Old Testament: Moses
Details and Events in the Story of Moses and the Exodus.
A Brief Overview Of Moses
Moses, who was born about 1500 BC. He was chosen to lead
Israel out of slavery and give them God`s laws. When the
Book of Exodus begins, the Hebrews were living in Egypt and
after time they grew in number and the new Pharaoh didn`t
remember Joseph and put them into slavery. The Hebrew
slaves had been reproducing so fast that the king felt
threatened by a potential revolt against his authority. He
gave orders that no more male Hebrew children should be
allowed to live. To save the infant Moses, his mother made
a little vessel of papyrus waterproofed with asphalt and
pitch. She placed Moses in the vessel, floating among the
reeds on the bank of the Nile River.
Egyptian Princess Found Moses
By God`s providence, Moses-- the child of a Hebrew slave--
was found and adopted by an Egyptian princess, the daughter
of the Pharaoh himself. He was reared in the royal court
as a prince of the Egyptians: "And Moses was learned in all
the wisdom of the Egyptians, and was mighty in words and
deeds" (Acts 7:22). At the same time the Lord determined
that Moses should be taught in his earliest years by his
own mother. This meant that he was grounded in the faith of
his fathers, although he was reared as an Egyptian (Ex.
Egyptian Training And Education
Moses was educated in a civilization unsurpassed by any
people at that time. His training was designed to prepare
him for a high office, or even the throne of Egypt. He
became familiar with life at Pharaoh`s courts and the pomp
and grandeur of Egyptian religious worship. He was schooled
in the writing and literary ideas of the time. He witnessed
the administration of justice.
God Spoke From The Burning Bush
After about 40 more years, God spoke to Moses from a bush
that was on fire but didn`t burn. God sent Moses back to
Egypt to lead the Hebrews out of slavery, and into the land
promised to Abraham. God demonstrated His power to Moses
and revealed to Him His holy Name "YHVH" or "Yaweh"
(Jehovah became a popular pronunciation in the 16th century
through German translators although there is no "J" sound
in the Hebrew).
Israelites Led In The Wilderness
The Israelites were guided by the mysterious Shekinah glory
cloud that led them to Mount Sinai. On the way their faith
was tested as they experienced intense heat, hunger,
thirst, and war. God did many miracles including "manna",
bread that fell from heaven.
Moses And The Red Sea
God parted the waters and led them through on dry ground.
Exod 14:21-22 Then Moses stretched out his hand over the
sea; and the LORD caused the sea to go back by a strong
east wind all that night, and made the sea into dry land,
and the waters were divided. So the children of Israel went
into the midst of the sea on the dry ground, and the waters
were a wall to them on their right hand and on their left.
Then the waters closed in on Pharaoh`s armies:
Exod 14:28-29 Then the waters returned and covered the
chariots, the horsemen, and all the army of Pharaoh that
came into the sea after them. Not so much as one of them
remained. But the children of Israel had walked on dry land
in the midst of the sea, and the waters were a wall to them
on their right hand and on their left.
Moses Killed The Egyptian
When he was 40 years old, Moses became angry at an Egyptian
taskmaster who was beating a Hebrew slave; he killed the
Egyptian and buried him in the sand (Ex. 2:12). When this
became known, however, he feared for his own life and fled
from Egypt to the desert land of Midian where he married a
daughter of Jethro in agreement to tend Jethro`s flocks.
Pharaoh Let Israel Go
After the tenth plague, Pharaoh finally gave in and agreed
to let Israel go (and with all the wealth of Egypt), but as
soon as they left, Pharaoh changed his mind. He sent his
army after them where Israel was cornered against the Red
The Ten Plagues Of Egypt
God anointed Aaron to go with Moses to be the spokesman
and they persuaded the people of Israel to follow them
but Pharaoh would not let them go. Then God sent 10
devastating plagues on the Egyptians, the last plague
being the death of the firstborn in every home whose
doors were not marked with blood.
First Plague: Blood
Second Plague: Frogs
Third Plague: Lice
Fourth Plague: Flies
Fifth Plague: Disease on Livestock
Sixth Plague: Boils
Seventh Plague: Hail
Eighth Plague: Locusts
Ninth Plague: Darkness
Tenth Plague: Death of the First-Born
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