Bible Cities: Ramah
Ramah in Easton's Bible Dictionary
(Matt. 2:18), the Greek form of Ramah. (1.) A city first
mentioned in Josh. 18:25, near Gibeah of Benjamin.
fortified by Baasha, king of Israel (1 Kings 15:17-
22; 2 Chr.
16:1-6). Asa, king of Judah, employed Benhadad the
to drive Baasha from this city (1 Kings 15:18, 20).
(10:29) refers to it, and also Jeremiah, who was
once a prisoner
there among the other captives of Jerusalem when it
was taken by
Nebuchadnezzar (Jer. 39:8-12; 40:1). Rachel, whose
close to Bethlehem, is represented as weeping in
31:15) for her slaughtered children. This prophecy
illustrated and fulfilled in the re-awakening of
at the slaughter of the infants in Bethlehem (Matt.
2:18). It is
identified with the modern village of er-Ram,
between Gibeon and
Beeroth, about 5 miles due north of Jerusalem. (See
(2.) A town identified with Rameh, on the border of
about 13 miles south-east of Tyre, "on a solitary
hill in the
midst of a basin of green fields" (Josh. 19:29).
(3.) One of the "fenced cities" of Naphtali (Josh.
a mountain slope, about seven and a half miles west-
of Safed, and 15 miles west of the north end of the
Galilee, the present large and well-built village of
(4.) The same as Ramathaim-zophim (q.v.), a town of
Ephraim (1 Sam. 1:1, 19).
(5.) The same as Ramoth-gilead (q.v.), 2 Kings 8:29;
Ramah in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
RAMA or RAMAH ("an elevated spot".)
1. In Benjamin (Jeremiah 31:15; Matthew 2:18). The
cry of the weeping mothers and of Rachel is poetically
represented as heard as far as Rama, on the E. side of the
N. road between Jerusalem and Bethel; Rama where Nebuzaradan
gathered the captive Jews to take them to Babylon. Not far
from Gibeah of Saul (1 Samuel 22:6; Hosea 5:8; Isaiah 10:28-
32). Now Er Ram, five miles from Jerusalem (Judges 4:5;
Judges 19:13; Joshua 18:25). There is an Er Ram one mile and
a half E. of Bethlehem; but explain Jeremiah 31:15 as above.
Baasha fortified it, to prevent his subjects from
going S. to Jerusalem to the great feasts, and so joining
the kingdom of Judah (1 Kings 15:17-21; 2 Chronicles 16:1-
5). (See BAASHA; ASA.) The coincidence is dear between
Rama's being built by Israel, its overthrow by Judah, and
the emigration from Israel to Judah owing to Jeroboam's
idolatry (1 Kings 12:26; 2 Chronicles 11:14-17); yet the
events are named separately, and their connection only
inferred by comparison of distinct passages, a minute proof
of genuineness. Its people returned after the captivity
(Ezra 2:26; Nehemiah 7:30). The Rama, Nehemiah 11:33, was
2. The house of Elkanah, Samuel's father (1 Samuel
1:19; 1 Samuel 2:11). Samuel's birthplace, residence, and
place of burial. Here he built an altar to Jehovah (1 Samuel
7:17; 1 Samuel 8:4; 1 Samuel 15:34; 1 Samuel 16:13; 1 Samuel
19:18; 1 Samuel 25:1; 1 Samuel 28:3). Contracted from
Ramathaim Zophim, in Mount Ephraim (which included under its
name the northern parts of Benjamin, Bethel, and Ataroth: 2
Chronicles 13:19; 2 Chronicles 15:8; Judges 4:5; 1 Samuel
1:1). Muslim, Jewish, and Christian tradition places
Samuel's home on the height Neby Samwil, four miles N.W. of
Jerusalem, than which it is loftier. Arculf (A.D. 700)
identifies it as "Saint Samuel."
The professed tomb is a wooden box; below it is a
cave excavated like Abraham's burial place at Hebron, from
the rock, and dosed against entrance except by a narrow
opening in the top, through which pilgrims pass their lamps
and petitions to the sacred vault beneath. The city where
Samuel anointed Saul (1 Samuel 9-10) was probably not
Samuel's own city Rama, for the city of Saul's anointing was
near Rachel's sepulchre adjoining Bethlehem (1 Samuel 10:2),
whereas Mount Ephraim wherein was Ramathaim Zophim did not
reach so far S. Near Neby Samwil, the probable site of
Samuel's Rama, is the well of Sechu to which Saul came on
his way to Rama, now "Samuel's fountain" near Beit Isku.
Beit Haninah (probably Naioth) is near (1 Samuel 19:18-24).
Hosea (Hosea 5:8) refers to Rama. The appended "Zophim"
distinguishes it from Rama of Benjamin. Elkanah's ancestor
Zuph may have been the origin of the "Zophim."
3. A fortress of Naphtali in the mountainous region
N.W. of the sea, of Galilee. Now Rameh, eight miles E.S.E.
of Safed, on the main track between Akka and the N. of the
sea of Galilee, on the slope of a lofty hill.
4. On Asher's boundary between Tyre and Sidon; a
Rama is still three miles E. of Tyre.
5. Ramoth Gilead (2 Kings 8:29; 2 Chronicles 22:6).
6. Re-occupied by Benjamin on the return from
Babylon (Nehemiah 11:33). Identified by Grove with Ramleh.
Ramah in Hitchcock's Bible Names
same as Ram - elevated; sublime
Ramah in Naves Topical Bible
1. Called RAMA
A city allotted to the tribe of Benjamin
Jos 18:25; Jud 19:13
Attempted fortification of, by King Baasha; destruction
1Ki 15:17-22; 2Ch 16:1-6
People of, return from the Babylonian captivity
Ezr 2:26; Ne 7:30; 11:33
Jeremiah imprisoned in
Isa 10:29; Jer 31:15; Ho 5:8; Mt 2:18
-2. A city of the territory of the tribe of Asher
-3. A city of the territory of the tribe of Naphthali
-4. Also called RAMATHAIM-ZOPHIM
A city near Mount Ephraim
Jude 1:4,5; 1Sa 1:1
Home of Elkanah
1Sa 1:1,19; 2:11
Home of Samuel
1Sa 1:19,20; 7:17; 8:4; 15:34; 16:13
David flees to
Samuel dies and was buried in
1Sa 25:1; 28:3
Ramah in Smiths Bible Dictionary
(a hill). This is the name of several places in the holy
1. One of the cities of the allotment of Benjamin.
Jos 18:25 Its site is at er-Ram, about five miles from
Jerusalem, and near to Gibeah. Jud 4:5; 19:13; 1Sa 22:6 Its
people returned after the captivity. Ezr 2:26; Ne 7:30
2. The home of Elkanah, Samuel's father, 1Sa 1:19;
2:11 the birthplace of Samuel himself, his home and official
residence, the site of his altar ch. 1Sa 7:17; 8:4; 15:34;
16:13 19:18 and finally his burial-place, ch. 1Sa 25:1; 28:3
It is a contracted form of Ramathaim-zophim. All that is
directly said as to its situation is that it was in Mount
Ephraim, 1Sa 1:1 a district without defined boundaries, The
position of Ramah is a much-disputed question. Tradition,
however places the residence of Samuel on the lofty and
remarkable eminence of Neby Samwil which rises four miles to
the northwest of Jerusalem. Since the days of Arcult the
tradition appears to have been continuous. Here, then, we
are inclined in the present state of the evidence, to place
the Ramah of Samuel.
3. One of the nineteen fortified places of Naphtali.
Jos 19:36 Dr. Robinson has discovered a Rameh northwest of
the Sea of Galilee, about 8 miles east-south-east of Safed.
4. One of the landmarks on the boundary of Asher,
Jos 19:29 apparently between Tyre and Zidon. Some place it 3
miles east of Tyre, others 10 miles off and east-southeast
of the same city.
5. By this name in 2Ki 8:29 and 2Chr 22:6 only, is
6. A place mentioned in the catalogue of those
reinhabited by the Benjamites after their return from the
captivity. Ne 11:33
Ramah in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
ra'-ma (ha-ramah, without the definite article only in Neh
11:33; Jer 31:15): The name denotes height, from root rum,
"to be high," and the towns to which it applied seem all to
have stood on elevated sites.
(1) Codex Vaticanus Arael; Codex Alexandrinus Rhama: A
fenced city in the lot assigned to Naphtali (Josh 19:36).
Only in this passage is the place referred to. It is
probably identical with the modern er-Rameh, a large
Christian village on the highway from Cafed to the coast,
about 8 miles West-Southwest of that city. To the North
rises the mountain range which forms the southern boundary
of Upper Galilee. In the valley to the South there is much
rich land cultivated by the villagers. The olives grown here
are very fine, and fruitful vineyards cover many of the
surrounding slopes. No remains of antiquity are to be seen
above ground; but the site is one likely to have been
occupied in ancient times.
(2) Rhama: A city that is mentioned only once, on the
boundary of Asher (Josh 19:29). The line of the boundary
cannot be followed with certainty; but perhaps we may
identify Ramah with the modern Ramiyeh, a village situated
on a hill which rises in the midst of a hollow, some 13
miles Southeast of Tyre, and 12 miles East of the Ladder of
Tyre. To the Southwest is a marshy lake which dries up in
summer. Traces of antiquity are found in the cisterns, a
large reservoir and many sarcophagi. To the West is the high
hill Belat, with ancient ruins, and remains of a temple of
which several columns are still in situ.
(3) Codex Vaticanus Rhama; Codex Alexandrinus Iama, and
other forms: A city in the territory of Benjamin named
between Gibeon and Beeroth (Josh 18:25). The Levite thought
of it as a possible resting-place for himself and his
concubine on their northward journey (Jdg 19:13). The palm
tree of Deborah was between this and Bethel (Jdg 4:5).
Baasha, king of Samaria, sought to fortify Ramah against
Asa, king of Judah. The latter frustrated the attempt, and
carried off the materials which Bassha had collected, and
with them fortified against him Geba of Benjamin and Mizpah
(1 Ki 15:17; 2 Ch 16:5). Here the captain of
Nebuchadnezzar's guard released Jeremiah after he had been
carried in bonds from Jerusalem (Jer 40:1). It figures in
Isaiah's picture of the Assyrians' approach (Isa 10:29). It
is named by Hosea in connection with Gibeah (5:8), and is
mentioned as being reoccupied after the exile (Ezr 2:26; Neh
7:30). It was near the traditional tomb of Rachel (Jer
31:15; compare 1 Sam 10:2; Mt 2:18, the King James Version
From the passages cited we gather that Ramah lay some
distance to the North of Gibeah, and not far from Gibeon...
Ramah Scripture - 1 Kings 15:17
And Baasha king of Israel went up against Judah, and built
Ramah, that he might not suffer any to go out or come in to
Asa king of Judah.
Ramah Scripture - 1 Kings 15:22
Then king Asa made a proclamation throughout all Judah; none
[was] exempted: and they took away the stones of Ramah, and
the timber thereof, wherewith Baasha had builded; and king Asa
built with them Geba of Benjamin, and Mizpah.
Ramah Scripture - 1 Samuel 15:34
Then Samuel went to Ramah; and Saul went up to his house to
Gibeah of Saul.
Ramah Scripture - 1 Samuel 1:19
And they rose up in the morning early, and worshipped before
the LORD, and returned, and came to their house to Ramah: and
Elkanah knew Hannah his wife; and the LORD remembered her.
Ramah Scripture - 2 Chronicles 16:1
In the six and thirtieth year of the reign of Asa Baasha king
of Israel came up against Judah, and built Ramah, to the
intent that he might let none go out or come in to Asa king of
Ramah Scripture - 2 Chronicles 22:6
And he returned to be healed in Jezreel because of the wounds
which were given him at Ramah, when he fought with Hazael king
of Syria. And Azariah the son of Jehoram king of Judah went
down to see Jehoram the son of Ahab at Jezreel, because he was
Ramah Scripture - 2 Kings 8:29
And king Joram went back to be healed in Jezreel of the wounds
which the Syrians had given him at Ramah, when he fought
against Hazael king of Syria. And Ahaziah the son of Jehoram
king of Judah went down to see Joram the son of Ahab in
Jezreel, because he was sick.
Ramah Scripture - Jeremiah 31:15
Thus saith the LORD; A voice was heard in Ramah, lamentation,
[and] bitter weeping; Rahel weeping for her children refused
to be comforted for her children, because they [were] not.
Ramah Scripture - Jeremiah 40:1
The word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD, after that
Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard had let him go from
Ramah, when he had taken him being bound in chains among all
that were carried away captive of Jerusalem and Judah, which
were carried away captive unto Babylon.
Ramah Scripture - Joshua 19:29
And [then] the coast turneth to Ramah, and to the strong city
Tyre; and the coast turneth to Hosah; and the outgoings
thereof are at the sea from the coast to Achzib:
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