Mythology & Beliefs: Sarpedon
In Greek and Roman Mythology, Sarpedon was the king of Lycia; son of Zeus and Europa; slain by Patroclus at Troy.
Sarpedon in Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology
1. A son of Zeus by Europa, and a brother of Minos and
Rhadamanthys. Being involved in a quarrel with Minos about
Miletus, he took refuge with Cilix, whom he assisted against
the Lycians; and afterwards he became king of the Lycians,
and Zeus granted him the privilege of living three
generations. (Hdt. 1.173; Apollod. 3.1.2 ; Paus. 7.3.4;
Strab. xii. p.573; comp. MILETUS, ATYMNIUS.) 2. A son of
Zeus by Laodameia, or according to others of Evander by
Deidameia, and a brother of Clarus and Themon. (Hom. Il.
6.199; Apollod. 3.1.1; Diod. 5.79; Verg. A. 10.125.) He was
a Lycian prince, and a grandson of No. 1. In the Trojan war
he was an ally of the Trojans, and distinguished himself by
his valour. (Hom. Il. 2.876, 5.479, &c., 629, &c., 12.292,
&c., 397, 16.550, &c., 17.152, &c.; comp. Philostr. Her. 14;
Ov. Met. 13.255.) He was slain at Troy by Patroclus. (Il.
16.480, &c.) Apollo, by the command of Zeus, cleaned
Sarpedon's body from blood and dust, anointed it with
ambrosia, and wrapped it up in an ambrosian garment. Sleep
and Death then carried it into Lycia, to be honourably
buried. (Il. 16.667, &c. ; comp. Verg. A. 1.100.) Eustathius
(Eustath. ad Hom. p. 894) gives the following tradition to
account for Sarpedon being king of the Lycians, since
Glaucus, being the son of Hippolochus, and grandson of
Bellerophontes, ought to have been king: when the two
brothers Isandrus and Hippolochus were disputing about the
government, it was proposed that they should shoot through a
ring placed on the breast of a child, and Laodameia, the
sister of the two rivals, gave up her own son Sarpedon for
this purpose, who was thereupon honoured by his uncles with
the kingdom, to show their gratitude to their sister for her
generosity. This Sarpedon is sometimes confounded with No.
1, as in Eurip. Rhes. 29, comp. Eustath. ad Hom. pp. 369,
636, &c. There was a sanctuary of Sarpedon (probably the one
we are here speaking of) at Xanthus in Lycia. (Appian, App.
BC 4.78.) 3. A son of Poseidon, and a brother of Poltys in
Thrace, was slain by Heracles. (Apollod. 2.5.9.) - A
Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology,
William Smith, Ed.
Sarpedon in Wikipedia
In Greek mythology, Sarpedon (Greek: Σαρπηδὠν; gen.:
Σαρπηδόνος) referred to at least three different people. Son
of Zeus and Europa
The first Sarpedon was a son of Zeus and Europa, and brother
to Minos and Rhadamanthys. He was raised by King Asterion and
then banished by Minos, and sought refuge with his uncle, King
Cilix. Sarpedon conquered the Milyans, and ruled over them;
his kingdom was named Lycia, after his successor, Lycus, son
of Pandion II...
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