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February 20    Scripture

Ancient Persia: Mythology
Beliefs, practices, gods, and more about ancient Persian Mythology

A Religion Founded by the Prophet Zoroaster The Mythology of Ancient Persia: Stems from A Religion Founded by the Prophet Zoroaster in the 6th century Ancient Persia occupied the land that is now modern Iran. Persia is a land of stark contrasts: a land of barren deserts and tropical jungles, of snowy mountains and fertile valleys. There are regions where apple trees and date palms grow within just a few miles of each other. The people who built the civilization there migrated into Iran from a region of Asia, in modern Kazakhstan east of the Volga river, from the 17th to the 12th centuries BCE. These people are now referred to as Indo-Aryans, and the language they spoke is the ancestor of many languages from Europe (including English) to India.

Ancient Iranian Mythology - CAIS Contains several articles of Ancient Iranian Mythology

Avestae - History Most of what we know about Persian gods comes to us from a document written by Zorasterians - the Avestae (prayer). At some time earlier than 2700 B.C.E. the Persians worshipped natural forces, as well as a social pantheon of gods. The supreme god was Ahura Mazdah the sky. Against him stood Ahriman, god of darkness. Between them stood Vayu, god of air and wind. The other gods with Vayu were Tishtrya, the rain god; and Anahita source of all water on earth , of human reproduction and the cosmic sea; and finally the often repeated disappearing god, named Rapithwin, lord of noonday heat and summer months who disappears beneath the ground when the demon of winter appears. Around 2700 B.C.E. the prophet Zoroaster sets down the inherent dualism of the Persian faith, and states that only Ahura Mazdah is worthy of worship. The end of the universe will result in good triumphing over evil. The Avestae consists of several books:

Demons in Ancient Iranian Literature Iran Chamber Society: A Mythological Glance at Demons in Ancient Iranian Literature The Book of Kings (Shahnameh) has it that during the rule of the legendary king of Persian, Jamshid, demons worked as engineers and architects to build bathhouses, bridges and houses. As one can understand from Firdawsi's poems, demons were like humans or those with different, heretical religious beliefs. Probably they were polytheists and had remained faithful to the religion of their ancestors. Therefore, they were probably people who were backward in terms of civilization. They were hunters who lived in caves or were nomads and spent most of their lives in the mountains. Can't we take caves as symbol of black tents at those times?

Encyclopedia Mythica: Persian Mythology The beliefs and practices of the culturally and linguistically related group of ancient peoples who inhabited the Iranian Plateau and its borderlands, as well as areas of Central Asia from the Black Sea to Khotan (modern Ho-t'ien, China). Much of the information about Persian (old-Iranian) gods can be found in the religious texts from Zarathustra such as the Avesta, and in later sources such as the Bundahishn and the Denkard. The original Avesta dates back to 1400 - 1200 BCE but it was destroyed by Alexander the Great when he invaded Persia. The current version dates from the 13th or 14th century, and contains only a fragment of the original text.

Persian Mythology, Gods & Goddesses - Part 1 Iran Politics Club: Persian Mythology, Gods & Goddesses Part 1. Persian Mythology, Index of titles I. Persian Gods II. Persian Guardian-Messenger Gods and Goddesses (Yazatas) III. Persian Goddesses IV. Persian Arch-Angels and Angels (Amesha Spentas) V. Faravashis (Foruhars) VI. Persian Mythical Characters, Creatures and Plants VII. Persian Arch-Demons and Demonesses (Daevas and Drugs) VIII. Persian Minor Demons (Khord Daevas) IX... Persian Minor Demonesses (Khord Drugs) Persian Mythology

Persian Myths, The Gods of Ancient Persia The religious texts of the Zoroastrians are rich with information on the ancient Persians and their gods. These texts include the Avesta and later sources such as the Bundahishn and Denkard. Within the Avesta, the gods, heroes and fabulous creatures mostly appear in the section known as the Yasht. Here, myths of 'pre-Zoroastrian' origin which reflect a pagan ideology are described in hymns dedicated to various gods.

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