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October 17    Scripture

Bible Animals: Leopard
Leopard in the ancient World.

Leopards in the Bible. Very common in Biblical days and still found in wooded country. Type of cunning. Probably three species are indicated: Leopardus varius; L. uncia; and the cheetah, Gueparda jubata. - Animal Life in the Scriptures

Ancient Leopard. THE Leopard is a fierce, wild beast, of the feline genus, beauti­fully spotted with many colors. Its eyes are small, jaws wide, teeth sharp, ears round, and tail long. It has five claws on the forefeet, and four on the hind feet. It is one of the swiftest, cruelest, and craftiest of the beasts of prey. - Animals, Birds, Insects, And Reptiles Of The Bible


Leopard in Easton's Bible Dictionary (Heb. namer, so called because spotted, Cant. 4:8), was that great spotted feline which anciently infested the mountains of Syria, more appropriately called a panther (Felis pardus). Its fierceness (Isa. 11:6), its watching for its prey (Jer. 5:6), its swiftness (Hab. 1:8), and the spots of its skin (Jer. 13:23), are noticed. This word is used symbolically (Dan. 7:6; Rev. 13:2).
http://www.bible-history.com/eastons/L/Leopard/


Leopard in Fausset's Bible Dictionary Famed for swiftness and agility (Habakkuk 1:8); "you would fancy it was flying" (Oppian Cyneg., iii. 76); it climbs trees, and can crawl along the ground. Hence the symbol for Greece and Alexander's rapid victories (Daniel 7:6; Revelation 13:2). The prevalence of leopards anciently in Israel is marked by the many places named from them (namer, Hebrew): Nimrah, Nimrim, Beth Nimrah. "The mountains of the leopard" (Song of Solomon 4:8), namely, Lebanon and Hermon, where still they are found; "the mountains of prey" (Psalm 76:4), symbolizing the rapacious world kingdoms. They spring with successive rapid bounds. They cunningly lie in wait in thickets and often near villages for their prey, as distinguished from the lion's bold, open attack (Jeremiah 5:6; Hosea 13:7): "as a leopard by the way, I will observe (lie in wait for) them." Its unalterable spots represent man's inability to change himself (Jeremiah 13:23); yet the leopard in the millennium shall "lie down with the kid" (Isaiah 11:6).
http://www.bible-history.com/faussets/L/Leopard/


Leopard in Naves Topical Bible -A carnivorous animal So 4:8 -Fierceness of Jer 5:6; 13:23; Ho 13:7; Hab 1:8 -FIGURATIVE Da 7:6 Taming of, the triumph of the gospel Isa 11:6
http://www.bible-history.com/naves/L/LEOPARD/


Leopard in Smiths Bible Dictionary (Heb. namer) is invariably given by the Authorized Version as the translation of the Hebrew word, which occurs in the seven following passages: So 4:8; Isa 11:6; Jer 5:6; 13:23; Da 7:6; Ho 13:7; Habb 1:8 Leopard occurs also in Ecclus. 28:23 and in Re 13:2 From So 4:8 we learn that the hilly ranges of Lebanon were in ancient times frequented by these animals. They are now not uncommonly seen in and about Lebanon and the southern maritime mountains of Syria. Under the name namer, which means "spotted," it is not improbable that another animal, namely the cheetah (Gueparda jubata), may be included; which is tamed by the Mohammedans of Syria, who employ it in hunting the gazelle.
http://www.bible-history.com/smiths/L/Leopard/


Leopard in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE lep'-erd ((1) namer (Song 4:8; Isa 11:6; Jer 5:6; 13:23; Hos 13:7; Hab 1:8); compare Arabic nimr, "leopard." (2) Chaldaic nemar (Dan 7:6). (3) pardalis (Rev 13:2; Ecclesiasticus 28:23); compare nimrim Nimrim (Isa 15:6; Jer 48:34), nimrah, Nimrah (Nu 32:3), and beth-nimrah, Beth-nimrah (Nu 32:36; Josh 13:27)): The leopard is found throughout Africa and ranges through Southern Asia from Asia Minor to Japan, being absent from Siberia and Central Asia. Its range is much the same as that of the lion, which latter, however, does not extend so far to the East. Like other animals of wide range, it has local varieties, but these shade into each other imperceptibly, and the one specific name, Felis pardus, includes all. Leopards live in some of the valleys East and South of the Dead Sea, and in the mountains of Sinai and Northwestern Arabia. They have but rarely been seen of recent years in Lebanon or the more settled portions of Israel. So far as can be judged from skins which are available for comparison, the leopard of Israel is rather light in color, and is not as large as. some found in Africa or India. It is not certain that the place-names, NIMRIM, NIMRAH, and BETH-NIMRAH (which see), have to do with namer, "leopard," but their location is in Moab, where leopards are well known, even at the present day. One of the valleys entering the Dead Sea from the East, South of the Arnon, is called Wadi-en-Numeir ("valley of the little leopard"; numeir, diminutive of nimr). In the Bible "leopard" occurs mainly in figurative expressions, as a large and fierce beast. The leopard is mentioned with the lion and bear in Dan 7:6; Hos 13:7; Rev 13:2; with the lion, wolf and bear in Isa 11:6; with the lion and wolf in Jer 5:6; with the lion alone in Ecclesiasticus 28:23; with the wolf alone in Hab 1:8. The leopard is smaller than the lion and the tiger, but is more active than either. Its swiftness is referred to in Hab 1:8: "Their horses also (of the Chaldeans) are swifter than leopards." The spots of the leopard are referred to in Jer 13:23: "Can the Ethiopian change his skin, or the leopard his spots?" The Greek pardalis, and panther, were both applied to the leopard. "Panther" is sometimes used of large leopards, while in America, with its corrupt form "painter," it is one of the names applied to the cougar or puma, Felis concolor, which, as the specific name implies, is not spotted like the leopard, or striped like the tiger. Alfred Ely Day
http://www.bible-history.com/isbe/L/LEOPARD/


Leopard in Wikipedia Leopard. — Under this name come a certain number of carnivorous animals more or less resembling the real leopard (felis leopardus), namely felis jubata, felis lynx, felis uncia, etc., all formerly numerous throughout Israel, and even now occasionally found, especially in the woody districts. The leopard is taken by the Biblical writers as a type of cunning (Jeremiah 5:6; Hosea 13:7), of fierceness, of a conqueror's sudden swoop (Dan., vii, 6; Hab., i, 8). Its habit of lying in wait by a well or a village is repeatedly alluded to.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leopard


Leopard Scripture - Isaiah 11:6 The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid; and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little child shall lead them.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Isaiah/11/


Leopard Scripture - Jeremiah 5:6 Wherefore a lion out of the forest shall slay them, [and] a wolf of the evenings shall spoil them, a leopard shall watch over their cities: every one that goeth out thence shall be torn in pieces: because their transgressions are many, [and] their backslidings are increased.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Jeremiah/5/


Leopard Scripture - Revelation 13:2 And the beast which I saw was like unto a leopard, and his feet were as [the feet] of a bear, and his mouth as the mouth of a lion: and the dragon gave him his power, and his seat, and great authority.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Revelation/13/


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