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June 28    Scripture

Archaeology: Images


A map of the acropolis (Hazor) A map of the upper city (acropolis, Tel) showing the main areas excavated in the renewed excavations since 1990, and the significant Israelite (iron age) remains. Hazor was an ancient Canaanite and Israelite city located in the north of modern day Israel. Recent archaeological excavations have revealed how important this city was in antiquity. [The Hazor Excavations]
http://unixware.mscc.huji.ac.il/~hatsor/acromap.htm


A milliarium (Roman Milestone), Barca da Mó, near Caldas do Gerês, Portugal. This Hadrianic milestone is one of several in place along the Roman military road to Bracara Augusta (modern Braga). © 1993 Craig R. Bina [Images] [Archaeology]
http://xoanon.earth.northwestern.edu/public/craig/archaeology/figs/miles.html


Aerial photograph of Caesarea Maritima Aerial View Of Ancient Roman Port Of Caesarea [Archaeology]
http://www.israelimages.com/see_image_details.php?idi=81


Aqueduct (France) Pont du Gard, near Nîmes (Roman Nemausus), France. This aqueduct bridge, erected in 19 B.C., carried an estimated 30,000 cubic meters of water daily across the Gardon river. The entire aqueduct stretched 50 kilometers from the water source near Uzès to the Roman city of Nemausus. After crossing the Pont du Gard (at a height of 49 meters), the water passed over an additional six aqueduct bridges before reaching Nemausus. © 1995 Craig R. Bina [Images] [Archaeology]
http://xoanon.earth.northwestern.edu/public/craig/archaeology/figs/gard.html


Aqueduct (Turkey) Ruined aqueduct, Bergama (Greek Pergamon, Roman Pergamum) Turkey. This aqueduct, part of the complex water supply network of the Roman city of Pergamum, was destroyed by an earthquake in 262 A.D. © Craig R. Bina [Images] [Archaeology]
http://xoanon.earth.northwestern.edu/public/craig/archaeology/figs/aque.html


Archaeological Images and Photos Please refer to the images and art sections for the particular location, ie. Ancient Near East (Art & Images), etc.
http://www.bible-history.com


Calcium Deposits (France) Calcium Deposits, Pont du Gard, near Nîmes (Roman Nemausus), France. These calcium deposits, precipitated from the locally hard water, accumulated in the main channel of the Roman aqueduct bridge Pont du Gard over the centuries during which it was in continuous use as part of the water supply of the Roman city of Nemausus. © 1995 Craig R. Bina [Images] [Archaeology]
http://xoanon.earth.northwestern.edu/public/craig/archaeology/figs/calc.html


Canaanite bronze figurine (Hazor) A volunteer admiring one of the bronze figurines found in the Canaanite palace. Hazor was an ancient Canaanite and Israelite city located in the north of modern day Israel. Recent archaeological excavations have revealed how important this city was in antiquity. [The Hazor Excavations]
http://unixware.mscc.huji.ac.il/~hatsor/jerry.htm


Canaanite bronze figurine (Hazor) A Canaanite bronze figurine of a smiting god with inlaid eyes. The spear in its right hand is now missing. Hazor was an ancient Canaanite and Israelite city located in the north of modern day Israel. Recent archaeological excavations have revealed how important this city was in antiquity. [The Hazor Excavations]
http://unixware.mscc.huji.ac.il/~hatsor/smiting.htm


Canaanite Bronze Figurine (Hazor) A Canaanite bronze figurine probably of a nobleman found in 1996. Hazor was an ancient Canaanite and Israelite city located in the north of modern day Israel. Recent archaeological excavations have revealed how important this city was in antiquity. [The Hazor Excavations]
http://unixware.mscc.huji.ac.il/~hatsor/statue.htm


Canaanite palace (Hazor) An aerial view of Area A from the West. The Canaanite palace is at the bottom of the picture. The six-chambered "Solomonic Gate" is visible at the top left of the picture. The picture was taken at the end of excavations in 1996. Hazor was an ancient Canaanite and Israelite city located in the north of modern day Israel. Recent archaeological excavations have revealed how important this city was in antiquity. [The Hazor Excavations]
http://unixware.mscc.huji.ac.il/~hatsor/areaa.htm


Canaanite Palace (Hazor) Hazor was an ancient Canaanite and Israelite city located in the north of modern day Israel. Recent archaeological excavations have revealed how important this city was in antiquity. Rising dramatically beyond a bend in the road linking the Sea of Galilee with Israel's northern border, Tel Hazor stands as prominently on the landscape today as when the Canaanite city founded on the site was at the height of its prosperity and international influence some View of the main entrance to the Late Bronze Age palace 3500 years ago. [Recent Archaeological Discoveries at Hazor ]
http://unixware.mscc.huji.ac.il/~hatsor/entran.htm


Castlerigg Stone Circle Castlerigg Stone Circle, near Keswick, England. This cromlech, or stone circle, dates from the bronze age. © Craig R. Bina [Images] [Archaeology]
http://xoanon.earth.northwestern.edu/public/craig/archaeology/figs/keswick.html


Cromlech (England) Stonehenge, Salisbury Plain, near Amesbury, England. Construction of this cromlech, or stone circle, extended from the early bronze age through later centuries. These trilithons of ``sarsen'' granite comprise the inner portion of the circle, with a ring of smaller ``bluestones'' surrounding it. © Craig R. Bina [Images] [Archaeology]
http://xoanon.earth.northwestern.edu/public/craig/archaeology/figs/henge.html


Cuneiform Tablets PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Tablets.html


Ephesus - A Panoramic Virtual Tour Images focusing on ancient Ephesus. HISTORICAL SITES IN TURKEY [Images] [Archaeology]
http://www.sailturkey.com/panoramas/ephesus/


Granite obelisk, Istanbul Granite obelisk, Istanbul (ancient Byzantium, later Constantinople), Turkey. This Egyptian obelisk of the fifteenth century B.C. pharoah Thothmes III was transported to Byzantium from Heliopolis by the emperor Theodosius in the fourth century B.C. There it was erected along the spina (the long, low wall running down the middle of a racecourse, usually decorated with monuments) of the Hippodrome of Severus (the modern Atmeidan). Later in the fourth century B.C. it was toppled by an earthquake, but Theodosius had it re-erected on the same site. Note the absence of significant weathering of the hard granite stone. © Craig R. Bina [Images] [Archaeology]
http://xoanon.earth.northwestern.edu/public/craig/archaeology/figs/granite.html


Harbor, Efes (ancient Ephesus), near Selçuk, Turkey Harbor, Efes (ancient Ephesus), near Selçuk, Turkey. The harbor environs of the Roman city of Ephesus, as viewed from the slopes of Mt. Pion, illustrate the silting up of what was a major Roman port. The colonnaded avenue, the Arcadiana, ends at the edge of the harbor proper, but the modern coastline has receded into the distance. The shifting delta of the river Cayster caused regular silting problems in the harbor, and major engineering efforts to combat this were documented in 60 A.D. and 129 A.D. After a series of major earthquakes in the fourth century A.D., such attempts to maintain the harbor were finally abandoned. Further silting of the habor, accompanied by development of malarial marshlands, was documented in 431, 449, and 716 A.D., and this part of the city of Ephesus was completely abandoned by the tenth century. © 1992 Craig R. Bina [Images] [Archaeology]
http://xoanon.earth.northwestern.edu/public/craig/archaeology/figs/harbor.html


History of Hazor Canaanite Hazor and Israelite Hazor. Hazor was an ancient Canaanite and Israelite city located in the north of modern day Israel. Recent archaeological excavations have revealed how important this city was in antiquity. [The Hazor Excavations]
http://unixware.mscc.huji.ac.il/~hatsor/history.htm


Hypocausts (Italy) Hypocausts, Fiesole (Roman Faesulae), near Firenze, Italy. These large brick conduits, or hypocausts, carried heated air beneath the floors of this Roman bath complex in the formerly Etruscan town of Faesulae. © 1996 Craig R. Bina [Images] [Archaeology]
http://xoanon.earth.northwestern.edu/public/craig/archaeology/figs/caust.html


Images of Greek gods [Ancient Greece] [Images]
http://victorian.fortunecity.com/palette/187/greece.html


Jewels of the Canaanite palace (Hazor) Jewelry from the Canaanite palace (beads, earrings, cylinder seals, ivory plaques and gold sheet). Hazor was an ancient Canaanite and Israelite city located in the north of modern day Israel. Recent archaeological excavations have revealed how important this city was in antiquity. [The Hazor Excavations]
http://unixware.mscc.huji.ac.il/~hatsor/beads.htm


Map of the upper and lower city (Hazor) A map of the Tel and the lower city showing main areas of excavation since Yadin's excavations in the 1950's. Hazor was an ancient Canaanite and Israelite city located in the north of modern day Israel. Recent archaeological excavations have revealed how important this city was in antiquity. [The Hazor Excavations]
http://unixware.mscc.huji.ac.il/~hatsor/telmap.htm


Marble obelisk, Istanbul Marble obelisk, Istanbul (ancient Byzantium, later Constantinople), Turkey. This Roman obelisk was erected in Byzantium along the spina (the long, low wall running down the middle of a racecourse, usually decorated with monuments) of the Hippodrome of Severus (the modern Atmeidan) and was originally covered in bronze plates. Note the presence of significant weathering of the soft stone. © 1992 Craig R. Bina [Images] [Archaeology]
http://xoanon.earth.northwestern.edu/public/craig/archaeology/figs/marble.html


Mesha Stele Photo Moabite Stone
Language: Moabite (a West Semitic Language)
Medium: basalt stone stele
Size: 1.15 meters high, 60-68 centimeters wide
Length: 35 lines of writing
Honoree: Mesha, king of Moab
(late 9th century BCE)
Approximate Date: 830 BCE
Place of Discovery: Dhiban [in modern Jordan]
Date of Discovery: 1868
Current Location: Louvre Museum (Paris, France)
Inventory number: AO 5066
http://www.bible-history.com/acp/images/artifacts/moabite_stone.swf


Mount of Olives Ossuaries The Mount of Olives (also Mount Olivet, Hebrew: הר הזיתים, Har HaZeitim; Arabic: جبل الزيتون, الطور‎, Jebel ez-Zeitun, Jebel et-Tur, "Mount of the Summit") is a mountain ridge to the east of Jerusalem. It is named from the olive trees with which its sides are clothed. At the foot of the mountain is the Gardens of Gethsemane where Jesus stayed in Jerusalem, according to tradition. The Mount of Olives is the site of many important Biblical events. [images] [Archaeology]
http://www.jerusalemshots.com/Jerusalem_en65-4637.html


Palace of Darius PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Palace_Darius.html
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Palace_Darius.html


Plan of the water system (Hazor) The entrance to the tunnel is situated at the western edge of the shaft bottom. The tunnel itself runs south-west for approximately 25m, sloping down gradually to the water level. The vaulted ceiling of the tunnel is some 4m high. The total depth of the shaft and the tunnel is about 40m. Hazor was an ancient Canaanite and Israelite city located in the north of modern day Israel. Recent archaeological excavations have revealed how important this city was in antiquity. [The Hazor Excavations]
http://unixware.mscc.huji.ac.il/~hatsor/wsplan.htm


Port (Italy) (with Roman Road) Excavations in Classe (Roman Classis) near Ravenna, Italy. This Roman road runs beside the harbor canal of the Roman port of Classis. The canal was constructed circa 25 B.C. to join Classis, the port of the city of Ravenna, to the estuary of the river Po in an attempt to combat the continual silting up of the harbor. Formation of mudflats by silting has proceeded to such a degree that the modern coast has receded to a distance of approximately eight kilometers from the ancient harbor. © 1996 Craig R. Bina [Images] [Archaeology]
http://xoanon.earth.northwestern.edu/public/craig/archaeology/figs/classe.html


Ritmeyer Archaeological Design "The analysis of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem...where Leen Ritmeyer relates his discoveries of the 500 cubit square Temple Mount, built by King Hezekiah, the location of Solomon's Temple and where the Ark of the Covenant stood in the Holy of Holies of that first Temple" [Biblical Archaeology] [Research Organizations]
http://www.ritmeyer.com/


Roman Water Pipes, Arles (Roman Arelate), France A battery of these lead pipes transported a portion of the water supply of the Roman city of Arelate across the broad bed of the swift river Rhône. © 1995 Craig R. Bina [Images] [Archaeology]
http://xoanon.earth.northwestern.edu/public/craig/archaeology/figs/pipes.html


The "flight of stairs" (excavations at Hazor) A flight of stairs leading westward from the podium in Area M. The stairs - like the floor and podium - are made of basalt indicating the significance of this area. Photo is taken at the end of excavations in 1995. Two more stairs leading to a pebble-paved floor were excavated in 1996. Hazor was an ancient Canaanite and Israelite city located in the north of modern day Israel. Recent archaeological excavations have revealed how important this city was in antiquity. [The Hazor Excavations]
http://unixware.mscc.huji.ac.il/~hatsor/steps.htm


The "flight of stairs" (Hazor) A flight of stairs leading westward from the podium in Area M. The stairs - like the floor and podium - are made of basalt indicating the significance of this area. Photo is taken at the end of excavations in 1995. Two more stairs leading to a pebble-paved floor were excavated in 1996. Hazor was an ancient Canaanite and Israelite city located in the north of modern day Israel. Recent archaeological excavations have revealed how important this city was in antiquity. [The Hazor Excavations]
http://unixware.mscc.huji.ac.il/~hatsor/steps.htm


The "ibni" tablet (Hazor) A letter sent to Ibni (-addu?) king of Hazor (18th century BCE). Found in the vicinity of the Canaanite Palace. Hazor was an ancient Canaanite and Israelite city located in the north of modern day Israel. Recent archaeological excavations have revealed how important this city was in antiquity. [The Hazor Excavations]
http://unixware.mscc.huji.ac.il/~hatsor/ibni.htm


The "podium" (Hazor) A Canaanite cultic (or civic) platform, made of basalt found in Area M. The top is made from a single piece of basalt estimated to weigh close to 2 tons. It may have supported a chair or throne as there are four precise circular depressions in the center of the basalt block. Hazor was an ancient Canaanite and Israelite city located in the north of modern day Israel. Recent archaeological excavations have revealed how important this city was in antiquity. [The Hazor Excavations]
http://unixware.mscc.huji.ac.il/~hatsor/podium.htm


The aquaduct outside of Ceasarea Large Photo. [images] [Archaeology]
http://www.biblewalks.com/Photos/caesereaaqueduct.jpg


The famous “Corinth Canal”.. The Corinth Canal links the Gulf of Corinth in the northwest with the Saronic Gulf in the southeast. The canal is 3.9 miles (6.3 km) long and has a water depth of 26 feet (8 m). Its width varies from a minimum of 69 feet (21 m) at the bottom to 82 feet (25 m) maximum at the water's surface. Before it was built, ships sailing between the Aegean and Adriatic had to circumnavigate the Peloponnese adding about 185 nautical miles to their journey. The first to decide to dig the Corinth Canal was Periander, the tyrant of Corinth (602 BCE). Such a giant project was above the technical capabilities of ancient times so Periander carried out another great project, the diolkós, a stone road, on which the ships were transferred on wheeled platforms from one sea to the other. Dimitrios Poliorkitis, king of Macedon (c. 300 BCE), was the second who tried, but his engineers insisted that if the seas where connected, the more northerly Adriatic, mistakenly thought to be higher, would flood the more southern Aegean. At the time, it was also thought that Poseidon, god of the sea, opposed joining the Aegean and the Adriatic. The same fear also stopped Julius Caesar and emperors Hadrian and Caligula. The most serious try was that of Emperor Nero (67 CE). He had 6,000 slaves for the job. He started the work himself, digging with a golden hoe, while music was played. However, he was killed before the work could be completed. [images] [Archaeology]
http://www.grisel.net/corinth_canal.htm


The Israelite water system (Hazor) The Hazor water system dates to the 9th century BC and was used until the final destruction of the Israelite city in the 8th century BC. The width of the rock-hewn steps leading down to the water suggest that water was brought up by pack animals descending and ascending simultaneously. Hazor was an ancient Canaanite and Israelite city located in the north of modern day Israel. Recent archaeological excavations have revealed how important this city was in antiquity. [The Hazor Excavations]
http://unixware.mscc.huji.ac.il/~hatsor/watersy.htm


The main street in Ancient Corinth [images] [Archaeology]
http://www.shunya.net/Pictures/Greece/Corinth/Corinth1.jpg


The Mesha Stele (The Moabite Stone. Description with text. 830 BCE.
http://www.kchanson.com/ANCDOCS/westsem/mesha.html


The Mesha Stele (The Moabite Stone. Description with text. 830 BCE.
http://www.kchanson.com/ANCDOCS/westsem/mesha.html


The Pontius Pilate Inscription in Caesarea Until recently, there was no contemporary evidence outside the Bible for Pilate's existence (although Tacitus, Josephus, and Philo all wrote about him). Then in 1961, Italian archaeologists excavating the theatre at Caesarea found this stone inscription of Pontius Pilate. Coins have also been found dating from Pilate's rule as governor. [Jesus] [Archaeology]
http://www.facingthechallenge.org/pilate.php


The restored Israelite buildings (Hazor) The "four rooms" building on left and the "pillared" building on the right were moved and restored in a new location to enable excavations beneath them. The restoration also enabled better preservation and makes them accessible to the public. Hazor was an ancient Canaanite and Israelite city located in the north of modern day Israel. Recent archaeological excavations have revealed how important this city was in antiquity. [The Hazor Excavations]
http://unixware.mscc.huji.ac.il/~hatsor/restore.htm


The Roman Aqueducts at Caesarea Maritima. Photos. Since Ceasarea lacked a natural water source, aqueducts were built by the Romans to bring in fresh water. Most water in Israel comes from the mountains in the north. The Romans built huge aqueducts to bring in water. [Archaeology]
http://tommyimages.com/Stock_Photos/Middle_East/Israel/Caesarea/slides/Israel_1334-Roman_Aqueducts.html


The roof tops of the old city of Jerusalem. A view over the roof tops of the Old City of Jerusalem. In the middle is the golden roof of the Dome of the Rock at the Temple Mount. [Archaeology]
http://blog.lib.umn.edu/mill1974/EGAD/images/Israel05/jerumar_DotRrooftops.jpg


The source of the Israelite water system (Hazor) The tunnel is directed westwards towards the water level within the precincts of the Tell. Its dimensions and direction indicate the soundness of the geological knowledge possessed by the Israelite engineers. Hazor was an ancient Canaanite and Israelite city located in the north of modern day Israel. Recent archaeological excavations have revealed how important this city was in antiquity. [The Hazor Excavations]
http://unixware.mscc.huji.ac.il/~hatsor/waterso.htm


The Tel Hazor acropolis (upper city) An aerial view of the acropolis at Hazor. Hazor was an ancient Canaanite and Israelite city located in the north of modern day Israel. Recent archaeological excavations have revealed how important this city was in antiquity. [The Hazor Excavations]
http://unixware.mscc.huji.ac.il/~hatsor/acro.htm


The uncovering of the "flight of stairs" (Hazor) A flight of stairs leading westward from the podium was discovered underneath this volunteer only a few minutes after this photo was taken. Hazor was an ancient Canaanite and Israelite city located in the north of modern day Israel. Recent archaeological excavations have revealed how important this city was in antiquity. [The Hazor Excavations]
http://unixware.mscc.huji.ac.il/~hatsor/stacey.htm


The Western Wall in Jerusalem. Historical Photos [Archaeology]
http://aish.com/wallcam/Historical_Photos.asp


Two clay tablets (Hazor) Two clay tablets written in Cuneiform found in the vicinity of the Canaanite palace. Hazor was an ancient Canaanite and Israelite city located in the north of modern day Israel. Recent archaeological excavations have revealed how important this city was in antiquity. [The Hazor Excavations]
http://unixware.mscc.huji.ac.il/~hatsor/tablets.htm


Via Domitia Via Domitia, near Lunel (Roman Ambrussum), France. The Via Domitia, the major Roman road spanning southern France from Italy to Spain constructed 125-121 B.C., crossed the Vidourle river at the Roman town of Ambrussum. © 1995 Craig R. Bina [Images] [Archaeology]
http://xoanon.earth.northwestern.edu/public/craig/archaeology/figs/domit.html


Washing Pottery Washing pottery: Another side of how archaeology works. Llandeilo roman Fort dig w/ digging and washing of pottery [Archaeology]
http://www.cambria.org.uk/digllandeilofort.htm


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