Bible Cities: Arabia
Arabia was a large peninsula east of Egypt, between the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf. It was about 800 miles wide and 1400 miles long. There was only one river and one Lake in the entire peninsula.
Arabia in Easton's Bible Dictionary
arid, an extensive region in the south-west of Asia. It is
bounded on the west by the Isthmus of Suez and the
Red Sea, on
the south by the Indian Ocean, and on the east by
Gulf and the Euphrates. It extends far into the
north in barren
deserts, meeting those of Syria and Mesopotamia. It
is one of
the few countries of the world from which the
inhabitants have never been expelled.
It was anciently divided into three parts:, (1.)
(Happy Arabia), so called from its fertility. It
large portion of the country now known by the name
The Arabs call it Yemen. It lies between the Red Sea
Persian Gulf. (2.) Arabia Deserta, the el-Badieh or
Wilderness" of the Arabs. From this name is derived
is usually given to the nomadic tribes which wander
region, the "Bedaween," or, more generally,
Arabia Petraea, i.e., the Rocky Arabia, so called
from its rocky
mountains and stony plains. It comprehended all the
portion of the country, and is much better known to
than any other portion. This country ...
Arabia in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
(Arabia arid tract). The Arabah, originally restricted to
one wady, came to be applied to all Arabia. (See ARABAH.)
Bounded on the N. by Israel and Syria, E. by the
Euphrates and the Persian Gulf, S. by the Arabian Sea and
strait of Bab-el-Mandeb, W. by the Red Sea and Egypt. 1700
miles long by 1400 broad. Designated Genesis 25:6 "the east
country," the people "children of the East" (Genesis 29:1;
Judges 6:3), chiefly meaning the tribes E. of Jordan and N.
of the Arabian peninsula. "All the mingled people" is in
Hebrew ha ereb (Exodus 12:38; Jeremiah 25:20; Ezekiel 30:5),
possibly the Arabs. The three divisions are Arabia Deserta,
Felix, and Petraea. The term Kedem, "the East," with the
Hebrew probably referred to ARABIA DESERTA, or N. Arabia,
bounded E. by the Euphrates, W. by the mountains of Gilead.
Jeremiah (Jeremiah 2:6) describes its features, "a land of
deserts and pits, a land of drought and of the shadow of
death, that no man passed through, and where no man dwelt."
Tadmor or Palmyra "in the wilderness" was on its
N.E. border (1 Kings 9:18). Moving sands, a few thorny
shrubs, and an occasional palm and a spring of brackish
water, constitute its general character. The sand wind, the
simoom, visits it. Hither Paul resorted after conversion for
that rest and reflection which are needed before great
spiritual enterprises (Galatians 1:17). Moses' stay of 40
years in the same quarter served the same end of preparatory
discipline. Its early inhabitants were the Rephaim, Emim,
Zuzim, Zamzummim (Genesis 14:5); Ammon, Moab, Edom, the
Hagarenes, the Nabathaeans, the people of Kedar, and many
wandering tent-dwelling tribes, like the modern Bedouins,
succeeded. The portion of it called the Hauran, or Syrian
desert, abounds in ruins and inscriptions in Greek,
Palmyrene, and an unknown tongue.
ARABIA FELIX or happy, S. Arabia, bounded on the E.
by the Persian Gulf, S. by the Arabian Sea, W. by the Red
Sea. Yemen, famed for its fertility ("the right hand", so
the south, compare Matthew 12:42); and Hadramaut
(Hazarmaveth, Genesis 10:26) were parts of it. Sheba answers
to Yemen (Psalm 72:10), whose queen visited Solomon (1 Kings
10:1). The dominant family was that of Himyer, son of Sava;
one of this family founded the modern kingdom of the
Himyerites, now called el Hedjaz, the land of pilgrimage, on
account of the pilgrimages to Mecca the birthplace, and
Medina the burial place, of Mahomet. The central province of
the Nejd is famed for the Arab horses and camels, "the ships
of the desert."
Joktan, son of Eber (Genesis 10:25), was the
original founder, Ishmael the subsequent head, of its
population. The Hagarenes, originally the same as the...
Arabia in Hitchcock's Bible Names
evening; desert; ravens
Arabia in Naves Topical Bible
Tribute to Solomon
-Tribute to Jehoshaphat
Isa 21:13; Jer 25:24
Arabia in Smiths Bible Dictionary
desert, barren), a country known in the Old Testament under
1. The East Country, Ge 25:6 or perhaps the East,
(Ge 10:30; Nu 23:7; Isa 2:6 and Land of the Sons of the
East, Ge 29:1 Gentile name, Sons of the East, Jud 6:3; 7:12;
1Ki 4:30; Job 1:3; Isa 11:14; Jer 49:28; Eze 25:4 From these
passages it appears that Land of the East and Sons of the
East indicate, primarily, the country east of Israel, and
the tribes descended from Ishmael and from Keturah; and that
this original signification may have become gradually
extended to Arabia and its inhabitants generally, though
without any strict limitation.
2. 'Arab and 'Arab, whence Arabia. 2Ch 9:14; Isa
21:13; Jer 26:24; Eze 27:21 (Arabia is a triangular
peninsula, included between the Mediterranean and Red seas,
the Indian Ocean and the Persian Gulf. Its extreme length,
north and south, is about 1300 miles, and its greatest
breadth 1500 miles. -Encyc. Brit.) Divisions.--Arabia may be
divided into Arabia Proper, containing the whole peninsula
as far as the limits of the northern deserts; Northern
Arabia (Arabia Deserta), constituting the great desert of
Arabia; and Western Arabia, the desert of Petra and the
peninsula of Sinai, or the country that has been called
Arabia Petraea, I. Arabia Proper, or the Arabian penninsula
consists of high tableland, declining towards the north.
Most of it is well peopled, watered by wells and streams,
and enjoys periodical rains. The moist fertile tracts are
those on the southwest and south. II. Northern Arabia, or
the Arabian Desert, is a high, undulating, parched plain, of
which the Euphrates forms the natural boundary from the
Persian Gulf to the frontier of Syria, whence it is bounded
by the latter country and the desert of Petra on the
northwest and west, the peninsula of Arabia forming its
southern limit. It has few oases, the water of the wells is
generally either brackish or unpotable and it is visited by
the sand-wind called Samoom. The inhabitants principally
descended from Ishmael and from Keturah, have always led a
wandering and pastoral life. They conducted a considerable
trade of merchandise of Arabia and India from the shore of
the Persian Gulf. Eze 27:20-24 III. Western Arabia includes
the peninsula of Sinai [SINAI] and the desert of Petra;
corresponding generally with the limits of Arabia Petraea.
The latter name is probably derived from that of its chief
city, not from its stony character. It was mostly peopled by
descendants of Esau, and was generally known as the land of
Edom or Idumea [EDOM], as well as by its older appellation,
the desert of Seir or Mount Seir. [SEIR]
Inhabitants.-- (Arabia, which once ruled from India
to the Atlantic, now has eight ...
Arabia in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
a-ra'-bi-a (`arabh, Arabia):
I. Name and Situation.
The Hebrew word `arabh always denotes, strictly speaking,
not the country, but the people of Arabia taken
collectively, and especially the nomadic Arabs. The name of
the country does not occur in the Old Testament, but in the
New Testament it is used to denote the Syrian desert or the
peninsula of Sinai.
2. Situation and Configuration:
Surrounded as it is on three sides by the sea--by the Indian
Ocean on the south, and its two branches, the Red Sea on the
west and the Persian Gulf on the east--and on the fourth
side by the desert of Syria, the country of Arabia is to all
intents and purposes an island; and it is named by its
inhabitants and by those who speak their language "the
Island of the Arabs." In configuration the country is
roughly of the form of a parallelogram, about 1,000 miles in
length by 500 or 600 miles broad. This parallelogram is not
of uniform altitude, but the generally even surface is
tilted to one corner in such a way that the most southerly
point contains mountains rising to 10,000 feet in height,
whilst the Northeast corner is almost on a level with the
sea. The altitudes of the intervening portions are in
proportion to their situation with respect to these
extremes. Thus the mountains of the Southeast corner have an
altitude of from 5,000 to 6,000 feet, those of the Northwest
of 4,000 or 5,000, whereas those which are situated near the
middle of the West coast rise to 8,000 feet, and the plateau
which forms the northern half of the interior of the
peninsula is between 3,000 and 4,000 feet above sea-level.
In consequence of this configuration the main watershed of
the country runs parallel to the West coast at a distance of
between 50 and 100 miles from the sea, with a subsidiary
watershed running along the south; and the principal outlets
for the drainage run in a Northeast direction. The whole of
Arabia stretches from about 13 degrees to about 36 degrees
north of the equator, and it lies between 33 degrees and 60
degrees east of Greenwich. Its area is about eight times
that of the British Isles, or nearly 1,000,000 square miles.
II. Physical Features.
1. The Desert:
Although Arabia is considered by geographer...
Arabia Scripture - 1 Kings 10:15
Beside [that he had] of the merchantmen, and of the traffick
of the spice merchants, and of all the kings of Arabia, and of
the governors of the country.
Arabia Scripture - 2 Chronicles 9:14
Beside [that which] chapmen and merchants brought. And all the
kings of Arabia and governors of the country brought gold and
silver to Solomon.
Arabia Scripture - Ezekiel 27:21
Arabia, and all the princes of Kedar, they occupied with thee
in lambs, and rams, and goats: in these [were they] thy
Arabia Scripture - Galatians 1:17
Neither went I up to Jerusalem to them which were apostles
before me; but I went into Arabia, and returned again unto
Arabia Scripture - Galatians 4:25
For this Agar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to
Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children.
Arabia Scripture - Isaiah 21:13
The burden upon Arabia. In the forest in Arabia shall ye
lodge, O ye travelling companies of Dedanim.
Arabia Scripture - Jeremiah 25:24
And all the kings of Arabia, and all the kings of the mingled
people that dwell in the desert,
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