Bible Cities: Seir
Seir Mountains in the Bible
Seir in Easton's Bible Dictionary
rough; hairy. (1.) A Horite; one of the "dukes" of Edom (Gen.
(2.) The name of a mountainous region occupied by the
Edomites, extending along the eastern side of the
the south-eastern extremity of the Dead Sea to near
or the eastern branch of the Red Sea. It was
by the Horites (Gen. 14:6), who were afterwards driven
the Edomites (Gen. 32:3; 33:14, 16). It was allotted
descendants of Esau (Deut. 2:4, 22; Josh. 24:4; 2 Chr.
Isa. 21:11; Exek. 25:8).
(3.) A mountain range (not the Edomite range, Gen.
between the Wady Aly and the Wady Ghurab (Josh.
Seir in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
1. Named so from a Horite chief (Genesis 36:20). Or
probably Seir was his title, not proper name, given from the
rugged rocky nature of the country, or from its abounding in
bushes, in contrast to Halak "the smooth mountain." Esau and
the Edomite supplanted the previous occupants the Horites.
frontHORITES.) Mount Seir is the high range from the S. of
the Dead Sea to Elath N. of the gulf of Akabah, on the E. of
the Arabah, or "the plain from Elath and Ezion Geber." For
as Israel moved from Mount Hor by way of that plain towards
the Red Sea at Elath they "compassed Mount Seir" (Numbers
21:4; Deuteronomy 2:1; Deuteronomy 2:8). When Israel was
refused leave to go the direct route to Moab through Edom's
valleys (Numbers 20:20-21) they marched circuitously round
the mountains down the Arabah between the limestone cliffs
of the Tih on the W. and the granite range of Mount Seir on
the E. until a few hours N. of Akabah the wady Ithm opened a
gap in the mountains, so that turning to their left they
could march N. toward Moab (Deuteronomy 2:3).
Mount Hor alone of the range retains the old name of
the Horites; it overhangs Petra; now jebel Haroon or Mount
Aaron, where he died and was buried. The southern part,
jebel es Sherah, between Petra and Akabah, perhaps bears
trace of the name "Self." Jebal is now applied to the
northern part of Mount Seir, answering to Gebal of Psalm
83:6-7; Geblah (i.e. "mountain") is the name for Mount Seir
in the Samaritan Pentateuch and the Jerusalem targum. Jebal
extends N. to the brook Zered (wady el Ahsi).
"Mount Halak ("naked") that goeth up to Seir"
(Joshua 11:17) was the northern border of Seir, probably the
line of white "naked" hills running across the great valley
eight miles S. of the Dead Sea, dividing between the Arabah
on the S. and the depressed Ghor on the N. Seir and Sinai
are not in Deuteronomy 33:2 grouped together geographically,
but in reference to their being both alike scenes of God's
glory manifested in behalf of His people. The prophetic
denunciation of Ezekiel 35, "Behold O Mount Seir, ... I will
make thee most desolate ... I will lay thy cities waste ...
perpetual desolations": Burckhardt counted 40 cities in
Jebal all now desolate.
2. A landmark N. of Judah (Joshua 15:10), W. of
Kirjath Jearim and E. of Bethshemesh; the ridge between wady
Aly and wady Ghurab. Now Mihsir, N.W. of Kesla or Chesalon.
The resemblance in ruggedness to the southern Mount Seir may
have given the name.
Seir in Hitchcock's Bible Names
Seir in Naves Topical Bible
1. A range of hills southwest of the Dead Sea
Along the route from Horeb to Kadesh-barnea
The people of Israel travel by
De 1:2; 2:1; 33:2
Originally inhabited by Horites
Ge 14:6; 36:20-30; De 2:12
Later inhabited by the descendants of Esau after they
destroyed the Horim people
De 2:12,22; with Ge 32:3; 33:14,16; 36:8,9; Nu 24:18;
The southern boundary of the conquests of Joshua
-2. A Horite chief
Ge 36:20,21; 1Ch 1:38
Seir in Smiths Bible Dictionary
1. We have both "land of Seir," Ge 32:3; 36:50 and
"Mount Seir." Ge 14:6 It is the original name of the
mountain range extending along the east side of the valley
of Arabah, from the Dead Sea to the Elanitic, Golf. The
Horites appear to have been the chief of the aboriginal
inhabitants, Ge 36:20 but it was ever afterward the
possession of the Edomites, the descendants of Esau. The
Mount Seir of the: Bible extended much farther south than
the modern province, as is shown by the words of De 2:1-8 It
had the Arabah on the west, vs. 1 and 8; it extended as far
south as the head of the Gulf of Akabah, ver. 8; its eastern
border ran along the base of the mountain range where the
plateau of Arabia begins. Its northern, order is not so
accurately determined. There is a line of "naked" white
hills or cliffs which run across the great valley about
eight miles south of the Dead Sea, the highest eminence
being Mount Hor, which is 4800 feet high.
2. Mount Seir, an entirely different place from the
foregoing; one of the landmarks on the north boundary of the
territory of Judah. Jos 15:10 only. It lay westward of
Kirjath-jearim, and between it and Beth-shemesh. If Kuriel
el-Enab be the former and Ain-shems the latter of these two,
then Mount Seir cannot fail to be the ridge which lies
between the Wady Aly and the Wady Ghurab. In a pass of this
ridge is the modern village of Seir.
Seir in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
(1) (har se'-ir, "Mt. Seir" (Gen 14:6, etc.), 'erets se`-ir
(Gen 32:3, etc.); to oros Seeir, ge Seeir): In Gen 32:3 "the
land of Seir" is equated with "the field of Edom." The Mount
and the Land of Seir are alternative appellations of the
mountainous tract which runs along the eastern side of the
Arabah, occupied by the descendants of Esau, who succeeded the
ancient Horites (Gen 14:6; 36:20), "cave-dwellers," in
possession. For a description of the land see EDOM.
(2) (har se`ir; Codex Vaticanus Assar; Codex Alexandrinus
Seeir): A landmark on the boundary of Judah (Josh 15:10), not
far from Kiriath-jearim and Chesalon. The name means "shaggy,"
and probably here denoted a wooded height. It may be that part
of the range which runs Northeast from Saris by Karyat el-
`Anab and Biddu to the plateau of el-Jib. Traces of an ancient
forest are still to be seen here.
Seir Scripture - Deuteronomy 2:12
The Horims also dwelt in Seir beforetime; but the children of
Esau succeeded them, when they had destroyed them from before
them, and dwelt in their stead; as Israel did unto the land of
his possession, which the LORD gave unto them.
Seir Scripture - Ezekiel 35:15
As thou didst rejoice at the inheritance of the house of
Israel, because it was desolate, so will I do unto thee: thou
shalt be desolate, O mount Seir, and all Idumea, [even] all of
it: and they shall know that I [am] the LORD.
Seir Scripture - Ezekiel 35:3
And say unto it, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, O mount
Seir, I [am] against thee, and I will stretch out mine hand
against thee, and I will make thee most desolate.
Seir Scripture - Genesis 36:30
Duke Dishon, duke Ezer, duke Dishan: these [are] the dukes
[that came] of Hori, among their dukes in the land of Seir.
Seir Scripture - Genesis 36:8
Thus dwelt Esau in mount Seir: Esau [is] Edom.
Seir Scripture - Isaiah 21:11
The burden of Dumah. He calleth to me out of Seir, Watchman,
what of the night? Watchman, what of the night?
Seir Scripture - Joshua 12:7
And these [are] the kings of the country which Joshua and the
children of Israel smote on this side Jordan on the west, from
Baalgad in the valley of Lebanon even unto the mount Halak,
that goeth up to Seir; which Joshua gave unto the tribes of
Israel [for] a possession according to their divisions;
Seir Scripture - Joshua 15:10
And the border compassed from Baalah westward unto mount
Seir, and passed along unto the side of mount Jearim, which
[is] Chesalon, on the north side, and went down to
Bethshemesh, and passed on to Timnah:
Seir Scripture - Joshua 24:4
And I gave unto Isaac Jacob and Esau: and I gave unto Esau
mount Seir, to possess it; but Jacob and his children went
down into Egypt.
Seir Scripture - Judges 5:4
LORD, when thou wentest out of Seir, when thou marchedst out
of the field of Edom, the earth trembled, and the heavens
dropped, the clouds also dropped water.
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