Ark of the Covenant - Bible History Online

Bible History Online

Sub Categories
1. Previous List
Aba-Enlil-Dana
Abalgamash
Abba’El
Abdi-Ashirta
Abdi-Heba
Abdi-Milkutti (=Abdi-Milki)
Abi-Esuh
Abi-Milki
Abi-Rattash
Abi-Simti
Abiba’Al
Abih-Il
Abijah
Abisare
Abishemu
Achaemenes (=Persian Hakhamanish)
Adad-Apla-Iddina
Adad-Idri
Adad-It’I
Adad-Nirari I
Adad-Nirari Ii
Adad-Nirari Iii
Adad-Shum-Iddina
Adad-Shumu-Usur
Adad-Sululi
Adasi
Adda-Guppi’ (Or Hadad-Happe)
Addu-Duri
Agga (Or Akka)
Agum I (Agum Rabu)
Agum Ii Kakrime
Agum Iii(?)
Ahab
Ahat-Milki
Ahaz
Ahaziah
Ahi-’Antu
Aitagama
Akalamdu(G)
Akhat-Abisha
Akhuni
Akizzi
Akkullanu
Akurgal
Alahum
Alaksandu
Alexander The Great
Alila-Hadum
Allumari
Alyattes
Ama-Duga
Amar-Sin (Amar-Suen)
Amasis
Amat-Mamu
Amat-Shamash
Amaziah
Ambaris
Amel-Marduk (=Biblical Evil-Merodach)
Ammi-Ditana
Ammi-Saduqa
Ammishtamru I
Ammishtamru Ii
Ammuna
Ammurapi
Amon
Amos
Amutpi’El
Amytis
Anam
Anatolia
Andarim (Meshigirru)
Anepada
Anitta
Annubanini
Antigonus Monophthalmos
Antiochus I Soter
Antiochus Ii
Antiochus Iii The Great
Antiochus Iv Epiphanes
Antiochus Vii Sidetes
Anu-Aba-Uter
Anum-Muttabil
Apama
Apil-Kin
Apil-Sin
Aplahanda
Appuwashu
Apries
Aqba-Hammu
Arakha (=Nebuchadnezzar Iv)
Arame (=Aramu)
Arda-Mulissu
Ardys
Argishti I
Argishti Ii
Ari-Shen (Atal-Shen)
Arik-Den-Ili
Arnuwanda I
Arnuwanda Ii
Arnuwanda Iii
Arsaces I (=Parthian Arshak)
Artashumara
Artatama
Artaxerxes I
Artaxerxes Ii
Artaxerxes Iii
Artaxerxes Iv
Artystone (Elamite Irtashduna)
Asa
Ashared-Apil-Ekur
Asharedu
Ashlultum
Ashur-Ahhe-Iddina
Ashur-Bel-Kala
Ashur-Bel-Nisheshu
Ashur-Dan I
Ashur-Dan Ii
Ashur-Dan Iii
Ashur-Etel-Ilani
Ashur-Iddin
Ashur-Ketti-Lesher
Ashur-Mukin-Palua
Ashur-Mutakkil
Ashur-Nadin-Ahhe I
Ashur-Nadin-Ahhe Ii
Ashur-Nadin-Apli
Ashur-Nadin-Shumi
Ashur-Nasir-Apli
Ashur-Nirari I
Ashur-Nirari Ii
Ashur-Nirari Iii
Ashur-Nirari Iv
Ashur-Nirari V
Ashur-Rabi I
Ashur-Rabi Ii
Ashur-Resha-Ishi I
Ashur-Resha-Ishi Ii
Ashur-Rim-Nisheshu
Ashur-Shaduni
Ashur-Sharrat
Ashur-Uballit I
Ashur-Uballit Ii
Ashurbanipal (Assyrian Ashurban-Apli)
Ashurnasirpal (Assyrian Ashur-NaṣIr-Apli) I
Ashurnasirpal (Assyrian Ashur-Nasir-Apli) Ii
Ashusikildigira
Asqudum
Astyages
Atarshumki (=Bar-Gush)
Athaliah
Atossa
Atta-Hamiti-Inshushinak I
Atta-Hamiti-Inshushinak Ii (Persian Attameta)
Attahushu
Attar-Kitah
Azi
Aziru
Azitiwatas
Azuzum
Baal
Baal Ii
Baasha
Baba-Aha-Iddina
Babu-Aha-Iddina
Bagoas
Balasi
Bar-Rakib
Baranamtara
Bardiya
Bartatua (In Greek Sources Protothyes)
Baya
Bel-Harran-Beli-Usur
Bel-Ibni
Bel-Re-Ushu
Bel-Shar-Usur (Biblical Belshazzar)
Bel-Shimanni
Bel-Tarsi-Iluma
Bel-Ushezib
Belakum
Beltum
Ben-Hadad Ii (Assyrian Adad-Idri)
Benteshina
Berossus (Babylonian Bel-Re’Ushu)
Bilalama
Burnaburiash I
Burnaburiash Ii
Cambyses I
Cambyses Ii
Croesus
Cyaxares (Babylonian Umakishtar)
Cyrus I (Babylonian Kurash)
Cyrus Ii The Great
Dada-Ahhe
Dadusha
Daiian-Ashur
Dam-Hurashi
Damiq-Ilishu
Dannaya
Dannum-Tahaz
Darius I
Darius Ii
Darius Iii
David
Dudu
Dugdamme (Greek Lygdamis)
Dunnasha-Amur
Duppi-Teshup
Ea-Mukin-Zeri
Eannatum
Ebarti
Ebarti Ii
Ebih-Il (Abih-Il)
Ebrium (Or Ibrium)
Egibi
Ehli-Nikkal
Ekur-Zakir
Elah
Elijah
Elulu (Or Elulmesh)
En-Hegal
En-Nigaldi-Nanna
Enanedu
Enannatum
Enannatum I
Enannatum Ii
Enentarzi
Enheduanna
Enlil-Bani
Enlil-Kudur-Usur
Enlil-Nadin-Ahi
Enlil-Nadin-Apli
Enlil-Nadin-Shumi
Enlil-Nasir I
Enlil-Nasir Ii
Enlil-Nirari
Enmenana
Enmerkar
Enmetena (Entemena)
Enshakushana
Entemena
Eparti (Also Ebarti)
Eparti (Also Ebarti) Ii
Epir-Mupi
Eriba-Adad I
Eriba-Adad Ii
Eriba-Marduk
Erishti-Aya
Erishum I (Also Irishum)
Erridupizir
Esagil-Kin-Apli (=Saggil-Kinam-Ubbib)
Esarhaddon (Assyrian Ashur-Ahhe-Iddina)
Esharra-Hamat
Eshpum
Ethba’Al (=Ittobaal)
Eulmash-Shakin-Shumi
Evil-Merodach
Ezekiel
Ezra
Gabbar
Gandash
Gashuliyawa
Gaumata
Gedaliah
Geme-Enlila
Geme-Ninlila
general
Gigitu
Gilgamesh
Girnamme
Gubaru (=Gobryas)
Gudea
Gungunum
Gyges
Hadad-Ezer
Hadad-Yis’I (Assyrian Adad-It’I)
Hallushu-Inshushinak
Hallutush-Inshushinak
Halparuntiyas Ii (=Assyrian Qalparunda)
Halparuntiyas Iii (Assyrian Qalparunda)
Hammurabi Of Babylon
Hammurapi I
Hammurapi Ii
Hanne
Hantili I
Hanun-Dagan
Harapsili
Hattusili I
Hattusili Iii
Haza’El
Henti
Hepattarakki
Herodotus
Hezekiah
Hiram I
Hishep-Ratep
Hita
Hitlal-Erra
Hosea
Hoshea
Humban-Haltash I
Humban-Haltash Ii
Humban-Haltash Iii
Humban-Nikash I (Assyrian Ummanigash)
Humban-Nimena (Assyrian Umman-Menanu)
Humban-Numena
Humban-Tahrah
Hurbatila
Hutran-Temti (=Hutran-Tepti)
Huttelush-Inshushinak (=Huteludush-Inshushinak)
Huzziya I
Hystaspes
Iaubi’Di (=Yaubi’Di)
Ib-Damu
Ibal-Pi-El I
Ibal-Pi-El Ii
Ibbi-Sin (=Ibbi-Suen)
Ibbi-Sipish
Ibbit-Lim
Ibdati
Ibiranu
Iblul-Il
Idaddu I (=Idaddu-Inshushinak; Indattu)
Idaddu Ii (=Idattu)
Iddin-Dagan
Iddin-El (=Iddin-Ilum)
Iddin-Marduk
Iddin-Sin
Ididish
Idrimi
Ige-Halki
Igrish-Halam (=Yigrish-Halam)
Iku(N)-Shamagan
Iku-Shamash
Ikunum
Ikur-Shar
Ili-Hadda
Ili-Ishar
Ilimilimma
Iltani
Ilu(A)-Kabkabi
Ilushuma
Ilussa-Amur
Imdi-Ilum
Immerum
Ini-Teshup
Ipiq-Adad I
Ipiq-Adad Ii
Ir-Nanna (=Urdu-Nanna)
Iran
Irhuleni (=Urhilina)
Irishum
Irkab-Damu (=Yirkab-Damu)
Irkabtum
Isaiah
Ishar-Damu
Ishar-Lim
Ishbi-Erra
Ishgum-Addu
Ishki-Adad (=Ishhi-Adad)
Ishma-Ia
Ishmah-Dagan
Ishme-Dagan (Of Isin)
Ishme-Dagan I
Ishpuini
Ishtar-Duri
Ishtar-Shumu-Eresh
Ishtup-Ilum
Isqimari (Lamgi-Mari)
Issar-Shumu-Eresh
Ithi-Teshup
Itti-Marduk-Balatu
Ittobaal
Iturya
Jehoahaz I Of Judah
Jehoahaz Ii Of Judah
Jehoahaz Of Israel
Jehoash (=Joash-Ben-Ahaziah)
Jehoiakim
Jehoiakin
Jehoram Of Israel (=Joram Ben Ahab)
Jehoram Of Judah (=Joram)
Jehoshaphat
Jehu
Jeremiah
Jeroboam I
Jeroboam Ii
Jezebel
Joash (=Jehoash Ben Jehoahaz)
Josiah
Jotham
Kabti-Ilani-Marduk
Kadashman-Enlil I
Kadashman-Enlil Ii
Kadashman-Harbe I
Kadashman-Harbe Ii
Kadashman-Turgu
Kaku
Kamanis
Kamash-Khalta
Kandalanu
Karahardash
Karaindash
Kashshaia
Kashshu-Nadin-Ahi
Kashtiliash I
Kashtiliash Iv
Katuwas
Khaianu
Khanni
Khelaruada
Khita
Khulli
Kiden-Hutran
Kikkia
Kilamuwa
Kirikiri
Kiru
Ku-Baba
Kubatum
Kudur-Enlil
Kudur-Mabuk
Kudur-Nahhunte
Kudurru
Kunshimatum
Kurash
Kurigalzu I
Kurigalzu Ii
Kurti (Matti)
Kurtiwaza
Kurunta
Kushtashpi
Kutik-Inshushinak (=Puzur-Inshushinak)
Kutir-Nahhunte
Kuzi-Teshub
Lamgi-Mari
La’Erab (Lasirab)
Lipit-Eshtar
Liqtum
Lubarna I
Lubarna Ii
Lugalanda
Lugalannimundu
Lugaldalu
Lugalkineshedudu
Lugalkisalsi
Lugalzagesi
Luh-Ishshan
Lygdamis
Maacah
Manana
Manasseh
Mandane
Manishtusu
Mannu-Ki-Arbail
Mar-Biti-Ahhe-Iddina
Mar-Biti-Apla-Usur
Mar-Issar
Marduk-Ahhe-Eriba
Marduk-Apla-Iddina (The Chaldean)
Marduk-Apla-Iddina I
Marduk-Balassu-Iqbi
Marduk-Nadin-Ahhe
Marduk-Shakin-Shumi
Marduk-Shapik-Zeri
Marduk-Shumu-Usur
Marduk-Zakir-Shumi I
Mati’Ilu
Matti
Mattiwaza
Mebaragesi (En-Mebaragesi)
Mekubi
Meli-Shipak
Menachem
Menua
Merneptah
Merodach-Baladan (Babylonian Marduk-Apla-Iddina Ii)
Mes-Kiag-Nunna
Mesanepada
Mesha
Mesilim (=Mesalim)
Mesopotamia
Micah
Midas (=Mita)
Mithridates I
Muballit-Sherua
Mudammiq
Mugallu
Mukannishum
Mukin-Zeri
Mulissu-Kabtat
Mulissu-Mukannishat-Ninua
Murashu
Mursili I
Mursili Ii
Mursili Iii
Mushezib-Marduk
Mut-Ashkur
Mutakkil-Nusku
Mutallu (=Muwatalis)
Mutarris-Ashur
Muwatalli (=Muwatalis) (Ii)
Nabonassar (Babylonian Nabu-Nasir)
Nabonidus (Babylonian Nabu-Na’Id)
Nabopolassar (Nabu-Apla-Usur)
Nabu-Ahhe-Eriba
Nabu-Ahhe-Iddin
Nabu-Apla-Iddina
Nabu-Apla-Usur
Nabu-Bani-Ahi
Nabu-Bel-Shumati
Nabu-Kudurru-Usur
Nabu-Mukin-Apli
Nabu-Mukin-Zeri (Mukin-Zeri)
Nabu-Nadin-Zeri (=Nadinu)
Nabu-Nasir
Nabu-Na’Id
Nabu-Sharra-Usur
Nabu-Shuma-Ishkun
Nabu-Shuma-Ukin I
Nabu-Shuma-Ukin Ii
Nabu-Shumu-Libur
Nabu-Zer-Kitti-Lishir
Nabu-Zuqup-Kena
Nadab
Nahhunte-Utu
Nammahani
Naplanum
Naqi’A-Zakutu
Naram-Sin
Nazi-Bugash
Nazi-Maruttash
Nebuchadnezzar I (Babylonian Nabu-Kudurru-Usur)
Nebuchadnezzar Ii (Babylonian Nabu-Kudurru-Usur)
Nebuchadnezzar Iii
Necho I
Necho Ii
Nehemiah
Nergal-Apil-Kumua
Nergal-Erish
Nergal-Etir
Nergal-Ushezib
Neriglissar
Nidinti-Bel (=Nebuchadnezzar Iii)
Nidnusha
Nin-Banda
Ninurta-Apil-Ekur
Ninurta-Kudurri-Usur I
Ninurta-Kudurri-Usur Ii
Ninurta-Nadin-Shumi
Ninurta-Tukulti-Ashur
Niqmadu (Of Qadesh)
Niqmadu Ii
Niqmepa
Nishi-Inishu
Nuptaya
Nur-Adad
Nur-Ahum
Nur-Ili
Nur-Mer
Omri
Osorkon Ii
Osorkon Iv (=Biblical So, Assyrian Shilkanni)
Panammu I
Panammu Ii
Parrattarna
Parysatis
Pekah
Pekahiah
Perdiccas
Phraates Ii
Pisiri
Pit(K)Hana
Piyashili (Assyrian Sharri-Kushuh)
Protothyes
Psammetichus I
Psammetichus Iii
Ptolemy I
Ptolemy Ii Philadelphia
Ptolemy Iii Euergetes
Ptolemy Iv Philopater
Pu-Abi
Puduhepa
Pulu
Pushu-Kenu
Puzur-Ashur
Puzur-Ashur Iii
Puzur-Eshtar
Puzur-Inshushinak
Puzur-Marduk
Puzur-Numushda (=Puzur-Shulgi)
Rakhianu (Biblical Rezin) Of Damascus
Ramasses Ii
Ramesses Iii
Rashil
Rehoboam
Remanni-Adad
Rim-Sin
Rimush
Rusa I
Rusa Ii
Rusa Iii
Sabium
Sammu-Ramat
Samsi (=Shamshi)
Samsu-Ditana
Samsu-Iluna
Sangara
Sarduri I
Sarduri Ii
Sarduri Iii (Assyrian Ishtar-Duri)
Sargon I (Assyrian Sharru-Kenu)
Sargon Ii
Sargon Of Akkad
Saul
Seleucus I Nicator
Seleucus Ii
Seleucus Iii Soter
Semiramis (Assyrian Sammu-Ramat)
Sennacherib (Assyrian Sin-Ahhe-Eriba)
Shabako
Shadditu
Shagaragti-Shuriash
Shahurunuwa
Shallim-Ahhe
Shallurtum
Shalmaneser (Assyrian Shulmanu-Ashared) I
Shalmaneser Ii
Shalmaneser Iii
Shalmaneser Iv
Shalmaneser V
Shamash-Eriba
Shamash-Mudammiq
Shamash-Shuma-Ukin
Shamshi-Adad I
Shamshi-Adad Iii
Shamshi-Adad Iv
Shamshi-Adad V
Shamshi-Ilu
Shar-Kali-Sharri
Sharri-Kushuh
Sharrish-Takal
Sharriya
Sharru-Kenu
Shasa
Shattiwaza (Kurtiwaza Or Mattiwaza)
Shattuara I
Shattuara Ii
Shaushgamuwa
Shaushtatar
Shennam
Shibtu
Shilhak-Inshushinak
Shilkhakha
Shilwa-Teshup
Shirikti-Shuqamuna
Shoshenq I (Biblical Shishak)
Shu-Dagan
Shu-Ilishu
Shu-Iliya
Shu-Sin
Shu-Turul
Shu-Turul
Shulaya
Shulgi
Shulgi-Shimti
Shunashshura
Shursa-Damu (=Shurshi)
Shutruk-Nahhunte I
Shutruk-Nahhunte Ii (=Shutur-Nahhunte)
Shuttarna Ii
Sidqulanasi
Silhaha (=Shilkhakha)
Silli-Sin
Simbar-Shipak
Simut-Wartash
Sin-Ahhe-Eriba
Sin-Balassu-Iqbi
Sin-Gamil
Sin-Iddinam
Sin-Iribam
Sin-Kashid
Sin-Leqqe-Unninni
Sin-Magir
Sin-Muballit
Sin-Sharra-Ishkun
Sin-Shumu-Lishir
Sinqisha-Amur
Siruktuh I
Siwe-Palar-Huhpak
Smardis
Solomon
Sosandros
Sumu-Abum
Sumu-Il (Sumu-El)
Sumu-La-Il
Sumuyamam
Sumu’Epuh
Suppiluliuma I
Suppiluliuma Ii
Syria-Palestine
Taharka
Tahir-Dashinu
Talmi-Teshup (Luwian Ura-Tarhunzas)
Tammaritu I
Tan-Ruhuratir
Tarkhulara
Tashmetum-Sharrat
Tehip-Tilla
Teispes
Telepinu
Telepinu Of Aleppo
Tempt-Agun
Tepti-Humban-Inshushinak (Assyrian Teumman)
Test
Tette
Tiglath-Pileser I (Assyrian Tukulti-Apil-Eshara)
Tiglath-Pileser Ii
Tiglath-Pileser Iii (Babylonian Pul(U))
Tirigan
Tish-Atal
Tisha-Lim
Tools & Searches
Tud(T)Anapshum
Tudhaliya I
Tudhaliya Iii
Tudhaliya Iv
Tukin-Khatta-Migrisha
Tukulti-Apil-Eshara
Tukulti-Ninurta I
Tukulti-Ninurta Ii
Tulpunnaya
Turam-Dagan
Turam-Ili
Tushratta
Tutammu
Tuttash-Shar-Libbish (=Tuta-Shar-Libbish)
Ulmi-Teshup
Umakishtar
Umman-Menanu
Ummannigash
Untash-Napirisha (Untash-Humban)
Ur-Baba (Or Ur-Ba’U)
Ur-Gar
Ur-Mama
Ur-Nanshe
Ur-Ningirsu
Ur-Ninurta
Ur-Utu
Ura-Tarhunzas
Urad-Ea
Urad-Gula
Urad-Nana
Urballu
Urdamane (Egyptian Tantamani)
Urdu-Nanna
Urhi-Teshup (=Mursili Iii)
Urhilina
Urikki
Urlumma
Urnammu
Urtak(I)
Uruinimgina (Uru-Ka-Gina)
Ush (Gish)
Utuhegal
Uzziah
Warad-Sin
Warassa
Warpal(Aw)As (Assyrian Urballu)
Wassurme
Xerxes
Yaggid-Lim
Yahdun-Lim
Yaqarum
Yarim-Lim I
Yarim-Lim Ii
Yarim-Lim Iii
Yariris
Yasmah-Addu
Yatar’Ami
Yirkab-Damu
Zababa-Shum-Iddina
Zabaya
Zakur
Zakutu
Zarriqum
Zechariah
Zedekiah (=Mattaniah)
Zidanta I
Zimri
Zimri-Lim
Zuzu

Back to Categories

July 20    Scripture

People - Ancient Near East: Sargon Ii
Ancient Near East

Sargon Ii in Wikipedia Sargon II ( Akkadian Šarru-kęn "legitimate king", reigned 722 – 705 BC) was an Assyrian king. Sargon II became co-regent with Shalmaneser V in 722 BC, and became the sole ruler of the kingdom of Assyria in 722 BC after the death of Shalmaneser V. It is not clear whether he was the son of Tiglath-Pileser III or a usurper unrelated to the royal family. In his inscriptions, he styles himself as a new man, rarely referring to his predecessors; however he took the name Sharru-kinu ("true king"), after Sargon of Akkad — who had founded the first Semitic Empire in the region some 16 centuries earlier.[1] Sargon is the Biblical form of the name. Early reign Beset by difficulties at the beginning of his rule, Sargon II made a pact with the Babylonian king Marduk-apla-iddina II. He was able to free all temples, as well as the inhabitants of the towns of Assur and Harran from taxes. While Sargon was thus trying to gain support in Assyria, Marduk-apla-iddina II conquered Babylon with the help of the new Elamite king Ummanigash and was crowned king in 721 BC. Military campaigns A lamassu from the palace of Sargon II at Dur-Sharrukin. Palace of Khorsabad In 720 BC Sargon moved against Elam, but the Assyrian army was defeated near Der. Later that year, Sargon defeated an Aramean coalition at Qarqar, thereby gaining control of Arpad, Simirra, and Damascus. Sargon conquered Gaza in Philistia, destroyed Rafah, and won a victory over Egyptian troops. On his return, he had Samaria rebuilt as the capital of the new province of Samerina and settled it with Assyrians. In 717 BC he conquered parts of the Zagros mountains and the Syro-Hittite city of Carchemish on the Upper Euphrates. In 716 BC he moved against the Mannaeans, where the ruler Aza, son of Iranzu, had been deposed by Ullusunu with the help of the Urartuans. Sargon took the capital Izirtu, and stationed troops in Parsuash (the original home of the Persian tribe, on lake Urmia) and Kar-Nergal (Kishesim). He built new bases in Media as well, the main one being Harhar which he renamed Kar-Sharrukin. In 715 BC, others were to follow: Kar-Nabu, Kar-Sin and Kar-Ishtar — all named after Babylonian gods and resettled by Assyrian subjects. The eighth campaign of Sargon against Urartu in 714 BC is well known from a letter from Sargon to the god Ashur (found in the town of Assur, now in the Louvre) and the bas-reliefs in the palace of Dur-Sharrukin. The reliefs show the difficulties of the terrain: the war-chariots had to be dismantled and carried by soldiers (with the king still in the chariot); the letter describes how paths had to be cut into the intractable forests. The campaign was probably motivated by the fact that the Urartians had been weakened by incursions of the Cimmerians, a nomadic steppe tribe. One Urartian army had been completely annihilated, and the general Qaqqadanu taken prisoner.[2] After reaching Lake Urmia he turned east and entered Zikirtu and Andia on the Caspian slopes of the Caucasus. When news reached him that king Rusas I of Urartu was moving against him, he turned back to Lake Urmia in forced marches and defeated a Urartian army in a steep valley of the Uaush (probably the Sahend, east of Lake Urmia, or further to the south, in Mannaea country), a steep mountain that reached the clouds and whose flanks were covered by snow. The battle is described as the usual carnage, but King Rusas managed to escape. The horses of his chariot had been killed by Assyrian spears, forcing him to ride a mare in order to get away, very unbecoming for a king. Sargon plundered the fertile lands at the southern and western shore of Lake Urmia, felling orchards and burning the harvest. In the royal resort of Ulhu, the wine-cellar of the Urartian kings was plundered; wine was scooped up like water. The Assyrian army then plundered Sangibuti and marched north to Van without meeting resistance, the people having retreated to their castles or fled into the mountains, having been warned by fire-signals. Sargon claims to have destroyed 430 empty villages. After reaching Lake Van, Sargon left Urartu via Uaiaish. In Hubushkia he received the tribute of the "Nairi" lands. While most of the army returned to Assyria, Sargon went on to sack the Urartian temple of the god Haldi and his wife Bagbartu at Musasir (Ardini). The loot must have been impressive; its description takes up fifty columns in the letter to Ashur. More than one ton of gold and five tons of silver fell into the hands of the Assyrians; 334,000 objects in total. A relief from Dur-Sharrukin depicted the sack of Musasir as well (which fell into the Tigris in 1846 when the archaeologist Paul-Émile Botta was transporting his artifacts to Paris). Musasir was annexed. Sargon claims to have lost only one charioteer, two horsemen and three couriers on this occasion. King Rusa was said to be despondent when he heard of the loss of Musasir, and fell ill. According to the imperial annals, he took his own life with his own iron sword. In 713 BC Sargon stayed at home; his troops took, among others, Karalla, Tabal and Cilicia. Some Mede rulers offered tribute. In 711 BC, Gurgum was conquered. An uprising in the Philistine city of Ashdod, supported by Judah, Moab, Edom and Egypt, was suppressed, and Ashdod became an Assyrian province. Under his rule, the Assyrians completed the defeat of the Kingdom of Israel, capturing Samaria after a siege of three years and exiling the inhabitants. This became the basis of the legends of the Lost Ten Tribes. According to the Bible, other people were brought to Samaria, the Samaritans, under his predecessor Shalmaneser V (2 Kings 18). Sargon's name actually appears in the Bible only once, at Isaiah 20:1, which records the Assyrian capture of Ashdod in 711 BC. Campaign against Babylonia In 710 BC Sargon felt safe enough in his rule to move against his Babylonian arch-enemy Marduk-apla-iddina II. One army moved against Elam and its new king Shutruk-Nahhunte II; the other, under Sargon himself, against Babylon. Sargon laid siege to Babylon, and Marduk-apla-iddina II fled. He was said to have been captured in the swamps of the Shatt al-Arab (though, as he seems to have proven a thorn in the side of Sennacherib later on, this might not have been quite true). Southern Babylonia, settled by nomadic Aramaean tribes, was conquered and turned into the province of Gambulu. After the capture of Marduk-apla-iddina II, Babylon yielded to Sargon and he was proclaimed king of Babylonia in 710, thus restoring the dual monarchy of Babylonia and Assyria. He remained in Babylon for three years; in 709 BC, he led the new-year procession as king of Babylon. He had his son, crown-prince Sennacherib, married to the Aramaic noblewoman Naqi'a, and stayed in the south to pacify the Aramaic and Chaldean tribes of the lower Euphrates as well as the Suti nomads. Some areas at the border to Elam were occupied as well. Later reign Human-headed winged bull, found during Botta's excavation. In 710, the seven kings of Ia' (Cyprus) had accepted Assyrian sovereignty; in 709, Midas, king of Phrygia, beset by the nomadic Cimmerians, submitted to Assyrian rule and in 708, Kummuhu (Commagene) became an Assyrian province. Assyria was at the apogee of its power. Urartu had almost succumbed to the Cimmerians, Elam was weakened, Marduk-apla-iddina II was momentarily powerless, and the Egyptian influence in the Levant was temporarily waning as well. Building projects Sargon preferred Nineveh to the traditional capital at Assur. In 713 BC he ordered the construction of a new palace and town called Dur-Sharrukin ("House of Sargon"), 20 km north of Nineveh at the foot of the Gebel Musri. Land was bought, and the debts of construction workers were nullified in order to attract a sufficient labor force. The land in the environs of the town was taken under cultivation, and olive groves were planted to increase Assyria's deficient oil production. The town was of rectangular layout and measured 1760 by 1635 m. The length of the walls was 16,280 Assyrian units, corresponding to the numerical value of Sargon's name. The town was partly settled by prisoners of war and deportees under the control of Assyrian officials, who had to ensure they were paying sufficient respect to the gods and the king. The court moved to Dur-Sharrukin in 706 BC, although it was not completely finished yet. Death In 705 BC, Sargon fell in a campaign against the Cimmerians, who were later to destroy the kingdoms of Urartu and Phrygia before moving even further west. Sargon was succeeded by his son Sennacherib (Sin-ahhe-eriba, 705 – 681 BC).
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sargon_II


If you notice a broken link or any error PLEASE report it by clicking HERE
© 1995-2017 Bible History Online





More Bible History