Manners & Customs: Clay
Clay in ancient Bible times
Clay in Easton's Bible Dictionary
This word is used of sediment found in pits or in streets
57:20; Jer. 38:60), of dust mixed with spittle (John
of potter's clay (Isa. 41:25; Nah. 3:14; Jer. 18:1-
9:21). Clay was used for sealing (Job 38:14; Jer.
Lord's tomb may have been thus sealed (Matt. 27:66).
practice of sealing doors with clay is still common
in the East.
Clay was also in primitive times used for mortar
The "clay ground" in which the large vessels of the
cast (1 Kings 7:46; 2 Chr. 4:17) was a compact loam
the purpose. The expression literally rendered is,
thickness of the ground,", meaning, "in stiff
ground" or in
Clay in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Tough plastic earth, containing silica and alumina. Used for
making pottery in Israel (Jeremiah 18:2; Jeremiah 18:6).
Vessels of dark blue clay are still made at Gaza. Used by
Jesus in curing the blind man (John 9:6), a mixture of dust
and spittle. Doors are sealed with clay in the East, to
facilitate detection of thieves. Wine jars were so sealed. It
may have been with clay our Lord's tomb, and the earthen
vessel with the proofs of Jeremiah's purchase, were sealed
(Matthew 27:66; Jeremiah 32:14). At Koyunjik fine clay
cylinders with Assyrian impressions have been found, which
were made by rolling the seals on the moist clay, which was
then baked in the fire.
Clay in Naves Topical Bible
Man formed from
-Seals made of
-Used by potter
Isa 29:16; 41:25; 45:9
-Blind man's eyes anointed with
Job 4:19; Ps 40:2; Isa 45:9; 64:8; Jer 18:6; Ro 9:21
Clay in Smiths Bible Dictionary
As the sediment of water remaining in pits or in streets, the
word is used frequently in the Old Testament. Ps 18:42; Isa
57:20; Jer 38:6 and in the New Testament, Joh 9:6 a mixture of
sand or dust with spittle. It is also found in the sense of
potter's clay. Isa 41:25 The great seat of the pottery of the
present day in Israel is Gaza, where are made the vessels in
dark-blue clay so frequently met with. Another use of clay was
for sealing. Job 38:14 Our Lord's tomb may have been thus
sealed, Mt 27:66 as also the earthen vessel containing the
evidences of Jeremiah's purchase. Jer 32:14 The seal used for
public documents was rolled on the moist clay, and the tablet
was then placed in the fire and baked.
Clay in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
kla (chomer, chacaph, TiT, meleT, `abhi, ma`abheh, abhTiT;
pelos, "wet clay," "mud"): True clay, which is a highly
aluminous soil, is found in certain localities in Israel,and
is used in making pottery. The Hebrew and Greek words, as
well as the English "clay," are, however, used loosely for
any sticky mud. In making mud bricks, true clay is not
always used, but ordinary soil is worked up with water and
mixed with straw, molded and left to dry in the sun. Chomer
(compare chmar, "slime" or "bitumen") is rendered both
"clay" and "mortar." TiT is rendered "clay" or "mire." In
Isa 41:25 we have: "He shall come upon rulers as upon mortar
(chomer), and as the potter treadeth clay" (TiT). In Nah
3:14, "Go into the clay (TiT), and tread the mortar
(chomer); make strong the brickkiln" (i.e. make the walls
ready to withstand a siege). Chacaph is the clay of the
image in Nebuchadnezzar's dream (Dan 2:33 ff). MeleT occurs
only in Jer 43:9, where we find: the King James Version,
"Take great stones .... and hide them in the clay in the
brickkiln"; the Revised Version (British and American),
"hide them in mortar in the brickwork"; the Revised Version,
margin, "lay them with mortar in the pavement." In Hab 2:6,
`abhTiT (found only here) is rendered in the King James
Version "thick clay," as if from `abhi and TiT, but the
Revised Version (British and American) has "pledges,"
referring the word to the root `abhaT, "to give a pledge."
In 1 Ki 7:46, ma`abheh ha-'adhamah (compare 2 Ch 4:17, `abhi
ha-'adhamah) is the compact or clayey soil in the plain of
Jordan between Succoth and Zarethan, in which Hiram cast the
vessels of brass for Solomon's temple. In Jn 9:6,11,14,
Thayer gives "made mud of the spittle"; in Rom 9:21, "wet
Clay Scripture - Daniel 2:33
His legs of iron, his feet part of iron and part of clay.
Clay Scripture - Daniel 2:35
Then was the iron, the clay, the brass, the silver, and the
gold, broken to pieces together, and became like the chaff of
the summer threshingfloors; and the wind carried them away,
that no place was found for them: and the stone that smote the
image became a great mountain, and filled the whole earth.
Clay Scripture - Daniel 2:42
And [as] the toes of the feet [were] part of iron, and part of
clay, [so] the kingdom shall be partly strong, and partly
Clay Scripture - Daniel 2:45
Forasmuch as thou sawest that the stone was cut out of the
mountain without hands, and that it brake in pieces the iron,
the brass, the clay, the silver, and the gold; the great God
hath made known to the king what shall come to pass hereafter:
and the dream [is] certain, and the interpretation thereof
Clay Scripture - Isaiah 29:16
Surely your turning of things upside down shall be esteemed as
the potter's clay: for shall the work say of him that made it,
He made me not? or shall the thing framed say of him that
framed it, He had no understanding?
Clay Scripture - Jeremiah 18:4
And the vessel that he made of clay was marred in the hand of
the potter: so he made it again another vessel, as seemed good
to the potter to make [it].
Clay Scripture - Jeremiah 18:6
O house of Israel, cannot I do with you as this potter? saith
the LORD. Behold, as the clay [is] in the potter's hand, so
[are] ye in mine hand, O house of Israel.
Clay Scripture - Job 10:9
Remember, I beseech thee, that thou hast made me as the clay;
and wilt thou bring me into dust again?
Clay Scripture - Job 13:12
Your remembrances [are] like unto ashes, your bodies to bodies
Clay Scripture - Nahum 3:14
Draw thee waters for the siege, fortify thy strong holds: go
into clay, and tread the morter, make strong the brickkiln.
In ancient times when parchment was so expensive to possess, peasants would use fragments of pottery on which to scratch memoranda of business transactions. Many of these have been uncovered by archaeologists, and have proven to be of great value in revealing past history. They are called "ostraca." [Manners And Customs of Bible Lands]
Preparing the Clay
Preparation of the clay for the potter. It was trodden by the feet in order that it might become of the right consistency.
The prophet Isaiah speaks of this action when he says: "He shall come upon princes as upon morter, and as the potter treadeth clay" (Isaiah 41:25).
[Manners And Customs of Bible Lands]
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