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April 26    Scripture

Manners & Customs: Thieves and Robbers
Thieves and Robbers in the ancient world

Children of the East Practice in Old Testament days. In the book of Judges, bands of desert people called "the Children of the East," were a constant menace to the Israelites. When these pastoral encampments neared the borders of agriculture, a raid would be planned against the harvest of Israel, or any of their flocks, herds, or other valuable goods. Scripture says of these people: "And so it was, when Israel had sown, that . . . the children of the east, even they came up against them; and they encamped against them, and destroyed the increase of the earth . . . and left no sustenance for Israel, neither sheep, nor ox, nor ass" (Judges 6:3, 4). [Manners And Customs of Bible Lands]
http://www.baptistbiblebelievers.com/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=xXhELokwwlM%3d&tabid=232&mid=762


Raids RAIDS PRACTICE AMONG ARAB DESERT TRIBES. When there is no strong ruler among the desert tribes of Arabs, (who is able to keep peace between the tribes) then some of the tribes may revert to the old pastime of raiding another tribe. They will select a tribe that is well supplied with cattle and goods, and will send out scouts to familiarize themselves with the tribe they wish to raid. They will organize their forces and plan to arrive there on a set night and usually in the dark of the moon. They will come up in stealth. One of the men or boys will approach the tents in order to attract the attention of the dogs, and then this young man will run in a different direction in order to attract the dogs away from the tents. When the place is sufficiently cleared of the dogs, then the men will rush in from different directions, untie the camels, drive off the sheep and cattle, and steal all the valuable property they can, to take home to their tents and give to their sheik. This will be done amid the screaming of the women. The men who oppose them are overcome. But the raiders are careful not to harm the women, and they are careful not to shed blood. Mohammedan religion permits raids, but does not allow lives to be lost in the process. If blood is shed then a "blood feud" is started, and this is a very serious matter, for they often run for generations. The tribe will endeavor to kill as many as were killed in the raid. [Manners And Customs of Bible Lands]
http://www.baptistbiblebelievers.com/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=xXhELokwwlM%3d&tabid=232&mid=762


Robber in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE rob'-er, rob'-er-i: "Robber" represents no particular Hebrew word in the Old Testament, but in the Apocrypha and the New Testament is always a translation of lestes (see THIEF). In the King James Version Job 5:5; 18:9, "robber" stands for the doubtful word tsammim, the Revised Version (British and American) "hungry" in JOb 5:5 and "snare" in 18:9. The meaning is uncertain, and perhaps tseme'im, "thirsty," should be read in both places. Ps 62:10, "Become not vain in robbery," means "put not your trust in riches dishonestly gained." RV's changes of the King James Version in Prov 21:7; Dan 11:14; Nab 3:1 are obvious. In Phil 2:6 the King James Version reads "thought it not robbery to be equal with God." the English Revised Version has "a prize," while the English Revised Version margin and the American Standard Revised Version read "a thing to be grasped," the American Standard Revised Version rewording "counted not the being on an equality with God a thing to be grasped." The Greek here is harpagmos, a word derived from harpazo, "to ravish away," "carry off," "plunder" (compare "harpy"). Properly speaking, the termination -mos should give the derived noun an active sense, "the act of plundering," whence the King James Version's "robbery." The verse would then mean "who thought that being on an equality with God did not consist in grasping," and this translation gives good sense in the context and has some excellent scholarly support. But a passive significance is frequently found despite a -mos termination, giving to harpagmos the sense of "thing grasped," as in the Revised Version (British and American). Usually English commentators take "grasped" as meaning "clung to"--"did not think equality with God should be clung to tenaciously"--but "to cling to" seems unknown as a translation of harpazo. Hence, render "a thing to be grasped at"--did not seek equality with God by selfish methods but by humbling himself." It is to be noticed, naturally, that Paul is thinking of "equality with God" simply in the sense of "receiving explicit adoration from men" (Phil 2:10,11), and that the metaphysical relation of the Son to the Father is not at all in point.
http://www.bible-history.com/isbe/R/ROBBER;+ROBBERY/


Robbers in Naves Topical Bible General scriptures concerning Pr 1:11-16 -Dens of Jer 7:11 -Bands of Ho 6:9; 7:1
http://www.bible-history.com/naves/R/ROBBERS/


Robbery in Easton's Bible Dictionary Practised by the Ishmaelites (Gen. 16:12), the Chaldeans and Sabeans (Job 1:15, 17), and the men of Shechem (Judg. 9:25. See also 1 Sam. 27:6-10; 30; Hos. 4:2; 6:9). Robbers infested Judea in our Lord's time (Luke 10:30; John 18:40; Acts 5:36, 37; 21:38; 2 Cor. 11:26). The words of the Authorized Version, "counted it not robbery to be equal," etc. (Phil. 2:6, 7), are better rendered in the Revised Version, "counted it not a prize to be on an equality," etc., i.e., "did not look upon equality with God as a prize which must not slip from his grasp" = "did not cling with avidity to the prerogatives of his divine majesty; did not ambitiously display his equality with God." "Robbers of churches" should be rendered, as in the Revised Version, "of temples." In the temple at Ephesus there was a great treasure-chamber, and as all that was laid up there was under the guardianship of the goddess Diana, to steal from such a place would be sacrilege (Acts 19:37).
http://www.bible-history.com/eastons/R/Robbery/


Robbery in Fausset's Bible Dictionary Esteemed by the Ishmaelites as creditable (Genesis 16:12). Predatory incursions were frequent on the part of the Chaldaeans and Sabeans (Job 1:15; Job 1:17). The "liers in wait" of the men of Shechem are instances also, "robbing all that came along that way" (Judges 9:25). Also David plundering the Amalekites, etc. (1 Samuel 27:6-10); they made reprisals (1 Samuel 30). In Israel's disorganized state in the northern kingdom this evil was very prevalent (Hosea 4:2; Hosea 6:9; Micah 2:8). Owing to the corrupt administration of Roman governors, and the facility of collecting and hiding banditti in the natural caves of Israel, robbers infested Judaea much in our Lord's time and the age following (Luke 10:30; John 18:40; Acts 5:36-37; Acts 21:38; 2 Corinthians 11:26). (On the punishment of robbery, see Exodus 22.) (For "thieves" translated "robbers", see Matthew 27:38.)
http://www.bible-history.com/faussets/R/Robbery/


Robbery in Naves Topical Bible Forbidden Le 19:13; Isa 61:8 -Punished with death Eze 18:10,13 -Forgiven Eze 33:15 -INSTANCES OF Jud 9:25; Lu 10:30
http://www.bible-history.com/naves/R/ROBBERY/


Robbery in Smiths Bible Dictionary Robbery has ever been one of the principal employments of the nomad tribes of the East. From the time of Ishmael to the present day the Bedouin has been a "wild man," and a robber by trade. Ge 16:12 The Mosaic law on the subject of theft is contained in Ex 2:2 There seems no reason to suppose that the law underwent any alteration in Solomon's time. Man-stealing was punishable with death. Ex 21:16; De 24:7 Invasion of right in land was strictly forbidden. De 27:17; Isa 5:8; Mic 2:2
http://www.bible-history.com/smiths/R/Robbery/


Tent Dwelling Robbers The tent-dwelling robbers were known in the days of Job, for he says of them: "The tabernacle of robbers prosper" (Job 12:6). The prophet Obadiah tells of robbers stealing by night. "If thieves came to thee, if robbers by night. . . would they not have stolen till they had enough?" (Obadiah 5). These robbers of ancient times are in many ways similar to the Arab raiders of modern times. The latter illustrate for us methods used by the former. [Manners And Customs of Bible Lands]
http://www.baptistbiblebelievers.com/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=xXhELokwwlM%3d&tabid=232&mid=762


Theft and Thieves in Naves Topical Bible General scriptures concerning Ex 20:15; 21:16; 22:1-4,10-15; Le 6:2-7; 19:11,13; De 5:19; 23:24,25; Ps 50:18; 62:10; 119:61; Pr 6:30,31; 21:7; Isa 61:8; Jer 2:26; 7:9,10; Eze 22:29; Ho 4:1,2; Na 3:1; Zec 5:3; Mt 6:19,20; 15:19; 19:18; 21:13; 27:38,44; Mr 7:21,22; 11:17; 15:27; Lu 18:20; 19:45,46; Joh 10:1; Ro 2:21; 13:9; 1Co 6:8,10; Eph 4:28; Tit 2:10; 1Pe 4:15; Re 3:3; 9:21 -See DISHONESTY -FIGURATIVE Ob 1:5 -INSTANCES OF By Rachel, of the household gods (teraphim) Ge 31:19,34,35 Achan Jos 7:11 Micah Jud 17:2 The spies of Laish Jud 18:14-27 Judas Joh 12:6
http://www.bible-history.com/naves/T/THEFT+AND+THIEVES/


Thief in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE thef: In the Old Testament the uniform translation (17 times) of gannabh, from ganabh, "steal," but gannabh is rather broader than the English "thief," and may even include a kidnapper (Dt 24:7). In Apocrypha and the New Testament, the King James Version uses "thief" indifferently for kleptes, and lestes, but the Revised Version (British and American) always renders the latter word by "robber" (a great improvement), See CRIMES. The figurative use of thief" as one coming without warning" (Mt 24:43, etc.) needs no explanation. The penitent thief ("robber," the Revised Version (British and American) Mk 15:27; Mt 27:38,44; "malefactor," Lk 23:32,39) was one of the two criminals crucified with Christ. According to Mark and Matthew, both of these joined in the crowd's mockery, but Luke tells that one of them reproached his fellow for the insults, acknowledged his own guilt, and begged Christ to remember him at the coming of the Kingdom. And Christ replied by promising more than was asked--immediate admission into Paradise. It should be noted that unusual moral courage was needed for the thief to make his request at such a time and under such circumstances, and that his case has little in common with certain sentimental "death-bed repentances." To explain the repentance and the acknowledgment of Christ as Messiah, some previous acquaintance of the thief with Christ must be supposed, but all guesses as to time and place are of course useless. Later tradition abundantly filled the blanks and gave the penitent thief the name Titus or Dysmas.
http://www.bible-history.com/isbe/T/THIEF/


Thieves in Fausset's Bible Dictionary Greek leestai. Rather "robbers." Lawless banditti infested Israel in our Lord's days (Josephus, Ant. 17:19, section 8; 20:8, section 10), and gave trouble to each successive Roman governor (Josephus, B. J. 2:13, section 2). Even on the high road between Jericho and Jerusalem they assailed travelers, as the parable of the good Samaritan shows (Luke 10:30). Armed bands were needed to encounter them (Luke 22:52). Fanatical zeal for emancipating the Jewish nation often accompanied robbery, from whence Barabbas and his companions in insurrection and murder enlisted popular sympathy (Mark 15:7). Crucifixion was the Roman penalty for the robber and the rebel alike. The two crucified with Jesus were probably such: the taunt of the one, "if Thou be Christ, save Thyself and us," implies sympathy with the Jews' fanatical zeal for national and individual deliverance from Roman rule: they probably were among Barabbas' fellow insurgents, and were doomed to die with him; but he was released, and they were left to their fate. At first both railed at Jesus (Matthew 27:44; Mark 15:32). (Though possibly the plural for the singular is a Hebrew idiom when the writer expresses a fact generally, without specifying which of two the fact bolds good of, as when Jonah "went down into the sides (i.e. one or other of the sides) of the ship," Jonah 1:5.) The mysterious darkness from noon; the meek, holy, and divine bearing of Jesus amidst all taunts and agonies, and His prayer for His murderers, touched the heart of one of the two robbers with sympathy and awe (Luke 23:39-43). When his fellow reviled Jesus he rebuked the reviler (which makes probable the explanation from Hebrew idiom above, that he himself had not reviled Jesus), "dost thou not fear God, seeing thou art in the same condemnation (surely such a terrible penalty from God should lead thee to fear Him: see Isaiah 9:13; Revelation 16:10-11; 2 Chronicles 28:22; Jeremiah 5:3); and we indeed justly (he justifies God in His dealings however penal, the sure mark of repentance, accepting the punishment of iniquity: Psalm 51:4; Leviticus 26:41), for we receive the due reward of our deeds (confession of sin: 1 John 1:9); but this Man hath done nothing amiss" (acknowledgment of Jesus as the Holy One of God: Romans 10:9; Hebrews 7:26; 1 Peter 2:22-24). Then he said to Jesus, "Lord remember me": he might have said, Lord save me from this agonizing cross, as the other said in taunt; but recognizing him as "Lord" by the Holy Spirit (1 Corinthians 12:3), he leaves the mode of blessing for the All-wise and Loving One to decide. "Remember me" includes all that is really...
http://www.bible-history.com/faussets/T/Thieves/


Thieves Scripture - Isaiah 1:23 Thy princes [are] rebellious, and companions of thieves: every one loveth gifts, and followeth after rewards: they judge not the fatherless, neither doth the cause of the widow come unto them.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Isaiah/1/


Thieves Scripture - Jeremiah 48:27 For was not Israel a derision unto thee? was he found among thieves? for since thou spakest of him, thou skippedst for joy.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Jeremiah/48/


Thieves Scripture - Jeremiah 49:9 If grapegatherers come to thee, would they not leave [some] gleaning grapes? if thieves by night, they will destroy till they have enough.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Jeremiah/49/


Thieves Scripture - Luke 10:30 And Jesus answering said, A certain [man] went down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell among thieves, which stripped him of his raiment, and wounded [him], and departed, leaving [him] half dead.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Luke/10/


Thieves Scripture - Luke 19:46 Saying unto them, It is written, My house is the house of prayer: but ye have made it a den of thieves.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Luke/19/


Thieves Scripture - Mark 11:17 And he taught, saying unto them, Is it not written, My house shall be called of all nations the house of prayer? but ye have made it a den of thieves.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Mark/11/


Thieves Scripture - Matthew 21:13 And said unto them, It is written, My house shall be called the house of prayer; but ye have made it a den of thieves.
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Matthew/21/


Thieves Scripture - Matthew 6:19 Lay not up for yourselves treasures upon earth, where moth and rust doth corrupt, and where thieves break through and steal:
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Matthew/6/


Thieves Scripture - Matthew 6:20 But lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust doth corrupt, and where thieves do not break through nor steal:
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Matthew/6/


Thieves Scripture - Obediah 1:5 If thieves came to thee, if robbers by night, (how art thou cut off!) would they not have stolen till they had enough? if the grapegatherers came to thee, would they not leave [some] grapes?
http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Obediah/1/


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