Mythology & Beliefs: Pandora
In Greek and Roman Mythology, Pandora was the opener of box containing human ills; mortal wife of Epimetheus.
Pandora in Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology
（*Pandw/ra), i. e. the giver of all, or endowed with every
thing, is the name of the first woman on earth. When
Prometheus had stolen the fire from heaven, Zeus in revenge
caused Hephaestus to make a woman out of earth, who by her
charms and beauty should bring misery upon the human race
(Hes. Th. 571, &c.; Stob. Serin. 1). Aphrodite adorned her
with beauty, Hermes gave her boldness and cunning, and the
gods called her Pandora, as each of the Olympians had given
her some power by which she was to work the ruin of man.
Hermes took her to Epimetheus, who forgot the advice of his
brother Prometheus, not to accept any gift from Zeus, and
from that moment all miseries came down upon men (Hes. Op.
et Dies, 50, &c.). According to some mythographers,
Epimetheus became by her the father of Pyrrha and Deucalion
(Hygin. Fub. 142; Apollod. 1.7.2 ; Procl. ad Hes. Op. p. 30,
ed. Heinsius; Ov. Met. 1.350); others make Pandora a
daughter of Pyrrha and Deucalion (Eustath. ad Hom. p. 23).
Later writers speak of a vessel of Pandora, containing all
the blessings of the gods, which would have been preserved
for the human race, had not Pandora opened the vessel, so
that the winged blessings escaped irrecoverably. The birth
of Pandora was represented on the pedestal of the statue of
Athena, in the Parthenon at Athens (Paus. 1.24.7). In the
Orphic poems Pandora occurs as an infernal awful divinity,
and is associated with Hecate and the Erinnyes (Orph. Argon.
974). Pandora also occurs as a surname of Gaea (Earth), as
the giver of all. (Schol. ad Aristoph. Av. 970; Philostr.
Vit. Apoll. 6.39; Hesych. s.v.) - A Dictionary of Greek and
Roman biography and mythology, William Smith, Ed.
Pandora in Wikipedia
In Greek mythology, Pandora (ancient Greek, Πανδώρα, derived
from πᾶν "all" and δῶρον "gift", thus "all-gifted", "all-
endowed") was the first woman. As Hesiod related it, each
god helped create her by giving her unique gifts. Zeus ordered
Hephaestus to mould her out of Earth as part of the punishment
of mankind for Prometheus' theft of the secret of fire, and
all the gods joined in offering her "seductive gifts". Her
other name, inscribed against her figure on a white-ground
kylix in the British Museum, is Anesidora, "she who sends
up gifts," up implying "from below" within the earth.
According to the myth, Pandora opened a jar (pithos), in
modern accounts sometimes mistranslated as "Pandora's box"
(see below), releasing all the evils of mankind— although the
particular evils, aside from plagues and diseases, are not
specified in detail by Hesiod — leaving only Hope inside once
she had closed it again. She opened the jar out of simple
curiosity and not as a malicious act....
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