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March 24    Scripture

Bible Cities: Ramah
Ancient Ramah

Map of Ancient Ramah


Ramah in Easton's Bible Dictionary (Matt. 2:18), the Greek form of Ramah. (1.) A city first mentioned in Josh. 18:25, near Gibeah of Benjamin. It was fortified by Baasha, king of Israel (1 Kings 15:17- 22; 2 Chr. 16:1-6). Asa, king of Judah, employed Benhadad the Syrian king to drive Baasha from this city (1 Kings 15:18, 20). Isaiah (10:29) refers to it, and also Jeremiah, who was once a prisoner there among the other captives of Jerusalem when it was taken by Nebuchadnezzar (Jer. 39:8-12; 40:1). Rachel, whose tomb lies close to Bethlehem, is represented as weeping in Ramah (Jer. 31:15) for her slaughtered children. This prophecy is illustrated and fulfilled in the re-awakening of Rachel's grief at the slaughter of the infants in Bethlehem (Matt. 2:18). It is identified with the modern village of er-Ram, between Gibeon and Beeroth, about 5 miles due north of Jerusalem. (See SAMUEL (2.) A town identified with Rameh, on the border of Asher, about 13 miles south-east of Tyre, "on a solitary hill in the midst of a basin of green fields" (Josh. 19:29). (3.) One of the "fenced cities" of Naphtali (Josh. 19:36), on a mountain slope, about seven and a half miles west- south-west of Safed, and 15 miles west of the north end of the Sea of Galilee, the present large and well-built village of Rameh. (4.) The same as Ramathaim-zophim (q.v.), a town of Mount Ephraim (1 Sam. 1:1, 19). (5.) The same as Ramoth-gilead (q.v.), 2 Kings 8:29; 2 Chr. 22:6.
http://www.bible-history.com/eastons/R/Rama/


Ramah in Fausset's Bible Dictionary RAMA or RAMAH ("an elevated spot".) 1. In Benjamin (Jeremiah 31:15; Matthew 2:18). The cry of the weeping mothers and of Rachel is poetically represented as heard as far as Rama, on the E. side of the N. road between Jerusalem and Bethel; Rama where Nebuzaradan gathered the captive Jews to take them to Babylon. Not far from Gibeah of Saul (1 Samuel 22:6; Hosea 5:8; Isaiah 10:28- 32). Now Er Ram, five miles from Jerusalem (Judges 4:5; Judges 19:13; Joshua 18:25). There is an Er Ram one mile and a half E. of Bethlehem; but explain Jeremiah 31:15 as above. Baasha fortified it, to prevent his subjects from going S. to Jerusalem to the great feasts, and so joining the kingdom of Judah (1 Kings 15:17-21; 2 Chronicles 16:1- 5). (See BAASHA; ASA.) The coincidence is dear between Rama's being built by Israel, its overthrow by Judah, and the emigration from Israel to Judah owing to Jeroboam's idolatry (1 Kings 12:26; 2 Chronicles 11:14-17); yet the events are named separately, and their connection only inferred by comparison of distinct passages, a minute proof of genuineness. Its people returned after the captivity (Ezra 2:26; Nehemiah 7:30). The Rama, Nehemiah 11:33, was further W. 2. The house of Elkanah, Samuel's father (1 Samuel 1:19; 1 Samuel 2:11). Samuel's birthplace, residence, and place of burial. Here he built an altar to Jehovah (1 Samuel 7:17; 1 Samuel 8:4; 1 Samuel 15:34; 1 Samuel 16:13; 1 Samuel 19:18; 1 Samuel 25:1; 1 Samuel 28:3). Contracted from Ramathaim Zophim, in Mount Ephraim (which included under its name the northern parts of Benjamin, Bethel, and Ataroth: 2 Chronicles 13:19; 2 Chronicles 15:8; Judges 4:5; 1 Samuel 1:1). Muslim, Jewish, and Christian tradition places Samuel's home on the height Neby Samwil, four miles N.W. of Jerusalem, than which it is loftier. Arculf (A.D. 700) identifies it as "Saint Samuel." The professed tomb is a wooden box; below it is a cave excavated like Abraham's burial place at Hebron, from the rock, and dosed against entrance except by a narrow opening in the top, through which pilgrims pass their lamps and petitions to the sacred vault beneath. The city where Samuel anointed Saul (1 Samuel 9-10) was probably not Samuel's own city Rama, for the city of Saul's anointing was near Rachel's sepulchre adjoining Bethlehem (1 Samuel 10:2), whereas Mount Ephraim wherein was Ramathaim Zophim did not reach so far S. Near Neby Samwil, the probable site of Samuel's Rama, is the well of Sechu to which Saul came on his way to Rama, now "Samuel's fountain" near Beit Isku. Beit Haninah (probably Naioth) is near (1 Samuel 19:18-24). Hosea (Hosea 5:8) refers to Rama. The appended "Zophim" distinguishes it from Rama of Benjamin. Elkanah's ancestor Zuph may have been the origin of the "Zophim." 3. A fortress of Naphtali in the mountainous region N.W. of the sea, of Galilee. Now Rameh, eight miles E.S.E. of Safed, on the main track between Akka and the N. of the sea of Galilee, on the slope of a lofty hill. 4. On Asher's boundary between Tyre and Sidon; a Rama is still three miles E. of Tyre. 5. Ramoth Gilead (2 Kings 8:29; 2 Chronicles 22:6). 6. Re-occupied by Benjamin on the return from Babylon (Nehemiah 11:33). Identified by Grove with Ramleh.
http://www.bible-history.com/faussets/R/Rama/


Ramah in Hitchcock's Bible Names same as Ram - elevated; sublime
http://www.bible-history.com/hitchcock/R/Ramah/


Ramah in Naves Topical Bible 1. Called RAMA Mt 2:18 A city allotted to the tribe of Benjamin Jos 18:25; Jud 19:13 Attempted fortification of, by King Baasha; destruction of, by Asa 1Ki 15:17-22; 2Ch 16:1-6 People of, return from the Babylonian captivity Ezr 2:26; Ne 7:30; 11:33 Jeremiah imprisoned in Jer 40:1 Prophecies concerning Isa 10:29; Jer 31:15; Ho 5:8; Mt 2:18 -2. A city of the territory of the tribe of Asher Jos 19:29 -3. A city of the territory of the tribe of Naphthali Jos 19:36 -4. Also called RAMATHAIM-ZOPHIM A city near Mount Ephraim Jude 1:4,5; 1Sa 1:1 Home of Elkanah 1Sa 1:1,19; 2:11 Home of Samuel 1Sa 1:19,20; 7:17; 8:4; 15:34; 16:13 David flees to 1Sa 19:18 Samuel dies and was buried in 1Sa 25:1; 28:3 -5. RAMAH See RAMOTH-GILEAD
http://www.bible-history.com/naves/R/RAMAH/


Ramah in Smiths Bible Dictionary (a hill). This is the name of several places in the holy land. 1. One of the cities of the allotment of Benjamin. Jos 18:25 Its site is at er-Ram, about five miles from Jerusalem, and near to Gibeah. Jud 4:5; 19:13; 1Sa 22:6 Its people returned after the captivity. Ezr 2:26; Ne 7:30 2. The home of Elkanah, Samuel's father, 1Sa 1:19; 2:11 the birthplace of Samuel himself, his home and official residence, the site of his altar ch. 1Sa 7:17; 8:4; 15:34; 16:13 19:18 and finally his burial-place, ch. 1Sa 25:1; 28:3 It is a contracted form of Ramathaim-zophim. All that is directly said as to its situation is that it was in Mount Ephraim, 1Sa 1:1 a district without defined boundaries, The position of Ramah is a much-disputed question. Tradition, however places the residence of Samuel on the lofty and remarkable eminence of Neby Samwil which rises four miles to the northwest of Jerusalem. Since the days of Arcult the tradition appears to have been continuous. Here, then, we are inclined in the present state of the evidence, to place the Ramah of Samuel. 3. One of the nineteen fortified places of Naphtali. Jos 19:36 Dr. Robinson has discovered a Rameh northwest of the Sea of Galilee, about 8 miles east-south-east of Safed. 4. One of the landmarks on the boundary of Asher, Jos 19:29 apparently between Tyre and Zidon. Some place it 3 miles east of Tyre, others 10 miles off and east-southeast of the same city. 5. By this name in 2Ki 8:29 and 2Chr 22:6 only, is designated Ramoth-gilead. 6. A place mentioned in the catalogue of those reinhabited by the Benjamites after their return from the captivity. Ne 11:33
http://www.bible-history.com/smiths/R/Ramah/


Ramah in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE ra'-ma (ha-ramah, without the definite article only in Neh 11:33; Jer 31:15): The name denotes height, from root rum, "to be high," and the towns to which it applied seem all to have stood on elevated sites. (1) Codex Vaticanus Arael; Codex Alexandrinus Rhama: A fenced city in the lot assigned to Naphtali (Josh 19:36). Only in this passage is the place referred to. It is probably identical with the modern er-Rameh, a large Christian village on the highway from Cafed to the coast, about 8 miles West-Southwest of that city. To the North rises the mountain range which forms the southern boundary of Upper Galilee. In the valley to the South there is much rich land cultivated by the villagers. The olives grown here are very fine, and fruitful vineyards cover many of the surrounding slopes. No remains of antiquity are to be seen above ground; but the site is one likely to have been occupied in ancient times. (2) Rhama: A city that is mentioned only once, on the boundary of Asher (Josh 19:29). The line of the boundary cannot be followed with certainty; but perhaps we may identify Ramah with the modern Ramiyeh, a village situated on a hill which rises in the midst of a hollow, some 13 miles Southeast of Tyre, and 12 miles East of the Ladder of Tyre. To the Southwest is a marshy lake which dries up in summer. Traces of antiquity are found in the cisterns, a large reservoir and many sarcophagi. To the West is the high hill Belat, with ancient ruins, and remains of a temple of which several columns are still in situ. (3) Codex Vaticanus Rhama; Codex Alexandrinus Iama, and other forms: A city in the territory of Benjamin named between Gibeon and Beeroth (Josh 18:25). The Levite thought of it as a possible resting-place for himself and his concubine on their northward journey (Jdg 19:13). The palm tree of Deborah was between this and Bethel (Jdg 4:5). Baasha, king of Samaria, sought to fortify Ramah against Asa, king of Judah. The latter frustrated the attempt, and carried off the materials which Bassha had collected, and with them fortified against him Geba of Benjamin and Mizpah (1 Ki 15:17; 2 Ch 16:5). Here the captain of Nebuchadnezzar's guard released Jeremiah after he had been carried in bonds from Jerusalem (Jer 40:1). It figures in Isaiah's picture of the Assyrians' approach (Isa 10:29). It is named by Hosea in connection with Gibeah (5:8), and is mentioned as being reoccupied after the exile (Ezr 2:26; Neh 7:30). It was near the traditional tomb of Rachel (Jer 31:15; compare 1 Sam 10:2; Mt 2:18, the King James Version "Rama"). From the passages cited we gather that Ramah lay some distance to the North of Gibeah, and not far from Gibeon...
http://www.bible-history.com/isbe/R/RAMAH/


Ramah Scripture - 1 Kings 15:17 And Baasha king of Israel went up against Judah, and built Ramah, that he might not suffer any to go out or come in to Asa king of Judah.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/1+Kings/15/


Ramah Scripture - 1 Kings 15:22 Then king Asa made a proclamation throughout all Judah; none [was] exempted: and they took away the stones of Ramah, and the timber thereof, wherewith Baasha had builded; and king Asa built with them Geba of Benjamin, and Mizpah.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/1+Kings/15/


Ramah Scripture - 1 Samuel 15:34 Then Samuel went to Ramah; and Saul went up to his house to Gibeah of Saul.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/1+Samuel/15/


Ramah Scripture - 1 Samuel 1:19 And they rose up in the morning early, and worshipped before the LORD, and returned, and came to their house to Ramah: and Elkanah knew Hannah his wife; and the LORD remembered her.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/1+Samuel/1/


Ramah Scripture - 2 Chronicles 16:1 In the six and thirtieth year of the reign of Asa Baasha king of Israel came up against Judah, and built Ramah, to the intent that he might let none go out or come in to Asa king of Judah.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/2+Chronicles/16/


Ramah Scripture - 2 Chronicles 22:6 And he returned to be healed in Jezreel because of the wounds which were given him at Ramah, when he fought with Hazael king of Syria. And Azariah the son of Jehoram king of Judah went down to see Jehoram the son of Ahab at Jezreel, because he was sick.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/2+Chronicles/22/


Ramah Scripture - 2 Kings 8:29 And king Joram went back to be healed in Jezreel of the wounds which the Syrians had given him at Ramah, when he fought against Hazael king of Syria. And Ahaziah the son of Jehoram king of Judah went down to see Joram the son of Ahab in Jezreel, because he was sick.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/2+Kings/8/


Ramah Scripture - Jeremiah 31:15 Thus saith the LORD; A voice was heard in Ramah, lamentation, [and] bitter weeping; Rahel weeping for her children refused to be comforted for her children, because they [were] not.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Jeremiah/31/


Ramah Scripture - Jeremiah 40:1 The word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD, after that Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard had let him go from Ramah, when he had taken him being bound in chains among all that were carried away captive of Jerusalem and Judah, which were carried away captive unto Babylon.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Jeremiah/40/


Ramah Scripture - Joshua 19:29 And [then] the coast turneth to Ramah, and to the strong city Tyre; and the coast turneth to Hosah; and the outgoings thereof are at the sea from the coast to Achzib:
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Joshua/19/


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