49:19; 50:44; Ho 13:8 -The roaring of Ps 22:13; Pr 20:2 -Strength of Pr 30:30; Isa 38:13; Joe 1:6 -Instincts of, in taking prey Ps 10:9; 17:12; La 3:10; Am 3:4; Na 2:12 -Lair of, in the jungles Jer 4:7; 25:38 -The bases in the temple ornamented by mouldings of 1Ki 7:29,36 -Twelve statues of, on the stairs leading to Solomon's throne 1Ki 10:19,20 -Samson's riddle concerning Jud 14:14,18 -Proverb of Ec 9:4 -Parable of Eze 19:1-9 -Kept in captivity Da 6 -Sent as judgment upon the Samaritans 2Ki 17:25,26 -Killed by Samson Jud 14:5-9 David 1Sa 17:34,36 Benaiah 2Sa 23:20 Saints Heb 11:33 -Disobedient prophet killed by 1Ki 13:24-28 -An unnamed person killed by 1Ki 20:36 -Used for the torture of criminals Da 6:16-24; 7:12; 2Ti 4:17 -FIGURATIVE Of a ruler's anger Pr 19:12; Jer 5:6; 50:17; Ho 5:14 Of Satan 1Pe 5:8 Of divine judgments Isa 15:9 -SYMBOLICAL Ge 49:9; Isa 29:1 Margin) Eze 1:10; 10:14; Da 7:4; Re 4:7; 5:5; 9:8,17; 13:2
http://www.bible-history.com/naves/L/LION/

Lion in Smiths Bible Dictionary "The most powerful, daring and impressive of all carnivorous animals, the most magnificent in aspect and awful in voice." At present lions do not exist in Israel; but they must in ancient times have been numerous. The lion of Israel was in all probability the Asiatic variety, described by Aristotle and Pliny as distinguished by its short and curly mane, and by being shorter and rounder in shape, like the sculptured lion found at Arban. It was less daring than the longer named species, but when driven by hunger it not only ventured to attack the flocks in the desert in presence of the shepherd, 1Sa 17:34; Isa 31:4 but laid waste towns and villages, 2Ki 17:25,26; Pr 22:13; 26:13 and devoured men. 1Ki 13:24; 20:36 Among the Hebrews, and throughout the Old Testament, the lion was the achievement of the princely tribe of Judah, while in the closing book of the canon it received a deeper significance as the emblem of him who "prevailed to open the book and loose the seven seals thereof." Re 5:5 On the other hand its fierceness and cruelty rendered it an appropriate metaphor for a fierce and malignant enemy. Ps 7:2; 22:21; 57:4; 2Ti 4:17 and hence for the arch-fiend himself. 1Pe 5:8
http://www.bible-history.com/smiths/L/Lion/

Lion in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE li'-un: (1) Occurring most often in the Old Testament is 'aryeh, plural 'ardyoth. Another form, 'ari, plural 'arayim, is found less often. 1. Names: Compare 'ari'el, "Ariel" (Ezr 8:16; Isa 29:1,2,7); char'el, "upper altar," and 'ari'el, "altar hearth" (Ezek 43:15); 'aryeh, "Arieh" (2 Ki 15:25); 'ar'eli, "Areli" and "Arelites" (Gen 46:16; Nu 26:17). (2) kephir, "young lion," often translated "lion" (Ps 35:17; Prov 19:12; 23:1, etc.). (3) shachal, translated "fierce lion" or "lion" (Job 4:10; 10:16; 28:8; Hos 5:14). (4) layish, translated "old lion" or "lion" (Job 4:11; Prov 30:30; Isa 30:6). Compare Arabic laith, "lion": layish, "Laish," or "Leshem" (Josh 19:47; Jdg 18:7,14,27,29); layish, "Laish" (1 Sam 25:44; 2 Sam 3:15). (5) lebhi, plural lebha'im, "lioness"; also labhi', and 'lebhiya' (Gen 49:9; Nu 23:24; 24:9); compare town in South of Judah, Lebaoth (Josh 15:32) or Beth-lebaoth (Josh 19:6); also Arabic labwat, "lioness "; Lebweh, a town in Coele-Syria. (6) aur, gor, "whelp," with 'aryeh or a pronoun, e.g. "Judah is a lion's whelp," gur 'aryeh (Gen 49:9); "young ones" of the jackal (Lam 4:3). Also bene labhi', "whelps (sons) of the lioness" (Job 4:11); and kephir 'arayoth, "young lion," literally, "the young of lions" (Jdg 14:5). In Job 28:8, the King James Version has "lion's whelps" for bene shachats, the Revised Version (British and American) "proud beasts." the Revised Version margin "sons of pride"; compare Job 41:34 (Hebrew 26). (7) leon, "lion" (2 Tim 4:17; Heb 11:33; 1 Pet 5:8; Rev 4:7; 5:5; The Wisdom of Solomon 11:17; Ecclesiasticus 4:30; 13:19; Bel and the Dragon 31,32,34). (8) skumnos, "whelp" (1 Macc 3:4)...
http://www.bible-history.com/isbe/L/LION/

Lion in Wikipedia Lion. Now extinct in Israel and in the surrounding countries, the lion was common there during the Old Testament times; hence the great number of words in the Hebrew language to signify it; under one or another of these names it is mentioned 130 times in the Scriptures, as the classical symbol of strength, power, courage, dignity, ferocity. Very likely as the type of power, it became the ensign of the tribe of Juda; so was it employed by Solomon in the decoration of the temple and of the king's house. For the same reason, Apoc., v, 5, represents Jesus Christ as the lion of the tribe of Juda. The craft and ferocity of the lion, on the other hand, caused it to be taken as an emblem of Satan (1 Peter 5:8) and of the enemies of the truth (2 Timothy 4:17).
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lion

Lion Scripture - Ezekiel 1:10 As for the likeness of their faces, they four had the face of a man, and the face of a lion, on the right side: and they four had the face of an ox on the left side; they four also had the face of an eagle.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Ezekiel/1/

Lion Scripture - Ezekiel 41:19 So that the face of a man [was] toward the palm tree on the one side, and the face of a young lion toward the palm tree on the other side: [it was] made through all the house round about.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Ezekiel/41/

Lion Scripture - Psalms 10:9 He lieth in wait secretly as a lion in his den: he lieth in wait to catch the poor: he doth catch the poor, when he draweth him into his net.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Psalms/10/



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