Mythology & Beliefs: Pelias
In Greek and Roman Mythology, Pelias was the king of Ioclus; seized throne from his brother Aeson; sent Jason for Golden Fleece;
slain unwittingly by his daughters at instigation of Medea.
Pelias in Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology
（*Peli/as), 1. A son of Poseidon (or Cretheus, Hyg. Fab.
12; Schol. ad Theocrit. 3.45) and Tyro. The latter, a
daughter of Salmoneus, was in love, in her youth, with the
river-god Enipeus, and Poseidon assuming the appearance of
Enipeus, visited her, and became by her the father of Pelias
and Neleus. Afterwards she was married to Cretheus, her
father's brother; she became by him the mother of Aeson,
Pheres, and Amythaon. (Hom. Od. 11.234, &c.; Apollod. 1.9.8;
Hyg. Fab. 157.) Pelias and Neleus were exposed by their
mother, and one of them was struck by a mare which passed
by, so that his face became black, and a shepherd who found
the child called him Pelias (from πελιόω, Eustath. ad Hom.
p. 1682); and the other child which was suckled by a she-
dog, was called Neleus, and both were brought up by the
shepherd. When they had grown up to manhood, they discovered
who their mother was, and Pelias killed Sidero, the wife of
Salmoneus and step-mother of Tyro, at the altar of Hera,
because she had ill used her step-daughter Tyro. After the
death of Cretheus, Pelias did not allow his step-brother
Aesoni to undertake the government of the kingdom, and after
expelling even his own brother Neleus he ruled at Iolcus
(Schol. ad Eurip. Alcest. 255; comp. Paus. 4.2.3), whereas
according to others, he did not reign at lolcus till after
Aeson's death, and even then only as the guardian of Jason,
the son of Aeson. (Schol. ad Horn. Od. 12.70.) It is
probably in allusion to his conduct towards his own brothers
that Hesiod (Hes. Th. 996) calls him ὑβριστής. He married,
according to some (Hygin. Fad. 14), Anaxibia, the daughter
of Bias, and according to ethers, Philomache, the daughter
of Amphion, by whom he became the father of Acastus,
Peisidice, Pelopeia, Hippothoe and Alcestis. (Apollod.
1.9.8, &c.) Besides these daughters of Pelias (Peliades),
several others are mentioned, such as Medusa (Hyg. Fab. 24),
Amphinome, Evadne (Diod. 4.53), Asteropaea and Antinoe.
(Paus. 8.11.2.) The Peliades were represented on the chest
of Cypselus, where however the name of Alcestis alone was
written. (Paus. 5.17.4; comp. Hom. Il. 2.715; Ov. Tr. 5.5.
55.) After the murder of their father, they are said to have
fled from Iolcus to Mantineia in Arcadia, where their tombs
also were shown. (Paus. 8.11.2.) Jason, after his return
from Colchis, gave Alcestis in marriage to Admetus,
Amphinome to Andraemon, and Evadne to Canes (Diod. 4.53),
though according to the common story, Pelias himself gave
Alcestis to Admetus. [ALCESTIS.] After Pelias had taken
possession of the kingdom of Iolcus, he sent Jason, the son
of his step-brother Aeson, to Colchis to fetch the golden
fleece, and as he did not anticipate his return, he
despatched Aeson and his son Promachus. After the return of
Jason, Pelias was cut to pieces and boiled by his own
daughters, who had been told by Medeia that in this manner
they might restore their father to vigour and youth. His
son, Acastus, held solemn funeral games in his honour at
Iolcus, and expelled Jason and Medeia from the country.
(Apollod. 1.9.27, &c.; Tzetz. ad Lyc. 175; Ov. Met. 7.297,
&c.; comp. JASON, MEDERIA, ARGONAUTAE.) Pelias is further
mentioned as one of the first who celebrated the Olympian
games. (Paus. 5.8.1.) - A Dictionary of Greek and Roman
biography and mythology, William Smith, Ed.
Pelias in Wikipedia
Pelias (Ancient Greek: Πελίας) was king of Iolcus in Greek
mythology, the son of Tyro and Poseidon. His wife is recorded
as either Anaxibia, daughter of Bias, or Phylomache, daughter
of Amphion. He was the father of Acastus, Pisidice, Alcestis,
Pelopia, Hippothoe, Asteropia, Antinoe, and Medusa....
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