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December 11    Scripture

Bible Cities: Seir
Seir Mountains in the Bible

Map of Ancient Seir Mountains


Seir in Easton's Bible Dictionary rough; hairy. (1.) A Horite; one of the "dukes" of Edom (Gen. 36:20-30). (2.) The name of a mountainous region occupied by the Edomites, extending along the eastern side of the Arabah from the south-eastern extremity of the Dead Sea to near the Akabah, or the eastern branch of the Red Sea. It was originally occupied by the Horites (Gen. 14:6), who were afterwards driven out by the Edomites (Gen. 32:3; 33:14, 16). It was allotted to the descendants of Esau (Deut. 2:4, 22; Josh. 24:4; 2 Chr. 20:10; Isa. 21:11; Exek. 25:8). (3.) A mountain range (not the Edomite range, Gen. 32:3) lying between the Wady Aly and the Wady Ghurab (Josh. 15:10).
http://www.bible-history.com/eastons/S/Seir/


Seir in Fausset's Bible Dictionary ("hairy, rugged".) 1. Named so from a Horite chief (Genesis 36:20). Or probably Seir was his title, not proper name, given from the rugged rocky nature of the country, or from its abounding in bushes, in contrast to Halak "the smooth mountain." Esau and the Edomite supplanted the previous occupants the Horites. frontHORITES.) Mount Seir is the high range from the S. of the Dead Sea to Elath N. of the gulf of Akabah, on the E. of the Arabah, or "the plain from Elath and Ezion Geber." For as Israel moved from Mount Hor by way of that plain towards the Red Sea at Elath they "compassed Mount Seir" (Numbers 21:4; Deuteronomy 2:1; Deuteronomy 2:8). When Israel was refused leave to go the direct route to Moab through Edom's valleys (Numbers 20:20-21) they marched circuitously round the mountains down the Arabah between the limestone cliffs of the Tih on the W. and the granite range of Mount Seir on the E. until a few hours N. of Akabah the wady Ithm opened a gap in the mountains, so that turning to their left they could march N. toward Moab (Deuteronomy 2:3). Mount Hor alone of the range retains the old name of the Horites; it overhangs Petra; now jebel Haroon or Mount Aaron, where he died and was buried. The southern part, jebel es Sherah, between Petra and Akabah, perhaps bears trace of the name "Self." Jebal is now applied to the northern part of Mount Seir, answering to Gebal of Psalm 83:6-7; Geblah (i.e. "mountain") is the name for Mount Seir in the Samaritan Pentateuch and the Jerusalem targum. Jebal extends N. to the brook Zered (wady el Ahsi). "Mount Halak ("naked") that goeth up to Seir" (Joshua 11:17) was the northern border of Seir, probably the line of white "naked" hills running across the great valley eight miles S. of the Dead Sea, dividing between the Arabah on the S. and the depressed Ghor on the N. Seir and Sinai are not in Deuteronomy 33:2 grouped together geographically, but in reference to their being both alike scenes of God's glory manifested in behalf of His people. The prophetic denunciation of Ezekiel 35, "Behold O Mount Seir, ... I will make thee most desolate ... I will lay thy cities waste ... perpetual desolations": Burckhardt counted 40 cities in Jebal all now desolate. 2. A landmark N. of Judah (Joshua 15:10), W. of Kirjath Jearim and E. of Bethshemesh; the ridge between wady Aly and wady Ghurab. Now Mihsir, N.W. of Kesla or Chesalon. The resemblance in ruggedness to the southern Mount Seir may have given the name.
http://www.bible-history.com/faussets/S/Seir,+mount/


Seir in Hitchcock's Bible Names Seirath
http://www.bible-history.com/hitchcock/S/Seir/


Seir in Naves Topical Bible 1. A range of hills southwest of the Dead Sea De 1:2 Along the route from Horeb to Kadesh-barnea De 1:1,2 The people of Israel travel by De 1:2; 2:1; 33:2 Originally inhabited by Horites Ge 14:6; 36:20-30; De 2:12 Later inhabited by the descendants of Esau after they destroyed the Horim people De 2:12,22; with Ge 32:3; 33:14,16; 36:8,9; Nu 24:18; De 2:4,5 The southern boundary of the conquests of Joshua Jos 11:15-18 -2. A Horite chief Ge 36:20,21; 1Ch 1:38
http://www.bible-history.com/naves/S/SEIR/


Seir in Smiths Bible Dictionary (hairy, Shaggy), 1. We have both "land of Seir," Ge 32:3; 36:50 and "Mount Seir." Ge 14:6 It is the original name of the mountain range extending along the east side of the valley of Arabah, from the Dead Sea to the Elanitic, Golf. The Horites appear to have been the chief of the aboriginal inhabitants, Ge 36:20 but it was ever afterward the possession of the Edomites, the descendants of Esau. The Mount Seir of the: Bible extended much farther south than the modern province, as is shown by the words of De 2:1-8 It had the Arabah on the west, vs. 1 and 8; it extended as far south as the head of the Gulf of Akabah, ver. 8; its eastern border ran along the base of the mountain range where the plateau of Arabia begins. Its northern, order is not so accurately determined. There is a line of "naked" white hills or cliffs which run across the great valley about eight miles south of the Dead Sea, the highest eminence being Mount Hor, which is 4800 feet high. 2. Mount Seir, an entirely different place from the foregoing; one of the landmarks on the north boundary of the territory of Judah. Jos 15:10 only. It lay westward of Kirjath-jearim, and between it and Beth-shemesh. If Kuriel el-Enab be the former and Ain-shems the latter of these two, then Mount Seir cannot fail to be the ridge which lies between the Wady Aly and the Wady Ghurab. In a pass of this ridge is the modern village of Seir.
http://www.bible-history.com/smiths/S/Seir/


Seir in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE se'-ir: (1) (har se'-ir, "Mt. Seir" (Gen 14:6, etc.), 'erets se`-ir (Gen 32:3, etc.); to oros Seeir, ge Seeir): In Gen 32:3 "the land of Seir" is equated with "the field of Edom." The Mount and the Land of Seir are alternative appellations of the mountainous tract which runs along the eastern side of the Arabah, occupied by the descendants of Esau, who succeeded the ancient Horites (Gen 14:6; 36:20), "cave-dwellers," in possession. For a description of the land see EDOM. (2) (har se`ir; Codex Vaticanus Assar; Codex Alexandrinus Seeir): A landmark on the boundary of Judah (Josh 15:10), not far from Kiriath-jearim and Chesalon. The name means "shaggy," and probably here denoted a wooded height. It may be that part of the range which runs Northeast from Saris by Karyat el- `Anab and Biddu to the plateau of el-Jib. Traces of an ancient forest are still to be seen here.
http://www.bible-history.com/isbe/S/SEIR/


Seir Scripture - Deuteronomy 2:12 The Horims also dwelt in Seir beforetime; but the children of Esau succeeded them, when they had destroyed them from before them, and dwelt in their stead; as Israel did unto the land of his possession, which the LORD gave unto them.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Deuteronomy/2/


Seir Scripture - Ezekiel 35:15 As thou didst rejoice at the inheritance of the house of Israel, because it was desolate, so will I do unto thee: thou shalt be desolate, O mount Seir, and all Idumea, [even] all of it: and they shall know that I [am] the LORD.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Ezekiel/35/


Seir Scripture - Ezekiel 35:3 And say unto it, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, O mount Seir, I [am] against thee, and I will stretch out mine hand against thee, and I will make thee most desolate.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Ezekiel/35/


Seir Scripture - Genesis 36:30 Duke Dishon, duke Ezer, duke Dishan: these [are] the dukes [that came] of Hori, among their dukes in the land of Seir.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Genesis/36/


Seir Scripture - Genesis 36:8 Thus dwelt Esau in mount Seir: Esau [is] Edom.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Genesis/36/


Seir Scripture - Isaiah 21:11 The burden of Dumah. He calleth to me out of Seir, Watchman, what of the night? Watchman, what of the night?
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Isaiah/21/


Seir Scripture - Joshua 12:7 And these [are] the kings of the country which Joshua and the children of Israel smote on this side Jordan on the west, from Baalgad in the valley of Lebanon even unto the mount Halak, that goeth up to Seir; which Joshua gave unto the tribes of Israel [for] a possession according to their divisions;
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Joshua/12/


Seir Scripture - Joshua 15:10 And the border compassed from Baalah westward unto mount Seir, and passed along unto the side of mount Jearim, which [is] Chesalon, on the north side, and went down to Bethshemesh, and passed on to Timnah:
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Joshua/15/


Seir Scripture - Joshua 24:4 And I gave unto Isaac Jacob and Esau: and I gave unto Esau mount Seir, to possess it; but Jacob and his children went down into Egypt.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Joshua/24/


Seir Scripture - Judges 5:4 LORD, when thou wentest out of Seir, when thou marchedst out of the field of Edom, the earth trembled, and the heavens dropped, the clouds also dropped water.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Judges/5/


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