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December 13    Scripture

Bible Cities: Aphek
Aphek is the name of four places in the Bible, a city on the plain of Sharon; a city on the northern edge of ancient Canaan; a city within the tribe of Asher; and a city to the east of the Sea of Galilee.

Map of Ancient Aphek


Aphek in Easton's Bible Dictionary (Judg. 1:31); Aphek (Josh. 13:4; 19:30), stronghold. (1.) A city of the tribe of Asher. It was the scene of the licentious worship of the Syrian Aphrodite. The ruins of the temple, "magnificent ruins" in a "spot of strange wildness and beauty", are still seen at Afka, on the north-west slopes of Lebanon, near the source of the river Adonis (now Nahr Ibrahim), 12 miles east of Gebal. (2.) A city of the tribe of Issachar, near to Jezreel (1 Sam. 4:1; 29:1; comp. 28:4). (3.) A town on the road from Damascus to Israel, in the level plain east of Jordan, near which Benhadad was defeated by the Israelites (1 Kings 20:26, 30; 2 Kings 13:17). It has been identified with the modern Fik, 6 miles east of the Sea of Galilee, opposite Tiberias.
http://www.bible-history.com/eastons/A/Aphik/


Aphek in Fausset's Bible Dictionary ("strength".) 1. Same as Aphekah (Joshua 15:58). A Canaanite royal city, the king of which was killed by Joshua (Joshua 12:18). 2. In the extreme N. of Asher (Joshua 19:30). The Aphik from which the Canaanites were not expelled (Judges 1:31). Probably too the Aphek on the N." border of the Amorites" (Joshua 13:4-5), the Aphaca of the classics, famed for Venus' temple, now Afka, on the N.W. slopes of Lebanon; mentioned in company with Baal-Gad, the other northern sanctuary. 3. The place of the Philistines' encampment before the Israelites' defeat in which Eli's sons were killed and the ark was taken (1 Samuel 4); also before the battle in which Saul was slain (1 Samuel 29); on the Philistines' high road to Jezreel. 4. On the road from Syria to Israel (1 Kings 20:25- 26), in the level plain E. of Jordan; a common field of battles with Syria. (2 Kings 13:17). Now Fik; at the head of the wady Fik, six miles E. of the sea of Galilee, still on the great road between Damascus, Nabulus, and Jerusalem.
http://www.bible-history.com/faussets/A/Aphek/


Aphek in Hitchcock's Bible Names Aphekah
http://www.bible-history.com/hitchcock/A/Aphek/


Aphek in Naves Topical Bible 1. A city of the tribe of Asher Jos 19:30 Called APHIK Jud 1:31 -2. A city of the tribe of Issachar Philistines defeat Israelites at 1Sa 4:1-11 Saul killed at 1Sa 29:1 Probably the same city as mentioned in Joshua as a royal city of the Canaanites Jos 12:18 -3. A city between Damascus and Israel Ben-hadad defeated at 1Ki 20:26-30
http://www.bible-history.com/naves/A/APHEK/


Aphek in Smiths Bible Dictionary (strength), the name of several places in Israel. 1. A royal city of the Canaanites, the king of which was killed by Joshua, Jos 12:18 probably the same as APHEKAH in Jos 15:53 2. A city, apparently in the extreme north of Asher, Jos 19:30 from which the Canaanites were not ejected, Jud 1:31 though here it is APHIK. This is probably the same place as APHEK, Jos 13:4 on the extreme north "border of the Amorites,"; identified with the Aphaca of classical times, the modern Afka. 3. A place at which the Philistines encamped while the Israelites pitched in Eben-ezer, before the fatal battle in which the sons of Eli were killed and the ark was taken. 1Sa 4:1 This would be somewhere to the northwest of and at no great distance from Jerusalem. 4. The scene of another encampment of the Philistines, before an encounter not less disastrous than that just named, --the defeat and death of Saul. 1Sa 29:1 It is possible that it may be the same place as the preceding. 5. A city on the military road from Syria to Israel. 1Ki 20:26 It is now found in Fik, at the head of the Wady Fik, six miles east of the Sea of Galilee.
http://www.bible-history.com/smiths/A/Aphek/


Aphek in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE a'-fek ('apheq, "fortress"; Aphek): (1) In Josh 12:18 we should probably read with the Septuagint "the king of Aphek in Sharon." This may correspond to Aphek in 1 Sam 4:1. It was a royal city of the Canaanites whose king was slain by Josh. Probably it is the Aphek mentioned by Josephus as being near to Antipatris (BJ, II, xix, 1). Kakon, a strong position commanding the main entrance to Samaria might suit; but the name has perished. (2) (Greek Taphek or Apheka): A city in the lot of Asher (Josh 13:4). The inhabitants were not ejected by Asher, nor is it said that they became tributary (Jdg 1:31). In this passage it is written 'aphiq (Hebrew). It may be represented by 'Afqa on Nahr Ibrahim, although this is probably farther north than we should expect. (3) To this place the Philistines gathered their hosts, while the Israelites pitched by the fountain which is in Jezreel (1 Sam 29:1). It has been generally supposed that these two positions were over against each other, and that therefore Aphek must be sought in the plain of Esdraelon. No place answering this description has been found here. Fuqu`ah on Mount Gilboa is plainly impossible. If, however, this was only the rallying point of the Philistines from which they went up to Jezreel (1 Sam 29:11), it may be identical with the Aphek in the plain of Sharon (compare 29:1 above). (4) A city on the plateau east of the Jordan, where disaster befell Benhadad (1 Ki 20:26,30). The same place may be intended in 2 Ki 13:17. The modern Fiq or Afiq (for both forms are heard) on the brow of the hill beyond Qal`at el- Chucn, east of the Sea of Galilee, probably represents this ancient city.
http://www.bible-history.com/isbe/A/APHEK/


Aphek Scripture - 1 Kings 20:26 And it came to pass at the return of the year, that Benhadad numbered the Syrians, and went up to Aphek, to fight against Israel.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/1+Kings/20/


Aphek Scripture - 1 Kings 20:30 But the rest fled to Aphek, into the city; and [there] a wall fell upon twenty and seven thousand of the men [that were] left. And Benhadad fled, and came into the city, into an inner chamber.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/1+Kings/20/


Aphek Scripture - 1 Samuel 29:1 Now the Philistines gathered together all their armies to Aphek: and the Israelites pitched by a fountain which [is] in Jezreel.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/1+Samuel/29/


Aphek Scripture - 1 Samuel 4:1 And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. Now Israel went out against the Philistines to battle, and pitched beside Ebenezer: and the Philistines pitched in Aphek.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/1+Samuel/4/


Aphek Scripture - 2 Kings 13:17 And he said, Open the window eastward. And he opened [it]. Then Elisha said, Shoot. And he shot. And he said, The arrow of the LORD'S deliverance, and the arrow of deliverance from Syria: for thou shalt smite the Syrians in Aphek, till thou have consumed [them].
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/2+Kings/13/


Aphek Scripture - Joshua 12:18 The king of Aphek, one; the king of Lasharon, one;
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Joshua/12/


Aphek Scripture - Joshua 13:4 From the south, all the land of the Canaanites, and Mearah that [is] beside the Sidonians, unto Aphek, to the borders of the Amorites:
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Joshua/13/


Aphek Scripture - Joshua 19:30 Ummah also, and Aphek, and Rehob: twenty and two cities with their villages.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Joshua/19/


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