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November 18    Scripture

Bible Cities: Galatia
Ancient Galatia

Map of Ancient Galatia


Galatia in Easton's Bible Dictionary has been called the "Gallia" of the East, Roman writers calling its inhabitants Galli. They were an intermixture of Gauls and Greeks, and hence were called Gallo-Graeci, and the country Gallo-Graecia. The Galatians were in their origin a part of that great Celtic migration which invaded Macedonia about B.C. 280. They were invited by the king of Bithynia to cross over into Asia Minor to assist him in his wars. There they ultimately settled, and being strengthened by fresh accessions of the same clan from Europe, they overran Bithynia, and supported themselves by plundering neighbouring countries. They were great warriors, and hired themselves out as mercenary soldiers, sometimes fighting on both sides in the great battles of the times. They were at length brought under the power of Rome in B.C. 189, and Galatia became a Roman province B.C. 25. This province of Galatia, within the limits of which these Celtic tribes were confined, was the central region of Asia Minor. During his second missionary journey Paul, accompanied by Silas and Timothy (Acts 16:6), visited the "region of Galatia," where he was detained by sickness (Gal. 4:13), and had thus the longer opportunity of preaching to them the gospel. On his third journey he went over "all the country of Galatia and Phrygia in order" (Acts 18:23). Crescens was sent thither by Paul toward the close of his life (2 Tim. 4:10).
http://www.bible-history.com/eastons/G/Galatia/


Galatia in Fausset's Bible Dictionary (guh lay' shuh) Geographical name derived from Gaul because its inhabitants were Celts or Galli (Gauls). The original settlement was in central Asia Minor. See Asia Minor. King Nicomedes of Bithynia invited the Celtic warriors across the Bosporus River to help him fight his brother in 278 B.C. The invaders fought on their own capturing cities until stopped by Antiochus I in 275 B.C. They then occupied the northern part of Asia Minor, bounded on the north by Pontus and Bithynia, on the east by Tavium and Pessinus in the west. For the most part, true Galatians lived in open areas, leaving city occupation to their predecessors, the Phrygians. The true Galatians constantly switched sides in ongoing battles in the area. Finally, in 25 B.C. Rome made Galatia a province of the empire and extended its borders, adding Lycaonia, Isauria, and Pisidia with Ancyra serving as the governmental center. Various Roman rulers added and subtracted territory from the province, so its precise boundaries are difficult to draw. Paul visited Galatia (Acts 16:6; Acts 18:23), though his precise route is not clear. Did he visit Phrygian-dominated cities or the true Galatians in the countryside? Was his letter addressed to the original territory in the north or to the Roman province with its southern additions? See Galatians. Compare 1 Corinthians 16:1; 2 Timothy 4:10, where some manuscripts have Gaul, and 1 Peter 1:1.
http://www.bible-history.com/faussets/G/Galatia/


Galatia in Hitchcock's Bible Names white; the color of milk
http://www.bible-history.com/hitchcock/G/Galatia/


Galatia in Naves Topical Bible (A province of Asia Minor) -Its churches visited by Paul Ac 16:6; 18:23 -Collection taken in, for Christians at Jerusalem 1Co 16:1 -Peter's address to 1Pe 1:1 -Churches in Ga 1:1,2 -See Paul's epistle to Galatians Ga 1
http://www.bible-history.com/naves/G/GALATIA/


Galatia in Smiths Bible Dictionary (land of the Galli, Gauls). The Roman province of Galatia may be roughly described as the central region of the peninsula of Asia Minor, bounded on the north by Bithynia and Paphlagonia; on the east by Pontus; on the south by Cappadocia and Lycaonia; on the west by Phrygia. --Encyc. Brit. It derived its name from the Gallic or Celtic tribes who, about 280 B.C., made an irruption into Macedonia and Thrace. It finally became a Roman province. The Galatia of the New Testament has really the "Gaul" of the East. The people have always been described as "susceptible of quick impressions and sudden changes, with a fickleness equal to their courage and enthusiasm, and a constant liability to that disunion which is the fruit of excessive vanity. --The Galatian churches were founded by Paul at his first visit, when he was detained among, them by sickness, Ga 4:13 during his second missionary journey, about A.D 51. He visited them again on his third missionary tour.
http://www.bible-history.com/smiths/G/Galatia/


Galatia in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE ga-la'-shi-a, ga-la'-sha (Galatia): I. INTRODUCTORY 1. Two Senses of Name (1) Geographical (2) Political 2. Questions to Be Answered II. ORIGIN OF NAME 1. The Gaulish Kingdom 2. Transference to Rome 3. The Roman Province III. THE NARRATIVE OF LUKE 1. Stages of Evangelization of Province 2. The Churches Mentioned IV. PAUL'S USE OF "GALATIANS" I. Introductory. 1. Two Senses of Name: "Galatia" was a name used in two different senses during the 1st century after Christ: (1) Geographical To designate a country in the north part of the central plateau of Asia Minor, touching Paphlagonia and Bithynia North, Phrygia West and South, Cappadocia and Pontus Southeast and East, about the headwaters of the Sangarios and the middle course of the Halys; (2) Political To designate a large province of the Roman empire, including not merely the country Galatia, but also Paphlagonia and parts of Pontus, Phrygia, Pisidia, Lycaonia and Isauria. The name occurs in 1 Cor 16:1; Gal 1:2; 1 Pet 1:1, and perhaps 2 Tim 4:10. Some writers assume that Galatia is also mentioned in Acts 16:6; 18:23; but the Greek there has the phrase "Galatic region" or "territory," though the English Versions of the Bible has "Galatia"; and it must not be assumed without proof that "Galatic region" is synonymous with "Galatia." If e.g. a modern narrative mentioned that a traveler crossed British territory, we know that this means something quite different from crossing Britain. "Galatic region" has a different connotation from "Galatia"; and, even if we should find that geographically it was equivalent, the writer had some reason for using that special form. 2. Questions to Be Answered: The questions that have to be answered are: (a) In which of the two senses is "Galatia" used by Paul and Peter? (b) What did Luke mean by Galatic region or territory? These questions have not merely geographical import; they bear most closely, and exercise determining influence, on many points in the biography, chronology, missionary work and methods of Paul. II. Origin of the Name "Galatia." 1. The Gaulish Kingdom: The name was introduced into Asia after 278-277 BC, when a large body of migrating Gauls (Galatai in Greek) crossed over from Europe at the invitation of Nikomedes, king of Bithynia; after ravaging a great part of Western Asia Minor they were gradually confined to a district, and boundaries were fixed for them after 232 BC. Thus, originated the independent state of Galatia, inhabited by three Gaulish tribes, Tolistobogioi, Tektosages and Trokmoi, with three city-centers, Pessinus, Ankyra and Tavia (Tavion in Strabo), who had brought their wives and families with them, and therefore continued to be a distinct Gaulish race and stock (which would have been impossible if they had come as simple warriors who took wives from the conquered inhabitants). The Gaulish language...
http://www.bible-history.com/isbe/G/GALATIA/


Galatia Scripture - 1 Corinthians 16:1 Now concerning the collection for the saints, as I have given order to the churches of Galatia, even so do ye.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/1+Corinthians/16/


Galatia Scripture - 1 Peter 1:1 Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the strangers scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia,
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/1+Peter/1/


Galatia Scripture - 2 Timothy 4:10 For Demas hath forsaken me, having loved this present world, and is departed unto Thessalonica; Crescens to Galatia, Titus unto Dalmatia.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/2+Timothy/4/


Galatia Scripture - Acts 16:6 Now when they had gone throughout Phrygia and the region of Galatia, and were forbidden of the Holy Ghost to preach the word in Asia,
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Acts/16/


Galatia Scripture - Acts 18:23 And after he had spent some time [there], he departed, and went over [all] the country of Galatia and Phrygia in order, strengthening all the disciples.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Acts/18/


Galatia Scripture - Galatians 1:2 And all the brethren which are with me, unto the churches of Galatia:
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Galatians/1/


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