Ancient Persia: Coins
Ancient Persian Coins from the Achaemenid, Parthian, and Persians
Achaemenid Empire Coins
An ancient Persian dynasty whose kings ruled from 559 to 330 BC, when Darius III was defeated by Alexander the Great.
Ancient Persian Coins
Ancient Coins of Persia, Mesopotamia and Other West Asia
Also included on this page are coins minted under Persian rule in other regions of the Persian Empire.
Coins of the Achaemenid Empire
Coins of the Parthians
Some of the most interesting ancient coins were neither 'Greek' or 'Roman'. In fact, the coin producing civilizations of the ancient world spread far across Asia including people and places rarely mentioned in beginning World History classes. One of the most well known of these were the rulers of much of what is today Iran, Iraq and surrounding regions: the Parthians.
Gold Daric Coin
British Museum. Achaemenid Persian Empire, late 5th-early 4th century BC. Minted in western Asia Minor (in modern Turkey). The gold of the Persian Empire
Mithradates I Coin
Parthia, Mithradates I, 171-138BC, AR Drachm (3.8g).
Head left wearing bashlyk/Archer seated rt. on omphalos, Shore 13, Sell.10.1. Centered, nice portrait, slightly double struck obv., bold clear rev., light tone, a nice example of a scarcer early ruler,
Parthian Kingdom, Mithradates I: AR Drachm.
Obv. -- Diad. bust l. Archer seated r. S0024: Sellwood 11.1 VF
Parthian Empire Coins
In 247 BC, Arsaces, leader of a Scythian group in Central Asia called the Parni (a branch of the Dahae) is crowned king. He overthrows the Seleucid governor of Parthia in 238 BC and establishes a nation that lasts for almost 500 years. 95 - 57 BC is referred to as the Parthian 'dark age,' and civil wars make the chronology of this period a matter of conjecture. At the height of their power, the Parthians were second only to Rome and were the only civilized nation able to stand up to her. The empire began its decline in the 2nd century AD and the rebellion of Ardashir of Persis in 220 AD was its death knell. The last Parthian king, Artabanos IV, was killed in the battle of Hormuzdagan in 224 AD and Ardashir became the first Sasanian king.
Persia: AV 15 Daric
Obv. -- Great king in kneeling-running stance r. Rev. -- Incuse punch Sear G4677v: Carradice IIIb group A/B (pl. xiii, 27) good VF
Persian King with Spear and Bow
Persian Empire, Artaxerxes I - Darius III, c. 450 - 330 B.C., Lydia
30327. Gold daric, SGCV II 4679, choice gVF, excellent style, 8.276g, 16.6mm, obverse Bearded archer (the Great King) kneeling right holding spear and bow; reverse Oblong punch; American Numismatic Association Certifiction Service photo certificate of authenticity, dated 11-2-78
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